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Search results for: uniformitarianism in all categories
710 results found.
71 pages of results.
121. Collapsing Tests of Time [Books] [de Grazia books]
... down a "hundred million years" of till or detritus-clay and gravel-in a day . A coal deposit can be launched by a high-energy "bulldozer" in a matter of hours, covered over the next day by clay and baked until ready; it does not need the "millions" of years of development insisted upon by uniformitarian sedimentary calculations . Petroleum deposits are not proof of long ages, whether terrestrial or extra-terrestrial . Geologist E. M. Larrabee studied a deposit of maximum thickness of one meter . It was laid down by the Shenandoah and Potomac Rivers at Harper's Ferry (Va.) between 1861-64. Over ...
122. Canyons and Channels [Books] [de Grazia books]
... "giants" make up the balance, including many switches off channels and movements of erratic boulders. Unfortunately they lack respectable data over time even for these "giant" events, which they estimate at 50-year intervals; yet they call them catastrophes. Like the experts on seismism, their extremes are historically confined to what noone doubts have been uniformitarian times. Of course, then, they must pass over with the weakest of scenarios the grand metamorphism and concentrate upon pygmy processes playing out recent history. They realize that they are dealing with exponential, logarithmic processes, but excise the peak curves. In the only concession to longer history, they murmur at one place about "materials ...
123. The Catastrophic Finale of the Middle Bronze Age [Books] [de Grazia books]
... catastrophes to science. As a result, science and scientific history made their way after 1840 in defiance of the very idea of catastrophes, that is, of a quantavolutionary as contrasted with an evolutionary primevalogy. Quantavolution promises, as I would like to illustrate here, an ability to penetrate some prehistoric and historic problems that have caused confusion in uniformitarian, gradualist, evolutionary theory. We are dealing here with a large area of the Earth, and with 2500 years of time. We should guard against defining catastrophe by some measure that turns out to be a mere uniformitarian statistic. The incidence of catastrophe between 3500 B.C . and 1000 B.C . must be much ...
124. The Dawnseekers: the First History of American Paleontology by Robert West Howard [Journals] [Kronos]
... animal forms within the Great Chain of Being.(2 ) Except for the writings of Lucretius, the theory of biological evolution would not surface again until modern times.(3 ) In the Renaissance (1401-1527), Leonardo da Vinci presented a sound interpretation of fossils as well as formulating a theory of geological history containing elements of both uniformitarianism and catastrophism. Likewise, he also anticipated the theory of biological evolution.(4 ) In the eighteenth century, Carolus Linnaeus revived biology (especially botany) and also greatly expanded and systematized taxonomy. Yet, he held to the immutability of all species. Linnaeus' major work is The System of nature (1735), and ...
... was that the tablets may be misnamed and have nothing to do with Ammizadugh or his time. Rose's report stresses that the data given in the Babylonlan tablets is divided into three groups. The Idealized regularity" of Venus' apparitions in the second group, he says, makes them "very suspicious-looking". These data would definitely not support uniformitarian ideas, but the idealized and somewhat numerological character of this group of data has led most readers, probably correctly, to suspect that this group of observations' is not directly based on observation at all..." As for the "observations" which appear to be actual observations, Rose notes that modern astronomers feel justified in ...
126. Babylonian Observations of Venus [Journals] [Pensee]
... , and not worry about the artificial insertion. Unfortunately, nearly all treatments of groups one and three on K. 160, and of the genuinely observational material on the other Venus tablets that supplement K. 160, have been based upon what I will call the "astronomers' dogma". The "astronomers' dogma" is the uniformitarian attitude that the solar system has for untold years been just as it is now, and that Venus and Earth in particular have always been on the same orbits they are on now, except for certain very minor perturbations that are for most purposes entirely negligible. This means that we can look at the present motions of Earth and Venus ...
127. Anomalous Occurrence of Crocodilia in Eocene Polar Forests [Journals] [SIS Review]
... field work since 1970 has shattered the easy illusion that drifting land masses explain' finding the tropics in the Arctic. It is now plain that since late Cretaceous time, a variety of warm, moist ecosystems have thrived well north of the Arctic Circle. For the first time, we have a documented example of a long-term departure from geological uniformitarianism. Given geological evidence that even the northernmost lands once had lush forests, one may wonder why Pleistocene glaciation occurred at all. The glaciers certainly moved in strange ways. For example, the Lower Paleozoic Franklinian Basin in northern Greenland occupies an area of over 150,000 square kilometers. Northern Greenland has extensive evidence of petroleum generation and ...
128. New Fashions in Catastrophism [Books] [de Grazia books]
... couple of motions and even these are under severe constraints. However, when in fact, the real history of earth is shown to have involved large changes in not only a couple but in many motions, then an exact explanation of what happened may be impossible, especially so since no reliable observers reported most the events. One reason why uniformitarianism evolved rapidly and persisted is that it created a simplistic history, evening out things over time and subjecting them "normal" changes. One reason why there are so many theories explaining natural history is that each man can barely cope with possible effects of his one favorable type of motion and change. He ruminated about oil, about tectonism ...
129. Neocatastrophism in Geology and Paleontology [Articles]
... Astral paleontology has as its premise that the present is the key to the past. This is the basic tenet of any student who studies geology, so what the student who studies geology and paleontology learns from the outset is that the processes that are occurring today have occurred in the past, and it's basically in that sense cut and dried uniformitarianism. Astral paleontology has four different things that it studies; first, it studies the environment; second, hard parts, I will describe each of these to you in brief; three, trace remains, and four, the death and possible preservation of whatever we are studying as a fossil. Astral paleontology is a study of present-day ...
130. The Stones Of Ballochroy [Journals] [Kronos]
... , the central stone indicates the pap known as Ben Corra or Corra Beinn accurately. The slope of this mountain has a declination of + 24 10'.(35) If we subtract from this the 16' of the Sun's apparent semi-diameter and project the new value (+ 23 54') back in time with the aid of the uniformitarian Newcomb formula, we reach a date somewhere in or around 1800 B.C . for the setting of the midsummer Sun. This date, which under uniformitarian tenets should also match that of the construction of the monument, seems to fit that derived from other sources. "Clearly," MacKie tells us, "powerful arguments would ...
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