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Search results for: stonehenge in all categories
252 results found.
26 pages of results.
1. Stonehenge - A Calendar? (Forum) [Kronos $]
... From: Kronos Vol. IX No. 1 (Fall 1983) Home¦ Issue Contents Forum Stonehenge- A Calendar? To the Editor of KRONOS: Alban Wall's "A Calendric View of Stonehenge" (KRONOS VIII:2, pp. 35-46) promises a major breakthrough in understanding the purpose of Stonehenge. However. since the Sun marker completes a revolution around the Aubrey Circle in 13 x 28= 364 days, one day a year must be skipped and an additional day must be skipped every four years to keep in step. Only with such an adjustment can one end up with exactly 247 revolutions in 19 years (pp. 37-38). Presumably, this was done at the summer solstice; and the correction was at first based on observation until a rule such as suggested above was devised. Accurate observation of the solstices and the equinox, especially the winter solstice, is possible via the shadow of a pole planted on Silbury Hill, which was evidently constructed for such a purpose. The tip of the shadow would fall at the foot ...
2. On Decoding Hawkins' Stonehenge Decoded [Pensee]
... From: Pensée Vol. 2 No 2: (May 1972) "Immanuel Velikovsky Reconsidered I" Home¦ Issue Contents On Decoding Hawkins' Stonehenge Decoded Immanuel Velikovsky "The ancient Stonehengers had true perils on their minds when they dragged huge monoliths from afar, when they watched that the sun should not continue to rise past the foreordained point on the horizon. It is in vain to search the motive for erecting Stonehenge in awe before 'the perils' of lunar eclipse during the few weeks following Halloween." In 1963 and 1964, a young and talented astronomer, Professor Gerald S. Hawkins, published two papers in the British magazine, Nature (October 26, 1963, and June 27, 1964). The subject of the papers was developed by him in articles (Harper's, June, 1964; American Scientist, December, 1965; Physics Today, April, 1966); in a book (1965), Stonehenge Decoded; and in many lectures before scientific societies and the public. In the 1963 article Hawkins claimed that Stonehenge, a ...
3. Stonehenge in the 1990s: a mainstream view [Science Frontiers Website]
... Science Frontiers ONLINE No. 106: Jul-Aug 1996 Issue Contents Other pages Home Page Science Frontiers Online All Issues This Issue Sourcebook Project Sourcebook Subjects Stonehenge in the 1990s: a mainstream view In a recent number of Nature, C. Ruggles reviewed the present status of Stonehenge as mainstream archeologists now see this world-famous monument. oThe construction of Stonehenge began a bit earlier than previously thought: 2950 50 BC. But beneath the present parking area are post holes dated 4,000 years earlier! They are apparently not related to the Stonehenge we know. oThe idea that Stonehenge's bluestones, which originated in the Preseli Mountains of southwest Wales, 200 kilometers distant, were carried to Salisbury Plain by glaciers has been emphatically disproved by geologists. These 4-ton stones were transported by people! This great effort required precocious social organization, communication, and some kind of psychological impetus. oThe sarsens-- those even bigger stones that define Stonehenge in our mind's view-- evoke the same sorts of questions as this issue's eccentric flints: Why? and How? Ruggles writes: " ...
4. Stonehenge: Restoration Work [SIS Internet Digest $]
... From: SIS Internet Digest 2001:1 (Jun 2001) Home¦ Issue Contents Stonehenge: Restoration Work www.english-heritage.org.uk/news-events/archive/ExpandedResult.asp?Id=210 The Stonehenge that people see today is not a 'fake' created in the 20th century, as a number of recent media reports have implied. Nor has English Heritage been seeking to conceal the fact that restoration work was carried out to the monument over the last century. The restoration work is fully documented in Stonehenge and its Landscape: Twentieth Century Excavations, published by English Heritage in 1995. It is also covered in books published by others, including Stonehenge Complete by Christopher Chippindale. Contemporary drawings, photographs and film footage survive and provide a fascinating visual record of the work in progress. Restoration of Stonehenge was prompted by the need to secure the stability of the monument, both for its own safety and for that of the people who were visiting it in increasing numbers. Nineteenth-century paintings, including those by J M W Turner and John Constable (see below), show a number of ...
5. The Aubrey Holes Of Stonehenge [Kronos $]
... From: Kronos Vol. IV No. 1 (Fall 1978) Home¦ Issue Contents The Aubrey Holes Of Stonehenge Alban Wall What usually comes to mind at the mention of Stonehenge is a picture of huge stones standing and lying in general disarray on a green field somewhere in southern England. As I will try to show, although these megaliths did form a vital part of that ancient monument, by no means were they the only or most important element in the structure. As is now generally assumed, Stonehenge was built in three separate phases. Each one of these phases was partially connected to, while it partially remained separate from, the one which preceded it, the latter two retaining, while also adding to, the basic features incorporated in the original. What time gaps existed between these construction stages has never certainly been determined. In this exposition I shall be dealing principally with those elements that are generally attributed to Phase I, which are as follows: (Drawing 1) Drawing 1. Stonehenge. Showing the principal elements of the structure ...
6. The Use of the 7-Base Measuring System in Ancient Britain and the Continent [Aeon Journal $]
... , and the significant role they might have played in pre-Columbian European voyages to the American continent. Several items in particular uncovered by Frank in her investigations caught my attention. These are summarized below in relevant quotes from Hadingham's article. "There, defying the jagged contours and plunging slopes, perfect circles of green were inscribed on the landscape. Some of the circles were as big as a quarter-mile or so across. What could the mysterious circles be? One of the circles was marked by upright stone pillars. Were these circles like Stonehenge?" [1 "The Circles were marked by a stone at the center and eight others, one at each of the four points of the compass and another four in between. The circles were really octagons, and were considered such by the Basques." [2 "And here another surprise awaited Frank: The units conformed to a base-7 rather than our familiar base-10 number system. The units ran in multiples of 7, 14, 49, and so on." [3 "The existence of the octagons ...
7. Merlin and the Round Temple [SIS C&C Review $]
... From: SIS Chronology& Catastrophism Review 1999:1 (Jul 1999) Home¦ Issue Contents Merlin and the Round Temple by Emmett J. Sweeney Emmet Sweeney is a Secondary School teacher in London. He has been a member of the SIS since 1987 and numerous articles of his, mainly concerned with chronology, have appeared over the years in C&CW and C&CR. He has spoken about Velikovsky at many venues throughout the country, most recently at the April 1999 Fortean Times Unconvention in London. Stonehenge (after Rodney Castleden, The Stonehenge People, London 1987) Summary The island of Britain lies at the centre of two of the most enduring mysteries of antiquity: she is the location of ancient Europe's greatest monument, a monument known to the Greek writer Hecataeus as early as 500BC, and she is the home of old Europe's greatest hero, a hero whose fame spread over the continent during the Middle Ages. The monument of course is Stonehenge: the hero is Arthur. In the myth it was Merlin, the magician and helper ...
8. Megalithic Astronomy and Catastrophism [Pensee]
... and Early Bronze Age sites which figure prominently in this article were dated mainly by extrapolating backwards from a link detected with the historical chronologies of the Mediterranean in the 16th-14th centuries B.C. (3). This "Mycenaean horizon," it was thought, could be seen in a variety of imported artifacts in the later graves of the rich Early Bronze Age Wessex culture, of which the best known are probably the blue, segmented faience beads similar to those which were found in large numbers in Tel el Amarna, Akhnaton's capital. Stonehenge III, the sarsen structure, was brought into this horizon by virtue of the "Mycenaean dagger" found carved on one of its uprights. However, the correction of radiocarbon dates by the tree-ring chronology in the late 1960's seemed to make the Early Bronze Age cultures of Europe, including Wessex, too old to be contemporary with the Mycenaean civilization (4): by implication they should have been coeval with the Middle Kingdom of Egypt (and with the Middle Helladic period) rather than with the New Kingdom and Mycenae. ...
9. The Aubrey Holes of Stonehenge (Concluded) [Kronos $]
... From: Kronos Vol. IV No. 2 (Winter 1978) "Scientists Confront Scientists Who Confront Velikovsky" Home¦ Issue Contents The Aubrey Holes of Stonehenge (Concluded) Alban Wall III Interesting investigations have recently been carried out at an archaeological site high in the Big Horn Mountains of northern Wyoming. The structure is generally thought to have been built several hundred years ago by Plains Indians for an undetermined purpose.* What the site consists of is a circle of stones approximately 83 feet in diameter on a relatively flat area with a pile of stones acting as a hub at its center and 28 uneven spokes radiating to the rim. There are five other stone cairns at various points on the circumference and a sixth that lies a short distance outside the rim at the terminus of an extended spoke. Interestingly, this sixth cairn forms an alignment with the central hub that points quite closely to summer solstice sunrise. [Footnote: *Note: The Plains Indians had no knowledge of who constructed the Medicine Wheel at Big Horn, nor did they know what ...
... From: Horus Vol. 2 No. 3 (Fall 1986) Home¦ Issue Contents Setting And Using The Stonehenge Nineteen Year Sun-Moon Calendar Alban Wall Introduction The use of the Stonehenge as a solar-lunar calendar was described in the last issue of HORUS, based on material previously published in KRONOS. In the following we show how the operation of the calendar can be demonstrated by actually using it. Before reading the instructions below the reader is advised to study Figure 1 carefully. Notice that it has been aligned to conform to map conventions (North at top of page). When day and night are of equal length in Spring and Fall (March 21st and September 21st) sunrise will occur along the East-West line. Notice that the Sun rises North of East during the Spring and Summer, and South of East during the Fall and Winter. Its daily movement along the horizon comes to a stop and reverses direction at the Summer Solstice (June 21st), and Winter Solstice (December 21st), the longest and shortest days of the year. The ...
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