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1. Uniformitarianism, Catastrophism and Evolution [SIS C&C Review $]
... . It was therefore somewhat surprising to find, a year later, the respected science journalist, Roger Lewin, writing: 'At the beginning of the nineteenth century, the great French geologist and naturalist Baron Georges Cuvier proposed what came to be known as the Catastrophe theory, or Catastrophism. According to the theory, the abrupt faunal changes geologists saw in rock strata were the result of periodic devastations that wiped out all or most extant species, each successive period being repopulated with new kinds of animals and plants, by God's hand. Lyell rejected so non-scientific a hypothesis (as did James Hutton before him), and replaced it with the notion that geological processes proceeded gradually- all geological processes. In his major work, Principles of Geology, Lyell said that abrupt transitions in the geological record would one day be shown to be erroneous, when transitional strata were discovered. Gradualism superseded Catastrophism. Darwin's and Lyell's world views were therefore perfectly complementary.' [2 This would certainly have been representative of the overwhelming consensus amongst orthodox scientists ten years or so ago. ...
2. The New Orthodoxy's Respect for Fact [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... 7) Though Gould may believe otherwise, Darwin didn't always get it right. There was the "dead hand of blending inheritance from which [he could never free himself."(8) See also his hypothesis of Pangenesis in VARIATIONS OF ANIMALS AND PLANTS UNDER DOMESTICATION. Again in DESCENT OF MAN, when describing the behaviour of animals in nature, "many of the cases attributed by Darwin to sexual selection are in fact of a different nature."(9) Another of Gould's heroes is a long-dead lawyer named Charles Lyell. To borrow a description that Gould uses in his attempt to smear Velikovsky,(10) Lyell was a man with a gift for words who could spin a persuasive argument about any subject. The subject he chose was geology and his argument came out in a book called PRINCIPLES OF GEOLOGY. It was, says Gould, "one of the most brilliant briefs ever published by an advocate. It is a melange of precise documentation, incisive argument, and a few of the 'quiddities, quillets [quibbles... ...
3. RECOLLECTIONS OF A FALLEN SKY - VELIKOVSKY AND CULTURAL AMNESIA : CHAPTER : [Quantavolution Website]
... E-MAIL: firstname.lastname@example.org TABLE OF CONTENTS RECOLLECTIONS OF A FALLEN SKY VELIKOVSKY AND CULTURAL AMNESIA CHAPTER SIX CATASTROPHISM AND UNIFORMITY A Probe Into The Origin of the 1832 Gestalt Shift in Geology* George Grinnell History Department McMaster University [* This article has been subsequently published in Kronos: A Joumal of Interdisciplinary Synthesis (Kronos Press, Glassboro, N. J.) 1( 4): 68-76 (Winter 1976)." I think any argument from such a reported radical as myself," Charles Babbage wrote to the geologist Charles Lyell on May 3,1832, "would only injure the cause, and I therefore willingly leave it in better hands." Charles Babbage (1792-1871) was Lucasian Professor of Mathematics (1828-1839) at the time, a dabbler in geology, theology and manufacturing, who had recently made an unsuccessful bid for a seat in Parliament. In 1837 he was to publish his The Ninth Bridgewater Treatise, an attack on the theology of the Anglican establishment, and in 1851 he was to carry the attack into the Tory camp in ...
4. Opening the Floodgates [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... 1989) Until very recently there seemed an inescapable association between the terms 'uniformitarianism' and 'gradualism' in the minds of Earth scientists, even though historians such as Reijer Hooykaas and Martin Rudwick had pointed out that this should not be the case. In the early 1980's, only Stephen Jay Gould and Tony Hallam seemed keen to keep the issue alive (see C& C Review IX, pp. 45-48; C& C Review X, pp. 57-64), arguing that the confusion went right back to the time of Charles Lyell. Gould explained the situation with characteristic vigour in Time's Arrow, Time's Cycle (Harvard University Press, 1987). "Lyell captured the essence of uniformity in the subtitle to his treatise: 'an attempt to explain the former changes of the earth's surface by reference to causes now in operation'... If Lyellian uniformity only advocated this evident statement of method, it would be uncontroversial and not particularly enlightening. But Lyell held a complex view of uniformity that mixed the consensus about method with a radical claim about substance- ...
5. The Origins of Modern Geological Theory [Kronos $]
... From: Kronos Vol. I No. 4 (Winter 1976) Home¦ Issue Contents The Origins of Modern Geological Theory George Grinnell* This paper was first presented in May of 1974 at the Symposium titled Velikovsky and Cultural Amnesia held at the Univ. of Lethbridge (Alberta). Foreword "I think any argument from such a reported radical as myself," Charles Babbage wrote to the geologist Charles Lyell on May 3, 1832, "would only injure the cause, and I therefore willingly leave it in better hands." Charles Babbage (1792- 1871) was Lucasian Professor of Mathematics (1828-39) at the time, a dabbler in geology, theology, and manufacturing, and had recently made an unsuccessful bid for a seat in parliament. In 1837, he would publish his The Ninth Bridgewater Treatise, an attack on the theology of the Anglican establishment, and in 1851, he would carry the attack into the Tory camp in his Reflections on the Decline of Science in England, the purpose of which was to argue that wealthy Tory ...
6. What is Uniformitarianism and how did it get here? [Horus $]
... to the word scientific not to demean its value, but to highlight the fact that that was just one side of the on-going controversy about the Creation and the level of interest that the Almighty might have in the affairs of men. This last point was one that preoccupied many in the nineteenth century; in addition to scientific curiosity and the drive to discover the real nature of things, the truth of the Biblical story was directly connected to a highly political issue: the legitimacy of the Monarchy. Almost thirty years earlier, Charles Lyell had paved the way with the publication of his Principles of Geology, in three volumes, between 1830 and 1833. Geology was in its infancy, but Lyell and others had labored diligently to lay the foundations of the new science and, to the extent that success is the approval of later generations, they succeeded with honors. In 1807, a small group of amateurs had formed the London Geological Society. In the words of one of its founders, they were starting "a little talking geological dinner club." Of ...
7. Changing Sea Levels [Aeon Journal $]
... broken bones and branches in a matrix of mud and fossilized trees on the islands of the Arctic Ocean. [7 I find that neither Jueneman's nor Cardona's explanation, both of whom have supplied us with very speculative scenarios, is satisfactory. It is no wonder that, while orthodox theories concerning the development of Earth in historic times are just as speculative, confusion rules the day. Geologists and the dependent sciences that have been developed on the basis provided by geologists have been set on a false path. The decision taken by Charles Lyell to pursue the path leading to uniformitarianism was a political one, taken in opposition to the short term of the Mosaic chronology. Any effort to interpret the movement of Earth's crust in terms of catastrophic events was effectively stifled by the Geological society's refusal to publish anything even hinting at a catastrophic or Biblical base. What follows is based on macrogeomorphology and explains how physical forces, identified by the forms created in Earth's crust, have shaped our globe. With the movement of the continents, revealed by following the predictable motion of released ...
8. James Hutton: A Non-inductive, Theological Catastrophist [The Velikovskian $]
... but the truth in masquerade'; and I defy historians, heros, lawyers, priests to put a fact without some leaven of a lie." --Lord George Byron, Don Juan (1) Anything but history, for history must be false. --Sir Robert Walpole, Walpoliana (2) It has been said that "history is the lie agreed upon" and that "the victors write history." This is especially true with respect to the doctrine of uniformity, promulgated in the last century by James Hutton and Charles Lyell. With the acceptance of their doctrine came a historical revision in science --from catastrophism to uniformitarianism --that directed research along gradualist paths which admitted no major violent breaks in the geological record. The concept, in 1950, was so deeply entrenched that, when Immanuel Velikovsky offered his catastrophic theory in Worlds in Collision it was met with a belligerent outcry of passion. What Velikovsky had revived was the old debate which, in establishment uniformitarian circles, was regarded as settled for all time. Every piece of evidence presented by Velikovsky in Earth ...
9. Actualism in Geology and in Geography [Catastrophism Geology $]
... From: Catastrophist Geology Year 1 No. 1 (June 1976) Home¦ Issue Contents Actualism in Geology and in Geography W. J. Jong See notes 1 and 2. The great geological controversies of the first half of the 19th century are usually described as ending in the rejection of catastrophism and diluvialism and the victory of uniformitarianism, or actualism as it is called on the Continent. The names of HUTTON and PLAYFAIR in Britain, Of VON HOFF in Germany and, somewhat later, those Of PREVOST in France and LYELL in England are linked to the latter theory, whereas WERNER, CUNIER and BUCKLAND, among others, are quoted as protagonists of catastrophism. Thus in a rather simplified picture the debate for instance on the origins of granite and basalt, Plutonism v. Neptunism, is linked to the controversy about the importance of 'causes now operating' and even to the question of subaerial denudation in valley formation. Some authors stress the role played by a naive-realistic interpretation of the Bible: CHORLEY et al. (4, p. 97) ...
10. Atlantis - The Lost Continent Finally Found [SIS Internet Digest $]
... ". Many further derivations are yet possible. Atlas is the personification of the Holy Mountain that is the support of heaven. He is the god that the Hindus equate with Shiva, also called Sthanu, an epithet meaning "Pillar of Heaven" in Sanskrit. Q17: How was Atlantis actually destroyed? A: By means of the giant cataclysm we call the Flood. The views on the Flood-- and indeed on global cataclysms in general-- has been grossly misstated by geologists ever since the times of Darwin and Lyell. Quite often they are caused by meteoritic/planetary impacts of extra-terrestrial origin. Far more often, they are caused by the cataclysmic endings of the Ice Age Episodes which have occurred fairly regularly at intervals of 30,000 years or so. The Flood was indeed caused by one such, and is just the last of a long series of similar cataclysms of global proportions. As many myths describe it, the Flood was caused by a giant submarine volcanic explosion that stirred up the seas, sending them over the continents. ...
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