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Search results for: etymolog* in all categories

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... From: Kronos Vol. XI No. 3 (Summer 1986) Home¦ Issue Contents Aster and Disaster: The Fallen World Roger W. Wescott AN ETYMOLOGICAL EXCURSUS The word "etymology" is of Classic Greek origin and may be literally translated as "true meaning". The Greeks, like most other ancient peoples, believed that when a word ... -: shatter break fracture bhr-es-: break burst bhr-ëi-: cut brim-stone fray (ravel) bhr-eu-: chop brittle bhr-eu-s-: crack brew Generally speaking, the etymologies become more debatable as one moves from the top to the bottom of the table. Overall, however, both the reconstructed bases and their English derivatives seem to have a clear ... Essays in Honor of Charles F. Hockett, Frederick B. Agard, et al., eds. (Leiden, 1983). 2. Julius Pokorny, Ein Indogermanisches Etymologisches Woerterbuch, 2 vols., (Bern, 1969); Ernest Klein, A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the English Language (Amsterdam, 1971); and Calvert Watkins, ...
Terms matched: 5  -  Score: 525  -  05 Mar 2003  -  15k  -  URL:
2. Quantalism: The Big Picture [Aeon Journal $]
... Roger W. Wescott The assigned title of my oral presentation to the 1994 Kronia Symposium was "Velikovsky: The Big Picture." In it, I called attention to the etymological fact that Immanuel Velikovsky's surname is a patronymic derivative of the Russian adjective velik, "great." This Slavic word, in turn, comes, by way of Proto-lndo-European, ... of Praxiteles. Did the god's epithet of trismegistos mean "thrice great", as generally assumed, or is there a deeper meaning behind it? Homophony aside, many traditional etymologies are susceptible to reinterpretation from a quantalistic perspective. One such word is the English noun planet, derived from a Greek verb meaning "wander." The conventional interpretation of this ... planet, provided that its motion was not geosynchronous, to seem swift-moving when viewed from Earth's surface. Sanskrit asman can mean either "heaven" or "stone." Most etymologists have assumed that they were here dealing with two unconnected words. But, if we may assume a protohistoric frequency of meteorite falls that greatly exceeded that of our day, the ...
Terms matched: 5  -  Score: 444  -  05 Mar 2003  -  67k  -  URL:
... actually contains a credible reference to the coincident invasion of that country by the Hyksos if indeed "King-Shepherds" was construed to be an acceptable appellative for the latter. The present etymological preference for translating Hyksos as "rulers of foreign countries (lands)" or "foreign kings"(8) should, in no way, automatically preclude the definite prospect ... the Israelite sojourn in Egypt and the subsequent Exodus had as its source the Hyksos occupation and later expulsion. In point of fact, although there are sound linguistic grounds for both etymologies, neither is the true one. The word Hyksos undoubtedly derives from the expression hik-khase 'chieftain of a foreign hill-country' which from the Middle Kingdom onwards was used to designate Bedouin ... upon_those of the Egyptian historian Manetho. Moreover, if one additionally checks reference #7 on the very same page, Velikovsky openly and freely admits that "at present the preferred etymology sees in the name Hyk-sos the Egyptian equivalent for 'the rulers of foreign countries'."(4) At this juncture, any impartial judge would either throw Kadish's case out ...
Terms matched: 3  -  Score: 274  -  05 Mar 2003  -  40k  -  URL:
... (originally a religious rite celebrated by initiates only) and myopia (originally any condition of impeded vision).(13) Once we leave the Indo-European family of languages, etymological consensus wanes. Most linguists, being polygeneticists, or believers in the multiple origin of speech, reject on principle the possibility that Indo-European words can have cognates in non-lndo-European languages that ... 1951). 9. OED. 10. H. G. Liddell& R. Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (Oxford, 1940). 11.Johann B. Hofmann, Etymologisches Woerterbuch des Griechischen (Munich, 1966). 12. Julius Pokorny, Indogermanisches Etymologisches Woerterbuch (Bern, 1959), volume 2, p. 743. 13. Calvert ... are of Homeric Greek origin. And at this point we move from lexicology (in its narrower sense, which restricts it to the history of words within one language) to etymology (which relates the vocabulary of later languages to that of earlier, presumably ancestral, languages). By Classical times, the word muthos- pronounced mythos by the Athenians, ...
Terms matched: 3  -  Score: 250  -  05 Mar 2003  -  41k  -  URL:
... love" until its patron had been "born", named and (for whatever reason) assigned her area of work. Both these postulates, however, are contradicted by etymological considerations, which clearly indicate that the word did exist at a very remote period of antiquity. Before we go any further, therefore, it would be as well to take ... moment to forestall accusations of blinkered specialism and to "legitimise" the etymological arguments Principles of Linguistics Etymology is one of the oldest-established branches of linguistic science, and has developed alongside the techniques of comparative linguistics which gave rise to the concept of an "Indo-European family" of languages (including Celtic, Germanic, Latin, Greek, Slavonic, Persian and Indian ... Venus wishes to conquer, but to bind. Victory herself is named from the fact that the overpowered are bound." Neither vincere nor vincire can in fact reasonably be connected etymologically with Venus, though victor and victrix are certainly related to vincere (rather than Varro's preference of vincire!). (Translation: R. G. Kent, Loeb, ...
Terms matched: 3  -  Score: 238  -  05 Mar 2003  -  25k  -  URL:
... seen as an organic unity from the vantage-point of the polar configuration now missed an obvious link, so that the formal identity was now felt as a mere coincidence. From Pokorny's etymological dictionary I collected a number of examples to illustrate this: The root *g(w)er means 'mountain', while another root *g(w)er means ... may provide the viewpoint that empowers travel around the galaxy. Mel Acheson THE MYTHIC ROOTS OF LANGUAGE Dave Talbott [Excerpted from a discussion of etymology onthe Kronia electronic discussion group Language points back to its source, and the source is unified. The first systematic, written languages are rooted in the urge of ancient peoples to ... original Unity. But wait! What is the basis for this not-so-subtle suggestion of an archaic linkage of words which, as far as I am aware, no self- respecting etymologist would countenance? Is there any ground for suspecting a connection between the Latin _membrum_, the limbs or constituents of a whole, and _memor_, remembering? I do ...
Terms matched: 3  -  Score: 230  -  21 Mar 2007  -  35k  -  URL:
... meaning "I am possessed" or, on p. 51, he glosses the Sanskrit verb asmi as "breathe" when it means "am." Others are mistaken etymologies, such as the derivation, on p. 51, of English be from Sanskrit bhu or, on p. 331, of English sibyl (via Attic Greek sibulla, ... " dating from as early as 1960). 5. St. Jerome is apparently responsible for this highly imaginative explanation of Greek síbulla, whose origin is listed by most contemporary etymologists as unknown. Like Greek túrannos, "lord" (the source of the English word tyrant), which is structurally analogous to it, síbulla probably comes from a non-Hellenic ... English sibyl (via Attic Greek sibulla, "seeress") from Aeolic Greek sios, "god," plus boule, "counsel." In each case, his etymology is an anachronism in the sense that no serious linguist of the past century would have proposed it. To my knowledge, no one since August Schleicher, who died in 1868 ...
Terms matched: 3  -  Score: 222  -  05 Mar 2003  -  22k  -  URL:
8. The Poem of Erra [Aeon Journal $]
... the Greek hero par excellence. Thus Pindar called Heracles heros-theos, "hero-god." (62) And since the time of Grimm, scholars have called attention to the possible etymological relationship between the Greek word for "hero" (heros) and Ares. (63) In Mesopotamia it is Nergal who is the preeminent "hero-warrior." A standard ... . W. Roscher, "Mars," Ausfuhrliches Lexikon der griechischen und romischen Mythologie (Hildesheim, 1965), p. 2437-2438. 49. J. Pokorny, Indogermanisches etymologisches Worterbuch (Bern, 1959), p. 735. 50. Ibid., p. 351. 51. M. William, Sanskrit Dictionary (Oxford, 1872) ... these very same phenomena. First we consider the evidence from ancient language. (47) In "Apollo and the Planet Mars," it was argued that the most probable etymology of the name of the Latin god Mars refers it to the root mar. Here it is significant that the root appears at the base of words meaning "death" and ...
Terms matched: 3  -  Score: 222  -  05 Mar 2003  -  49k  -  URL:
... kata and strophe (turning) and refer to that part of an ancient drama in which occurs the denouement; the plot, having reached its culmination, descends, often precipitously. In a plea for the innocents, I would suggest that what we know of Greek etymology is based upon late sources. We know only several hundred words of Minoan and Mycenean, catastrophe not among them. Homer and Hesiod do not employ the word, and they are the earliest of our Greek sources. I am fortified in my opinion that catastrophe ... in psychiatric semiology a frequent substitute for repressed thoughts and words about the phallus. Moreover, the sandal-strap binds securely the foot, thus, in reverse imagery, to keep it from falling off like a comet's tail. I would add another speculation, too far removed etymologically, perhaps, to take seriously, that the English word "ankle" had once to do with the word "ankh" and for the same reasons, and if one speaks of "ankle-strap" one might as well be speaking of "sandal-strap." ...
Terms matched: 2  -  Score: 150  -  03 Apr 2004  -  16k  -  URL:
10. The MacCecht and Cuchulainn [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... suggest, described invasions of Ireland by meteors in the sky. Michael Dames (Mythic Ireland, Thames and Hudson, 1992, p. 120) claims the Laigin is an old name for the people of the province of Leinster (which includes Dublin) and its etymology derives from Laigen= 'a spear'. Dames is convinced the spear is a benevolent sunbeam but an analogy with the destructive spear or sword of the MacCecht and Cuchulainn seems more exact- the meteoric remains of a fragmented comet, the Leotids, Perseids, the ... the country where they had been pushed by later Celtic arrivals. The next major group to arrive were the Fir Bolg of Ireland and the Brigantes and related tribes of Britain who can be identified directly with the continental Belgic tribes. They were also called Erainn which is etymologically similar, it seems, to Iran and Aryan. The suffix an or ain has the meaning of 'light' or 'fiery' according to O'Rahilly and it does not just reappear in fianna but also in the names of gods and goddesses of Ireland such as Anu ...
Terms matched: 2  -  Score: 150  -  05 Mar 2003  -  13k  -  URL:
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