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Search results for: santorini in all categories
76 results found.
8 pages of results.
1. New Paper on Bronze Age Catastrophes [SIS Internet Digest $]
... regions. P. C. Buckland, A. J. Dugmore& K. J. Edwards in Antiquity 273 (1997), pp. 88-105 A first rule of statistics is that the existence of a correlation does not itself prove a causal connection. This is the heart of the recurrent question in later European prehistory whether in the Mediterranean or in the Atlantic northwest about volcanic eruptions, their impact on climate, and then of the climatic impact on human populations. The burial under tephra of the Late Bronze Age settlement of Santorini is proof of a particular catastrophe: but is there evidence of wider European calamity? A search for precision beyond that currently available is a frequent aspect of archaeological interpretation. Tensions exist as a result of the need to resolve events on a human time-scale using techniques often incapable of producing such accuracy or precision. Dendrochronology, ice-core analysis and tephrochronology, where data-resolution can be constrained either by annual to sub-annual banding or precise isochrones, can make important contributions to tackling the persistent chronological problems in archaeology. This problem is particularly acute when ...
2. Ice Cores and Chronology [SIS C&C Review $]
... source of chronology for archaeologists was the Bible, in particular the Old Testament. Near Eastern Archaeology received its great inspiration from this collection of folk tales, legends and half forgotten happenings. In recent years many scholars have argued for a lower chronology for Egypt. We know that many of the places and people of the Bible existed but we do not know exactly when. That there was an Exodus from Egypt of runaway slaves is quite possible and the writer has argued that this was connected in folk memory with the great eruption of Santorini [7. The early dates for the long lives of the Patriarchs of hundreds of years cannot be accepted, any more than it took God six days to create the world, or that King Arthur pulled the sword Excalibur from the stone. In this sense the Old Testament has been a hindrance rather than a help to archaeology, for one has to approach archaeology with a very open mind and not blind faith in fairy tales. Apart from the above, we also have the works of Homer: the Iliad and the ...
3. Rohl's Chronology - Implications for Mediterranean? [SIS Internet Digest $]
... we might expect an eruption date of between 1150 and 800 BC +/- 190 years consistent with the New Chronology but not consistent with either the conventional archaeological date (c. 1550 BC) or the 1628 BC frost signature. The C14 date versus Minoan and Egyptian archaeology. As many Minoan archaeologists have pointed out, the 1628 BC date is far too early for the archaeological context of the eruption. It has been determined for many years now that Late Minoan IA continued into the period of the 18th Dynasty in Egypt. Santorini blew in the middle of LM IA. The 1628 BC "scientific" date would require moving the eruption into Middle Minoan IIIB, yet the town of Akrotiri, destroyed and sealed by the eruption, was clearly culturally LM IA- according to the pottery found at the site. Moreover, pumice from the eruption of Thera has recently (since the Thera Congress which approved the "scientific" date) been found in a clear stratigraphical context in the Eastern Egyptian Delta city of Avaris and at the Sinai site of Tell el-Hebua ...
4. The Archaeology of Geological Catastrophes [SIS Internet Digest $]
... 1-86239-062-2. 440 Pages. Hardback List price: £79.00/ US$132.00 www.geolsoc.org.uk Archaeology is playing an increasingly important role by unravelling the details of geological catastrophes during the past few millennia. The collection of papers that make up this volume address established and innovative archaeological methods and techniques, and their application to examining the impacts of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. There are case studies from around the world including Europe, Africa, South East Asia, Central and North America. There is also a strong focus on the Minoan eruption of Santorini and the AD eruption of Vesuvius. Readership: Academic researchers and educators in Archaeology, Palaeoseismology and Volcanology. Postgraduates in the aforementioned fields. Contents: (1) Hancock, P. L., Chalmers, R. M. L., Altunel, E., Çakir, Z.& Becher-Hancock, A., Creation and destruction of travertine monumental stone by earthquake faulting at Hierapolis, Turkey. (2) Griffiths, D., Uses of volcanic products in antiquity. (3) Jones, R. ...
5. Volcanism And Catastrophic Mythology [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... islands such as Crete. It was about this time that the great Minoan civilization on Crete came to an abrupt end, and according to some chronologies, the plagues of Egypt occurred. Could the Cretan centres have been destroyed by tidal waves, giving rise to the legend of Atlantis which vanished, submerged by the sea? And could ash-fall as far away as Egypt explain the plague of darkness, or associated high rainfall the Deluge? Pichner and Schiering (1) point out that the pottery styles in the Late Minoan settlement on Santorini were 30-50 years earlier than those of the sites and palaces in Crete. Thera could only have been responsible for both destructions if either, there were two eruptions about 50 years apart, or the caldera collapse occurred about 50 years after the original ash-producing explosion. Field work on the ash layers on Santorini shows no evidence of either possibility. Calculations of tsunami sizes also indicate that these would have been too small, besides which, sites on the south of the island such as Phaistos, would be unaffected. Pichner and Schiering ...
6. Thera and the Exodus: the Cause and the Effect [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... Frost (1909); its volcanic cause (S. Marinatos, 1939); its possible connection with Atlantis (S. Marinatos, c.1960); and finally with the Exodus (A. G. Galanopoulos, 1964). Conversations with Prof Galanopoulos on these causal relationships are given by James W. Mavor [2. Dr Hans Goedicke of the Department of Near Eastern Studies at Johns Hopkins University claims that the parting of the Reed Sea in the Exodus was actually caused by a tidal wave resulting from the volcano Thera (Santorini): this was reported in The Guardian [3 by Christopher Kilburn of the University of London Observatory, and member of the Royal Society's Volcanic Eruption Surveillance Team. In 1888 The Royal Society of Britain published the findings of a committee set up to study the eruption of Krakatoa in 1883. Together with the preliminary report of the Dutch Scientific Commission, they contain all the known facts about the eruption, and are the source for the information used by all modern authors [4 describing the eruption of Krakatoa, including the facts ...
7. Atlantis - The Lost Continent Finally Found [SIS Internet Digest $]
... that what we call by the name of "Atlantic Ocean" is not the same as that of the ancients. Herodotus, Aristotle, Plato, Strabo, and several other ancient authors are very specific on the fact that the "Atlantic Ocean"-- otherwise called "Ocean of the Atlanteans", "Outer Ocean", "Kronian Ocean", Mare Oceanum (" Ocean Sea") or Mare Magnum (" Great Sea") was indeed the whole of the "earth-encircling ocean". Q8: Thera or Santorini, the volcanic caldera located is the Greek region of the Mediterranean Sea, is often claimed to be the remains of Atlantis by several Atlantologists of scientific repute. Is this view tenable? A: Not at all. Plato and other authorities are very specific on the fact that Atlantis lay "outside the Pillars of Hercules". It is ridiculous to suppose that Plato would ignore the real position of neighboring Crete in relation to Gibraltar, or that he would believe that a whole continent ever existed inside the Mediterranean Basin. The ...
8. Thera: Chronology at a Crossroads? [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... From: SIS Chronology and Catastrophism Workshop 1987 No 2 (Jan 1988) Home¦ Issue Contents Thera: Chronology at a Crossroads? by Bernard Newgrosh During the second millennium BC an enormous volcanic explosion laid waste the island of Thera (Santorini) in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. The fall-out in the form of ashes is detectable throughout large areas of the eastern Mediterranean, the Aegean region, and on the island of Crete. Pottery of a type known as Late Minoan IA was found straddling the lava deposits on Thera, and archaeologists have used this pottery as a means for dating the major second millennium BC eruption. The Late Minoan IA period has thus been dated to 1550-1500 BC, and the eruption of Thera dated to 1500 BC. This dating, it must be stressed, is purely an archaeological one. As its basis we find the dating of Mycenaean pottery in Egyptian New Kingdom contexts, and through the dating of Mycenaean wares the pottery style chronologies of the Late Minoan I and Late Cycladic I sequences are determined. In the early years of radiocarbon ...
9. On Dayton and Dating [SIS C&C Review $]
... . This very low chronology, has been strengthened by recent developments in carbon-14 dating which seriously discredit the value of this archaeological tool. The writer's doubts began with the original correction techniques, which while applying to the Bristle Cone Pine, growing at an altitude of 10,000 feet where cosmic rays are intense, did not apply to either South America or to Europe. Even further doubts were strengthened when carbon-14 results on nine samples of grain (i.e. material of one year's growth) from the same storage jar at Thera (Santorini) gave dates of 2037, 1850, 1420, 1350, 1394, 1300, 1110, 960 and 900 BC!! Recent work at Aachen in particular, and other locations has shown that organic materials growing in smoky areas, or beside vaporous lakes, can receive greater doses of carbon-14 than those growing in a purer atmosphere. Thus a tree growing in a smoky atmosphere such as Sheffield in AD 1850 has been shown to give a carbon-14 date of over 200 years instead of one hundred. Similarly the Thera grain must ...
10. Atlantis [Pensee]
... 19, 1909. Frost apparently made no effort to revise Plato's chronological figure, but contented himself solely with Atlantean-Cretan parallels. He also pondered over the question as to how Minoan Crete could have fallen, concluding that "the whole catastrophe was largely due to rebellion against the central power of Cnossus (Knossos)" (22). No natural cataclysm was taken into consideration. It was not until 1939 that Spyridon Marinatos linked the destruction of the late Minoan Palaces on Crete to the titanic volcanic eruption of the island of Thera (Santorini) in the ,15th century B.C. (23). In 1960 and again in 1972 Marinatos reaffirmed his conviction that a natural cataclysm devastated Crete sometime between 1520 and 1450 B.C. (24). The Atlantis correlation was not introduced by Marinatos, however. As a matter of fact, Marinatos has been somewhat guarded concerning the Atlantis-Crete connection (25). Nevertheless, the syncretized work of Marinatos and Galanopoulos has gained such strong adherents in the academic world as Rhys Carpenter and H. E. L. Mellersh among ...
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