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... From: Kronos Vol. IX No. 1 (Fall 1983) Home¦ Issue Contents Forum Stonehenge- A Calendar? To the Editor of KRONOS: Alban Wall's "A Calendric View of Stonehenge" (KRONOS VIII:2, pp. 35-46) promises a major breakthrough in understanding the purpose of Stonehenge. However. since the Sun marker completes a revolution around the Aubrey Circle in 13 x 28= 364 days, one day a year must be skipped and an additional day must be skipped every four years to keep in step. Only with such an adjustment can one end up with exactly 247 revolutions in 19 years (pp. 37-38). Presumably, this was done at the summer solstice; and the correction was at first based on observation until a rule such as suggested above was devised. Accurate observation of the solstices and the equinox, especially the winter solstice, is possible via the shadow of a pole planted on Silbury Hill, which was evidently constructed for such a purpose. The tip of the shadow would fall at the foot ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 300  -  05 Mar 2003  -  18k  -  URL:
2. Saturn's Cosmos [The Saturn Myth] [Books]
... ancients? With scarcely a dissenting voice, scholars routinely tag them as solar symbols. They tell us that such renderings of the sun are perfectly natural (that is, they must be "natural" ways of representing the sun because one sees the signs everywhere!) Though everyone seems to agree on the solar origins, (1) many disagree as to what the signs depict. In the image, does the outer band represent a parhelion (atmospherically caused halo around the sun)? Or does it stand for "the circle of the sky"? Some commentators suggest that the outer circle is itself the sun, leaving open the question of the meaning of the enclosed dot. (2) Similarly, in evaluating the sign, the experts cannot agree whether the four arms of the cross denote rays of the sun or four quarters of the world. It is also said that the four arms depict spokes of an imagined sun wheel rolling across the sky each day. Is it necessary to point out that these differences of opinion immediately throw into question ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 248  -  15 Nov 2001  -  90k  -  URL:
... existed between these construction stages has never certainly been determined. In this exposition I shall be dealing principally with those elements that are generally attributed to Phase I, which are as follows: (Drawing 1) Drawing 1. Stonehenge. Showing the principal elements of the structure. 1) A circular dirt bank about 6 feet high, 300 feet in diameter (now almost completely eroded away), pierced in its northeastern sector by a broad, flat avenue that leads in a straight line away from the site. 2) A circle of 56 holes (called the Aubrey circle) immediately inside the bank, from which the dirt was originally removed to be replaced with a filling of chalk rubble. 3) An upright megalith called the Heel Stone (or Friar's Heel) stationed approximately 256 feet from the center of the circle, offset to left of center in the avenue and having an azimuth of 51.3 E of N. (The closeness of this azimuth value to the latitude of Stonehenge- 51.2 N- is probably more than just coincidence.) The ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 176  -  05 Mar 2003  -  34k  -  URL:
4. Ra as Saturn [SIS Internet Digest $]
... subscribe to the Kronia list, send an email to requesting that you want to join. Ra as Saturn From: Dwardu Cardona <> Date: Mon, 07 Apr 1997 09:59:28 -0700 Some of The Reasons Concerning Why The Mythological Ra Could Not Have Been The Sun. From the paper read at the Portland World Conference.... Thus, for example, Ra was often lauded as "Lord of the Circles" and "he who entereth [or liveth in the circle. (12) He was described as "the sender forth of light into his Circle" and the "Governor of [his circle." (13) What is this Circle that the hymns allude to? Egyptologists will immediately inform us that this Circle of which the hymns speak was what the Egyptians referred to as the Duat (or Tuat), a word that has been rendered into English as "the Underworld." Egyptologists will also inform us that this Underworld, or Netherworld, was supposed to have consisted ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 165  -  06 Mar 2003  -  19k  -  URL:
... Planetary Order Revealed in The Book of the Secrets of Enoch Alban Wall The Book of the Secrets of Enoch has been established as having been written sometime shortly after 330 B.C. (See my article in HORUS, Vol. 1, No. 1). The document contains interesting bits and fragments of scientific lore that tells us a good deal about the level of astronomical knowledge attained by ancient watchers of the sky. In Chapter XXX, verses 4 and 5, the following information is revealed: 4. On the first uppermost circle I [God placed the stars, Kruno, and on the second Aphrodit, on the third Aris, on the fifth Zeus, on the sixth Ermis, on the seventh lesser the moon, and adorned it with the lesser stars. 5. And on the lower I placed the sun for the illumination of the day, and the moon and stars for the illumination of night. It is generally conceded that the term "stars", as used in the first line of verse 4, refers not to stars but ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 165  -  05 Mar 2003  -  19k  -  URL:
6. Later Use of the Grave Circles [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... Later Use of the Grave Circles Not very long after the Shaft Grave burials, a Mycenaean ruler disturbed one of the interments in Circle B, enlarging its shaft to form an entrance to a new ? built tomb,? with a stately chamber and saddle-shaped roof constructed of stone blocks. Enough ceramic material remained in the tomb, after its subsequent robbery, to indicate an LH II date for its fabrication and use, Since the LH II pottery phase corresponds to the reign of Pharaoh Thutmose III ,.G. Mylonas, the tomb ? s excavator, assigned it to the fifteenth century B.C. The tomb type is foreign to Greece, with the example from Circle B constituting its sole appearance in the country. Archaeologists have discovered the type at roughly the same period on Crete (also one example) and Cyprus and especially in Syria, where it originally developed. Mylonas saw ? striking parallels ? to the tombs of Syria and Trachonas on Cyprus; 1 but, as he had noted earlier, there was a problem with Trachonas since, despite its close proximity ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 164  -  31 Aug 2000  -  22k  -  URL:
... it reverses direction and sunrises now begin to occur a little to the North each day. After three more months, sunrise will take place due East at the point marked as the Equinox, and in another three months it will occur once again at its original starting point near the Heelstone. Yearly sunsets occur in a similar manner within the area marked Sunset Horizon. The arrows in these zones indicate both the range and direction of sunrises and sunsets during the four seasons. Figure 1-- The Stonehenge 19-year Lunar-Solar Calendar The Sun Circle is used to count the days in a year by advancing a marker stone two holes each day, except on the summer solstice. Thirteen times around the circle gives 13 x 28= 364. The lunar circles are used to count the days of a lunar month by advancing the marker one hole each day, first around the Y-Circle, then around the Z-Circle. The Sarsen Circle symbolizes the 29.5 days of the month, one megalith being half size. The trilithon horseshoe represents the phases of the moon. The Year Dial ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 152  -  05 Mar 2003  -  21k  -  URL:
... 21st and September 21st) sunrise will occur along the East-West line. Notice that the Sun rises North of East during the Spring and Summer, and South of East during the Fall and Winter. Its daily movement along the horizon comes to a stop and reverses direction at the Summer Solstice (June 21st), and Winter Solstice (December 21st), the longest and shortest days of the year. The solstices marked the beginning of the New Year in ancient calendar systems. The phases of the Moon are shown between the Sarsen Circle and the Trilithon Horseshoe to emphasize their close relationship with those components of the Stonehenge. We suggest that the reader use the Stonehenge Calendar as described below as background for "The Calendar of Coligny", which will be published in a future issue of HORUS. Setting the Sun and Moon Markers Place a marker on the Sun Circle at the point on that circle where it intersects the Heelstone axis (near C). Count the number of days from the 1W Summer solstice (include today's date). Move the marker around ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 150  -  05 Mar 2003  -  13k  -  URL:
... From: Kronos Vol. IV No. 2 (Winter 1978) "Scientists Confront Scientists Who Confront Velikovsky" Home¦ Issue Contents The Aubrey Holes of Stonehenge (Concluded) Alban Wall III Interesting investigations have recently been carried out at an archaeological site high in the Big Horn Mountains of northern Wyoming. The structure is generally thought to have been built several hundred years ago by Plains Indians for an undetermined purpose.* What the site consists of is a circle of stones approximately 83 feet in diameter on a relatively flat area with a pile of stones acting as a hub at its center and 28 uneven spokes radiating to the rim. There are five other stone cairns at various points on the circumference and a sixth that lies a short distance outside the rim at the terminus of an extended spoke. Interestingly, this sixth cairn forms an alignment with the central hub that points quite closely to summer solstice sunrise. [Footnote: *Note: The Plains Indians had no knowledge of who constructed the Medicine Wheel at Big Horn, nor did they know what ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 136  -  05 Mar 2003  -  36k  -  URL:
... From: Kronos Vol. VIII No. 2 (Winter 1983) Home¦ Issue Contents A Calendric View Of Stonehenge Alban Wall Copyright (c) 1982 by Alban Wall In an earlier paper,(1) I presented evidence indicating that the Aubrey circle of holes at Stonehenge was designed to be used as a solar calendar. The present article can be considered an extension of that hypothesis which is here made to include the remaining components of the structure. It will be shown that the functional correlation of these remaining components, in conjunction with the previously discussed Aubrey Circle, combine to form an amazing and sophisticated calendrical device which is more accurate in its basic simplicity than anything that Hawkins and Hoyle ever envisioned. There is important calendrical significance in the fact that 235 lunar months, generally referred to as lunations, which constitute the time encompassed in one full cycle of lunar phases, are equal- within a few hours- to 19 solar years. 1 lunation= 29.5306 days 1 solar year= 365.2422 days 235 lunations= 6939.691 days 19 solar years= ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 136  -  05 Mar 2003  -  28k  -  URL:
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