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... Text unformatted | Images to be added [ CD-Rom Home ] Full PDF online at Internet Archive Essay on the Theory of the Earth Georges Cuvier BY M. Cuvier, PERPETUAL SECRETARY OF THE FRENCH INSTITUTE, PROFESSOR AND ADMINISTRATOR OF THE MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY, WITH MIJYERdLOGICdL NOTES, AND AN ACCOUNT OF CUVIER'S GEOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES, BY PROFESSOR JAMESON. TO WHICH ARE NOW ADDERS, ^ ?" ', *; I OBSERVATIONS ON THE GEOLOGY OF NORTH AMERICA; ILLUSTRATED BY THE DESCRIPTION OF VARIOUS ORGANIC REMAINS, FOUND IN THAT PART OF THE WORLD. BY SAMUEL L. MITCHILL, Eotan. Mineral, et Zoolog. in Univere, Nov. Eborac. Prof. &c ...
2. The Establishment of Gradualism [Books]
... keep them consistent with accumulating field evidence. However, by the end of the eighteenth century it was becoming apparent that the Flood, even if it had occurred, could only have been one of many factors responsible for the formation of the Earth's features. Catastrophism and evolution in early nineteenth century France In 1812, Léopold Chrétien Frédéric Dagobert de Cuvier (known as Georges, after a dead brother) published the results of many years painstaking investigation of the geology of the Paris basin, carried out in collaboration with Alexandre Brongniart, in Recherches sur les ossemens fossiles. The introduction to this book, published separately as Discours sur les révolutions de la surface du globe, expressed Cuvier's conclusions ...
3. Sea And Land Changed Places. Ch.2 Revolution (Earth In Upheaval) [Velikovsky] [Velikovsky Earth in Upheaval]
... From "Earth in Upheaval" © 1955 by Immanuel Velikovsky | FULL TEXT NOT AVAILABLE Contents Sea And Land Changed Places The most renowned naturalist to come from the generation of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars was Georges Cuvier. He was the founder of vertebrate paleontology, or the science of fossil bones, and thus of the science of extinct animals. Studying the finds made in the gypsum formation of Montmartre in Paris and those elsewhere in France and the European continent in general, he came to the conclusion that in the midst of even the oldest strata of marine formations there are other strata replete with animal or plant remains of terrestrial or fresh-water forms; and that among ...
... , both of the animal and vegetable kingdom, which have the greatest pliability of organisation, those which are most capable of accommodating themselves to a great variety of new circumstances, are most serviceable to man. These only can be carried by him into different climates, and can have their properties or instincts variously diversified by differences of nourishment * Cuvier, Discours Prelimin. p. 128. \ Phil. Zool. torn. i. p. 266. . 584 VARIABILITY IN SPECIES. [Cii. XXXIV, and habits. If the resources of a species be so limited, and its habits and faculties be of such a confined and local character, that it can only ...
5. Uniformitarianism, Catastrophism and Evolution [Journals] [SIS Review]
... and Claude Albritton Jr. had, over the previous decade, demolished the prevailing myth of a dichotomy between scientific uniformitarianism and unscientific catastrophism. It was therefore somewhat surprising to find, a year later, the respected science journalist, Roger Lewin, writing: At the beginning of the nineteenth century, the great French geologist and naturalist Baron Georges Cuvier proposed what came to be known as the Catastrophe theory, or Catastrophism. According to the theory, the abrupt faunal changes geologists saw in rock strata were the result of periodic devastations that wiped out all or most extant species, each successive period being repopulated with new kinds of animals and plants, by God's hand. Lyell rejected so ...
6. Chaos and Creation by Alfred de Grazia [Books] [de Grazia books]
... UNIFORMITIARIAN RESISTANCE The history of science took a sharp turn around 150 years ago [2 ]. Before then it was assumed that life on earth had originated recently and was wracked by natural disasters. Although this was believed largely on the "say-so" of ancient theologians and scientists, fresh evidence was being unearthed by famous scientists such as Georges Cuvier and William Buckland.(Figure 1 gives the names and main positions of some prominent catastrophists.) Cuvier, who is sometimes called "the father of paleontology," divided the history of the world into four epochs, each with its own animals, each ended by great flood. In only the last of these ages, the ...
7. Comments [Journals] [Catastrophist Geology]
... From: Catastrophist Geology Year 1 No. 1 (June 1976) Home | Issue Contents Comments Derek V.Ager Swansea, Great Britain Claude Albritton Dallas, U.S .A . John M.Bell New York Aart Brouwer Leiden, Holland R.H .Brown Berrien Springs, U.S .A . George Cuvier Paris Horace C.Dudley Chicago, U.S .A . Farouk El-Baz Washington D.C . F.J .Faber Voorst, Holland V.Axel Firsoff Glastonbury, Great Britain Peter E.Gretener Calgary, Canada Ralph von Koenigswald Frankfurt, West Germany Arthur Koestler London Emanuel Levine Lawrenceville, U.S .A . Andrew ...
8. Catastrophes: the Diluvial Evidence [Journals] [SIS Review]
... have been one of many factors responsible for the formation of features at the Earth's surface [7 ]. In France, Buffon remained the dominant figure right up to his death in 1788. However, a new generation of naturalists was emerging and these sought a fresh approach to science. One of the chief critics of Buffon's style was Georges Cuvier (1769-1832) [14, 16]. 19th Century Catastrophists Although most pre-19th century cosmogonists, including Buffon, used rational methods, their arguments were often speculative and philosophical. In contrast, one of Cuvier's guiding principles was to avoid unwarranted speculation. After Buffon's death, Cuvier quickly established a reputation as a gifted scientist, particularly in ...
9. The Planet Earth, Prologue Ch.2 (Worlds in Collision) [Velikovsky] [Velikovsky Worlds in Collision]
... often of extinct species, and not infrequently, above the strata with the remains of land animals are other strata with marine fauna. The species of the animals, and even their genera, change with the strata. The strata often assume an oblique position, sometimes being almost vertical; frequently they are faulted and overturned in many ways. Cuvier (1769-1832), the founder of vertebrate paleontology, or the science of petrified skeletons of animals possessing vertebrae, from fish to man, was much impressed by the picture presented by the sequence of the layers of earth. "When the traveller passes over these fertile plains where gently flowing streams nourish in their course an abundant vegetation, ...
10. The Mammoths, Prologue Ch.2 (Worlds in Collision) [Velikovsky] [Velikovsky Worlds in Collision]
... the frozen bodies of mammoths were found in these tundras. The corpses were well preserved, and the sledge dogs ate the flesh unharmed. "The flesh is fibrous and marbled with fat" and "looks as fresh as well frozen beef."(1 ) What was the cause of their death and the extinction of their race? Cuvier wrote of the extinction of the mammoths: "Repeated irruptions and retreats of the sea have neither all been slow nor gradual; on the contrary, most of the catastrophes which have occasioned them have been sudden; and this is especially easy to be proved with regard to the last of these catastrophes, that which, by a two-fold ...
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