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1. The Early Assyrian King List, The Genealogy of the Hammurapi Dynasty, and the "Greater Amorite" Tradition [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... From: Proceedings of The Third Seminar of Catastrophism and Ancient History (1986) Home¦ Issue Contents The Early Assyrian King List, The Genealogy of the Hammurapi Dynasty, and the "Greater Amorite" Tradition Herbert A. Storck The Assyrian Kinglist (AKL) [1 is one of the most important chronographic texts ever uncovered. Initially it was thought to represent a long unbroken tradition of rulership over Assyria. A closer look at the AKL by Landsberger,[2 however, dispelled this somewhat facile approach to AKL tradition. Subsequent studies by Kraus[3 and Finkelstein [4 on the earliest portion of the AKL have demonstrated a common underlying Amorite tradition between parts of the AKL and the Genealogy of Hammurapi (GHD). Portions of this section of the AKL containing 17 tent-dwelling kings have also been compared to biblical[5 and Ugaritic[6 Amorite traditions. All in all the association between the AKL and GHD is most interesting, especially in view of the later extended animosity between these two lands-- Assyria and Babylonia. The purpose of this ...
2. The Spring Of Ares [Kronos $]
... . 3 (Summer 1986) Home¦ Issue Contents The Spring Of Ares Ev Cochrane KADMOS A crucial clue to Kadmos' history has been overlooked by the countless interpreters of his myth his intimate association with Ares, the indomitable god of war. Kadmos' celebrated palace, the Kadmeia, was built upon a hill of Ares near the Areia, a spring sacred to the war god. These two items, the spring and hill of Ares, are integral elements of the Kadmos legend. Kadmos and Ares are closely associated in Theban tradition. Ares was the father of Kadmos' wife, Harmonia, as well as the progenitor of the dragon slain by Kadmos.(1) Kadmos' relation to Ares has drawn little attention, presumably because Ares was known to be a god while most commentators have proceeded upon the assumption that Kadmos was a mortal. But if, as I have suggested.(1a) Kadmos was originally a Theban god analogous to Dionysus, who was also associated with Ares, the added association of Kadmos with the same Ares raises fundamental ...
3. Sicily, Carthage, and the Fall of Troy [Kronos $]
... From: Kronos Vol. VIII No. 2 (Winter 1983) Home¦ Issue Contents Sicily, Carthage, and the Fall of Troy Jan N. Sammer THE WANDERINGS AND COLONIZATION OF THE WEST Greek literary tradition recounts many tales of the "returns" of the heroic generation that fought at Troy-- but few of the plunderers of Priam's citadel reached home safely, and those who did kept their thrones for only a little while; most were condemned to years of wandering in the far reaches of the known world until finally, in despair of ever again seeing their homes, they settled on distant shores from one end of the Mediterranean to the other. It was as if the return home was blocked- not just by stormy seas, but by upheavals and dislocations that deprived the returnees of shelter in their own land. Following the disasters that afflicted the Greek lands, the last of the heroic generation turned into wanderers and pirates, seeking for living space far from their own ravaged habitations.(1) Strabo, the Roman geographer, thus ...
4. Menelaos in Egypt [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... by Psammetichus as mercenaries [1. With the help of these troops, Psammetichus was able to overcome his rival Dodecarchs, wrest Egypt from the Assyrian empire, and launch a great imperial epoch of Egyptian history. These events are generally dated to the second quarter of the 7th century. In conformity with this dating, Greek pottery and artifacts of the early 7th century are discovered with great frequency in the Delta, especially at those sites specifically linked to the Greeks. However, in apparent contradiction of these facts, both archaeology and tradition record contact between Hellenes and Egyptians in an earlier epoch. In his history of Egypt Herodotus informs us that the Egyptians of his time were well acquainted with the story of the Trojan War. They also told of a violent incursion into Egypt by Menelaos, husband of Helen, immediately after the sack of Ilion [2. Although that tradition is now generally dismissed as fantasy, it apparently finds a vague echo in the very real contacts between Mycenaean Greece and Egypt discovered by modern archaeology. Scholars have found that links between early ...
5. The Prophetic Tradition [SIS Internet Digest $]
... From: SIS Internet Digest 1997:2 (Feb 1998) Home¦ Issue Contents The Prophetic Tradition http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Delphi/1592/ This Web page is dedicated to the proposition that scripture and myth are authentic accounts of history and that science, religion, and myth can be reconciled within the context of the Prophetic Tradition. The Stele of Narum-Sin. Shamash, Saturn atop his thrown mountain, Venus is to the left The Prophetic Tradition is a system of symbolic types used by the prophets for the transmission of gospel truths, sacred history, and priesthood ordinances. This system is based on the historical cosmology of our universe, particularly the Interdiluvian Saturnian Configuration. The events of the Interdiluvian Period, and more especially those events in the heavens, became the model for symbolic language of the prophets and the scriptures. The Prophetic Tradition serves as a unifying force in gospel typology and can be recognized as a 'fingerprint' of the prophetic message. The events of the Interdiluvian Period and later celestial catastrophes are also the basis of all ...
6. Greek History Begins in the Sixth Century B.C. [Aeon Journal $]
... Olympian annals down to 400 B.C. J.P. Mahaffy (1882) (6) To this very day no other problem of Greek and, consequently, of ancient chronology in general might possibly be more controversial that the crucial question about the truthfulness and reliability of old-world chronology which was compiled and recorded for the first time by ancient historians and chronographs. The archaeological framework still is entirely based upon these decisive dates. Since chronography plays a fundamental role for national and religious identity almost every scientific attempt to separate the reliable from the implausible tradition, and correspondingly, to reject mythical accounts and dates has always been treated with hostility by the general public, scientists included. This is especially true for European chronology that has always been at a disadvantage compared to the Oriental tradition. In comparison with Egyptian, Mesopotamian, and Jewish chronology Greek history unfortunately was rather belated, despite its central importance for European identity. This obvious chronological inferiority-complex certainly provided one of the reasons why historians, for a long time, believed in the authenticity of ancient mythological genealogies. Thus, the ...
7. The Death of Heracles [Aeon Journal $]
... play...Sophocles in the latter part of the play seems to have become so preoccupied with presenting Heracles' physical agony that he loses sight of Deianeira, his truly great tragic creation, and the artistic integrity of the whole piece is correspondingly impaired. (11) Linforth, similarly, suggested that the hero's death on the funeral pyre was appended at the end of the play in order to conform with the traditional account of the hero's death, much to the detriment of the unity of the play. Of Sophocles' deference to tradition this critic observed: He has written a play which is marked by the ingenuity of the plot and by the delicate art with which he has depicted the character and changing moods of Deianeira and the grim personality of Heracles. The motivation is sound throughout-- until he comes to the final scene. The whole logic of the play demands that Heracles shall die from the effects of the poisoned robe. But instead of this he is sent to die on the pyre in a manner utterly unprepared for, and in a manner ...
8. Return to the Paelo-Saturnian Ssystem (Forum) [Aeon Journal $]
... ayin-waw-resh, means "skin," the skin, or hide, of animals. It's easy to verify: The skins stretched over the desert tabernacles are called 'oroth 'taHashim (that is "taHash skins," where taHash is a Biblical animal) and 'oroth eilim (that is "ram skins")-- which makes for another piece of evidence that the Torah is describing an account of the creation of Earth-bound people. Cardona's source, Ginzberg's Legends of the Jews, is not a good one. The percent of Oral Tradition from Moses included in Aggadah (Talmudic legend) is very minimal. Aggadists in every era freely used, reformed, and built on gentile legends and mythology, using them as a vessel for moral teachings. Despite all that, I understand that the above relates to the onset of a paradisiacal epoch. How long did it last? It seems from the legends Cardona cited that people did, in fact, start keeping track of time in this period of continuous day. Also, at what point did the maelstrom at the ...
9. Problems for Rohl's New Chronology [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... the Bronze Age about fifty years later. Yet these early dates fly in the face of a great body of evidence. The Olympiads: 1. How is it that Homer, who must have been born within a century of the First Olympiad (traditionally 776 BC), speaks of King Nestor as a victor in the Games? (Iliad xi, 671,& 761) 2. How is it that numerous Heroic Age figures who lived before the Trojan War were said to have taken part in the Games, and one tradition stated that the festival was founded by Pelops, grandfather of Agamemnon? (Pausanias v, 8, 1,& vi, 20, 8) The Alphabet: 1. No scholar has yet claimed that the Greek alphabet predates c.800 BC, yet Herodotus tells us [5, 59 that he saw a tripod in Thebes dedicated by Amphitryon and inscribed in Cadmean letters. The problem, of course, is that Amphitryon lived two or three generations before the Trojan War. 2. Epic tradition tells us that Palamedes, who ...
10. Aftermath of the Trojan War [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... possible indeed. But the Tjekker appear only in the texts of Ramses III-- just in time-- for the Trojan War occurred immediately before his reign. Mopsus became a historical person upon the decipherment of a bilingual text found at Karatepe. The text written in Hittite hieroglyphs and Phoenician letters mentions a king Azitawadda and the house of Mopsus or Moxus (Hittite and Phoenician vary). Azitawadda is called the founder of Azitawaddija. We can see in him Aspendus, the son of Mopsus, after whom, in the Greek tradition, the town of Aspendus got its name. The first sentence of the inscription runs: "I am Azitawadda,... who(m) made strong 'wrk, the king of the Dnnjm." It cannot be established with certainty if Awarikus is the subject or the object of "made strong," but he has successfully been identified with Urikki, king of Que (Cilicia),[12 a contemporary of Tiglatpileser III (now c. 753-35?). Thus it is possible that Azitawadda was king ...
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