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Search results for: archaeolog* in all categories
1660 results found.
166 pages of results.
1. The Stratigraphical Chronology of Ancient Israel [Aeon Journal $]
... Heinsohn I. Ancient Israel Debunked? he fundamentalistically computed biblical dates for the major events in the history of ancient Israel cannot be convincingly synchronized with the stratigraphical sequence of the land's archaeological sites. This want of harmony between biblical chronology and archaeological stratigraphy is mainly due to the excavators' attempts to impose biblical dates on the strata which have actually been dated by ... )). The Persian period, therefore, seems to provide a more convincing environment for these powerful kings. (18) The impressive achievements of nearly 150 years of modern archaeology in the ancient Near East seem to have debunked Israel's biblical history from Abraham to the Babylonian Exile, which likewise is burdened with some big question marks (see Section II below ... biblical nor the "scholarly" dating schemes seem to be very much in touch with the actual depth, volume and number of strata in the ground. Time and again, archaeologists have failed to make sense of the biblical events when they took their pious dates and tried to accommodate them in their stratigraphies. Hence, it became ever more fashionable to discard ...
2. Bibliography [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... , V., Protogeometric Pottery (Oxford, 1952) Deshayes, J., Argos: les fouilles de la Deiras (Paris, 1966) O. Dickinson, ? Archaeological Facts and Greek Traditions,? Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of the University of Birmingham, 17.2 (1973-4) Dietrich, B. C., ? Some Evidence of Religious ... d ’ or de Delphes,? Ath. Mitt, 77 (1962) Anderson, J. K., ? Greek Chariot-borne and Mounted Infantry,? American Journal of Archaeology 79 (1975) Anderson, J. K., ? Homeric, British and Cyrenaic Chariots,? American Journal of Archaeology 69 (1965) Andrewes, A., ... 13 (1900) Gray, D., ? Houses in the Odyssey,? Classical Quarterly N.S. 5 (1959) Gray, D., ? Homer and the Archaeologists ? in Fifty Years of Classical Scholarship (ed. M. Platnauer) (Oxford, 1954) Greenhalgh, P., Early Greek Warfare (Cambridge, 1973) Guralnick ...
3. Applying the Revised Chronology [Pensee]
... voiced "a criticism of the revised chronology" (1). His studies have led him to the conclusion that Velikovsky's reconstruction is "not in harmony with the mass of archaeological evidence presently at our disposal" (2). While the research that I have done over the past five years has led me to the opposite conclusion, I do not ... more competent in that area to answer. In any case, the historical reconstruction is a matter totally independent of theories of global upheavals. This article will limit itself exclusively to archaeology, ancient history, and art history, pointing out some of the difficulties which exist for adherents to the accepted chronology, but which cease to be problematical, and, in ... the material found in the present article. Although Immanuel Velikovsky considers Ages in Chaos, his historical reconstruction, to be his opus magnum, for over 20 years ancient historians and archaeologists have ignored this aspect of his work. It is therefore gratifying to note that Prof. W. H. Stiebing, Jr. has broken the silence. Stiebing has obviously ...
4. Hazor and the anachronisms in the chronology of the Ancient Near East [SIS C&C Review $]
... In 1968, Yigael Yadin returned to dig. For the time being- after the death of Aharon Kempinsky- Amnon Ben-Tor (Hebrew University, Jerusalem) is in charge of archaeological work in Hazor. Kempinsky was especially interested to find Iron Age archives from the time of the Kingdom of Israel in the upper city (1200 to 300 BC) whereas Ben-Tor ... Bronze Age II Culture of Palestine', Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 30, 1971. 10. Heinsohn, G., 'Who Were the Hyksos? Can Archaeology and Stratigraphy Provide a Solution to the 'Enigma of World History?', S. Curto, S. Donadoni, A.M. Donadoni Roveri, B. Alberton, Hg. ... them to drop their rare finds down into Hazor's stratigraphical abyss much deeper down- and there was no consolation. The 1st millennium strata did not reveal any other texts which the archaeologists could keep for these Iron Age strata. They took pride in Hazor's extremely high age but felt somewhat embarrassed about its illiteracy in the period of the 'People of the Book' ...
5. The Thirteenth Theory of the Hyksos [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... the twelfth theory, which equates the Hyksos with Palestinian princes or Syro-Canaanites in general, can still muster a considerable number of supporters. Syro-Palestine's Middle Bronze Age IIB-C shows a strong archaeological similarity with Hyksos sites in Egypt, e.g. Tell Daba. However, Mesopotamia proves to be another serious contender in this field. More importantly, the ancient Egyptians themselves did ... felt encouraged to approach the problem afresh because the classical tools of scholarship have never rigorously been used in the search for an Asian realm of the Hyksos. Neither comparative stratigraphy and archaeology (architecture, pottery, small finds etc) nor palaeography and the evaluation of original historiographical source material has been applied to check possible Asian alter egos of the Hyksos. II ... the strata which are found immediately below the Mitanni/Hurrian layers in Northern Mesopotamia? When the most careful excavations of the 1920's and 1930's tried to answer this question, the archaeologists found themselves in confusion, as can be seen below for Tell Billa (Speiser, 1932-1933), Nuzi (Starr, 1938) Tepe Gawra (Speiser, 1935), ...
6. The Lion Gate at Mycenae [Pensee]
... , however, must be shelved for future speculation, it is necessary for convenience sake to continue our investigation of Mycenaean and Asiatic contact and interaction with a conditional acceptance of present archaeological assumptions. There seems to be no doubt of Greek and Anatolian as well as Levantine contacts in the eighth or seventh century B. C. on the basis of literary ( ... up to 200 years and, in addition, it is only organic matter which can be analyzed. In fact, "the findings obtained by the Carbon 14 method in Minoan archaeology have so far not been satisfactory since they are completely at variance with the absolute chronologies established by other methods (16)." The dating of the Lion Gate at Mycenae ... were put forward assigning the monuments to either the years 1400-1100 B.C., 800-700 B.C., or Byzantine times (9). The latter suggestion has long been dismissed by archaeologists and art historians alike, but the other proposed dates now require careful re-examination. While the Lion Gate is presently dated by Wace to the year 1330 B.C. and by Mylonas ...
7. The Stratigraphy of Bahrein: An Answer to Critics [Aeon Journal $]
... 330 BCE (" City IV" from the standpoint of stratigraphy), it should be dated to something like 500 BCE, give or take a century. This path of archaeological reasoning was not followed by the excavators. They turned to "books": City III represented only by the rubbish pit full of 'caramel ware.' But here the books ... was found which established the most ancient phase 5. Phases 4 and 5 were not separated by a cultural break but formed a continuous evolution of pottery making. As far as archaeology was concerned the stratigraphy of Bahrein looked to the excavators as follows. From the historical period of interest in the chronology debate, only phase 2 could be dated by Attic material ... our history books would be enough to falsify his historical reconstruction-- that is, his historiography of the ancient world independent of Biblical orientation. The many hundreds of highly qualified archaeologists and historians of the ancient world should therefore have very little difficulty in refuting the halving of the early history of civilisation proposed by a layman. This task will be made all ...
8. Tiryns [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... help regain Helen from the Trojans. Excavation of the site began in 1884, when Schliemann, the first to excavate at Mycenae, turned his attention to Tiryns. The German Archaeological Institute in a number of prolonged campaigns has laid bare much more of the site and continues the work even today. Before reaching Tiryns ? palace, one must first pass through ... , 30 what is left for us? At Tiryns we have run into 500-700-year problems with triglyphs, with propylaea, with Homer and 8th-century temple plans, with the architecture and archaeology of the palace, and with the temple votives. The fire that destroyed the acropolis of Tiryns is of approximately the same date as the great fire that destroyed much of Mycenae ... a very thorny problem at Tiryns. The upper town was gutted by a fire dated ca. 1200 B.C. Did the palace on the citadel miraculously escape the conflagration? Many archaeologists have noted and been struck by the fact that the ground plan of a Mycenaean palace (especially the throne room or ? megaron ?) is essentially the same as that for ...
9. Ancient History Revisions: the Last 25 years - a Perspective [SIS C&C Review $]
... secure. Therefore Egyptian artefacts, which were found in many places outside Egypt, were used to date the archaeology of other countries around the Mediterranean. Velikovsky showed, from early archaeological reports, that this had led to many bitter chronological disputes between famous archaeologists, some of which remain unresolved today. Pottery from Mycenae in Greece was found in Egypt in association ... in Chaos Revisionists 6.4. More Radical Revisionists- The Shishak Equation redefined 6.5 'Significant Others' The Revisionist Outlook for the Next Quarter of a Century 7.1 Revisionists Are Still Needed 7.2 Archaeology to the Rescue? 7.3 Scientific and Astronomical Dating Methods 7.4 Catastrophic Dating 7.5 Vested Interests and the Deaf Establishment Concluding Comments 8.1 Velikovsky's Pillars Supporting the Conventional Chronology Have Changed 8.2 Which ... by the Egyptian rulers Shishak and Zerah. However, no clear reference to any of these events can be found in Egyptian history. Since late Victorian times, ancient historians and archaeologists have assumed, from an amalgam of early sources, that Egyptian chronology is relatively secure. Therefore Egyptian artefacts, which were found in many places outside Egypt, were used to ...
10. Forum [SIS C&C Review $]
... Exodus occur much earlier. Both seem to have reached this conclusion in the early 1980's when Cohen was the leading Israeli archaeologist for the Negev area and Anati was directing an Italian archaeological mission there. Cohen published his ideas in BAR (1983) in an article called 'The Mysterious MB I People'.* Cohen described the settlement remains of these people and ... I have briefly outlined a case for shortening the SIP in an appendix. Also, I have shown elsewhere that some of the incidents in the Judges Period match well with the archaeology of Middle Bronze Age Palestine (Porter, 1992A). Other Advocates of an EB Exodus As stated in an earlier article where I outlined the sources of my overall scheme ( ... he actually lengthened it and then removed centuries by partially overlapping the Old and Middle Kingdoms. I do not believe such an overlap is possible either historically or archaeologically. Two conventional archaeologists, Rudolph Cohen and Emmanuel Anati, both recognised experts in the archaeology of the Sinai and Negev, have linked the Exodus story to the end of the Early Bronze Age but ...
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