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Search results for: tutankhamun in all categories
101 results found.
11 pages of results.
61. A Question of Logic [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... , the Hyksos era, and the first portion of the Eighteenth Dynasty. For the last, I am aware there are several different dating methods, but I can agree in principle with Thesis 59 which places Thutmose Ill in the beginning of the ninth century, B.C. What is Velikovsky's chronology for the latter portion of this dynasty? His theses and books should be able to supply the answer. A Dynastic Problem I note that the Eighteenth Dynasty ends about 830 B.C. 1 and that the reigns of Akhnaton are seventeen years, Tutankhamun seven/eight years, 2 and Ay unspecified (traditionally four). A count back yields: Ay about -833 to 830 Tutankhamun about -839 to 833 Akhnaton about -855 to 839 While no reign length is ascribed to Amunhotep Ill, his normal thirty-six or more years is inferred. This of itself takes one back to about -881. Thesis 87 notes that Palestine became a protectorate in the days of Thutmose IV in fear of conquest by Ashurnasirpal. This dismisses the date of -881, since Thutmose IV must rule after this, ...
62. Letters [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... Revelation and in the sayings of Jesus Christ. J.H.J. Peet, Guildford, Surrey. Earth Inversions? Dear Sir, Why do Egyptologists ignore the many inscriptions which tell that the sun rose in the west during quite a number of dynasties? One such is the inscription over the tomb of Horemheb which distinctly states that the Sun now rises in the west. Other such evidence is in the burial of kings "the wrong way round" according to orthodoxy. I can well recall Howard Carter's remarks when he opened the tomb of Tutankhamun in 1922. He said that after reading the instructions given to the workmen regarding the orientation of the golden shrine, he could not understand the mistake of workmen "who were usually meticulously careful" and that "it only goes to show that the best of workmen can make mistakes." As you know, the kings and nobles were supposed to be buried with their heads in the east so that, when upright, they would face the sunset (i.e. west) and their Ka's could follow the sun as it ...
63. The SIS Tenth Anniversary Tour of Egypt - Report [SIS C&C Review $]
... attract the gaze here. The simplicity of the Cairo Museum's display facilities seems somehow to give the priceless artifacts from Egypt's past an air of sadness which is perhaps more appropriate to the memory of a long-lost civilisation. On this occasion we explored the lower floor of the Museum and in particular the el-Amarna collection and Third Intermediate Period galleries. Amongst the items examined in detail were: the Merenptah Stela; the coffin from Tomb 55 in the Valley of the Kings; the colossal statues of Akhenaten; the el-Amarna Letters, a statue of Tutankhamun usurped by Horemhab; the alabaster statue of the God's Wife Amenirdis and the Piankhy Stela. At the end of the guided tour individuals were given an extra hour to wander around on their own before regrouping to head back to the Nile Star for lunch. At 2 p.m. the two coaches were off once again through the streets of Cairo this time on their way to GINA. As the most famous of all the sites in Egypt, the pyramids and Sphinx at Giza need not be described here. Suffice to say. ...
64. The Solar Eclipse of Mursilis II [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... during the reigns of Ammistamra I-Niqmad II and, in Egypt, Amenhotep III-Akhnaten. From the eclipse data of the eleventh century the eclipses of 25 December 1090 and 10 May 1078 appear as candidates. [24 In the ninth century the occultations of 1 May 881 and 4 July 857 fall into the proper area, with the latter appearing preferable. [25 Tentative Hittite-Egyptian chronologies based on the eclipse data presented are proposed below. Chronology A HATTI EGYPT Suppiluliumas I 1111-1071 Amenhotep III 1113-1076 Akhenaten 1087-1071 Arnuwandas II 1071-1070 Smenkhkare 1073-1071 Mursilis II 1070-1044 Tutankhamun 1071-1062 Ay 1062-1059 Horemheb 1059-1051 Ramesses I 1051-1050 Muwatallis 1044-1034 Seti I 1050-1039 Urhi-Teshub 1034-1027 Ramesses II 1039-973 Hattusilis III 1027-1002 Tudhaliyas IV 1002-972 Arnuwandas III 972-942 Merenptah 973-963 Suppiluliumas II 942- Ramesses III 931-900 Chronology B Suppiluliumas I 860-816 Amenhotep III 874-837 Akhenaten 848-832 Smenkhkare 834-832 Tutankhamun 832-823 Ay 823-820 Arnuwandas II 816-815 Horemheb 820-812 Mursilis II 815-789 Ramesses I 812-811 Seti I 811-788 Muwatallis 789-781 Ramesses II 805-738 Urhi-Teshub 781-775 Hattusilis III 775-755 Tudhaliyas IV 755-747 Arnuwandas III 747-740 Suppiluliumas II 740- Merenptah 738-730 Ramesses III 724-693 Wayne A. Mitchell Bound Brook, N.J ...
65. Letters [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... to agree to give my Peoples of the Sea as an alternate selection to the Literary Guild. He also offered to take my three earlier books as alternate choices, or ? attraction ? choices (boxed), giving them much exposure but I did not give my consent, even when he was telling me that the Literary Guild has millions of readers, and a series of affiliated clubs. I offered instead Oedipus and Akhnaton as a full choice and Oedipus got not his response, Doubleday publicizes now Drury ? s fictional story of Tutankhamun. Several of the viewers of the Tutankhamun exhibition (that will continue till spring 1979 and end at the Metropolitan Museum of Art) wrote me that Oedipus should be promoted. I mailed Doubleday a Tutankhamun Exhibition, Washington DC catalogue, but to no avail; (however, the last weekly sales figures show that Oedipus and Akhnaton outsold my other books) mainly because its existence was not known even to such of my readers who boasted that they have many times reread ? all your three books ?. Walter Bradbury, my ...
66. Jeremy Goldberg - Still Looking for David [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... 135ff. Aziru's 4th descendant, Saushga-muwash, acceded under Tudhalias IV (J. Boese and G. Wilhelm WZKM 71 [1979, 36 n. 65: not before year 42 of Ramesses II) and ruled for some years while a scandal involving his sister was being adjudicated (Singer op. cit. p. 172f.). Using a minimal figure of c. year 50 of Ramesses II for the demise of Saushga-muwash, the usual date (e.g. JACF: 6, p. 60) of year 2 of Tutankhamun for the end of the Amarna archive and minimal regnal lengths for the intervening Egyptian kings (cf. Kitchen High, Middle or Low? Part 1 [1987, p. 40f and Helck ibid. Part 3 [1989, p. 42) yields a minimal post-Amarna period duration for Aziru's dynasty of c. 7+ 4+ 12+ 10+ 49= c. 80 years. 15. Cf. B. Mazar IEJ 4 (1954), 227ff. and Y. Aharoni VT 19 (1969), ...
67. It's Time to Get Serious About Manetho [SIS C&C Review $]
... 16 kings for this Dynasty but the best that Sir Alan Gardiner can identify is 7 of 14 possible. Thus 9 of Manetho's 'kings' do not fit the historical mould of the XVIII Dynasty as understood today. With the correlation of the 7 known kings in both lists, there remain 7 indisputable monarchs whom Manetho failed, or declined, to notice as well as two who seem entirely fictitious. Of the 7 missing nominees, whilst we might accept an official determination to strike out the 'heretic' line of Akhenaten, Smenkhkare, Tutankhamun and Ay, why are Thutmose I and II and Amenhotep II missing? Gardiner is disconcerted too, seeking reconciliation by sifting information from Jewish historian Josephus: 'As already noted on page 156, Josephus' excerpts from Manetho were introduced to support the latter's belief that the biblical account of the Exodus and the expulsion of the Hyksos under Tethmosis [sic refer to one and the same historic event, a view rejected by Rowley's book, p. 130, n. 2. Admittedly the lengthy excerpts in question embody also several popular ...
68. Experiments with Time. I: 'Catastrophes and Chronologies' [SIS C&C Review $]
... correct chronological sequence (see section 4). The Kassite succession reads as follows: Agum II conquers Babylon in 1345 1355 Kurigalzu I c/w Enlil-nirari (1329-1320) 1330 Burnaburiash I c/w Puzur-Ashur IV (1291-1266) 1312 Kashtiliashu III 1285 Ulamburiash 1260 Agum III 1250 Kara-Indash c/w Ashur-bel-Nisheshu II (1265-1236) 1245 Kadashman-harbe II 1220 Kurigalzu II c/w Amenhotep III (1194-1156) 1200 Kadashman-Enlil I c/w Amenhotep III (1194-1156) 1175 Burnaburiash II (the el-Amarnacorrespondent) c/w Akhenaten (1155-1139) Tutankhamun (1138-1130) Ashuruballit 'II' (1150-1115) 1146 Kara-hardash) 1120 Nazi-bugash) all c/w Ashuruballit 'II' 1120 Kurigalzu "III") (1150-1115) 1119 Nazi-Maruttash c/w Adad-Nirari II (1090-1061) 1094 Kadashnian-Turgu c/w Hattusilis III (1064-1040) 1068 Kadashman-Enlil II c/w Hattusilis III (1064-1040) 1050 [48 -1042 Due to the difficulties inherent in the interpretation of the Kassite records, the dates on both lists should be treated with caution. Nevertheless, they appear to be internally consistent and ...
69. The Nature of the Historical Record [SIS C&C Review $]
... historical contexts. Over 60 years ago RAYMOND WEILL traced the development of an initially simple theme of internal disorders in the pessimistic literature of the Middle Kingdom into a more complex one in the New Kingdom, in which the destructive agent is an impious Asiatic who dominates the country from the Delta before being defeated and expelled by a saviour king [6. The historical foundation of this theme is clearly the expulsion of the Hyksos by Ahmose. However, Weill showed how the theme of salvation from anarchy recurred under later New Kingdom pharaohs. Tutankhamun, Horemheb and Merenptah each presented himself as the agent of restoration after a period of anarchy, during which the gods were neglected. Additionally in the case of Hatshepsut and Setnakht (according to his successor Ramesses III), these disasters were specifically linked to the rule of an impious foreigner. Contemporary documents are of value, however, where they provide first-hand evidence of the sequence of rulers and events. Most Assyrian kings go back at least two generations in their inscriptions. Shalmaneser III calls himself "son of Ashurnasirpal, son ...
70. The Oracle of Cadmus [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... the oracle made some prediction unfavorable to the king... Monarchy and theocracy clashed.[6 Akhnaton then broke completely with the god Amon. The eight great temples of Amon were closed, his rituals and service suppressed. Akhnaton turned his back on the sacred measurements and alignments of the oracle center to build a new capital to embody the proportions and alignments of cosmic truth-- Akhet-Aten.[7 Toward the end of Akhnaton's reign, as in the Oedipus legend, an unspecified disaster struck the land of Egypt. As Tutankhamun described it on a stele, "The land was sick and the gods turned their back upon this land." We can now understand the nature of this disaster. Fire from Heaven In his masterly Stratigraphie comparee et chronologie de l'Asie Occidentale (Oxford, 1948), Claude Schaeffer, excavator of Ugarit, Cadmus-Nikmed's "home town," describes a significant discovery:...five periods marked by widespread destructions, breaks in occupation or movements of population (and sometimes all three together) throughout Western Asia and the Eastern Mediterranean. ...
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