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Search results for: tutankhamun in all categories
101 results found.
11 pages of results.
11. Letters [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... May 14th, 1975 Mr. G. B. Morris Secretary The British Museum London WC1B 3DG Dear Mr. Morris, Thank you for taking the time and the trouble to answer my letter about radiocarbon dating of putative XVIIIth Dynasty material. Are you not, however, begging the question rather than resolving it? As I understand it, Tutankhamun ? s tomb had never been disturbed, by robbers or anyone, until it was discovered; presumably all the precious contents were most carefully catalogued. Surely, then, you either knew or you did not know, already, whether those palm kernels (etc.) came from the tomb; the question of their origin- if it was really in doubt- quite obviously could not be resolved by dating. Contemporaneity would be the utmost that radiocarbon dating or any other method, indeed could possibly prove. I suggest that there were no serious doubts about the origin of the material UNTIL the results of radiocarbon dating. One can only suppose that so much painstaking scholarship and so many reputations are bound up with ...
12. The Memphite Tomb of Haremheb [SIS Internet Digest $]
... Memphite Tomb of Haremheb Geoffrey Martin Summary The tomb for Horemheb at Memphis was prepared before he came to rule Egypt- his final resting place was in the Valley of the Kings. Thus it provides valuable insight into the later years of the Amarna period, while Horemheb was a high-ranking official. A preponderance of traditional artwork is found, though with some portions in the Amarna style. The most informative surviving sections are those depicting his military career during Tutankhamun's reign. Content Horemheb was one of the most senior officials in the court of Tutankhamun, with regent amongst his titles. In this capacity, and as commander of the army he effectively governed Egypt and the foreign protectorates during the reign of the young king. He appears to have started his career in the Delta, and to have risen up the administrative as well as military ranks. It is expected that many other tombs of both major and minor officials await discovery in this area. The recent finding of the tomb of the High Priest of the Aten close to that of Horemheb is reported in Geoffrey Martin's ...
13. Letter 1 [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... . Department of Physics University of Pennsylvania Dear Mr. Stuckenrath: Mrs. Ilse Fuhr wrote me that on June 20th she had mailed 3 pieces of wood (Cedrus Libani and Zizyphus spina Christi), given to her by Dr. Zaki Iskander Hanna of the Cairo Museum, to you by registered airmail (parcel post). It is possible that you are in the process of testing these samples, According to Dr. Iskander these pieces of wood are from the tomb of Tutankhamon of the 18th Dynasty. The conventional dating of Tutankhamun places him ca. 1358 before the present era. He reigned for seven or eight years. In my ? Ages in Chaos,? a work of a reconstruction and synchronization of ancient history I derived a much more recent timeschedule for the 18th Dynasty, and the time of Tutankhamun ace. to this chronology-falls into the ninth century, the difference being 540 or 530 years, I have left with Dr. E. Ralph a copy of ? Ages in Chaos ? and I would like to mail you a copy of this ...
14. The Amarna Age - an Introduction [SIS Internet Digest $]
... is the father? This again returns to the coregency issue- if there was a reasonably long coregency it could be Amenhotep 3, but if not perhaps Akhenaten, in his desperation to have a male heir, was the father himself. Had Akhenaten become desperate to have a male heir and so was attempting this with all women with a claim to royalty? The tomb known as KV55 in the Valley of the Kings, dated to the Amarna period, has many unusual features. In overall design it is very like that of Tutankhamun, and the possibility exists of other tombs of this era in the same part of the valley. The funeral mask and various other items appear to have been first fashioned for a female, but then reused for a male at a later date. The woman in question might be Kiya, the second wife of Akhenaten (after Nefertiti). She appears to have been of Hittite origin, and was originally intended to marry Amenhotep 3. Some (unknown) form of disgrace appears to have been associated with her, and ...
15. The Chronology of the Early Egyptian New Kingdom [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... Redford, completely reject this thesis, while others, including Aldred, Kitchen, and Fairman, are strongly in favor. 14 My own view is that, on balance, the evidence for co-regency is stronger than that presented against it. Assuming, therefore, that year 12 of Akhenaten corresponded with year 38 of Amenhotep Ill, and since the former's highest regnal year-- his 17th-- was almost certainly his last, Akhenaten's reign can be dated to 848-832 B.C. Since his year 17 was followed by year 1 of Tutankhamun (the wine docket on which "17" has been erased and replaced by "1" refers to "the estate of Smenkhkare deceased"), it seems probable that Smenkhkare (highest year 3) either predeceased his father-in-law of did not long survive him. 15 Tutankhamun's highest regnal year is 10, and his age at the time of his death-- estimated to be 18-- suggests a reign of little over 10 years, with little, if any, help. Orus (presumably Amenhotep Ill) is ...
16. Haremhab: Assyrian Vassal or XVIIIth Dynasty Pharaoh? [Kronos $]
... 687 B.C., as recounted by Velikovsky in the section entitled Haremhab-- Harmais in his earlier article in KRONOS III:3?(26) Haremhab's Prenomen. Carlucci correctly points out that the "Kheper" element appears in the prenomina of numerous Egyptian kings from the IVth to the XXXth Dynasties. However, the form "khepru-re" is found predominantly in the late XVIIIth Dynasty. Apart from Haremhab himself (Djeserkheprure), there are Thutmose IV (Menkheprure), Akhenaten (Neferkheprure), Smenkhkare (Ankhkheprure), Tutankhamun (Nebkheprure), and Ay (Kheperkheprure), the sequence being broken only by Amenhotep III (Nebmare).(27) The Golden Necklets. The presentation of gold necklets to officials was a notable feature of paintings and reliefs from the Amarna period. Carlucci wonders "if they might not still have been in vogue during the Libyan and Ethiopian dynasties". Unless he can produce supporting evidence, this possibility remains pure speculation on his part. References to the Aten. It is true that the cult of the Aten ...
17. Chronological Implications of a Proper Identification of the Labyrinth: Part II [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... circular Egyptological fashion, this led to the conclusion that the Egyptians, not the Greeks, invented the Doric order. No thought was given to the possibility that Egyptian chronology was badly flawed. Many of the graffiti include a date formula 'Xth year of King Y'. The kings named in such dating formulas must have been living when the inscriptions were prepared. Accordingly, on the basis of translations by Cerny, at least the following 18th Dynasty monarchs were living when the graffiti were written [3: 'Nebkheprure, Son of Re Tutankhamun, Zeserkare, Son of Re, Amenophis Akheper...re Menkheperre, Son of Re Tuthmosis Ma`etkare, Son of Re Khnemetamun-Hatshepsut Akheperre, Son of Re Amenophis Nebkheprure 'Other inscriptions mention additional kings but not in a dating formula, so whether the additional kings were living when the graffiti were written is uncertain, although it seems likely. Accordingly, if Herodotus was correct about the dating of the Labyrinth and if I am correct in identifying the Step Pyramid complex as the Labyrinth, each of the monarchs listed above and probably ...
18. Letters [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... of Ikhnaton and El-Amarna. The ivory of Samaria has Hebrew signs of the character of Mesa stele. They are recognized as having originated in the time of Ahab (L. Sukenik in the book of Crowfoot). Here quotations from Crowfoot, ? Early Ivories from Samaria,? 1938. p. 9 ? The subjects of these plaques are all Egyptian ? p.18: ? The formed of winged figures on the ivories...are derived from Egyptian models. Tutelary goddesses of this type stand at the four corners of the shrine of Tutankhamun ?. again p.18: ? Three winged sphinxes with human heads... It is an Egyptian features see for ex. the human-headed lion in the chariot from the tomb of Tutankhamun p. 34: ? The same elements recur again and again... the type goes back to the Egyptian art of the 18th Dynasty ? Time of Ramses II and the war with the ? Hittites ?. Here a few quotations from O. Puchstein, Pseudohethitische Kunst, 1890. In 1912, he wrote ? Boghaskoi, die ...
19. Letters [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... 9 May, 1975 Dr. J. D. H. Iles, 44, Fairfield Road, Toronto, Ontario Dear Sir, I am writing in answer to your letter of 24 April. The British Museum radiocarbon dating laboratory publishes results only when it is satisfied that both the scientific measurements and the archaeological provenance of the material being measured are impeccable. The measurements identified by numbers BM 642A and BM 642B were of material from the Museum ? s own collections which could not reliably be associated with Tutankhamun ? s tomb. The samples were included in a programme of measurements of Egyptian materials of interest both to the British Museum and to the University of Pennsylvania partly because it was hoped that the measurements would finally resolve the question whether they came from Tutankhamun ? s tomb or not. On the basis of the datings it was decided that the samples did not come from the tomb and, as no other attributions could be suggested and there was no detailed information as to archaeological context, it was decided that the results should not be published. The datings ...
20. The Amarna Royal Tomb [SIS Internet Digest $]
... purely artistic point of view it is noteworthy that the pictures are not confined to a single wall but flow round from one to the next. This is not quite novel but was certainly a recent innovation, the first occurrence dated to the time of Thutmose 4. Finally it should be noted that the burial equipment is of an entirely traditional style, including a Canopic chest and various statues. Many of these items are quite incompatible with Atenist religious practice. There are also, unsurprisingly, many points of similarity with items found with Tutankhamun. The bodies and most of the equipment was removed from the royal tomb at Amarna and move south to Thebes at a later date, probably within the reign of Tutankhamun. ...
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