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61. It's Time to Get Serious About Manetho [SIS C&C Review $]
... priest was preparing was a schematic overview. Rather than being an arrangement of families, as so often stated, his dynasties tend to fall into into four definite political classifications and are grouped accordingly: a. independent Egyptian autonomous families; b. passive kings as vassals under foreign occupation, c. alien Kings and political functionaries claiming royal privilege, d. Egyptian loyalists (rebels) under foreign occupation. Group a. Dynasty XVIII from Thebes Dynasty XIX from Thebes Dynasty XX from Thebes (Autonomous) Group b. Dynasty XXI from Tanis (Vassal native) Group c. Dynasty XXII from Bubastis Dynasty XXIII from Tanis Dynasty XXIV from Sais Dynasty XXV from Napata Dynasty XXVI from Sais (pt) Dynasty XXVII from Persia (Libyan (? )) (Libyan (? )) (Libyan (? )) (Ethiopian) (Functionaries) (Persian) Group d. Dynasty XXVIII from Sais Dynasty XXIX from Mendes Dynasty XXX from Sebennytus (rebel native) (rebel native) (rebel native) When reviewed in the order displayed above, is it significant ...
62. On The Merits of the Revised Chronologies [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... " at Karnak also portrays a scene of the pharaoh fighting a battle with Israel, thus confirming the event alluded to in the "Israel Stela". The cartouches associated with this scene are those of Ramesses II and his son Merenptah [F. Yurco, "Merneptah's Palestinian Campaign" in Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities Journal vol.8 (1978), p.70. The New Chronology predicted that king Shishak of Egypt who attacked Rehoboam in 925 BC would be shown to be Ramesses II. 2. The French archaeological team at Tanis has just discovered a stela fragment which, for the first time, tells us that Ramesses II attacked and took the city of Gezer [Gold of the Pharaohs: Catalogue of the Exhibition of Treasures from Tanis, (Edinburgh 1988), pp.25-26. The Near Chronology had predicted that the father-in-law of Solomon, who gave the city of Gezer to the king of Jerusalem after burning it, would also be Ramesses II. I would also like to take this opportunity to discuss the suggestion of Kenneth S. Birch (Workshop 1987 ...
63. Another Velikovsky Affray: the Histories [SIS C&C Review $]
... , in -590 following new treaty with Egypt. -1276 15 -595 15 11 -1275 16 -594 16 12 -1274 17 -593 17 13 -1273 18 -592 18 14 -1272 19 -591 19 15 Nebuchadnezzar army only briefly in place around Jerusalem when an Egyptian army appears in the field to support Zedekiah. Jer. 37:5,11 -1271 20 Highlight of Ramesses' international career is a strategic and mutual co- operation treaty between the region's two major protagonists, Egypt and Hatti, specifically on petition from Khetasar.Curiously the Hittite ambassadors approached Ramesses at Tanis. -590 20 16 2Kg. 25:1 -1270 21 -589 21 17 Negotiations of appeasement result in Egyptian army going home without battle and Babylonian siege is allowed to continue. All commentators assume treaty. Jer. 37:7 ARE II 367-391 -1269 22 -588 22 18 Jer. 38:28 -1268 23 -587 23 19 Click here to view original table In a comparative analysis, the overlay of the 2 profiles is nearly a complete match, with only one difference concerning the direction of activity during Year 11 of the biblical ...
64. The Dawn of Astronomy: A Study of the Temple-Worship and Mythology of the Ancient Egyptians [Dawn of Astronomy (Book)] [Books]
... ); Bast 290 Plan of the Mounds at Abydos. From Mariette 74 Anuqa; Sati 291 The Mounds and Obelisk at Annu 76 Isis Nursing Horus 292 The Colossi of the Plain at Thebes at High Nile, oriented to the Sunrise at the Winter Solstice 79 Isis, Osiris and Horus 297 Plan of Memphis 80 A "Change of Cult" at Luxor 298 East and West Pyramids and Temples at Gîzeh 81 Curves showing the Declinations of Some of the Stars used by the Egyptian Astronomers at Different Epochs 307 Temple and Temenos Walls of Tanis 82 The Temples at Tell el-Amarna 322 Temple and Temenos Walls of Saïs (Sa-el-Hagar) 83 Apis (two forms of) 330 The Temple near the Sphinx, looking West (True), showing its Relation to the South Face of the Second Pyramid 84 Mnevis 331 Stonehenge, from the North 90 The Two Great Pyramids at the Time of the Inundation 332 Stonehenge restored 91 The Step-Pyramid of Sakkarah 334 Plan of St. Peter's at Rome, showing the Door facing the Sunrise 96 The Pyramid of Mêdûm 335 St. Peter's at ...
65. The Albrecht/Glueck-Aharoni/Rothenberg Confrontation [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... anti-kings following Merneptah. 61 By this arrangement there is no place left for dynasty XXI not already occupied by the era of the Ramessides of dynasty XX. As noted previously, dynasty XXI also just precedes XXII with probable overlapping. This then is the period designated as the "third dark period." It was the era of the Saite Dominion ruling from Sais. It was the era of the Ethiopian kings ruling from Ethiopia. It was the era of the double line of kings of dynasty XXI, one with an origin at Tanis, the other at Thebes. It was the era of late dynasty XX. And before the confusion ends, the Assyrians are ruling from Bubastis. It is not a matter of wonder why the several scholars who have attempted to compose a chronology of this era on time basis of a sequence of dynastic rule have not come up with any unequivocal solution. There was evidently some recognition among Glasgow Convention speakers that any viable suggestion of an alternative to Velikovsky's proposal must recognize a significant degree of parallelism of dynastic rule. 62 XII ...
66. The Egyptian Prince Moses [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... south (p. 93). Subsequently, Amenemhet III continued the extensive use of slaves (p. 94): again, this would fit the description of the continued oppression of the Children of Israel after Moses' exile. Van Seters acknowledges that. the term "shepherds," which Josephus applied to the Hyksos, was a common epithet during the Middle Kingdom (pp. 124-25). Yet he claims the Hyksos usurped statues from the twelfth and thirteenth dynasties, arguing that they were not found in situ. At Tanis in fact he cannot find any archaeological level for the Hyksos (p. 130). Indeed, he should not, if the Hyksos were the "twelfth dynasty" with the thirteenth being a vassal dynasty administering the delta district Sesostris III created. Finally, concerning the Hyksos pharaoh Khyan, Van Seters claims he usurped a Middle Kingdom statue on which he placed his own name (p. 158). His argument is consistent, but I would prefer Weill's theory that the Hyksos were of the Middle Kingdom period: it ...
67. Untitled [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... From: Proceedings of The Third Seminar of Catastrophism and Ancient History (1986) Home¦ Issue Contents David as a Hab /'piru Leader Laura Gollop The end of the eleventh century B.C. saw the Near East in a time of political change. Egypt's strength in the twenty-first dynasty was waning.[1 This once powerful country was again divided into Upper Egypt with a capital at Thebes and Lower Egypt with a capital at Tanis. To the northeast most of the neo-Hittite states had already fallen to the Arameans. Farther north, the Assyrian Empire had had a brief renascence under the rule of Tiglat-Pilesar I. Now, however, under the rule of his grandson, Aššurnasirp'al, Assyria was barely capable of defending herself against an increasing Aramean pressure. Throughout the Near East the actions of the Hab /'piru served as a constant irritant to all parties. The origin of this group is obscure. It is first mentioned as SA.GAZ/H in Sumerian documents dating from the Third Dynasty of Ur (c. 2050-1930). It is now generally accepted that the term ...
68. Scarab in the Dust: Egypt in the Time of the Twenty-First Dynasty [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... B.C. time of Ramses III correlates precisely with the Late Bronze-Iron interchange as revealed by John Bimson [8 and by Donovan Courville, [91 followed by Stan Vaninger, [10 who have cogently argued for this period as the fall of the Israelite northern kingdom. I have linked the destruction layers attributed to the "Sea Peoples" at the end of Late Bronze to the conquering campaigns of Assyria in the time of the Mars catastrophes. [11 Given the Twentieth-Twenty-first Dynasty links, [12 the beginning of the priestly line at Tanis must belong at this point. (2) As mentioned above, the c. 720-700 B.C. date for Ramses IV and his immediate successors is confirmed by Michael Reade's work on the Ramesside star tables, identifying them with the cosmic event when the sun returned 10 steps on the sundial of Hezekiah, when the Assyrian army at Jerusalem was destroyed in 710 B.C. (3) Wen-Amon, the famous and hapless priest of the Twenty-first Dynasty, has a namesake-- surely the same man-- among the native princes ...
69. Experiments with Time. I: 'Catastrophes and Chronologies' [SIS C&C Review $]
... before he died! This impossible situation arises because, in the Conventional Chronology, the 21st Dynasty comes before the 22nd. To make sense of the evidence, the 10th year of Siamun has to be later than the 11th year of Shoshenq I. This is only possible if the dynasties are in parallel. A number of well-attested synchronisms preclude the possibility that the 22nd Dynasty preceded the 21st. This conclusion has a dramatic effect on the sequence of the 21st Dynasty rulers, conventionally as listed below. Smendes I- formerly Governor of Tanis Amenemnisu Psusennes 'I' (Akheperre) Amenemope Osochor Siamun Psusennes 'II' (Tyetkheperre) When the 21st and 22nd Dynasties were thought to be in sequence, Psusennes Tyetkheperre had to be identified as the second ruler of that name because he and his family were intimately associated with the family of Shoshenq I, the first ruler of what was then assumed to be the following dynasty. However, when these dynasties are in parallel, Psusennes 'II' has to change places with the former Psusennes 'I' in order to preserve the relationship ...
70. My Challenge to Conventional Views in Science [Kronos $]
... sculpture as a feathered serpent on the grandiose monuments of Uxmal and Chichen Itza, where temples were built, one upon the other, if not to commemorate the ages, the last of which was dominated by Huitzilopochtli, Ares of the Greeks, who protected the people of Troy, while Athene clashed with him protecting the Achaean host? Why was Mars of the Romans chosen as the protector of Rome, the greatest empire after the Empire of Heaven (Livy), while Athene gave her name to the capital of Attica, as Tanis to Tunisia? Why were human sacrifices brought in this country by the Pawnee Indians only a few scores of years ago, every fifty-two years connected with the Venus calendar? Why did the Ancient Assyrians mark on tens of thousands of clay tablets, free from any mythological theme, astronomical observations, but all data from before -687 are in contradiction to known values such as the duration of the daily rotation of the Earth, the time of the vernal equinox --that by the way was repeatedly transferred, as was also the beginning of ...
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