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121 results found.
13 pages of results.
51. Recent Developments in Near Eastern Archaeology [Journals] [SIS Review]
... edition except for 33 additional pages of preface (xiv-xlvi) outlining, and mostly rejecting, recent TIP developments. Pages xlii-xlvi are devoted to refuting Rohl's Test of Time. Kitchen attributes the gap in the Apis bull sequence to the non-discovery of the missing bulls (this might be possible). As an answer to the back to front' Tanis tomb sequence, he proposes, following Dodson, that Osorkon II used an uninscribed tomb from before the time of Psusennes at least 150 years earlier (very unlikely except insofar as the conventional chronology demands it). For the wrong order' coffins in the Deir el-Bahri cache Kitchen proposes an extra intermediate resting place for Seti I's coffin ( ...
52. Assyria, Karduniash, Babylon: A Rational chronology [Journals] [Catastrophism & Ancient History]
... of 2, 3, or more centers of power in one state or country and the contemporary rule of various kings from these centers. A classical example of this conclusion is the Egyptian "Third Turbulent Period." It is asserted that after the end of Rameses II's reign four centers of power- Thebes, Memphis; Bubastis, and Tanis- existed, with each being ruled by contemporary kings and priests; thus the 20th, 25th; and 22nd dynasty "pharaohs" ruled side by side in the 7th century. Using this technique the problems of 8th-6th century Egyptian chronology are resolved and there is clear evidence to support the thesis. Similar analysis can be presented for first ...
53. Menelaos in Egypt [Journals] [SIS Workshop]
... Dynasty art. Even the 7th century Greek settlements of the Delta showed evidence of contact with the Aegean in Mycenaean times, and at the fort of Daphnae (Tell Defenneh) excavators found a clear proof of settlement in New Kingdom times in the form of a temple of Ramesses II and a statue bearing his cartouche (F . Petrie: Tanis part 2, Nebeseh and Defenneh', p. 30). But the contact was not all one-way. Egyptian artifacts of 18th Dynasty date were discovered with great frequency in a Mycenaean context in Greece, whilst 18th Dynasty-style weaponry, such as the light two-men chariot with four-spoked wheels, were also found in Mycenaean Greece. It appears ...
54. The Son of Tanit Among the Olmecs: Additional Evidence of a Possible Phoenician Contact with the Olmecs [Journals] [Kronos]
... washing and opening the mouths"(42) of the colossal Olmec stone heads. (Bailey mentions one such example at La Venta.(43)) In such a ritual, the stone head would presumably "speak" the will of the god Ba'al Hammon in Phoenician custom. This fierce god was worshipped in the Egyptian city of Tanis when Olmec culture was first appearing in the New World, and in Carthage when the Olmecs were at their height.(44) If a Phoenician contact was a factor in the trade development of the Olmecs, it is worth noting that the Olmec culture collapsed at the same time as the naval power of the Carthaginians, those last ...
55. Some 'New Chronology' Issues [Journals] [SIS Workshop]
... the Tanite line and not the line of priest-kings at Thebes which is at issue here - a point which Tony completely fails to understand. The only document which identifies Smendes and Herihor as contemporaries is the Story of Wenamun, a literary text, which does not mention king Ramesses XI and fails to attribute kingly titles to either the ruler of Tanis or the Theban High Priest. There are no surviving regnal dates for Smendes, and we only have Manetho's word for it that he ruled for 26 years. It is my contention that, as the founder of the Tanite 21st Dynasty, his 26-year rule was as a Great Chief of the Delta. Manetho included Smendes precisely because he ...
... days; at some date in history, in a calendar reform, five days were added to the year. Under the Ptolemies another reform was contemplated-introducing a leap year every four years. In -238, in the ninth year of Ptolemy III Euergetes, a priestly decree was published in the Delta. In the last century it was found in Tanis and is known as the Canopus Decree for the place where the conclave to reform the calendar had taken place. Like the Rosetta Stone, it was composed in Greek, in hieroglyphic Egyptian, and in demotic Egyptian-and if it had been found before the Rosetta Stone it would have been the key to deciphering the hieroglyphics. In order that ...
57. The Chronology of the Late Kings of Egypt [Journals] [Catastrophism & Ancient History]
... never to have been entertained that the inability to arrive at a clear picture of the history in this Third Intermediate is the result of a failure to recognize further parallelism of dynasties in this period also. Yet it has long been recognized that even the single dynasty XXI was a split' dynasty with separate lines of kings, one ruling from Tanis in the Delta, the other from Thebes far to the south. Stranger still is the fact that Manetho never left a hint of such a divided rule, his list providing only the names of the kings at Tanis. It has been necessary to depend on evidence from the monuments for the names and order of the High Priest kings ...
58. Chapter XXIV: the Years of 360 and 365 Days [Books]
... everybody familiar with these things how long a period may be required before such determinations are practically realised, especially with a people so conservative of ancient usages as the Egyptians." And on this ground, apparently, he joins issue with the authorities already quoted: "The Egyptian monuments have contradicted Ideler in this respect. The trilingual inscription of Tanis testifies expressly that it has only later become usual to add the five epagomenes; ' that, therefore, the year originally had 360 days, which were divided into twelve months of thirty days each." Krall also argues that the expressions great and little year and their hieroglyphics referred to the years of 365 and 360 days respectively, ...
59. The Libyans in Egypt: Resolving the Third Intermediate Period [Journals] [Catastrophism & Ancient History]
... . Allowing Manetho's 120 years for the Twenty-Second Dynasty would give approximate dates within my model of 780-660 B.C . Arie Dirkzwager, in his most valuable research on the period,[3 ] suggests that in Assurbanipal's annals (of the 667 B.C . uprising in Egypt) Putubisti of Tsa'nu and Susinqu of Pusiru are Petubastet of Tanis from Dynasty 23, and Shoshenq III of our Dynasty 22. This would agree well with my model. In absolute dates I have little difference from Dirkzwager's pioneering work, and also- as will be seen- avail myself of Peter Van Der Veen's investigations. Both of these writers, however, like Philip Clapham, assume Edwin Thiele's ...
60. S.I.S. 10th Anniversary Tour, 1984 [Journals] [SIS Review]
... the Cairo Museum to see objects of special interest such as: the "Israel Stela", the coffin of Akhenaten/Smenkhkare (see Oedipus & Akhenaten, II: "Crowned with every rite" and "Only one sister o'er his bier"), the Piankhy Stela and the burial regalia of King Psusennes I found by Maspero at Tanis (see Peoples of the Sea, II, ii: "Priest-prince Psusennes"). (e ) The Serapeum, site of the important Apis burials, and the Mastaba of Ti, both at Sakkara. As well as all these "extras", there will be a number of lectures given by Peter James, David Rohl ...
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