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10 pages of results.
31. Menelaos in Egypt [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... the 18th Dynasty. During that period vast quantities of Mycenaean pottery were imported into Egypt, as were Mycenaean-style weapons and other artifacts. Furthermore, Mycenaean or Minoan-type characters were frequently portrayed in 18th Dynasty art. Even the 7th century Greek settlements of the Delta showed evidence of contact with the Aegean in Mycenaean times, and at the fort of Daphnae (Tell Defenneh) excavators found a clear proof of settlement in New Kingdom times in the form of a temple of Ramesses II and a statue bearing his cartouche (F. Petrie: Tanis part 2, 'Nebeseh and Defenneh', p. 30). But the contact was not all one-way. Egyptian artifacts of 18th Dynasty date were discovered with great frequency in a Mycenaean context in Greece, whilst 18th Dynasty-style weaponry, such as the light two-men chariot with four-spoked wheels, were also found in Mycenaean Greece. It appears that Mycenaean contacts with Egypt were established at the very start of the 18th Dynasty: indeed they appear to be particularly linked to the rise of the 18th Dynasty. Inlaid daggers, for example ...
32. Society News [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... chooses the data best suited to support it and the Bible seems to have conflicting data, depending on one's interpretation. 'You pays your money and you takes your choice. 'After tea, Tony Chavasse described his assessment of the evidence, using the Ginzberg Legends as well as Manetho and Egyptian sources. He placed Joseph in the VIth Dynasty and the Exodus at the end of the VIIIth, with 430 years in between. This would have been in Memphis. He had the XIth to the XIIIth Dynasties at about the same time in Tanis and the Hyksos arriving later. David Roth Mrs Clarice Morgan We are saddened to have to report the illness of Clarice, who is a long standing member of great enthusiasm and has been invaluable in offering her home and refreshments for some years to members attending study group meetings in London. We understand that she is determinedly making progress and we wish her all the best towards a recovery. Study Group Meetings A meeting was held on 13th March at the home of David Roth, 16 Oman Avenue, London NW2 6BG. Anyone ...
33. The End of Samaria [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... The End of Samaria When Samaria chose to give her allegiance to Egypt, Isaiah regarded it as a political mistake. Woe to the rebellious children... that walk to go down into Egypt... to strengthen themselves in the strength of Pharaoh, and to trust in the shadow of Egypt.... For his princes were at Zoan [Tanis and his ambassadors came to Hanes. (30: 1, 2, 4) Because of the tribute Shoshenk received from Hoshea, king of Samaria, the Ten Tribes of Israel were doomed to lose their homeland. Shalmaneser V besieged Samaria, but Shoshenk did not send any military expedition to relieve the siege of Samaria by the Assyrians: there is no mention of it in the books of Kings or Chronicles, nor in the extant Egyptian documents. Isaiah warned: Therefore shall the strength of Pharaoh be your shame, and the trust in the shadow of Egypt your confusion. For the Egyptians shall help in vain, and to no purpose... their strength is to sit still ...
34. The Son of Tanit Among the Olmecs: Additional Evidence of a Possible Phoenician Contact with the Olmecs [Kronos $]
... names refer to one people (40) Jairazbhoy has suggested that the Olmecs also had libation basins.(41) Ritual libation may further relate to the oracle cult of a Votan priesthood "washing and opening the mouths"(42) of the colossal Olmec stone heads. (Bailey mentions one such example at La Venta.(43)) In such a ritual, the stone head would presumably "speak" the will of the god Ba'al Hammon in Phoenician custom. This fierce god was worshipped in the Egyptian city of Tanis when Olmec culture was first appearing in the New World, and in Carthage when the Olmecs were at their height.(44) If a Phoenician contact was a factor in the trade development of the Olmecs, it is worth noting that the Olmec culture collapsed at the same time as the naval power of the Carthaginians, those last remnants of the independent Phoenicians. The most impressive Olmec ritual center, La Venta, is believed to have been abandoned around 400 or 300 B.C.(45) However, Olmec culture seems ...
35. The Baalim [Kronos $]
... applies to cosmic catastrophism which, because of recent rival scenarios, is fast becoming a muddled issue. Velikovskians are not the only ones who have been trapped in the maze of the Baalim. Forgetting what the ancients themselves said about their gods and those of their neighbors- forgetting, or ignoring, the actual identities embedded in the very names and appellations of these deities- conventional mythologists seem to have vied with one another in confounding what had been clear all along. Baal eventually found his way into Egypt where he was worshipped at Tanis and Memphis.(7) Ramses II had such respect for the imported deity that he considered himself a warrior like Baal.(8) Of this Egyptianized Baal, A. Wiedmann had this to say: "In Egypt, Baal was regarded as a god of the sky- a conception which fairly corresponds to his original [i.e., Semitic nature- and as a great but essentially destructive deity."(9) To E. A. Wallis Budge, Baal was:"... a god ...
36. Conventional Chronologists: Sothic or So Thick? [SIS C&C Review $]
... have done that 500 years ago. Should he instruct the seasons to be returned to normal, or would the population find that too confusing? Should he let the news just leak out, perhaps by having lunch with the editor of the Papyrus Weekly or the Ostracon Gazette? His biggest problem, however, was whether or not to tell Pharaoh. Pharaoh had tactfully decided to leave Thebes for a couple of years while they engraved a few more fictitious 'smiting the Asiatics' scenes on his Karnak pylon. At present he was in Tanis, interviewing prospective candidates for work in his harem. 'I don't suppose he's noticed the weather', thought the Vizier. After pondering awhile, he decided that the problem was too difficult to deal with there and then, so he put the little scroll in an empty tray and labelled it 'Action Pending'. Then he had an inspired thought: 'Perhaps, if I wait long enough the problem will go away'. He was absolutely right. After 730 years, it did- and the Action Pending tray has been ...
37. Assyria, Karduniash, Babylon: A Rational chronology [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... main techniques for "compressing" chronologies, since the application of these methods will be discussed in the following pages. Multiple Centers of Rule The Multiple Centers of Rule technique stresses the existence of 2, 3, or more centers of power in one state or country and the contemporary rule of various kings from these centers. A classical example of this conclusion is the Egyptian "Third Turbulent Period." It is asserted that after the end of Rameses II's reign four centers of power-- Thebes, Memphis; Bubastis, and Tanis-- existed, with each being ruled by contemporary kings and priests; thus the 20th, 25th; and 22nd dynasty "pharaohs" ruled side by side in the 7th century. Using this technique the problems of 8th-6th century Egyptian chronology are resolved and there is clear evidence to support the thesis. Similar analysis can be presented for first millennium Karduniash/Babylon, asserting that there were two centers of power with a Kassite (Karduniash) king, Burraburniash, ruling side by side with Marduk Zakir Sumi (Babylon prince under ...
38. S.I.S. 10th Anniversary Tour, 1984 [SIS C&C Review $]
... Ramesses III and Horemheb, the famous frieze of temple offerings dedicated by Thutmose III at Karnak and the campaign inscription of Shoshenk I on the Bubastite Portal. (d) A second visit to the Cairo Museum to see objects of special interest such as: the "Israel Stela", the coffin of Akhenaten/Smenkhkare (see Oedipus& Akhenaten, II: "Crowned with every rite" and "Only one sister o'er his bier"), the Piankhy Stela and the burial regalia of King Psusennes I found by Maspero at Tanis (see Peoples of the Sea, II, ii: "Priest-prince Psusennes"). (e) The Serapeum, site of the important Apis burials, and the Mastaba of Ti, both at Sakkara. As well as all these "extras", there will be a number of lectures given by Peter James, David Rohl and Michael Jones on such subjects as "The Asiatics in Middle Kingdom Egypt and the problem of the Exodus", "Akhetaten, City of the Heretic Pharaoh Akhenaten at el-Amarna", " ...
39. Recent Developments in Near Eastern Archaeology [SIS C&C Review $]
... Archaeology The Third Intermediate Period in Egypt Professor Kitchen's reprint of The Third Intermediate Period in Egypt appeared late in 1996, published by Aris& Phillips. It is the same as the 1986 second edition except for 33 additional pages of preface (xiv-xlvi) outlining, and mostly rejecting, recent TIP developments. Pages xlii-xlvi are devoted to refuting Rohl's Test of Time. Kitchen attributes the gap in the Apis bull sequence to the non-discovery of the missing bulls (this might be possible). As an answer to the 'back to front' Tanis tomb sequence, he proposes, following Dodson, that Osorkon II used an uninscribed tomb from before the time of Psusennes at least 150 years earlier (very unlikely except insofar as the conventional chronology demands it). For the 'wrong order' coffins in the Deir el-Bahri cache Kitchen proposes an extra intermediate resting place for Seti I's coffin (might be possible) and in the Wadi Hammamat architects' genealogy he would see a different Haremsaf from the one contemporary with Shoshenq I (possible). He proposes a new Sothic date from ...
40. Letters [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... From: SIS Chronology and Catastrophism Workshop 1986 No 2 (Feb 1987) Home¦ Issue Contents Letters Velikovsky Was Right Dear Sir, I disagree strongly with the statement (WORKSHOP 1986:1, p.2) that Rohl and James had proved "beyond doubt" that Velikovsky was wrong in placing the era of Ramesses II after the Libyan period. The proof cited was that the Libyan monarchs re-used material of Ramesses II in their own constructions at Tanis. How could Rohl and James have forgotten so easily one of the most important points raised by Velikovsky; namely that all pharaohs employed a number of different royal titles? Actually, many of the 18th Dynasty pharaohs used the name 'son of Ra' (a fact noted by Manetho), and no doubt the other names of Ramesses II were duplicated by a great many pharaohs. To allow such evidence to decide a matter of this importance is surely an error. In fact, archaeology provides overwhelming support for Velikovsky's view that the 'Libyan' Dynasty (which was not Libyan at all, as we shall see ...
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