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Search results for: sun*dial in all categories
22 results found.
3 pages of results.
11. Cosmic Catastrophism [Aeon Journal $]
... that, despite Velikovsky's claims to the contrary, no major changes have occurred in the length of the year in recent millennia. (75) Archaeological discoveries should also be able to provide evidence for ancient catastrophes. Velikovsky cites a couple of examples that he claims show that the earth's axis shifted in the catastrophes of the eighth and seventh centuries B.C. Discrepancies in Babylonian astronomical tablets seem to indicate that Babylon was once some 250 kilometers (about 155 miles) further north than it is today. (76) And errors in a sundial found in the Faiyum in Egypt and a water clock found at the Egyptian city of Thebes also supposedly prove that the earth's axis has moved in historical times. (77) But this archaeological evidence does not demonstrate the correctness of Velikovsky's theories. The errors in the Babylonian texts and the Faiyum sundial require a shifting of these locations southward, while the Theban water clock's error indicates that Thebes has moved 1,000 kilometers (c. 621 miles) northward. (78) Not only are two parts of the Near East ...
12. The Ramesside Star Tables [SIS C&C Review $]
... of shadow lengths and directions (subject to the qualification that he would still have no automatic method of correcting for the equation of time, which is the error to which all sundials are subject, sun time and mean time getting as much as 14 to 16 minutes apart at certain seasons of the year). We do not think the ancient Egyptians had sundials which could be used reliably at all times of the day and at all seasons of the year, but it is certainly conceivable that they might have used some form of sundial for starting the clock at a pre-determined "sun time" in the later part of the afternoon; the potential errors due to the equation of time would probably not have been known to them, and a further uncertainty of 30 minutes or so due to the use of an unsophisticated type of sundial would be unlikely to show up at all clearly in a table of this sort. (If the tables were precise in all other respects, there would be the same "kink" in every star track which was affected by ...
13. Catastrophic Theory of Mountain Uplifts (A Crustal Deformation Theory) [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... uplift belt seems to have been located in the 30 degree to 35 degree latitude zone above an ancient equator position at the time they were raised. A third right-arm elbow-bend occurs in the Alpine-Himalayan cycle of mountains where Burma and India meet and where the Himalayas begin. See Fig. 6. Three right-arm elbow-bends have been cited, reflecting three major spin axis shifts. A fourth citation of a minor spin axis shift occurs after the observation of the final flyby recorded in Isaiah (chapters 38, 39). The shadow of the sundial, an Egyptian obelisk perhaps 80 feet tall, relocated (shortened) about 10 handspans-- perhaps 70 inches. Thus Jerusalem moved closer to the equator perhaps 1 to 2 degrees. During a close Mars flyby many processes occurred simultaneously: oceanic deformation and continental flooding, crustal deformation and mountain uplifting, electrical generation (recharging) and paleomagnetic polarity reversing, gyroscopic precession, and spin axis relocation. In addition, there was orbital warping or perturbation occurring to the orbits of both planets. Thus it takes very little imagination to ...
14. The Libyans in Egypt: Resolving the Third Intermediate Period [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... charioteers of the king of Ethiopia." This is a startling parallel to Josephus' report that after Sennacherib's army as destroyed at Jerusalem, Tirhaka, King of Ethiopia, and an (unnamed) pharaoh both escaped from his camp. With my 750-720 B.C. dates for Ramses III, and 710 for the destruction of the Assyrian army at Jerusalem, [38 I have identified this pharaoh as Ramses IV, an identification strongly supported by the star maps of his tomb. Michael Reade associates these with the Sennacherib catastrophe event when the sundial of Hezekiah regressed 10 degrees. [39 Ramses IV died shortly afterward. The later Twentieth Dynasty rulers, the later Ramessides, were feeble and ineffectual. More and more, it was the Ethiopian Twenty-Fifth Dynasty, equipped with iron military technology, as the Assyrians were, far in advance of Egypt's weaponry, [40 who were the power in the land. But the great days of the Twenty-Second Dynasty had also passed. Presumably mauled in Ramses III's campaigns, they continued to hold local rule in their cities, but as ...
15. A Time of Pestilence and a Shaking of the Earth [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... , that pharaoh Shishak is Ramses III (reducing the revision still further), [3 human agency may have to be discarded completely and a Velikovskian remedy substituted. The biblical narrative is crammed with incidents involving unusual natural phenomena. In the age of Elijah and Elisha (famine, miracles, fire from heaven, the passing by of Yahweh, earthquakes, etc.); the "raash" of Uzziah (an earthquake); [4 the minor rotational disturbance of the earth that might be deduced from the shadow on the sundial in the days of Ahaz; and the "blast" from the heavens that decimated the encampment of Sennacherib's army. Velikovsky assumes-- it seems-- such phenomena came to a conclusion in the days of Isaiah (and Sennacherib) as he quotes, "How art thou fallen, Lucifer... ." Yet plague and environmental distress are specifically associated with the reign of Assurbanipal in roughly the year 642 B.C. (and subsequent investigation may reveal still later incidents). Arabic tribesmen in Syria and north Arabia ...
16. Society News [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... of 365.25 days and the Tropical of 365.242199 is 11 mins 14 secs giving 12.7 days in 1626 years. But Pope Gregory XIII in 1582 only skipped 10 days. Why? It has to do with the date of Easter which in turn is fixed in relation to the vernal equinox, which had migrated to 11th March in 1582. Since then it has been 21st March which was its date at the time of the Council of Nicaea of 325 AD, 1257 years earlier, giving a difference of 9.8 days. Augustus had a sundial, using an Egyptian obelisk 30 metres high as the gnomon, built in Rome in 13 BC. On his birthday, 23rd September, the dawn and dusk shadows were along a straight line through the centre. This was the (Julian) autumnal equinox, which is still 23rd September, as it would have been in 45 BC, at which time the vernal equinox would have been the 21st March. But 369 years later it should have moved back 3 days! After some calculations Illig concludes that from 281 to 409 ...
17. Scarab in the Dust: Egypt in the Time of the Twenty-First Dynasty [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... destruction layers attributed to the "Sea Peoples" at the end of Late Bronze to the conquering campaigns of Assyria in the time of the Mars catastrophes. [11 Given the Twentieth-Twenty-first Dynasty links, [12 the beginning of the priestly line at Tanis must belong at this point. (2) As mentioned above, the c. 720-700 B.C. date for Ramses IV and his immediate successors is confirmed by Michael Reade's work on the Ramesside star tables, identifying them with the cosmic event when the sun returned 10 steps on the sundial of Hezekiah, when the Assyrian army at Jerusalem was destroyed in 710 B.C. (3) Wen-Amon, the famous and hapless priest of the Twenty-first Dynasty, has a namesake-- surely the same man-- among the native princes of Egypt who made the mistake of rebelling against Assur-bani-pal after his accession, paying for it with their lives. Given a 710 B.C. starting date for the Twenty-first Dynasty, this fits perfectly, whereas James-Rohl would have to posit a second Wen-Amon living a century earlier. (On Velikovsky's ...
18. A Brief Summary of the Evidence for a Gap in the Bible and Much Earlier Dates for Many of its Major Events [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... dust over all the land of Egypt." Just as the Hebrews recalled a plague of darkness over the land of Egypt, "a darkness to be felt," so Neferrohu reports: "the sun is veiled and will not shine that men may see. All men are dulled for want of it. I will speak what is before me: the sun has separated himself from men. That which never happened before has happened. None know that it is midday. The sun's shadow can no longer be distinguished on the sundial." The Egyptians recorded how the "children of princes are dashed against the wall." Men force their way into houses. By night one will suddenly fall upon you. "Sleep is banished from my eyes. I lie there saying I am awake." And the Hebrew story also relates how the first-born of the land were slain. Although the Hebrew account has been preserved in the form of ritual, with high priest and people playing parts (and it is this ritual which has been recorded), nevertheless ...
19. Solar System Studies (Part 2) [Aeon Journal $]
... 360 day long year of 12 months each 30 days long. After parting from Earth for the last time Venus collides several times with Mars, always winning the battles as it settled into the most circular planetary orbit after flinging Mars out of the ring. Mars' disturbed orbit brings it close to Earth in repeated flybys about every 15 years, but the years of interest are 747 B.C., 717 B.C. and 687 B.C. (equated with the commotion in the days of King Uzziah, the loss of 10 on the sundial of King Ahaz and the destruction by thunderbolt of the Assyrian army and the restitution of the 10 lost 30 years before while Ezekiah, of calendrical reformation fame, was king of Judah. During these interactions with Earth the year is extended in 3 stages from 360 to 365.256 days and the number of months goes from 12 to 10 to 11 and back to 12.) After this, Mars, now twice knocked out of the ring, retired from the game at a safe distance. The Talbott Model The Talbott scenario begins ...
20. Chapter VIII: The Modern Affair [The Age of Velikovsky] [The Age of Velikovsky] [Books]
... man in the street, the story appeared plausible and from a reliable source. The story concerns a NASA computer group and some calculations being performed on the past and future movements of the planets. The computer supposedly stopped and the repair man was called to investigate, but he could not find anything wrong. The computer supposedly stopped when it found a missing day. Subsequent investigation supposedly showed that this was the day the sun stood still at the time of Joshua. Part of the time was also allotted to the change of the sundial by ten degrees at the time of Hezekiah. During the question periods of my lectures I have often been asked about this story and how it affects Velikovsky's work. Since the story is not true, it does not affect Velikovsky's work (see Appendix 3). Claiming that this type of calculation is possible would be similar to claiming that a Computer program proved that there is a mile missing between anywhere and Chicago. Fighting this type of story adds to the tendency of some scientists to assume that anything odd is wrong. ...
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