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Search results for: stratigraph* in all categories
424 results found.
43 pages of results.
81. The Road to Iron: 8th and 7th Century Metallurgy and the Decline of Egyptian Power [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... the time of Kings Jeroboam II of Israel and Uzziah of Judah. This was also the time of Jonah, Hosea, and Amos-- first of the literary prophets-- and of the rise of Assyria to world power. John Bimson, in his revised stratigraphy, which underlies the Glasgow Chronology, dates the crucial transitional period from Late Bronze to the Early Iron Age in Palestine to c. 733-700 B.C. 1-- the very time of the great Assyrian conquests and of the climax of Mars catastrophes according to Velikovsky's ... Ed., 1950, 25ff. See also discussion in Peoples of the Sea, Pt. II, Ch. 2. Velikovsky places Wenamon and the 21st dynasty, along with the preceding 20th dynasty, in the 4th century B.C. This is quite unacceptable on stratigraphic grounds. For suggested dates, i.e. 700-650, for the 21st dynasty see Clapham, op. cit. 23. Again Glasgow dating. See Bimson, "Can There be a Revised Chronology without a Revised Stratigraphy?" op. cit. 24. ...
82. THE LATELY TORTURED EARTH: PART V: RIFTS, RAFTS AND BASINS: 25.Sediments [Quantavolution Website]
... weathering of source material, transportation, deposition, and lithification which compacts and cements the material into a coherent rock. But to address such rocks with the fixed idea of gradual erosion is inappropriate. Geologists, writes Ager, generally act on the belief that "the stratigraphical column in any one place is a long record of sedimentation with occasional gaps... But I maintain that a far more accurate picture of the stratigraphical record is of one long gap with only very occasional sedimentation... The gaps predominate... ... be when it ceases to rise. Ager argues convincingly the origin of deep sediments. The production of sediments is independent of subsidence. "It is only when sedimentation and subsidence coincide that the conditions will be right for the preservation of the vast thicknesses that constitute the stratigraphic record." [20 Again, we encounter a falling back upon the old notions of subsidence and uplifting. The phenomena are not mistaken; they are only insufficiently explanatory. Ager partly realizes this, and sets up a very busy plate welding shop operating episodically ...
83. Letters [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... . Curto et al. eds., Sixth International Congress of Egyptology, Turin, 1st-8th September 1991. Abstracts of Papers, Turin, 1991, pp. 208f.; cf. in greater detail G. Heinsohn: 'Who were the Hyksos? Can archaeology and stratigraphy provide an answer?', paper read at the Six International Congress of Egyptology, Turin, 1st-8th September 1991, September 4, 1991. To this author, it does not come as a surprise that Khabur ware was found in an area stretching from Mesopotamia ... Naram Sin) to have controlled Magan and Meluhha (Egypt and Ethiopia) should no longer be argued away. The Hyksos King Sharek (Salitis) and old-Akkad's King Sharukenu (Sargon) do not only have a name in common. They also belong to the same stratigraphical position, use the same pottery and both claim a strong influence on Egypt etc. To this author, they are one and the same person. Yet he is fully aware of Dr. Newgrosh's accusation that all he has to say on Alalakh is based on ...
84. No title [Aeon Journal $]
... Antarctica in Volume II, No. 1. Pages 96 to 98 detail the results of three cores taken on the bottom of the Ross Sea by Dr. Jack Hough of the University of Illinois as part of the 1949 Byrd Antarctic Expeditions. Figure 57 illustrates the stratigraphy of cores n-5, n-44 and n-3, spanning 450,000, 175,000 and 1,000,000 years, respectively. A number of layers in all the cores were formed of fine-grained, well-sorted sefiments, such as is brought down to the ... the seals mentioned above, one detail that he appears to overlook is that at the "beginning of the Persian Period the seals resemble the ancient Hebrew ones in shape and script, but gradually the square Aramaic script replaces the older one." (11) The stratigraphical re-assignments that James suggests brings these early Hebrew seals much closer in time to the early Persian ones, thus making it clearer why there is continuity in both shape and script. That these two periods are closer in time than previous interpretations allow is to my mind ...
85. Troy and the Greek Dark Age [Kronos $]
... the war. Whether or not Troy has really been found, the mound of Hissarlik remains one of the most carefully excavated sites of Mycenaean times: and it is to the stratigraphic sequence that we shall now turn. THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF HISSARLIK Any modern discussion of the stratigraphical situation at Troy must lean very heavily on the work of the University of Cincinnati expedition which dug at the site between 1932 and 1938 under the direction of Carl W. Blegen. The need for a new and definitive survey of Hissarlik arose in the 1920's because ... were able to receive aid from all the nations of Asia Minor until the very end of the war. Whether or not Troy has really been found, the mound of Hissarlik remains one of the most carefully excavated sites of Mycenaean times: and it is to the stratigraphic sequence that we shall now turn. THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF HISSARLIK Any modern discussion of the stratigraphical situation at Troy must lean very heavily on the work of the University of Cincinnati expedition which dug at the site between 1932 and 1938 under the direction of Carl W. ...
86. Catastrophism and Evolution [SIS C&C Review $]
... iridium abundance anomalies in the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary at many more sites [1. At a conference in 1984 Luis Alvarez listed no less than 32 (the major locations being shown on the map opposite). The controversy still continues, however, about the exact nature, stratigraphy and significance of the iridium-rich levels [2. For example, in a non-marine site at Hell Creek, Montana, the iridium-rich layer is about a metre above the highest dinosaur fossil, a Tyrannosaurus rex femur, whereas at the marine sites the iridium anomaly is ... [17. The history of the Earth has been divided into eras, these subdivided into periods and further into epochs, each characterised by its unique flora and fauna, as judged by the fossil record (Figure 1). Although it was subsequently to emerge that stratigraphic characteristics were not absolutely identical in every part of the world, the early investigations in Europe revealed clear-cut boundaries between the layers of rock used as the basis for classification. Furthermore, the strata themselves were found not to lie flat, one above the other, ...
87. Egyptian Chronology: A Solution to the Hyksos Problem [Aeon Journal $]
... ignored. Nevertheless, the excavators still take care to slot their finds into the current chronological framework, and are compelled as a consequence to work with hiatuses in occupation of many hundreds of years, for which no sterile layers exist. In view of this, the stratigraphy of Tell el Daba given below (see following page) must once again confront the archaeologists' dating (based on the textbooks and shown on the left, with the tentative evidential dating entered on the right). (5) In layer F, located ... the Middle Kingdom, which in turn forms a similar block prior to the New Kingdom, is not compatible with archaeological evidence. Particularly where Old Kingdom material is found directly underneath New Kingdom material-- as, e.g., in the Abusir cemeteries the very close stratigraphic connection does not allow for a historical gap of 1000 years or more as required by textbook chronology. Rather than arranging these "kingdoms" in a linear fashion, it would seem more reasonable to consider a temporal control-- or even a mere stylistic influence ...
88. A Critique of "Ramses II and His Time" [SIS C&C Review $]
... bread and butter of archaeologists. WILLIAM STIEBING JR stressed this problem in Pensée [9, but Velikovsky's reply [10 tended to avoid the important issues. The discussion of the excavations at Lachish in this volume raises the spectre once again, and his treatment of the stratigraphy will not endear him to archaeologists. Velikovsky claims that the Ramesside and Judaean deposits at Lachish are contemporary, but the fact is that the buildings and remains from these two periods are characterised by different pottery styles, of the Late Bronze and Iron Ages respectively. ... Anatolia is assured by synchronisms with Greek and Assyrian archaeology and history, and it is certain that the Phrygian period had begun by 700 BC at the latest. Velikovsky seeks to make the Hittite Imperial remains postdate the Phrygian, a claim that is entirely ruled out by stratigraphical considerations. Quite simply: Phrygian levels are always found above those of the Hittite Empire. Velikovsky seeks to prove the contrary by relying on the confusion of earlier archaeologists, who mistook the significance of the Hittite-style seals found at Anatolian sites along with pottery of the ...
89. The Timna Test [Aeon Journal $]
... Ramesses III and the earliest possible point that Queen Twosere could appear because, by -525, the tail of Dynasty XIX had not yet lifted above the horizon. Meantime, we are of course obliged to show that the 150+ year gap is comfortably supported by the stratigraphical sequence at Timna. For example, we learn from the excavators [3 that, at some stage, the temple was savagely overthrown and thoroughly de-Egyptianized. Painstaking devotion to erasure of almost all hieroglyphic inscriptions from the stones and monuments of the original building is inconsistent ... are the Late Bronze/Early Iron Age people whose Negev pottery represents 65% of all found throughout the Eastern and Northern Sinai region-- they who preceded Sethos I of Dynasty XlX and who would be more or less contemporary with Dynasty XVIII, and in which stratigraphic horizon the mineral exploitation of the entire region reached its greatest level? That's the most interesting question/answer of all! Of the three major types of pottery found in situ across the region, "excavations proved, beyond a shadow of a doubt, that ...
90. Comments [Catastrophism Geology $]
... Harold Tresman Elstree, Great Britain Nicolas Varlamoff White Plains, U.S.A. Jean Vogt Orleans, France E.Wegmann Neuchitel, Switzerland Since (your proposed journal) seems to be so much in line with my own ideas- as expressed in my book "The Nature of the Stratigraphical Record", Macmillan's 1973- I am naturally very interested in the project. Whilst remaining, I hope, broad-minded I must express strong doubts about the desirability of including discussions of some aspects of the "Lunatic fringe". Thus my book brought me much ... eruptions to meteoritic impacts they belong to the chain of events brought about by uniformitarian causes. But perhaps geologists have underestimated their importance when deciphering the geological record. In a mere hundred thought-provoking pages Ager (1973) has recently called attention to the way in which the stratigraphic succession reflects this type of events. Such catastrophes., however, are fundamentally different from those advocated by early nineteenth century opponents of the doctrine of uniformitarianism inspired by Cuvier's 'revolutions du globe'. One wonders whether Catastrophist Geology, 'dedicated to the study of discontinuities ...
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