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424 results found.
43 pages of results.
281. Untitled [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... the destroyed ruins of that Late Bronze city, and other cities like it in Canaan, a shift in material culture occurred. Pottery forms that have come from the new period have been designated as belonging to the Iron I epoch; in this period traditionally dated c. 1200-1000 B.C. rather distinctive pottery types connected with the Philistines (specific painted designs) and the Israelites (collared-rim storage jars) appear at coastal and inland sites, respectively. In other words the archaeological locus of the Aphek letter is bounded below by pottery and stratigraphy connected with the Canaanites, and bounded above by pottery and stratigraphy connected with the coming of the Philistines and Israelites. These horizontal and vertical interconnections can he diagrammed as shown in Table 1. Philistines Israelites Iron I---- LINKS OF THE APHEK LETTER Ramesses II Tudhaliya IV Egypt Haya Takuhlina Hittites Aphek Ugarit---- Late Bronze IIB Canaanites Table 1. The links presented by the Aphek letter and the related epigraphic and non-epigraphic finds are so associated it would be very difficult to move them by any amount of ...
282. Tiryns [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... , and the builders were familiar with the palatial ground plan, it was decided that the palace miraculously escaped the conflagration of 1200 B.C., and continued to stand until ca. 750 B.C. when it perished to a second fire on the citadel. Above its ruins the temple was then erected. It was not only difficult for the excavators to imagine that the palace stood nearly half a millennium without alteration, but astonishing (? erstaunlich ?) to think that the Mycenaean elements of the palace (architectural, artistic, and stratigraphical) remained unchanged and visible to people 500 years later. Nevertheless, they felt compelled to accept this view, since the temple obviously followed immediately after the fire that razed the palace. 23 If the palace of Tiryns stood 500 years longer than the other Bronze Age palaces, if it survived the fire of 1200 B.C. on the citadel and remained visible to 8th-century Greeks, then the architectural and Homeric problems are solved. The 8th-century temple builders and Homer were familiar with a 13th-century palace. The conclusions of the excavators were ...
283. Palestinian Archaeology and a Ramesses VI-Shishak Identification [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... 50); "the character of the Str. 7 trenching is amazingly consistent.... The obviously robbed Str. 9 walls in the bottom of some trenches, the rapid backfilling and levelling, and the relative lack of any but small stones in the fill, all seem to confirm the 'robber theory.' In that case, the Str. 7 robber trenches, plus the backfilling and levelling, would have taken place immediately before the cyclopean constructions of Str. 6C-- a theory quite compatible with both the stratigraphic and the ceramic evidence" (p. 65). Could this extensive Structure 7 preparation for construction be Solomon's? Such a hypothesis would agree well with the preceding partial destruction of Gezer by fire, as evidenced in Field II Structure 13 (which belongs, like Field VI Structure 8, to General Stratum XV); elsewhere there is evidence at this horizon for "disruption and possible gap in occupation in all fields excavated thus far" (p. 86). This interpretation of Field VI Structure 7 (= General ...
284. New Proposals for a Downdating of the Egyptian New Kingdom (Part II) [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... downslide to still worse conditions (end of the Late Bronze Age) could then be equated with a similar downslide to still worse conditions in Assyria and Babylonia, beginning in the late 1lth century. 66 Significantly, in view of the entire preceding situation: it appears that the existence, and occasional great power, of 12th-11th c. Kassite kings with ca. 14th-13th c. Babylonian Kassite-style RN's can be substantiated by a consideration of the evidence involved in the 'Kurigalzu problem'. 67 This problem arises principally from some strong architectural and stratigraphic parallels between Dur-Kurigalzu (DK) Palace I (founded not before the late 13th c.) and DK Temple (founded by a very powerful Kurigalzu). If (as would seem to be desirable) these parallels imply contemporaneity, the existence of a very powerful, not previously isolated, late Kurigalzu would be required. Strong support for such a solution appears to be provided by a DK Palace I royal letter addressed to a Kadashman-Enlil, who appears to be indisputably too late to identify with any known (i.e. 14th ...
285. The Case for Catastrophe in Historical Times [Kronos $]
... can be objected, however, that this verdict is negative only by presumption, since most archaeologists have not been aware of the possibility of catastrophes on a global scale when conducting their excavations and in compiling their reports. This objection is significant because there was a notable dissenter among the elite of archaeology in the person of the late Claude Schaeffer, who was best known as the excavator of Ugarit. Schaeffer believed that catastrophic events had laid waste large areas of the ancient Near East, and that the destructions had been contemporaneous. His Stratigraphie Comparee et Chronologie de l'Asie Occidentale(1) should, because of these conclusions, have been regarded as an epochal work. Instead, it was largely ignored. No notable archaeologist took up the challenge to do a detailed reexamination of his conclusions. It has only been more recently that catastrophist publications have shown a renewed interest in his work and have begun to update it.(2) The second kind of evidence which could be expected to support a case for historical catastrophe is from literary sources. One might expect perhaps ...
286. QUANTAVOLUTION: COSMIC HERETICS: Part 3: Chapter 9: NEW FASHIONS IN CATASTROPHISM [Quantavolution Website]
... a true chronological space. All dates seem to be later than 10,000 B. C. Then he is in Athens and has looked up Professor G. Marinos of the University of Athens Geology Department: Dear Professor Marinos: The Doxiades Organization informed me that you were supervising the analysis of the core drillings being made at a number of sites in Athens in connection with the proposed subway route.... I am interested in any evidences that your drillings may show of levels of calcination in the historical and pre historical stratigraphy of the area. By calcination I mean burnt debris, ash coverings, and earth subjected to heavy thermal stress. At the same time I would be interested in concurrent evidence of flooding on a large scale, associated with or independent of the burning. Professor Marinos is happy to oblige and introduces him to the engineer who is drilling beneath the city. The engineer takes Deg on a tour of the drilling sites, and shows him profiles of many cores. The drilling is too crude to tell him what he wants to ...
287. Scarabs [Pensee]
... scarabs bearing that king's name" (17). With this casual explanation the testimony of the seals was brushed aside. Since these lines were written by the excavators of Megiddo, again and again, all over Palestine, scarabs with the name of Thutmose III were found and always in formations five to six hundred years younger, leaving the finders in a constant state of surprise bordered with astonishment. Yet where the remotest possibility seemed to exist of sustaining the accepted chronological table by a reference to a scarab, its genuineness or its stratigraphical position were never questioned; usually, however, such finds, on closer examination, prove to be hardly of any stratigraphical, and therefore also of any chronological, value for the purpose selected. In the conventional chronology King Sosenk of the Libyan Dynasty was the pharaoh Shishak of the Scriptures who conquered Palestine in the fifth year of Rehoboam, son of Solomon. A fragment with the name of Sosenk on it was found at Megiddo. "A fragment of his stela found here proved that he occupied the town for a time ...
288. F. X. Kugler -- Almost a Catastrophist [SIS C&C Review $]
... embalmment in a single grave. Time runs in very long cycles. So, at fixed times, the constellations lose their power, and recover again ." 21. Manitius' scheme is not too far removed from catastrophic theory: this poem may contain a good deal of useful information regarding the "World Ages" of the past. 22. An interesting sidelight on the orthodox scientist's unwillingness to postulate an identity between "proven" total occurrences and theoretical universal catastrophes can be found in D.V. Ager, The Nature of the Stratigraphical Record (London, 1973): "Within the sludge there is a cigar black horizon, only an inch or so thick, which has been recognized all over southern Britain. The black colouration is due to charcoal fragments from burnt wood. In fact, at one stage in this study our thoughts ran on catastrophism of a biblical king and we pictured half-seriously a universal conflagration to account for the black band. It is more likely, however, that it represents a short period of dry climate when there were frequent brush ...
289. THE LATELY TORTURED EARTH: ATMOSPHERICS: 7.Fire and Ash [Quantavolution Website]
... Quantavolution.Org E-MAIL: email@example.com TABLE OF CONTENTS THE LATELY TORTURED EARTH: Part I: Atmospherics by Alfred de Grazia CHAPTER SEVEN FIRE AND ASH "A 'universal conflagration' (if possible) would certainly not last long enough to leave any sort of recognizable stratigraphical record, whereas a few centuries or millennia of occasional heath or forest fires, during a particularly dry spell, would probably do so without requiring any special mechanism." [1 Even to speak of a universal conflagration gives a geologist cause to blush, as Derek Ager, the author of these lines, remarks in another context. Without the "special mechanism", forest fires, started by lightning, and volcanos, started by hot spots in the deep crust or mantle, must do the full job of whatever we see as signs of burning on Earth and whatever the ancient voices are fearfully asserting. If this were all, and it certainly is not all, we would still have to ask about lightning and hot spots; neither is a simple autodynamic mechanism, as we have seen ...
290. A REVISED CHRONOLOGY FOR THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST [SIS C&C Review $]
... "both" periods was strongly coloured by Semiticisms, while the art of the XXth Dynasty betrays Assyrian and Persian influences. Part II of "Peoples of the Sea" deals with the XXIst Dynasty, which Velikovsky places largely contemporary with the XXth. According to his model, it was a priestly and military creation of the Persians under Darius I, set up by them in the strategic western Oases of Egypt. He adduces synchronism to demonstrate this, and another mass of supposed "anomalies" in the art, language, and stratigraphy of this Dynasty to support his case. Several documents are examined in detail and new light is shed on their interpretation- the pathetic journey of Wenamon, for instance, shows details that could only fit into a late 5th, rather than an eleventh century context. The Maunier Stele from the time of the High-priest Menkheperre is shown to contain an exact account of the visit of Alexander the Great to the Oracle of Amon in the Siwa Oasis, known from Greek and Roman historians. Velikovsky concludes part II, and the revised ...
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