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424 results found.
43 pages of results.
271. Controversy: Catastrophism and Evolution, The Ongoing Debate, by Trevor Palmer (Review) [SIS C&C Review $]
... . Anthony Hallam[19 believes that the only truly convincing evidence associating an impact event with a mass extinction is found at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. He argues that the extinction record is based essentially on marine invertebrates and the evidence from terrestrial vertebrates is far less clear, except that for the dinosaurs at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. Terrestrial plants appear not to have suffered worldwide mass extinctions, although extensive regional extinction events did occur, most notably at the Permian-Triassic, Triassic-Jurassic and Cretaceous-Tertiary boundaries. Even the marine invertebrate record is equivocal, because stage-level stratigraphic evidence of these animals does not betray compelling association with known impact events [20. Large-scale volcanism, acting through climatic change, would be required seriously to disturb the biosphere. Episodes of flood-basalt eruption might manage the job, and indeed large-scale flood basalt volcanism did occur at the close of the Permian period (in Siberia) and the close of the Cretaceous period (in India) [see 21. The debate between the impact scenario and the hypothesis of the Deccan volcanism leading to Cretaceous-Tertiary extinctions has run for more than a ...
272. Letters [SIS C&C Review $]
... as not all Judah years were equal in length. The numbering of this illustration is a continuation of the numbering of the illustrations in the article 'Shishak, the Kings of Judeh and some Synchronisms' [1, with which it is closely associated. Michael C. Reade Checkendon, Oxon. A Twist of Time In his recent article 'A Survey of the Archaeological Evidence for a Revised Chronology' (C&CR 2000:1, pp. 22-29), John Bimson compares the chronologies of James and Rohl in relation to the stratigraphy of some Palestinian sites. His conclusion is that the chronology of James fits the stratigraphy better than that of Rohl. I would agree with this and with the conclusion that Ramesses III is the biblical 'Shishak'. However why should this identification of 'Shishak' produce a more accurate chronology than one based on Ramesses II= 'Shishak'- as is the case with the 'New Chronology'? An analysis of A Test of Time reveals a strange anomaly which, unless it can be satisfactorily explained, seriously endangers the credibility of Rohl's ...
273. James Hutton: A Non-inductive, Theological Catastrophist [The Velikovskian $]
... our system could certainly generate Velikovskian-type scenarios. To reject Velikovskian catastrophes, one must isolate the solar system from interacting with the bodies in the galactic environment. A school of geological thought based on catastrophism had existed prior to and during the time in which Charles Lyell lived. This school was represented by such eminent figures in science as Georges Cuvier, the father of paleontology, and Louis Agassiz, the discoverer of the Ice Ages. Other notables of this school were Adam Sedgewick, William Buckland and Roderick Murchison, whose contributions explained the stratigraphical column. Like his predecessors, one of the most outspoken of the catastrophists, Henry H. Horworth, maintained that, in the age of man, the Earth had experienced a global catastrophe which destroyed the megafauna. Each of these scientists had done extensive geological field work and reported their evidence as support for their conclusion that the Earth had a catastrophic past. Stephen J. Gould, the Harvard science historian who has reintroduced minor catastrophes into the concepts of evolution and geology, states: Read literally, then and now, ...
274. Reviews [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... to the ancients, but which left an abundance of records and remains, has been discovered in exactly the same area. Here Heinsohn is on very strong ground, and the logic of this argument, even on its own, is virtually unassailable. Concomitant with the loss of the Chaldaean cities was the loss of the Chaldaean language. Yet against this painful loss was the great gain of the Sumerian tongue, previously unknown. Heinsohn supports his Sumerian/Chaldaean equation with detailed arguments from the lives of Sumerian kings, and with the stratigraphy of southern Mesopotamia. Ibbi-Sin, last king of Ur, who was taken in bonds to Anshan in Persia, is equated with Nabonidus, last king of Chaldaea/Babylonia, who was also taken in bonds to Anshan. Other detailed parallels are considered. As regards stratigraphy, Heinsohn notes that old 'Sumerian' remains, supposedly dating from the third millennium, are always found directly underneath the Neo-Babylonian remains of Nebuchadnezzar and Nabonidus. All this is pretty compelling stuff; and of course we barely scratch the surface of the evidence presented ...
275. On SIS and Insularism [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... of the Heinsohn booklets to members writing to her; Emmet Sweeney wrote a review of some of this work; Lester Mitcham wrote a critique. Where are the answers to this critique (and other criticisms of the Heinsohn theories)? Well, I can tell you SIS is not suppressing them: none have been received from Heinsohn! The matter of not responding to pertinent objections does not end there. I was less than impressed to hear from Gunnar's own lips at the Nottingham Meeting in autumn 1988 that nobody had refuted him on stratigraphy: when reminded of Lester Mitcham's article in Workshop 1988:1 and in particular of the stratigraphy of Ashur and Babylon (to mention just two sites) Gunnar denied all knowledge of this article. I am now informed by Dwardu Cardona that he has documentary evidence to show that Gunnar was being 'economical with the truth' on this occasion. Attentive readers will have noted the contrast between Horst Friedrich's contention that SIS has sought to deny publicity for Heinsohn's views and that of Leroy Ellenberger (Workshop 1989:1, p. 37 ...
276. Notes [The Age of Velikovsky] [The Age of Velikovsky] [Books]
... 878, 1965. CHAPTER VII 1.R. K. Chadwick, Nature 256, 570, 1975 2. P. K. Chadwick. Nature 260, 397, 1976 2.H. E. Wright, Science 161, 334, 1968. 4. Catastrophic Geology, 1, 1976, address Caixa Postal 41003, Rio de Janeiro- RJ,Brasil. 5. Earth in Upheaval, p. 215. 6. J. Tallis, Nature Aug. 7, 1975. 7. V. Ager, The Nature of the Stratigraphical Record, 1973. 8. Earth in Upheaval, p. 2 18. 9. W. Francis, Coal Its Formation and Composition, Edward Arnold Publishers Ltd., London, 2nd ed., 1961. 10. Ibid, p. 46. 11. Ibid, p. 625. 12. Ibid, p. v. 13. L. W. Sullivan, personal communication about his book, Continents in Motion, 1975. 14. Dwardu Cardona, KRONOS I,# 4, 77, 1976 ...
277. Pylos [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... deposits were encountered.? 21 If Late Geometric sherds were found next to Mycenaean ones in the level of burning, the question must arise: When was the Palace of Nestor destroyed, ca. -1200 or in the seventh century? To escape this dilemma Blegen postulated ? fairly widespread activity on the site in late geometric times ? 22 after five centuries of abandonment this despite his assertion that the conflagration marked ? the end of human occupation of the site.? 23 But such an explanation is hardly tenable in the light of the stratigraphic situation. If the Late Geometric pottery had been left by new occupants of the hill five hundred years or more after the burning of Nestor ? s palace, the remains of these vases would not have been found mixed with the ware used by the occupants of the palace at the time of its destruction. The exact position of the Late Geometric pottery merits a closer examination. The pavement of the court was covered by a thin ? yellowish-white clayish deposit ?; immediately above it was an ? extremely black layer ? less than ...
278. Velikovsky, Fundamentalism and the Revised Chronology [Aeon Journal $]
... Synchronisms established by the Amarna letters convinced me that the end of the Late Bronze Age had to come down to the last years of the 7th century BCE. And yet I couldn't put my doubts aside, until testimony from another source finally tipped the balance in Heinsohn's favour. Yehoshua Etzion is a violinist with the Jerusalem Symphony and an amateur historian with a solid understanding of archaeology. From what I know of his forthcoming book The Lost Bible, I can tell you that Etzion will be making a major contribution to our understanding of stratigraphy in the land of Israel. Of particular importance will be Etzion's revelations about the Iron Age, and where to look for Persian strata, which are missing not only in Mesopotamia but in major sites in Israel, as well. In early 1988, during an exchange of letters with Etzion, I asked him what he thought of Heinsohn's revised chronology. He expressed serious doubts about Heinsohn's revision as it applied to Israel. Etzion had found Biblical chronology to be a reasonably accurate guide for archaeological research. In one area, however ...
279. Natural Catastrophes During Bronze Age Civilisations [Aeon Journal $]
... core dates, Biblical dates and events, and the chronology of the ancient world as constructed in the last century, in order to provide a reasonable looking structure. Baillie is of the opinion that long-lasting dips in the climate, as indicated by tree ring growths, are caused by cosmic dust. There are, he said, also later events that are worth investigating, such as narrow tree rings dated to 540 AD, for which, however, there is no evidence of a volcanic eruption in the ice core data. Comparative Stratigraphy of Bronze Age Destruction Layers around the World: Archaeological Evidence and Methodological Problems Benny J. Peiser (Liverpool John Moores University) Benny Peiser studied and analyzed about five hundred excavation reports, research papers and scientific abstracts from different disciplines looking for evidence of civilization collapse and climatic changes in the late third millennium BC. A theory, he stressed, must be testable. If we claim that terrestrial impacts of celestial objects have occurred in the past, then we have to find evidence for the destructions. Ancient legends may give a ...
280. The Patchwork Pentateuch [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... credible motive for this supposed minimising of Moses' Egyptian dimension. Clearly the Old Testament commentator must always bear in mind the complex derivation of the text. It is a measure of the validity of the JEPDR hypothesis (using Friedman's modified order- P before D) that in examining a single story, John Bimson has reached the same conclusion without reference to the Higher Criticism. (Bimson is a force to be reckoned with in this area. I had almost abandoned Ages in Chaos Vol. I, until I read his 'Revised Stratigraphy' paper, arguably the jewel in the crown of the Glasgow Conference Proceedings [15. In his Cambridge paper, he does rely too heavily on the Redactor's suggestions of ancient and pure monotheism. I Kings 11:7& II Kings 23:10 make it obvious that, to give just one example of several, the Ammonite god Molech was continuously worshipped at Jerusalem from the time of Solomon to the time of Josiah, with children sacrificed by fire- over a thousand years after Abraham had supposedly rejected the practice. ...
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