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Search results for: stratigraph* in all categories
424 results found.
43 pages of results.
261. Letters [SIS C&C Review $]
... still possible that the EA from this region refers to this very same event. Here then we would find independent confirmation from the El-Amarna Letters that Ramoth/Yaramu had rebelled and joined the Habiru revolt movement. Peter van der Veen, Mondou, Chad No Late Bronze I remains at Jerusalem? Dear Sir, I refer readers to H. J. Franken& M. L. Steiner: 'Urusalim and Jebus', Zeitschrift fur Altestestament Wissenschaft 104 (1992), pp. 110-111. These two archaeologists have studied the pottery and stratigraphy of Kathleen Kenyon's 'Bronze Age' Jerusalem (Ophel hill) and have come to the conclusion that there is no material there which can be dated to the 14th century BC. What pottery is found there can be dated to the 12th century, however. The Middle Bronze age city wall was in a derelict state before, some five centuries later, Late Bronze Age Jebus was finally built. All this is good solid evidence even though the authors seem to be unaware of the Cypriote pottery found at Jerusalem by Macalister (Annual ...
262. Perplexities of Orthodoxy. [Kronos $]
... of Dan. It was a wonderful experience and I had the pleasure of working with a great excavation staff headed by Dr. Biran. As a Velikovskian scholar, it was of great interest to me, therefore, to discover that last year they had found a cartouche of Ramses 11 in a Persian level. I asked the staff how is this possible, and they answered that it was either a six-hundred year-old heirloom or antique, or it was an intrusion. Actually, a cartouche of Ramses II, found in a Persian stratigraphical level, would have to be more along the line of being a seven-hundred year-old heirloom or intrusion according to conventional chronology. However, the revised chronology would place Ramses 11 within sixty years of the Persian conquest, thereby removing the enormous chronological discrepancy. I wonder how much evidence has not been published with these same problems. For possible resolution see: Theses for the Reconstruction of Ancient History- Theses 206-245. Ramses II and His Time (unpublished). Pensee VI (Winter, 1973-74), pp. 42-45. M ...
263. Introduction to the Proceedings [SIS C&C Review $]
... conclusions [7: "We were told that [these five sites could not come down by centuries in time, thus the revised chronology... was disproved by archaeological facts. What did we see? At Mycenae, Tiryns, Troy, Ugarit and Alalakh, we found numerous 500-700 year problems for the excavators and for those trying to trace the development of artistic and architectural types. We have examined palaces, temples, tombs, pots, pins, carved slabs, bowls, figurines, etc. We have come across stratigraphical sections that do not conform to the expected and accepted sequence of events. Everywhere we found unanswered questions, perplexing problems, and always these involved 500-700 years.... The number of 500-700 year problems studied by this writer is quite large, and the more he reads, the greater the number swells. No ad hoc theory has yet been advanced which adequately explains any one of the cases, let alone all of them. Only a revision of ancient history, a shortening of Egyptian chronology, works for all the ...
264. Ice Cores and Chronology [SIS C&C Review $]
... impact of meteorites is equally visible e.g. the Siberian meteorite of 1908. The Vostok core in Antarctica, 2083 metres down to bedrock, completed in 1985 gives a climatic record back over 150,000 years [10. The annual snow deposit has certain indicative components. The summer layer has a porous and coarser grained body with a low density. The winter snow layer is finer grained and has hard layers of heavy bulk density. The transmission of light through the ice is an excellent guide in seeing the annual boundaries and the stratigraphy can be seen by the unaided eye. Climate shifts can be determined from Oxygen 18 and 16 ratios and it is important to note that these shifts are recorded in the ice both in the Arctic and Antarctic. Winter snow is heavier than summer snow and contains more Oxygen 18; the measurement is done by mass spectrometry. Volcanic events produce both dust and droplets of sulphuric acid which act as snow nuclei. This secondary aerosol creates bands of acid in the ice, and those from Krakatau (1883) and Agung (1963 ...
265. A Different View on the Chronology of Hazor [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... after the upper city had been demolished-- particularly from the time of Solomon onwards-- the Israelite builders dug the foundations of their walls and buildings deep into the strata of the Late Bronze period and robbed most of its building material for re-use in their own structures. 27 Here again we have the strata completely missing and mixed with Iron Age levels. We also have Mycenaean ware mixed in an Iron Age milieu. Let us look at another area: At first it was not easy to develop a clear picture of the stratigraphy of these periods because of Solomon's levelling operations and other incidents of re-use by later kings. 28 Dr. Yadin is clearly having trouble locating the Late Bronze Age strata. Where he does find Late Bronze pottery it is always mixed with Iron Age strata. There simply is no description of any structures from these three important strata on the upper tell (it must be remembered that Dr. Yadin spends almost half the book on the supposed corresponding structures of the lower city). The closest description of a structure is this: ...
266. A Criticism of the Revised Chronology [Pensee]
... Late Bronze Age I bichrome ware was found in Levels VI-V along with an early phase of Mitannian Ware (a type of decorated pottery found at numerous northern Mesopotamian sites) (18). The appearance of this Mitannian Ware is associated with a great increase in the number of personal names in the Hurrian language at Alalakh and in northern Mesopotamia (19). The introduction of Mitannian Ware and the influx of great numbers of Hurrians into Mesopotamia and Syria-Palestine can therefore be correlated with the beginning of the Palestinian Late Bronze Age, and stratigraphical evidence from numerous sites makes it certain that this phase is far earlier than the Iron Age II (which has already been shown to correlate with the divided monarchy and the Assyrian Empire of the eighth seventh centuries B.C. Egyptian documents begin using certain Hurrian and Indo-Aryan terms connected with chariot warfare for the first time early in the Eighteenth Dynasty, while the Kingdom of Mitanni (a kingdom with a basically Hurrian population ruled by an Indo-Aryan warrior aristocracy) became one of Egypt's major foes from the reign of Tutmose III to that of ...
267. Reconsidering Velikovsky [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... , and to the presence of exogenous (1.6% chondrite) materials, thus proving the extra-terrestrial origin of meteors. He gave as sizes between 100 metres and over 150 kilometres diameter, and as ages 450 million to 20,000 years BP. Asked afterwards about larger structures, such as those pointed out to members of SIS by the late Rene Gallant, including Hudson Bay, Dr Robertson thought these were caused by terrestrial geological phenomena, not meteorites. Charles Ginenthal was skeptical of the ages quoted, challenging the dating methods of stratigraphic age based on fossils as well as dating volcanic rock by radioactive materials. He then put forward his opinion that volcanic activity, caused by large planetary bodies flying by, had been the origin of craters on Moon, Mars, Venus, Mercury and the moons of Mars and Jupiter. He cited their distribution, all on one side of the Moon (the marea), which spoke against random impact cratering over a long period of time, and the fact that erosion would have reduced them considerably if such impacts had been ...
268. Ice Cores and Common Sense Part 1 [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... . Water above the surface would percolate down through this porous layer and freeze.[17 Even if the entire upper 50-100 meters were washed and/or melted away, great quantities of seawater would freeze to the top of the ice. This frozen seawater could easily be distinguished from ice compacted from fallen snow. Ordinary glacier ice, unlike frozen water, contains millions of tiny air bubbles, which give it a milky appearance. It is routine practice to examine ice cores in the field over a light table and note any visible stratigraphic features in the core log. At drill sites like Devon Island, and Dye 3 in southern Greenland, melting is common. In many years, if only for a few days at the height of summer, it grows warm enough for considerable melting to occur. Because of percolation, it is conceivable that at such sites frozen seawater might give the appearance of melt layers from many different years. But in Antarctica, there is normally no summer melting, and in northern Greenland it is quite rare. At Byrd Station the ...
269. Society News [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... Tony Rees has the Amarna link with Assyria displaced by 200 years. Anthony Chavasse said that the original dates given by De La Porte for Hammurabi were 2123-2081, subsequently reduced to 1792. He proposed bringing the end of the Kassite dynasty down from 1160 to 760 and this would considerably alter the alignments on Tony Rees' chart. Gunnar Heinsohn added that he equates Gulkishar with Alexander the Great. Then Gunnar Heinsohn read an addendum to his Nottingham paper. This proved to be the main item, with Gunnar forcefully reiterating his theory that stratigraphy and not history based on false premises should dictate the chronology. He concentrated on Assyria and Cappadocia. Stratigraphy yields four layers before that of Hellenism at 330 BC: the Persian Empire from -540, the Medish Empire -620, Ninos Assyria -750 and Early Assyria -1150. These hold good in Assyria, Armenia, Cappadocia and the Indus Valley. In reverse order, these are the first empire in the history of man, according to Herodotus, Diodorus etc., rising around -1150 and reaching its peak with King Ninos in -750 ...
270. Benoît De Maillet (1656-1738): A Forerunner of the Theory of the Desiccation of the Mediterranean Sea [SIS C&C Review $]
... between de Maillet's ideas and the present approach to the desiccation of the Mediterranean Sea: in both cases, on the one hand it is going to start from observations about the sedimentary process which gave rise to the salinisation of the zone, insisting, on the other hand, that such a process should have repeatedly taken place. Note, however, that from a sedimentary point of view the same observations that to de Maillet were an unequivocal evidence of uniformity, have led to rethinking of present geological ideas about the meaning of the stratigraphical record in a new-catastrophist framework [49, 50, 51, 52, 53. Finally, although the conception of both an aquatic chaos and the fall in primordial water level can be found in ancient cultures, Benoît de Maillet was the first to establish a theory on this subject. For this reason, in spite of the quite rudimentary character of his ideas, we consider de Maillet as a forerunner- not an antecedent- of the present theory of the desiccation of the Mediterranean Sea, fitting it into the framework of ...
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