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330 results found.
33 pages of results.
141. On the geographical displacement of poles after close passage of a body of planetary size [SIS Internet Digest $]
... that a plastic Earth with a relaxation time of a few hundred days or more makes the pole shift possible. Earth's rotation is stabilized by the equatorial belt. The shift is made possible by a one per thousand stretching deformation of the Earth in an oblique direction. This could be produced by the tidal action of a mass like that of Mars passing at a distance less than 15 000 km. The gyroscope Earth then performs a tumbling motion while its shape relaxes to an equilibrium with a displaced equatorial belt. Geographically, the poles spiral to the new position, requiring about 400 days for a turn. Angular momentum is conserved, and the rotation axis points to the same star before and after the event. Since the present planetary system with its motion calculated backwards does not show a close encounter between Earth and a planet, the passing mass must have been an additional object. We assume it to be in a highly eccentric orbit. At each passage near the Sun it is heated by solar radiation and tidal work. From the hot surface atoms escape. ...
142. Galaxies Behaving Badly [Thunderbolts Website]
... on 'distant' galaxies. (See larger illustration here). The first column shows images obtained with the Hubble Space Telescope. The second column is the "velocity field" deduced from GIRAFFE observations: the reddish parts "show material moving away from us with respect to the mean velocity of the galaxy, while the blue parts are moving towards us". The scale in kilometers per second is shown on the right. The last column is a map of electron density per cubic centimeter. The first object "corresponds to a spiral galaxy forming stars at a frantic rate of 100 solar masses per year". The electron density map allows the astronomers to localize the region of star formation as the black region on the left. The second object, the investigators say, is a galaxy that is clearly "out of balance" and therefore shows "a very perturbed velocity field". The third object appears to show an outflow "matter being ejected perpendicular to the plane of the galaxy". The investigators did not see what they expected. They ...
143. Ossified Dragon Theories [Thunderbolts Website]
... the dragon in some archaic traditions including those concerning the Babylonian monster Tiamat, the Ugaritic Yamm, and Gaulcovang of the Kogi people of Colombia embodies these primordial waters. Converging traditions from far-flung cultures identify the dragon or serpent as the first entity to appear in the primeval chaos and the creative genius that shaped the cosmos. Needless to say, ordinary reptiles do nothing to justify this extraordinary claim. Myths, notably accounts of the 'creation' of the world, emphasize specific forms taken by the dragon, such as a concentric spiral, a helix or a double helix, or the ouroboros. Snakes, of course, are capable to produce all those forms, and certain fossils like Sinohydrosaurus lingyuanensis, shown above remind us of the circular serpent, but explain neither the significance of the mythical forms, especially in connection with the acts of creation, nor the ancient insistence on seven or nine coils. Over and over again, traditional societies have recognized the mythical dragon in the lightning, comets, meteors, the auroras, and even the Milky ...
144. Two "Black Holes"? [Thunderbolts Website]
... grown up" BL Lacs that they are not far away, but actually small and faint and close to the nearby active galaxy. Arp discusses this issue at length in his book, Seeing Red. Abell 400 is particularly interesting because it lies along the line of Local Group objects extending from the minor axis of M31 (the Andromeda galaxy), through M33, to 3C120 (the active galaxy with the "faster-than-light" jet). Along that line are also nebulous clouds "obviously interacting" with higher-redshift dwarf and low-luminosity spiral galaxies, strong radio and x-ray sources, and quasar groupings. Arp suggests that the objects in this line have been ejected from M31, as may have been our own galaxy. The Abell 400 cluster would be a part of the "umbilicus'"that still connects us with our "mother", M31. Submitted by Mel Acheson EXECUTIVE EDITORS: David Talbott, Wallace Thornhill MANAGING EDITOR: David Talbott CONTRIBUTING EDITORS: Mel Acheson, Michael Armstrong, Dwardu Cardona, Ev Cochrane, C.J. Ransom, Don Scott, ...
145. Seeing More Electricity in Space [Thunderbolts Website]
... conditions only. The effects of an entire circuit which may encompass a whole galaxy or cluster of galaxies must be considered. For this reason, while the prevailing scientific view allows only for isolated galactic and stellar islands in space, the electric view emphasizes connectivity. (In the image of Fornax A above, for example, a tiny but energy-dense plasmoid at the center of the galaxy discharges energy along oppositely-directed Birkeland filaments (invisible in this image) into the radio lobes. Diffuse currents loop back from the lobes to the spiral arms, where their increasing density triggers star formation as they return to the central plasmoid.) Irving Langmuir, one of the early pioneers in the study of plasma, discovered double layers in his laboratory in the 1920s. Hannes Alfven, the father of plasma cosmology, proposed their existence in cosmic settings in 1958. Double layers in space weren t discovered until 1978, when artificial satellites orbited through them and measured the characteristic changes in their electric fields. This fact is undeniable. But the traditional theories of astrophysics ...
146. The Electromagnetic Circularization of Planetary Orbits [Kronos $]
... From: Kronos Vol. IV No. 4 (Summer 1979) Home¦ Issue Contents The Electromagnetic Circularization of Planetary Orbits Chris S. Sherrerd ELECTROMAGNETIC FORCES There is evidence that the Sun and planets possess large electric charges. Any charged body moving in a magnetic field in any direction other than one that is precisely aligned with the field will be subjected to a force tending to change its trajectory. In general, the acceleration due to such a force will tend to make the body revolve or spiral around an axis parallel to the magnetic field, and the radius of curvature will be determined by the velocity of the body relative to the magnetic field, the mass of the body, the charge of the body, and the strength of the field.* (* Footnote: A body with a total charge e (Coulombs) moving at a velocity v (m/sec) relative to a magnetic field of B (Tesla) will have a force f (Newtons) exerted on it by (and relative to) the magnetic field of magnitude ...
147. Society News [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... across Europe it brought its own adaptation of these beliefs. With the first settled farmers (around 4000 BC in western Europe) came the first megalithic tombs, often built with a forecourt and with an increasing orientation to certain cardinal points. The 'tombs' were not simply mausoleums as they appeared to be in use for long periods of time yet finally contained few remains. Meaden suggested that they were representations in stone of the body of the goddess in which the deceased may be reborn. Of prime importance among goddess symbols were the spiral and the lozenge, the latter found on many pots from the Neolithic and Bronze ages. Spirals adorn the 'kerbstone' at Newgrange and a shadow is cast on its centre by a strategically placed megalith at midwinter. The main gallery of the monument is placed so that the midwinter sunrise causes a shaft of light to penetrate to the end. Meaden suggests this was a symbolic penetration of the seminal light of the Sun into the Earth mother's womb, and the linked left and right handed spirals on the kerbstone are therefore a symbol ...
148. Boomerang Nebula Comes Backto Plasma [Thunderbolts Website]
... hot gas provide the forces for ejection, the ejection should be spherical. Some theorists speculate that perhaps a disk of material around the star s equator seen in a number of nebulae blocks ejected material from that direction. But what generated the disk, and how does it remain intact in the face of such ejection? Other theorists speculate that magnetic fields constrain the outflow. But what generates and powers the magnetic field? The Electric Universe takes note of the filamentary structure of the cones and of the way the filaments spiral into and away from the central star. It also takes note of the string of cells or bubbles along the axis of the cones. Spiraling filaments around cells of plasma are the forms taken by electric currents in space. The filaments are called Birkeland currents, named after Kristian Birkeland, who first proposed their existence in the late 1800s. Far from a star, these currents form tubes of plasma that transmit electrical power around a galaxy. At intervals, the electromagnetic forces that they generate cause them to pinch down to a ...
149. Shapley's Scientific Record [Kronos $]
... that the many spirals and nebulae visible through telescopes are galaxies or universes outside the Milky Way, which with its billions of stars is but another nebula to a viewer from a distant galaxy. Shapley argued that the solar system is located in an off-center position in the Milky Way, but that the Milky Way is the only galaxy in the entire universe, the spirals and nebulae being some nebular formations on its periphery. A. Pannekoek described the position taken by these two astronomers in this way: "Curtis held that they [spiral nebulae were 'island universes', separate stellar systems outside and comparable to the galactic system.... Shapley on the other hand, pointing to the accumulation of the spirals at the galactic poles, considered them not as distant galaxies but as belonging to our galactic system, itself regarded as larger, a 'continent universe'. The fact that no stars were visible in these not very distant nebulae, though the spectrum was continuous, he ascribed to strongly scattering nebulous matter within them; and he held as a tentative hypothesis ...
150. "Baked Galaxies," or Half-Baked Theories? [Thunderbolts Website]
... dark matter has reached a critical mass." To Electric Universe proponents-- specialists such as electrical engineers and plasma physicists-- this kind of statement illustrates the seriousness of the 21st century crisis in cosmology. What astronomers envision as inert gas is ionized, radiating plasma, laced with electric (Birkeland) currents. As discussed for the past 2 years on these pages, electrified plasma is an unequaled force at organizing galactic structure. Computer models of two current filaments interacting in plasma have, in fact, reproduced fine details of spiral galaxies. The gravitational schools, on the other hand, must rely on invisible matter, arbitrarily placed wherever it is needed to make their models “work.” Having gravity models appear to work in this manner provides no basis for confidence in them. The NASA report also features the fundamental error of interpreting an object s redshift as a reliable indicator of its age and its distance from the observer. The report states, “( Dr. Duncan) Farrah and his colleagues used data from the Spitzer Wide-area Infrared Extragalactic ...
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