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Search results for: sothic in all categories
172 results found.
18 pages of results.
71. Hammurabi and the Revised Chronology [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... the Thirteenth, or the last of the Middle Kingdom, had expired. On the accepted timetable, the Hyksos (Dynasties 14 to 17) ruled from that year for one century, until, in -1580, the Eighteenth Dynasty initiated the era of the New Kingdom. We have previously discussed the difficulties that followed from leaving only one hundred years for the Hyksos period. 12 The great change in scenery between the end of the Middle Kingdom and the New Kingdom made Flinders Petrie claim that an additional period of 1461 years (one Sothic period) must be placed between the two eras; but this view did not prevail. Nor were retained as valid the historical sources (Josephus-Manetho) that allotted 51 I years for the Hyksos period; nor was the consideration of cultural changes, as advocated by H. R. Hall who pleaded for four or five centuries for the Hyksos period given a chance. When the end of the Twelfth Dynasty was brought down to -1680, there was no time left for the Thirteenth; and with only one century for the Hyksos ...
72. Letters [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... December 11, 64 Dear Dr. Federn: Yesterday I have mailed to my editor at Doubleday 132 pages of Peoples of the Sea (the narrative part). In the remaining part I intend to include: a. Chronology and Astronomy (Sothic Calendar); b. Chronology and Seismology (Schaeffer, Jericho); and c. Chronology and Radiocarbon Dating. Possibly I shall also include a chapter on Scarabs. The chapter on confirmations that you have commented upon, may also find its place, either in the front material or as a supplement. Actually it belongs into vol. I, second edition. I have spoken with my editor about printing the first three books (WiC, AiC, EiU) in second editions, however with no changes in the texts, only additions in the form of new prefaces, supplements, or an index where it is lacking (EiU)- and he is for the idea. This will result also in new sales promotion and advertizing. Sometime ago I have mentioned on the telephone the idea of a ...
73. Assyria, Karduniash, Babylon: A Rational chronology [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... . 200 years prior to Aknaton, according to the New Kingdom internal (7) calendar). We thus arrive at the Hyksos period as being in existence around 420 years, using Babylonian/Assyrian and internal Egyptian dates. Concerning the time period between Neferhotep and the Hyksos invasion there is much debate within revised chronology circles, with Manetho's statements under some doubt. (8) Even taking such discussion into account, the Hyksos period remains about 400 years-- not 200 or 170, as conventional scholars maintain, using Egyptian sothic dating as their anchor. The main point of this analysis is that Velikovsky reached the 400-450 year figure for the Hyksos era using biblical data, and we have reached the same conclusion using the Assyrian chronology. The fact that there is very little direct contact between Assyria and Egypt is, of course, the cause of the whole misunderstanding-conventional Egyptian chronology-in the first place. The Assuruballit letters EA 15 and 16 are the only exceptions to the Egypt-Assyria correspondence lacuna; these letters are discussed in a separate article. (9) To ...
74. History, Proto-history, and Synchronisms [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... of our species scarcely expresses the basic trust and quiet confidence that one would expect to issue from a past characterized by gradual but continuous increase in human power and satisfaction.) (5) Reliance on retrocalculation as a means of quantifying the historic past. This reliance takes two forms, one astronomic and the other physio-chemical. Astronomic retrocalculation, in turn, also takes two forms: the back-dating of eclipses, on the assumption (contradicted by early writings) that the ancient sky was identical with our own; and employment of "Sothic" dating, based on the dubious assumption that the celestial body which the Egyptians called Sopdet and the Greeks Hellenized as Sothis was in fact the star Sirius. Physio-chemical retrocalculation takes the primary form of radiocarbon dating, based on the assumption that the electrochemical characteristics of Earth's atmosphere and biosphere have been relatively constant for at least 40,000 years. But, if this constancy assumption is erroneous, radio-chronological dating will yield false-- and generally inflated-- readings. (6) Consensualism, or the belief that scholarship can ...
75. Towards a New Chronology of Ancient Egypt (Review) [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... From: Catastrophism and Ancient History XIII:2 (July 1991) Home¦ Issue Contents BOOK REVIEW "Towards a New Chronology of Ancient Egypt," By Jesse E. Lasken in Discussions in Egyptology 17 (1990) p. 89-141. Reviewed by: Herbert A. Storck The author of this article and I are agreed on a number of important points. First the need for a new chronology of the Ancient Near East. We also share the premise that Sothic dating is suspect and that Sothis is probably Venus. The problems of Radiocarbon are much more complex. However, in that the dates are in relative order, i.e. OK before MK, NK and LK etc. makes me believe that "real time" of some sort is being measured. I am not inclined to dismiss them even if there are problems with some statistics and tree rings. If the sample represents a relative order either corrected or uncorrected then one can construct a chronology around the dates or use the dates to test a chronological proposal. I prefer to use uncalibrated ...
76. Velikovsky's 360 days/year calendar [SIS Internet Digest $]
... a responsibility> to provide facts. Confirmed in Peter A. Clayton's 'Chronicle of the Pharaohs' (1994). However the Egyptian calender described above by Paul is not very accurate as the Egyptians (p.13) made no adjustment for the additional quarter of a day each year... Hence their civil and astronomical calenders were gradually moving out of synchronisation and could bring about extremes of dating between the two. Eventually every 1460 years, the two calenders coincided and were correct for a short time.' He then gives the Sothic dates (at which Sirius helically rose on the first day of the civil calender as it was supposed to) as 2773 BC, 1317 BC and 139 AD. More importantly he gives two examples in a side bar on page 12 of how badly the calender went out of sync: 'One inscription from the reign of Amememhet III (1842-1797 BC) records a visit by the Kings treasurer to Serabit el-Khadim, in Sinai, to extract turquoise ore in the third month of what was, according to the civil calender, winter ...
77. Heinsohn's Revised Chronology & Lynn Rose's Retrocalculations [SIS Internet Digest $]
... +0000 It was the triumph of Biblical dating that put Hammurabi in the -2nd and -3rd millennia (his date has fluctuated over the last 90 years) in the first place. It is not a radical act to let the air out of an inflated chronology. The final analysis hasn't been made yet, but so far Heinsohn's revisions work just fine. You have to give up imaginary "Sumerians" and "Mitanni" and start dealing with real Chaldeans and Medes. And you have to give up "dark ages," Sothic dating, strange gaps in the record, and the romance of Biblical chronology. From: Chris Marx( pakaf@1.LOL.li) Date: Sun, 16 Mar 1997 22:05:15 +0100 The fact that belief in C14& dendro dating (beyond the beginning of Modern Age some 650 years ago) is quite irrational is so true that it is beyond sane dispute. Latest verification can be found in Christian Bloess& Hans-Ulrich Niemitz The Self-Deception of the C14 Method and Dendrochronology (Graefelfing 1996). With a copy ...
78. Cosmos & Chronos Symposium report [SIS Internet Digest $]
... friendly discussion group with about 20 attendees. Lynn Rose opened with one of those paradigm-shaking statements that catastrophists seem so fond of: "Did the Middle Kingdom know about the New Kingdom?" The reason for the question, which he admits is still unanswered, was that in the process of documenting the progression of Egyptian history for his upcoming book, he kept stumbling onto evidence that the entire Middle Kingdom of Egypt (or at least the 13th and 14th dynasties) needs to be down-dated to after the New Kingdom (one complete Sothic period later than usually accepted.) Astronomical evidence: Luft's El-Lahun papyri, discovered in the 1890's, now in former East Germany. Among these documents were 36 papyri that contain both dates and astronomical configurations that are usuable for retrocalculations. Of those 36, 18 have dates and configurations which match the traditionally accepted dating in the 19th century B.C. Rose's revised dating has a much better record 34 of the date/configurations have exact matches in the 4th century B.C. Of the two which don't match, one of the " ...
79. Perplexities of Orthodoxy. [Kronos $]
... [sic the culture of her period. Her reign must have fallen during the formative period, or very near it, when the foundations of Sabaean culture were laid" (pp. 40-41, emphasis added). [Note that the archaeologists are still resorting to a favorite device, particularly of the astronomers-- unwarranted retrocalculation, based upon presently observed phenomena, in order to draw conclusions about the past. This is especially disconcerting, since the scholarly world has evidently not yet learned its lesson from the effects of the "Sothic Period," itself a combinative product of modern scholastic invention and retroactive assumption.Aside from chronological discrepancies, there is also the not-so small problem of the "Queen of Sheba's" 1,400 mile caravan trek. In this matter, the words of de Camp are echoed by Gus van Beek, author of the above Sheban commentary and Curator of Near Eastern Archaeology at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington. "Located in the south-western comer of the Arabian peninsula, with boundaries roughly corresponding to those ...
80. Kronos Vol. II, No. 4 Summer 1977: Contents [Kronos $]
... Kugler's Falling Star Malcolm Lowery 29 Psychology and Ancient Astronomical Discovery David Griffard 56 The Domination of Astronomy Over Other Disciplines... Lynn E. Rose 64 Jericho Immanuel Velikovsky 70 Peoples of the Sea: An Egyptologist's Reaction David Lorton 75 Philistines, Persians, and "Peoples of the Sea": A Problem of Ethnic Identity Roger W. Wescott 77 Peoples of the Sea: An Art Historical Perspective... Lewis M. Greenberg 88 "Astronomy and Chronology": An Assessment Lewis M. Greenberg 89 A Re-examination of the Sothic Chronology of Egypt Ronald D. Long 102 Notices 102 Corrigenda 103 The Book Case 104 Notes about the Contributors EDITORS Editor-in-Chief LEWIS M. GREENBERG Executive Editor WARNER B. SIZEMORE Senior Editors ROBERT W. BASS, ROBERT H. HEWSEN, RALPH E. JUERGENS C.J. RANSOM, LYNN E. ROSE, ROGER W. WESCOTT AND IRVING WOLFE Associate Editors H. JAMES BIRX, RICHARD F. HAINES, FREDERIC B. JUENEMAN, DAVID LORTON, MARVIN A. LUCKERMAN, EARL R. MILTON ALAN PARRY, A. MANN ...
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