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Search results for: sothic in all categories

172 results found.

18 pages of results.
... slide projectors operating at one time! Mouths agape, minds awhir, we are swept off our feet before he has even started. David opens his case with an attack on the two pillars of the orthodox chronology. One, the identification of the biblical Shishak with Shoshenq I, is the sole example in the orthodox chronology of this being done just because the name sounds right! John Bimson's arguments are echoed, and the case for the identification is seen to be rocky indeed. The other pillar of the establishment case is the Sothic date from the Papyrus Ebers, a manuscript which David illustrates and which he demonstrates can support no meaningful chronological information whatsoever. We are then treated to a whirlwind recount of the evidence supporting a New Chronology, starting at the end of that 'proverbial minefield', the Third Intermediate Period, and working backwards. Once the TIP is freed from the artificial constraints of the Shishak= Shoshenq equation and the Ebers Sothic date, the data from the TIP can be allowed to fall into its natural place, rather than be stretched out ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 30  -  05 Mar 2003  -  5k  -  URL:
... From: The Velikovskian Vol 2 No 4 (1994) Home¦ Issue Contents A Lowered Chronology for the Twelfth Dynasty Lynn E Rose The purpose of this paper is simply to call the reader's attention to some unexpected, but very important, developments that have come about in connection with my work on the calendars of Hellenistic and Roman Egypt. Any detailed argument will have to be deferred to other occasions. I have found that the El-Lahun papyri contain very strong evidence that the Twelfth Dynasty needs to be lowered by a full Sothic period. Thus, the so-called Middle Kingdom (of which the Twelfth Dynasty is the concluding part) belongs right smack in the middle of the first millennium, instead of straddling the boundary between the third millennium and the second millennium! One of those El-Lahun papyri puts the heliacal rising of Sirius on IIII prt 16 in Year 7 of Sesostris III. I would argue that this was July 13 Julian, -394, and that the observation-post was Elephantine. Other El-Lahun papyri contain references to various lunar situations, with their Egyptian dates. ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 30  -  05 Mar 2003  -  16k  -  URL:
43. Letters to the Editor C&AH 3:2 [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... is not in preponderance against Velikovsky's reconstruction, and Gammon, Courville, and others will have to try harder to oust Velikovsky's claims. Louis B. Cohen Baltimore Editor, C&AH: In a recent note 1 I pointed out how Velikovsky had failed to analyze the single linkage of his historiography (reconstructed by events) to the conventional assumptions-- with only astronomical retro-calculation at the bottom of them both. As a result we find the chaos of Near Eastern Assyro-Babylonian chronology-- itself tumbling in vicious circles again linked to Sothic absurdities!-- a source of "revisionism," the champions of which think themselves on safe ground. "Quicksand" should be the word. In a seminar on glyptic-- following an earlier one on chronology-- I did some work on cylinder seals and the materials they are made of. Turning to John Dayton's Minerals, Metals, Glazing and Man (London: Harrap, 1978), and bringing his analyses in line with the reconstruction, we immediately found what up till now were mostly thought to ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 30  -  05 Mar 2003  -  9k  -  URL:
44. Editorial [SIS C&C Review $]
... an appropriate time for a re-examination of the revolutionary first volume in the series, Ages in Chaos, embodying the evidence made available by the latest research. "Chronology is the key to the narrative,' wrote Winston Churchill- the key to our whole understanding of history. Velikovsky's main bone of contention with the accepted scheme of ancient Near Eastern history is that its perspective is completely distorted due to a fault, primarily in the chronology of Egypt, that left the histories of Egypt and Palestine almost totally devoid of synchronism. Abandoning Sothic dating, a system that soon collapses under scientific scrutiny, Velikovsky developed an entirely new scheme, using Biblical chronology as his yardstick. The flaws in the conventional chronology that he pointed to still remain. Velikovsky found a parallel to the Biblical account of the "plagues" that beset Egypt before the Israelite Exodus in the papyrus known as the "Admonitions of an Egyptian Sage", and dated both to the end of the Egyptian Middle Kingdom. (See R. M. Lowery: "Dating the Admonitions", in ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 30  -  05 Mar 2003  -  12k  -  URL:
... to front' Tanis tomb sequence, he proposes, following Dodson, that Osorkon II used an uninscribed tomb from before the time of Psusennes at least 150 years earlier (very unlikely except insofar as the conventional chronology demands it). For the 'wrong order' coffins in the Deir el-Bahri cache Kitchen proposes an extra intermediate resting place for Seti I's coffin (might be possible) and in the Wadi Hammamat architects' genealogy he would see a different Haremsaf from the one contemporary with Shoshenq I (possible). He proposes a new Sothic date from the time of Merneptah (will probably go the way of other New Kingdom Sothic dates!). Over a page is devoted to Mesopotamia where, for example, he regards Rohl's equating of Tukulti-Ninurta I and II as impossible. Here Kitchen has slipped up: Rohl did not equate the Tukultis but merely related a Hittite king to Tukulti-Ninurta II, not I, as conventionally (ToT p. 395). The preface also refers (pp. xix-xx) to Aidan Dodson's 'extremely elegant' proposal to slightly overlap the ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 30  -  05 Mar 2003  -  7k  -  URL:
46. C&C Review 1999:2: Contents [SIS C&C Review $]
... Chronology& Catastrophism Review Journal of the Society for Interdisciplinary Studies 1999:2 News 2 Obituaries: Earl Milton Allan Beggs 3 Articles Moderating the Middle Ages 4 Derel Briarley reviews Fomenko's radical theory for the history of the Middle Ages Fomenko and English History 6 James& Trevor Palmer identify some serious problems for Fomenko's reconstruction. Fomenko is right! 13 Allan Beggs responds. Benoît De Maillet (1656-1738): A Forerunner of the Theory of the Desiccation of the Mediterranean Sea 14 Cándido Manuel García Cruz tells the story of a pioneering geologist. Sothic Dating: The Shameless Enterprise 17 Jess E. Lasken exposes attempts to revive the credibility of Sothic Dating. Climate Changes by Phillip Clapham 19 Assyria: Is The Conventional Profile Believable? 20 J. Eric Aitchison questions the use of limmu lists. The Merlin 'Vision' and the 6th Century 'Event' by John Michael 25 The Sword in the Stone 27 Emmett Sweeney asks who put the bronze into the Bronze Age?. Up-date of year counts in the time of the Divided Monarchy 28 A supplement to Michael G. Reade's earlier ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 30  -  01 Sep 2004  -  6k  -  URL:
47. Failure of a Concept? [SIS C&C Review $]
... they in Ages in Chaos, or for that matter in Peoples of the Sea. While Velikovsky took the great disaster at the end of the Middle Kingdom as the starting point for both Ages in Chaos and Worlds in Collision, he clearly intended the former to be a separate challenge (see the Foreword). If Marx cares to look, he will not find the words Mars or Venus in the index to Ages in Chaos. And in Peoples of the Sea Velikovsky quite deliberately avoided the question of catastrophism in his assessment of Sothic dating: "But purposely I undertook to probe the validity of the Sothic period chronology without recourse to the arguments rooted in my other books." (p. 243) Moreover, Marx seems to forget that while Ages to Chaos does not rely on catastrophism, Worlds in Collision does rely on a revised chronology, for the initial synchronisation of the Exodus, the Papyrus Ipuwer and the end of the Egyptian Middle Kingdom: "On one point alone, not necessarily decisive for the theory of cosmic catastrophism, I borrow credence ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 30  -  05 Mar 2003  -  17k  -  URL:
48. Chapter XXV: the Vague and the Sirian Years [Dawn of Astronomy (Book)] [Books]
... time of the beginning of the flood differs by three days from the Memphis dates. The interval between each line represents a difference of three days in the arrival of the flood; (3) the interval in days between the heliacal rising and the inundation at different periods and at different periods and at different points of the river. This can be determined for each century by matching the interval between the proper diagonal line and that indicating the heliacal rising; (4) by dots at the top of diagram the commencement of the Sothic period as determined by Oppolzer, Biot and the author. Now in books on Egyptology the period of 1461 years is termed the Sothic period, and truly so, as it very nearly correctly measures the period elapsing between two heliacal risings at the solstice (or the beginning of the Nile flood) on the 1st of Thoth in the vague year. But it is merely the result of chance that 365 x 4 represents it. It was not then known that the processional movement of Sirius almost exactly made up the difference between ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 30  -  25 Mar 2001  -  14k  -  URL:
49. ISIS Fellowship Lecture [SIS C&C Review $]
... a huge 10 metre thick casemate wall protected the city. After a break Bietak commenced his second talk, which was on the chronology of the site. Whether because of the lack of ventilation, long queues at the cafeteria, or the tedious nature of chronology, this session was less well attended. However, your correspondent was back with renewed vigour! Bietak first outlined his version of the conventional historical chronology, with the fall of Avaris c.1530 BC; this slightly low date being aided by the increasing abandonment of the Ebers Papyrus Sothic date in the early 18th Dynasty. He gave conventional periods of 108 years for the Hyksos 15th Dynasty and 153 years for the 13th, thereby putting the end of the 12th at c.1790. The parallel 14th Dynasty he placed c.1720-1540. He said that this scheme agreed with the Middle Kingdom Sothic date (apparently the only one still generally accepted) for Sesostris III's 7th year (1866 BC based on an observation from Memphis), and also agreed with New Kingdom dates calculated backwards through the Third Intermediate Period. He professed not ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 30  -  05 Mar 2003  -  9k  -  URL:
... conventional chronology has been substantiated by astronomers. When astronomers are asked about the reliability of their correlations, we are told that it must be correct because the historians have substantial correlative data. This circular support sounds impressive, but just how substantial is this mutual support? ASTRONOMICAL SUPPORT The star Sirius is thought to be Sothis, or Spdt in Egyptian, and the rising of Sirius is thought to be the basis for an absolute time scale of Egyptian history. However, Velikovsky gives support for the suggestion that what is known as the Sothic period actually pertained to Venus instead of Sirius. Knapp, who was with the astronomy department at University of Basel, also expressed this opinion as early 7 as 1934. Some historians assume that the Sothic period was used for absolute time measurement so an analysis of this "astronomical support" is of interest. Egyptian civil year of 365 days would coincide with their astronomical year of 365 .25 days only every 1460 years. Censorinus, a Roman author, said that this time period was called a "great year", 'heliacal ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 28  -  29 Mar 2002  -  59k  -  URL:
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