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Search results for: sothic in all categories

172 results found.

18 pages of results.
21. The Autumn Meeting [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... Medish superpower a phantom and the confusion which has reigned over attempts to identify the Ninos Assyrians has led to stratigraphic inversions. How were these pen and paper chronologies derived? A biblical chronology was openly retained by archaeologists until the late 19th century and biblical chronology was originally based on the belief in a 3rd millennium date for the birth of Abraham. Even after Abraham was discarded as an historical figure the chronology was retained because of supposed connections with Hammurabi. A second chronology, which tied the second millennium to Egyptological datings, was the Sothic cycle or so-called astronomical dating system. Velikovsky had long ago shown this system up for the straw structure it was and though even the mainstream now admit the inadmissibility of Sothic dating, attempts are still made at various astronomical datings which are little more than internally argued verifications of old Sothic datings. The result of all these dating systems led to a tripling of empires on paper, but the stratigraphic record nowhere shows the remains of all twelve. Instead, the various strata are interpreted according to their biblical or Egyptological associations, which ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 75  -  05 Mar 2003  -  14k  -  URL:
22. Assessing Middle Kingdom Lunar Dates [SIS C&C Review $]
... of Ancient Egypt (Chicago, 1950). Accordingly, Rose can state as his primary aim that 'The present article is an attempt to take a much closer look at this sort of dating and the quality of the astronomical arguments that have been used in its support'. Whilst Rose devotes the major part of his article to reassessing the value of Parker's contribution, he does not omit to examine some of the more recent efforts as well, what he calls 'two important books [that have addressed themselves to this task of using Sothic and lunar materials to date the Twelfth Dynasty'. These are R. Krauss: Sothis und Monddaten (Hildesheim, 1985) and U. Luft: Die chronologische Fixierung des aegyptischen Mittleren Reiches nach dem Tempelarchiv von Illahun (Vienna, 1992). The lunar evidence used by Parker, and later by Krauss, are the four documents A, B, C and D from the Illahun archive (Rose refers to these as the 'lettered' documents); all of which had been studied by Borchardt. Since A, B ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 75  -  05 Mar 2003  -  16k  -  URL:
... From: Kronos Vol. VIII No. 2 (Winter 1983) Home¦ Issue Contents Forum Sothic Dating: A "Surrealjoinder" To the Editor of KRONOS: My comments in KRONOS VI:4 to the bombardment of criticism of my article on Sothic dating in KRONOS VI:1 have brought forth further criticism from Prof. Lynn E. Rose and "speculative discussion" from Dr. Shane H. Mage. A few more comments seem in order in the hope, probably vain, that I can persuade them of the possible correctness of my position. Let us begin with Dr. Mage's remarks. He questions my use of the verb "shown" in reference to the Senmut and Ramesseum astronomical ceilings. Of course these ceilings were not for "show". The calendar was surely important in the after life or it would not appear on a tomb or temple ceiling but that variety in depiction meant a change in the celestial order is an unproved proposition. On these two ceilings see paragraphs secs. 220-225 in my Calendars where the great differences ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 67  -  05 Mar 2003  -  56k  -  URL:
24. Sun, Moon and Sothis [advert] [Aeon Journal $]
... Calendar Reforms in Ancient Egypt Lynn E.Rose FRESH OFF THE PRESS The Osiris Series Sponsored by Cosmos& Chronos Series Editor-- Dwardu Cardona Volume II Hard cover: 339 pages Including: Appendices, Bibliography& Index The history of calendars is far from cut-and-dried. Almost every topic that this book addresses has long been the subject of heated controversy. Rose sees Hellenistic and Roman Egypt as of unparalleled importance in the history of calendar development. Even the Julian calendar had its origins in Hellenistic Egypt. Very likely, the Julian calendar itself was Sothic-- that is, designed to follow the movements of the star Sothis (Sirius),and not just the annual motion of the Sun. Since the traditional Egyptian calendar of 365 days fell about one-fourth of a day short of the natural year, the ancients assumed that the heliacal rising of Sirius would move through the Egyptian calendar in 365 x 4= 1460 Julian years (that is, one Sothic period). Egypt's Middle Kingdom has conventionally been dated to some 4000 years ago, largely on the basis of documents ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 60  -  05 Mar 2003  -  3k  -  URL:
... From: Kronos Vol. VI No. 1 (Fall 1980) Home¦ Issue Contents Calendrical Changes And Sothic Chronology Immanuel Velikovsky Copyright (c) 1980 by the Estate of Immanuel Velikovsky At the basis of Sothic computation lie the assumptions that the Earth, in historical times, did not change its position in the solar system, or the position of its axis, or the length of its year. Should even one of these assumptions prove false, Sothic chronology loses its basis. In Worlds in Collision (Part I, Chap. 5; Part II, Chap. 8), I endeavoured to show that each of these changes took place, and more than once during historical times. There I wrote (p. 124): "There exists a direct statement found as a gloss on a manuscript of Timaeus that a calendar of a solar year of three hundred and sixty days was introduced by the Hyksos after the fall of the Middle Kingdom; the calendar year of the Middle Kingdom apparently had fewer days" (Cf. pp. 123 ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 60  -  05 Mar 2003  -  2k  -  URL:
26. More Problems with Sothic Dating [SIS C&C Review $]
... From: SIS Chronology& Catastrophism Review 2001:1 (Apr 2001) Home¦ Issue Contents More Problems with Sothic Dating Jesse E. Lasken Summary This paper is a follow-up to the paper in C&CR 1999:2 'Sothic Dating: the Shameless Enterprise'. Contrary to the assumptions of Sothic dating, as late as the Persian period the Egyptians were actually using a calendar that was 41 days ahead of the calendar Sothic dating posits. Geminus and P. Paris 1 have been misused, and, based on more detailed analysis of the documents. There is also a correction to the earlier explanation given for the matches achieved by Porten using the Sothic dating calendar and the Babylonian calendar for double-dated documents from Elephantine. Jess Lasken recently retired as an attorney at the US Government National Science Foundation. He has had articles about ancient history published in C&CR, C&CW, JACF, Epigraphic Society Occasional Papers, Discussions in Egyptology and elsewhere. My previous argument [1 that Theon's 'Petit Commentaire' supports the proposition that the Egyptian calendar used ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 55  -  05 Mar 2003  -  22k  -  URL:
27. Briefing [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... From: SIS Chronology and Catastrophism Workshop 1989 No 1 (May 1989) Home¦ Issue Contents Briefing Death Knell for Sothic Dating source: Discussions in Egyptology 13 (1989), pp. 79-88 Nel Weggelaar and Chris Kort's 'The Calendar Reforms of Ancient Egypt' is a paper which challenges R. A. Parker's widely accepted thesis that the Egyptians used a 365 day calendar throughout most of their history. They note that there is little positive evidence in favour of Parker's contention: for the Old Kingdom we have only two inscriptions mentioning 'the five days upon the year'. This they argue does not necessarily mean five epagomenal days: an alternative explanation could be found within a lunar calendar in which feasts were celebrated for the birth of the gods on those 'five days upon the year'. During the Middle Kingdom there is unequivocal evidence for the existence of epagomenal days. But by studying the geometry of the inscriptions Weggelaar and Kort discovered the year should have been 1 day shorter than the 365 in Parker's model. Their conclusion from this was that the Middle ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 45  -  05 Mar 2003  -  5k  -  URL:
28. Society News [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... with the works of Velikovsky, Schaeffer, Patten, Muck, Hapgood and others. John Bimson gave a lucid talk on the archaeological controversy over the copper workings at Timna and the dating of pottery found there and at related sites. He made a strong case for the original dating of Nelson Glueck as compared to that now widely accepted. Recent radio-carbon dating of charcoal from the Timna workings supports his (and Glueck's) chronology, and not the orthodox. A most stimulating talk was given finally by John Fermor on the matter of Sothic dating. He firstly gave reasons why Velikovsky's treatment of the subject was erroneous, but proceeded to point out that conventional interpretations were also likely to err. A small matter like an Earth Inversion brings the Sothic date for Thutmose III (for example) into the 10th century: he indicated there may be other factors too which might alter Sothic date calculations. It is hoped to present a fuller account of these talks in a forthcoming Review. Refreshments were available between the talks in the spacious comfort of the Common Room and special ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 45  -  05 Mar 2003  -  8k  -  URL:
... 1828 when he read Shoshenq I's wall relief at Karnak, seemingly naming many Palestinian cities conquered by him during one of his campaigns. Manetho's king lists, along with others found in tombs and on papyri, were then used, together with Biblical dates for Abraham, the Exodus and Shishak, to formulate more informed views on the antiquity of Egyptian history- and, of course, Egyptologists followed the natural inclinations of their predecessors in wanting to date everything as early as possible. Around the turn of the century, the concept of Sothic Dating, first proposed by German Egyptologists, began to be accepted as a means of estimating dates, otherwise unobtainable, for the end of the MK and the beginning of the New Kingdom (NK). Although no evidence for its use by Egyptians was ever found, Sothic Dating became incorporated into accepted Egyptological dogma after being embraced by J H Breasted in his influential work Ancient Records of Egypt (1906) [4. At that time almost all kings were assumed to have reigned solely and consecutively over all of Egypt and ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 44  -  05 Mar 2003  -  84k  -  URL:
30. Focus [SIS C&C Review $]
... Reeds BY PETER JAMES The "high" chronology for the ancient Near East proposed by Dr JAMES MELLAART in a recent issue of Antiquity (reviewed by GAMMON and JAMES in "Anchors Aweigh", SISR IV:1. pp. 2-3) has met with a cool reception in archaeological circles. Mellaart, in an attempt to reconcile the archaeological dates for the Early and Middle Bronze Ages with the tree-ring-calibrated C14 results, had suggested raising the former by up to 200 years. To do so he was prepared to abandon the key Sothic date of 1872 BC for Sesostris III, and reintroduce extra "Dark Ages" into early Hittite and Assyrian history. Antiquity has since published a double rejoinder to Mellaart sharply criticising both his methodology and his conclusions. For all his radiocarbon dates for the Palestinian Early Bronze Age, Mellaart had relied on an article by JOSEPH CALLAWAY and JAMES WEINSTEIN [1. The latter, visiting assistant professor of Near Eastern Archaeology at Cornell University, has published a response in the March 1980 issue of Antiquity (pp. 21-24, "Palestinian ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 40  -  05 Mar 2003  -  35k  -  URL:
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