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Search results for: sothic in all categories
172 results found.
18 pages of results.
101. Sothis and the Morning Star in the Pyramid Texts [Aeon Journal $]
... stars and planets in the Pyramid Texts there is little agreement as to the specific asterisms involved and, in any case, there are grave problems with virtually every one of the identifications proposed thus far. In this essay we will examine the passages which have been advanced as referring to Sirius and the Morning Star. The correct identification of these two bodies is a matter of paramount importance not only for a correct understanding of ancient Egyptian religion, but-- because of the heavy reliance upon astronomically-oriented methods of retrocalculating history (via the Sothic cycle)-- of an adequate foundation for ancient chronology as well. (2) On Spd.t And Sirius The Pyramid Texts are thought to have been compiled in the third millennium BCE, although many of the passages may reflect predynastic beliefs. (3) Composed by various scribes throughout the centuries and renowned for numerous conundrums and internal inconsistencies, these texts are not without their difficulties for the researcher of comparative mythology. Such problems notwithstanding, the Pyramid Texts represent the oldest body of literature dealing with the various celestial bodies and ...
102. Solomon, The Exodus and Abraham Related to Egyptian Chronology [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... is Iron I a truly separate time period? (iv) what is the position of Solomon in the stratigraphy- Late Bronze or Iron, or both?, and (v) if the entry of the Israelites into Canaan is marked by the transition from EB III to EB/MB (MB I on the American system), then what process in the Judges period is represented by the further marked transition from EB/MB to MB I (MB I to MB II on the American system)? Some Comments on Sothic and Carbon Dating This article would not be complete without some indication of the approach to be adopted on these subjects. It is to be hoped that Sothic dating will soon be dead and buried. This method, whereby the Egyptian civil calendar of 365 days per year is supposed to have slowly progressed relative to the true year on a cycle of approximately 1460 years, has very weak foundations and Egyptologists should not have based their whole chronology on it [34. However, carbon dating is a useful tool that is not going ...
103. Bookshelf [SIS C&C Review $]
... chronology is concluded. Part Two finishes with an interesting and valuable section, "Retrospect and Prospect" since Peoples of the Sea is actually Volume IV of the Ages in Chaos series. A touch of irony is provided here, when Velikovsky sets about renaming the Dynasties whose numerical order he has utterly disrupted. Finally, the book has as an appendix the crucially important paper "Astronomy and Chronology" (already published in Pensée). On this paper the whole concept of a revised chronology depends- it is Velikovsky's key attack on Sothic dating, hitherto the very backbone of Egyptian chronology. Velikovsky shows that little more than good common sense is needed to see that the supposedly "scientific" Sothic dating scheme, which is based on the authority of jottings in Greek manuscripts and not on native Egyptian documents, is founded on quite false premises. The Sothic scheme is contrived and flimsy, and fails to satisfy rigorous examination within a uniformitarian scheme, while for those who accept the basic premise of Worlds in Collision it is based on doubly false premises. Whether or ...
104. Timna and Egyptian Dates [Aeon Journal $]
... seems to believe that its early date was derived from its "archaeological context". As we have seen, however, the archaeological context of Timna speaks an entirely different language. The impressive iron finds of Stratum III and Stratum II certainly qualify for an Iron Age. That the strata are assigned to a Bronze Age is not due to any archaeological context but to pseudoastronomical chronological constructs of modern Egyptology. Since, however, Rothenberg and his opponents alike believe in usefulness of this astronomical construct-- i.e., the purely ideological Sothic method of time-reckoning-- for dating ancient Egypt and its neighbors, his innocent deception went unnoticed. The opposing parties could settle for peace in a folie a deux. In Egyptology proper, however, Rothenberg's and his opponents' belief in Sothic dates is on the retreat. Qualified scientists have expressed their doubts on the matter, (31) and five years ago it was finally abandoned by Egyptology's Grand Old Man, the outstanding chronology expert and editor of the Lexikon der Agyptologie, Wolfgang Helck: "Work on chronology has ...
105. In Defence of Higher Chronologies [SIS C&C Review $]
... ¦ Issue Contents ARTICLES In Defence of Higher Chronologies by Professor Lynn E. Rose In his Theses [1 and later in his Ages in Chaos series [2, Immanuel Velikovsky lowered the dates of many ancient societies. Typically, this was by about 5 to 7 centuries, although the Sebennytic Dynasty of Egypt was lowered by about 8 centuries. For many years I have supported these various lowerings. In the early 1990s, I even began arguing that Dynasty XII of Egypt also had to be lowered, by a little over one Sothic period. Actually, the famous Sothic date in Year 7 of Sesostris III would need to be lowered from -1871 (where Parker [3 placed it) to -394, which amounts to nearly 1477 years. This lowering of Dynasty XII means we must also lower (also by roughly one Sothic period) not only the entire Middle Kingdom, of which Dynasty XII is a part, but also the Old Kingdom, which is in tandem with the Middle Kingdom. Both the Old Kingdom and the Middle Kingdom appear to have been ...
106. The Celestial Dynamics of "Worlds in Collision" [SIS C&C Review $]
... hieroglyphic text they used the sign for the star Sirius, the Dog Star, which is called Sothis in Greek. Velikovsky says- and again I think he is right- that the Greek text holds the original meaning, and the Greek text speaks of "the star of Isis", which is Venus. In the second half of the first millennium the Maya, the Greeks and the Egyptians in fact had a Venus year; and the Egyptologist Weill has remarked that the Egyptians themselves had no idea that they observed a "Sothic Year"- they knew nothing about it. There was also a very important observation of Venus in, I think, the middle of the 18th century: it was recorded by Bruce, who trained in Africa, and he writes that Venus was so luminous that it could be seen during the day, and that it was brighter than the Moon. If this was so in the 18th century, it shows that there are changes in the sky of which we may not know. In fact, both Weill and Parker ...
107. The Nature of the Historical Record [SIS C&C Review $]
... acceptance, it would save many people much time, effort, argument and even anguish. Unfortunately they do not. I do not think that thermo-luminescence tests have yet been applied in this field but, as DR MACKIE will demonstrate, the results from radiocarbon tests are often inconclusive and mutually contradictory; and even where they are not, their margin of error is too great to be of much value in settling the argument between the conventional and revised chronologies. As regards astronomical dating, even if one accepts that the concept of a Sothic cycle is sound and that it was actually used by the ancient Egyptians (which is open to considerable doubt), the data from which the absolute dates of Senwosret III, Amenhotep I and Thutmose III are derived are so meagre and ambiguous that it would be imprudent to place much, if any, reliance on them [20. This conference is discussing the validity of Dr Velikovsky's concept of "Ages in Chaos". I think I have said enough to indicate that there are respectable reasons for there being, if not ...
108. Metallurgy and Chronology [SIS C&C Review $]
... of C14 dating (pp. 413-8), he completely rejects its application on a world-wide basis [3, preferring to stick to uncorrected C14 dates. Until tree-ring sequences for different areas of Europe and Western Asia have been developed, surely this is the most honest approach to the problem. Dayton, much to his credit, sees no good reason to tamper with and "correct" the "low" results from Egyptian samples, since they are only "low" when compared to the historical dates derived from the theory of Sothic dating, which he also wisely rejects (p. 190). His map showing the uncorrected dates for the earliest occurrences of copper and tin bronzes in archaeological contexts stresses the obvious fact, obscured by Renfrew's enthusiasm for the "second radiocarbon revolution", that the dates for the metal-working Neolithic cultures of Europe are still earlier than those for the Near East. "We have the assumption that Carbon 14 dates are unaffected by local geographical variations in their uncorrected state for the area from the Indus to Cornwall, which is improbable ...
109. The Stone of Shamir (Vox Populi) [Kronos $]
... (Varro) date for the foundation of Rome. 2. Worlds in Collision, "The Comet Typhon". 3. Translated by R. Z. Werblowsky from the original Hebrew, printed in Tel Aviv in 1957; published by the Princeton Univ. Press, Bollingen Series XCIII, 1973, issued again with corrections in 1975. 4. Memoire... contenant diverses Relations tres curieuses de l'Empire Ottoman by one Chevalier de la Croix (Paris, 1684), Vol. 11, p. 359. MORE ON SOTHIC DATING To the Editor of KRONOS: Some cautions on the subject of Sothic dating may not come amiss, particularly when people start making rather loose claims- such as John Dayton on p. 75 of KRONOS VI: 1, when he claimed"... all primitive peoples recognize the lunar cycle, which, however, repeats itself every 25 years". This 25 year cycle derives from the work of Professor R.A. Parker; it is an ingenious invention but it is rather strictly limited in its potential applications. ...
110. On the Survival of Velikovsky's Thesis in 'Ages in Chaos' [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... point after the end of I)ynasty XII.[12 It has been necessary to modify certain points in my thesis, but on these two points there has been no change of opinion over the twenty years since publication. It is here contended that this is the only feasible placement of the Israelite conquest and that there is little hope of attaining solutions to related problems short of first correcting these mistakes made in setting up the traditional chronology of the early dynasties. Placing the Hyksos in Dynasty XIII Even prior to adoption of this sothic dating scheme in the late era of the nineteenth century, the problem of placing the Hyksos invasion in relation to Dynasty XIII had become a "bone of contention." The view had long been entertained that the Hyksos invasion marked the beginning of Dynasty XIII. This becomes a matter of peculiar significance to the survival of Velikovsky's thesis since he has adopted this same point for the Hyksos invasion. At the time of writing Ages in Chaos the Hyksos invasion had been placed a century deep into Dynasty XIII. In his book Velikovsky ...
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