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Search results for: shamash in all categories

133 results found.

6 pages of results.
1. Shamash and Sin [Journals] [SIS Workshop]
... From: SIS Chronology and Catastrophism Workshop 1992 No 2 (Jan 1993) Home | Issue Contents Shamash and Sin by Dwardu Cardona The origin of the Star and Crescent', as reported in the Monitor section of C & C Workshop 1992:1 , p. 34, caught my attention, not least because my name popped up in the short discussion. Whoever is responsible for the item is correct in maintaining that the symbol was used by a wide variety of people way before the foundation of Islam' and is usually interpreted as representing Ishtar and Sin', who are normally identified as Venus and the Moon'. In parenthesis it is then added that: " ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 291  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/workshop/w1992no2/16sin.htm
2. Mons Veneris [Journals] [Aeon]
... art and literature from the Old and New World alike. Our discussion here will focus upon the literature and art from the ancient Near East and, while necessarily technical in nature, it is hoped that it will serve as a launching pad for a radical reinterpretation of ancient cosmology in general. (Fig. 1) Cylinder seal impression showing Shamash rising over the twin-peaked mountain. Simply stated, it can be shown that descriptions of the celestial whereabouts and stereotypical behavior of the ancient sun-god (Utu, Shamash), Venus (Inanna, Ishtar), and Mars (Nergal), show the respective celestial bodies in positions which are impossible given the current arrangement of the Solar System ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 161  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/aeon/vol0405/063mons.htm
3. Intimations of an Alien Sky [Journals] [Aeon]
... , this last datum is enough to make one believe that, at least to the Hindus, Saturn and the Sun were close to being synonymous. (6 ) The Sun as Saturn A common entry in a collection of astrological reports from Nineveh and Babylon which, in variant forms, is many times repeated, uses the formula "when Shamash stands in the halo of Sin" such and such a thing will come to pass. (41) Now open up just about any work on Assyro-Babylonian mythology and you will find it stated that Shamash and Sin were the deified Sun and Moon. The omen mentioned above should then read "when the Sun stands in the halo of ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 106  -  30 Jul 2008  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/aeon/vol0205/005alien.htm
4. Shamash The Sun God [Journals] [SIS Internet Digest]
... From: SIS Internet Digest 2001:1 (Jun 2001) Home | Issue Contents Shamash The Sun God Ken, Had a look through your Web page, and was wondering whether you may know the source and traditional description of the image below. I would guess that the figure on the left is Hammurabi, but the one on the right completely baffles me. Any help you can provide would be appreciated. Regards, Ian, UK Ian, your image of a what appears to be a mythological scene. The image on the right seems to be a sun image with the all seeing eye in the forehead. However ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 101  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/i-digest/2001-1/06sham.htm
... these cults. Of the Sumerian sun-god Utu, relatively little is known. Indeed, even the reading of the god's name is not beyond doubt. (24) Among the symbols of god, however, appears our Figure 2- the sun disc with central dot- set upon a pole. (25) Better attested is the Akkadian Shamash, who appears in a wide variety of iconographical contexts. Upon countless cylinder seals and reliefs, for example, Shamash is depicted in anthropomorphic form emerging from the "mountain of the east". (26) The most common symbol for Shamash is shown in Figure 6, attested already in Akkadian times. (27) In most ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 90  -  30 Jul 2008  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/aeon/vol0302/051suns.htm
6. The Polar Sun [Books]
... calling him to acts of devotion, bidding him raise an altar and kindle sacrificial flames. "Before the Sun's all-glorious shrine the first men knelt and raised their voices in praise and supplication, fully confirmed in the belief that their prayers were heard and answered." (1 ) Not without reason do scholars identify the Greek Helios, Assyrian Shamash, or Egyptian Re with the solar orb. Can it be doubted that Helios, radiating light from his brow and mounted on a fiery chariot, is our sun? That helios became the Greek word for the solar orb is beyond dispute. In Egypt countless hymns to the god Re extol him as the divine power opening the " ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 83  -  15 Nov 2001  -  URL: /online/pubs/books/saturn/ch-03.htm
7. Heracles and the Planet Mars [Journals] [Aeon]
... enclosure. (25) Indo-European scholars have established that Yama/Yima was identified with the planet Saturn although they have been unable to explain the connection between this planet and archaic traditions of the netherworld. A curious conception, reflected in the mythologies of many lands, holds that the ancient sun-god was also ruler of the netherworld. The Babylonian Shamash, for example, was worshipped as regent of the underworld and king of the shades. (26) Significantly, Shamash was also identified with the planet Saturn. (27) Similar ideas also surrounded the Egyptian Ra, who, like the Greek Kronos, presided over a paradisal celestial field where the spirits of the dead were wont ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 62  -  30 Jul 2008  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/aeon/vol0104/089herac.htm
... splendor," was the central luminary of the sky, but not our sun, and later departed to a more remote domain. When it comes to the well-known sun gods of early man, nothing in the mythical record seems to have unnerved the experts. As to the original solar character of the Greek Helios, Latin Sol, Assyrian Shamash, or Egyptian Ra, scholars have maintained an unwavering confidence. And surely you can see why: could it really be doubted that Helios, radiating light from his brow, is our sun? In Egypt, countless hymns to the god Ra extol him as the divine power opening the "day." "The lords of all ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 55  -  19 Mar 2004  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/thoth/thoth1-10.htm
9. The Saturn Theory [Journals] [SIS Review]
... ], such images are ubiquitous in the prehistoric rock art of every inhabited continent. Hitherto they have been interpreted as drawings of the Sun by virtually all leading authorities on ancient art and religion, despite the fact that they do not have any obvious resemblance to the current solar orb. Figure 2 Sun drawings Figure 3 Akkadian seal showing eye-like Shamash disc Figure 4 Shamash disc as an eight-pointed star It is noteworthy that the ancient sun-god was depicted in the very same manner by the earliest civilisations in Egypt and Mesopotamia. Fig. 3, for example, shows an Akkadian seal in which the Shamash disc is represented as an eye-like' object, as in the first image in figure ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 47  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/review/v2000n1/087sat.htm
10. The Poem of Erra [Journals] [Aeon]
... If the Sun goes down (by a Darkness/Eclipse) and Mars stands in its place, there will be an usurpator." (42) Significant here is the mention of the untimely going down of the sun, with Mars in attendance, not unlike the references in the Poem of Erra to Erra's role in the eclipse of Shamash/Marduk. (43) Another passage links Mars (the red star) with the end of the king's reign: "If the Moon in Nisan has a halo, and the red star... stands therein, the Reign of the king will end." (44) Mars is elsewhere associated with the onset of ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 45  -  30 Jul 2008  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/aeon/vol0105/066poem.htm
... claims that the text does not refer to an eclipse of the Sun, but merely says something like "the sky was darkened on the xth day of the month Simanu". This is not true. As I pointed out in my article (footnote 8b), the text uses the common technical term for an observed solar eclipse: shamash atalu. Shamash means "Sun", atalu means "eclipse". When the Babylonian astronomers referred to a calculated solar eclipse, they put the word atalu before shamash. When they referred to an observed solar eclipse, they put atalu after shamash. Lunar eclipses were referred to in the same way (sin atalu and atalu sin ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 44  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/workshop/w1988no1/24assyr.htm
... , Šamaš cannot of course be the sun. The proof that it is Saturn is furnished by the astrologers themselves: In Nr. 176 (6 ) rev. 3 there is a gloss to the effect, (Mul) Lu-Bat Sag-Uš (7 ) Mul (il) Šamaš šu-u, i.e . "the planet Saturn is Shamash" (8 ) . In a number of cases the explanation is added: (Mul) Lu-Bat Sag-Uš ina tarbas Sin izzaz, i.e . "Saturn stands in the halo of the moon". So in Nos. 90 obv. 5, 101A rev. 1-2 (to be restored); 144 rev. 3 ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 43  -  19 Jun 2005  -  URL: /online/pubs/articles/sun-sat.htm
13. The Saturn Thesis [Journals] [Aeon]
... the colors associated with the participating planets are: Saturn: yellow, gold, ochre. Venus: white, silver, gray, turning to bright turquoise. Mars: blue-gray, growing to deep rusty red. Jupiter: (unseen until displacement of Saturn): brightly ornamented with bands, undulating streams and colorful spots. The wheel of Shamash AEON: Let's give an overview of the myths relating to these early phases of the configuration. You have one phase in which Venus and Mars are simply viewed in conjunction, and another phase in which they still stand in conjunction, but material is streaming out from Venus. At least that's the way it apparently looked from Earth. ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 42  -  06 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/aeon/vol0403/010satrn.htm
... various figures discovered at Al-Hiba and elsewhere. It is not as if we do not possess portraits of Darius with which to compare it. A slew of them adorn the walls of Persepolis. Darius is there shown wearing characteristic Persian robes and crowned with the legitimate Persian tiara. Moreover, Hammurabi is shown receiving the laws from the Babylonian god Shamash who is depicted in characteristic Mesopotamian style. On the Behistun inscription, the very place where he claims to have been the first to inscribe laws, Darius is shown correctly in front of his god the Persian Ahura Mazda. Is Heinsohn now going to tell us that this "greatest king of entire antiquity" had himself portrayed in foreign ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 40  -  30 Jul 2008  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/aeon/vol0106/072srgon.htm
15. Sennecherib & Esarhaddo [Journals] [Catastrophism & Ancient History]
... this Canon was compiled, nor do we have Ptolemy's sources. Although his overall count from Nabonassar to Darius is correct, our disagreement is with the reigns of the kings for the period under discussion. Some GAD5 changes have already been made: a. Esarhaddon (12) #68-79 680-669 B.C . b. 2nd accession-year of Shamash: #80 668 B.C . c. Kandalanu (21) # 101-121 647-627 BC. As Ptolemy was only concerned with the Babylonian kings, the period from the 1st to the 2nd. Interregnum is thought to represent the regnal-years of Sennecherib. They do not. b. "The Assyrian King List"6 This list ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 40  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/cat-anc/vol1402/105senn.htm
16. The Saturn Thesis (Part 3) [Journals] [Aeon]
... , in their most common forms, depict three spheres in juxtaposition? 2) Did ancient astronomers know that the three spheres were the planets Saturn, Venus, and Mars, joined in the fashion I had deduced from a meticulous consideration of the Egyptian material? The answers are given, in a most persuasive way, by the wheel of Shamash. And since it was the analysis of the Egyptian imagery, not the Mesopotamian, which produced the model of three "planets in conjunction," the role of prediction-for-mulation and confirmation in this case is significant. You can begin with the smallest, central circle in the Shamash wheel. In numerous instances from cylinder seals, boundary stones ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 40  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/aeon/vol0406/039satrn.htm
17. The Sun Of Night [Journals] [Kronos]
... [the Chaldeans] call the star of Helius."(18) Helius (or Helios), as almost everybody knows, is the name by which the Greeks called the Sun. Strictly speaking, this was not exactly an error on the part of Diodorus for, to the Chaldeans and Assyro Babylonians, as we shall see, Shamash was a name which they bestowed on both the Sun and the planet Saturn. This confusion of Saturn with the Sun did not originate due to the ignorance of the ancient astronomers. It was due to those later ones who were born too late to see that Saturn was once indeed a sun. As such was this "planet" ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 39  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/kronos/vol0301/031sun.htm
... line is the polar axis of the heavens and earth. The two seven-staged pyra mids represent the earth, the upper being the abode of living men, the under one the abode of the dead. The separating waters are the four seas. The seven inner homocentric globes are respectively thf> domains and special abodes of Sin, Shamash, Nabu, Ishtar, Nergal, Marduk, and Ninib, each being a "world-ruler" in his own planetary sphere. The outermost of the spheres, that of Anu and Ea, is the heaven of the fixed stars. The axis from center to zenith marks " the Way of Anu "; the axis from center to ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 37  -  19 Jul 2007  -  URL: /online/pubs/books/paradise/1909-earliest.htm
19. In Defense Of The Saturn Thesis [Journals] [Aeon]
... motions of Ra, which James also accepts as a personification of the Sun, fail to conform with those of the Sun? [33] And is Ra the only so-called sun-god the characteristics and motions of which fail to conform with those of our present Sun? How, then, can it be said that all these so-called sun-gods- Shamash, Ra, Surya, and a host of others- were personifications of the current solar orb? Besides, is not James forgetting that, according to the Assyro-Babylonians themselves, Shamash was a name for the planet Saturn? [34] Is he not forgetting that, in Ptolemaic times at least, the Egyptian Ra was identified as ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 35  -  03 Feb 2007  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/aeon/vol0603/029saturn.htm
20. The Background to 'Ramses II and His Time' [Journals] [SIS Workshop]
... father of 4. MUWATALLIS (Ramesses II) father of 5. URHI TESHUB ( " " ) nephew of 6. HATTUSILIS III (son of 3) ( " " ) father of 7. TUDHALIYAS IV (Merenptah) In the 7th and 6th centuries BC, the accepted sequence of viceroys and kings of Babylon is: 8. SHAMASH SHUM UKIN (Viceroy) 668-648 9. KANDALANU (Viceroy) 648-626 10. NABOPOLASSAR (Viceroy/King) 626-605 father of 11. NEBUCHADREZZAR II (King) 605-562 father of 12. EVIL MEPODACH 562-560 13. NERIGLISSAR 560-556 father of 14. LABASH MARDUK 556 15. NABONIDUS 556-539 Shamash Shum Ukin (8 ), the brother ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 35  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/workshop/no1/06backg.htm
21. Heinsohn's Ancient "History" [Journals] [Aeon]
... proffered by Heinsohn would be disproved. On the other hand, with falsifiability being such an intrinsic feature of this revision of history, the continuing absence of disproof (the theory has been circulated among laymen and scholars alike for five years or more), increases its plausibility." [1 ] Hammurabi- receiving the laws from his god Shamash. From the upper register of the basalt stele containing the law code of the king. For Shulgi and Nebuchadnezzar, we would substitute Hammurabi and Darius, two of the most famous kings in the history of the ancient Near East (we will discuss the proper placement of Nebuchadnezzar along the way). Fortunately, there is an abundance ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 33  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/aeon/vol0504/57heins.htm
... as well as to the nun Gertrude, in whose public house the souls spent the first night after death (see above, p. 208, n. 9)— takes pity on Gilgamesh in his ragged condition, listens to his tale of woe but advises him to return home and make the best of his life. 295 Even Shamash comes to him and tells him: "The life which thou seekest thou wilt not find." But Gilgamesh goes on being afraid of eternal sleep: "Let mine eyes see the sun, that I may be sated with light." [n19 Old Babyl. Version, Tabl. 10, col. 1, 8, ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 30  -  30 Jan 2006  -  URL: /online/no-text/hamlets-mill/santillana11.html
23. British Museum: Compass [Journals] [SIS Internet Digest]
... Welcome to COMPASS, a database of some 3000 objects selected from the huge range of the Museum's collections. You can make your own search, look at our suggested objects of the month, or take a virtual Tour. Follow the links you will find between the objects, and see where they take you! [A search for "Shamash" returns 18 results, including the following] Greenstone seal of Adda: Akkadian, about 2300-2200 BC. From Mesopotamia, Four of the principal Mesopotamian deities. This is one of the many high quality greenstone seals that were made when much of Mesopotamia was united under the military control of the kings of the city of Agade (Akkad ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 28  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/i-digest/2001-1/05museum.htm
24. The Milky Way [Journals] [Aeon]
... one can make sense of the ancient lore surrounding the Milky Way. The Greek name for the planet Saturn was Kronos. Yet Plato, among others, called the planet Helios. (85) Modern scholars investi-gating this report have concluded that for some reason the ancient Greeks understood Saturn as a sun-god, much as the ancient Akkadians identified their Shamash with Saturn. Obviously puzzled by this anomaly, Hunger and Pingree wrote as follows: "One might conjecture that the name Star of the Sun' arose from the fact that the Sun's [Hypsoma] sets as Saturn's rises." (86) With this ad hoc conjecture, these eminent archaeoastronomers let the matter drop. Recalled as ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 26  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/aeon/vol0404/039milky.htm
25. Jupiter -- God of Abraham (Part II) [Journals] [Kronos]
... that body as a dying one. Jupiter's connection with "righteousness" is a borrowed one. The concept seems to have originated with Saturn. Rosenberg, for one, has stated: ". . . the feature which distinguished the . . . cult of Babylonia was the association of justice and righteousness with the god. Samas [or Shamash] . . . was the judge of mankind . . . The priests in their capacity as judges spoke in his name. Laws were promulgated as the decrees of Samas; Hammurapi's [or Hammurabi's] code of laws is surmounted by a relief showing the king in the act of receiving the laws from the . . . god's hand ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 25  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/kronos/vol0702/042jupit.htm
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