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Search results for: santorini in all categories
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8 pages of results.
61. Monitor [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... is a typically iron-poor, silica-rich melt. He cites Devine et al. on the strong correlation between the iron and sulphur contents of undegassed magmas, and Rampino& Self on the greater likelihood of intermediate-sized sulphur-rich eruptions being represented in ice cores than the larger, sulphur-poor ones. His conclusion is worth noting: "This suggests that the Minoan eruption need not have had any extraordinary global impact." Although the tree rings do show something for the 17th century BC, he notes "there is no clear reason for assigning this to Santorini other than the belief that the Minoan eruption ought to be represented" and, of course, being sulphur-poor, it might well not be represented! Our Monitor correspondent, while noting the significance of Pyle's suggestion that the Thera eruption might not have had any great global impact (and therefore might not show in the ice cores or tree-ring records), wonders why we are only recently (in 1989) hearing this argument: the evidence on which it is based is quite old and easily accessible. Iraqi Finds sources: Biblical ...
62. Homer in the Baltic [Aeon Journal $]
... layout. The increasing presence of Greek-speaking populations in the Mediterranean basin, with their cultural and trade supremacy, later consolidated this phenomenon from the time of Mycenaean civilization to the Hellenistic-Roman period. In short, besides the geographic correspondences in favor of this theory, there is the remarkable temporal concurrence between the end of the "climate optimum" in northern Europe and the settling of the Mycenaeans in the Aegean area. We should also note that a catastrophic event happened at that time. This was the eruption of the volcano of Thera (Santorini) around the year 1630 bc, which presumably extinguished the Minoan civilization in Crete, and certainly had severe consequences worldwide. Traces of it have been found in the annual rings of ancient American trees. This eruption would have given rise to atmospheric phenomena which must have terrorized the Bronze Age civilizations of northern Europe. If we consider that the "optimum" had begun to decline some centuries before, this event probably started, or quickened, the final collapse. This is the same age that saw the rise of Aryan, ...
63. Natural Catastrophes During Bronze Age Civilisations [Aeon Journal $]
... tree-ring chronology, Mike Baillie looked for the worst cases the tree rings recorded-- the thinnest rings, which would indicate frost damage, caused perhaps by a particularly long cold spell due to the eruption of a volcano which would have brought dust into the atmosphere and thus blocked out the sunlight. Baillie informed his audience that there exist a series of rings which show no summer growth and which were dated, via his sequence, to 3624 BP (1627 BC). His conclusion was that this must be the date of the Santorini eruption because it fits in with the date proposed by some archaeologists. This date was also correlated with high acidity levels in the Greenland Ice cores from Camp Century. Baillie correlates tree-ring dates, ice core dates, Biblical dates and events, and the chronology of the ancient world as constructed in the last century, in order to provide a reasonable looking structure. Baillie is of the opinion that long-lasting dips in the climate, as indicated by tree ring growths, are caused by cosmic dust. There are, he said, ...
64. Comets and the Bronze Age Collapse [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... objective interpretation. References: 1. Dioszegi, V. (1986) 2. Baillie and Munro (1988) 3. Whipple, F. 1985 4. Lonsdale, S. 1982, Barnard, N. 1972, 1973 5. MacCulloch, C.J.A. 1928 6. Morphy, H. 1989 Bibliography: Armstrong, Edward A.: The Folklore of Birds (2d. ed.). Dover Publications, Inc. NY, 1970. Baillie, M.G.L. and Munro, M.A.R.: 'Irish tree rings, Santorini and volcanic dust veils', Nature vol. 332 24 March 1988 (pp. 344-346). Barnard, Noel (Ed.): Early Chinese Art and its Possible Influence in the Pacific Basin, vol. 1 Intercultural Arts Press, NY, 1972 (pp. 118-121, 150-151). Barnard Noel: The Chu Silk Manuscript (Translation and Commentary, part 2) Australian National University, Canberra, 1973 (pp. 122-156). Bate, H.N.: The Sibylline Oracles Books III-V MacMillan Company, NY ...
65. Forum [SIS C&C Review $]
... in Whole Earth Review (Fall 1987), pp. 70-73. 6. M. W. Herron and C. C. Langway Jr: 'Chloride, Nitrate and Sulfate in the Dye 3 and Camp Century, Greenland Ice Cores', in C. C. Langway et al. (eds.): Greenland Ice Core: Geophysics, Geochemistry, and the Environment, Geophysical Monograph 33 (Washington DC, 1985), pp. 77-84 7. C. U. Hammer et al.: 'The Minoan Eruption of Santorini in Greece Dated to 1645 BC?', Nature 328 (1987), pp. 518-9; T. Risbo et al.: 'Supernovae and nitrate in the Greenland Ice Sheet', Nature 294 (1981), pp. 637-9 (report zero correlation); but C&N are giving first priority to 14 C and 10 Be isotopic signatures. NB: Typically, short-term climatic deterioration is presumed to be related to large volcanic eruptions, as with Tambora in 1815, and especially with ancient climatic deterioration; see ...
66. New Evidence for Ages in Chaos [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... . References C. H. Gordon is among those who profess such a belief, though not to the extent of this work of revision. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 50, pp. 13-23. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 179 (1965) pp. 41-42. The Egyptologists remain divided on the question. A. G. Galanopoulos, ? Die aegyptischen Plagen und der Auszug Israels aus geologischer Sicht,? Z. Altertum 10 (1964) pp. 131-37; D. Ninkovitch and B. Heezen, ? Santorini Tephra ? in Proceedings of the Seventeenth Symposium of the Colston Research Society (1965) pp. 444-47. The Illustrated London News, September 12, 1959, p. 250; Kush, Journal of the Sudan Antiquities Service, vol. VIII (1959) pp. 7-10. For evidence of the use of horse-drawn chariots under the XIIIthe Dynasty at the very end of the Middle Kingdom, see W. Helck, ? Ein indirekter Beleg fuer die Benutzung des leichten Streitwagens in Aegypten zu Ende der 13. Dynastie,? ...
67. Some Additional Evidence from the Period from the Exodus to the End of the Eighteenth Dynasty [SIS C&C Review $]
... Further Light on the History of Middle-Bronze Byblos", BASOR 179 (1965), pp. 38- 43, specifically pp. 41ff. However, Barbara Bell still considers it to belong to the First Intermediate Period: "The Dark Ages in Ancient History", part 1, AJA 75 (1971), p. 11. 4. A. G. Galanopoulos: "Die ägyptischen Plagen und der Auszug Israels aus geologischer Sicht", Z. Alterturn 10 (1964), pp.131-137; D.Ninkovich and B.Heezen: "Santorini Tephra", Proceedings of the Seventeenth Symposium of the Colston Research Society (1965), pp. 444-7. 5. The Illustrated London News, Sept. 12,1959, p. 250; Kush (Journal of the Sudan Antiquities Service) VIII (1959), pp. 7-10. [For evidence of the use of horse-drawn chariots under the XIIIth Dynasty at the very end of the Middle Kingdom, see the Postscript to J. J. Bimson: "Israel in Egypt", SISR IV:1 ( ...
68. A Gap Closed [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... Earth in Upheaval, section ? Crete.? Marinatos, ? The Volcanic Destruction of Minoan Crete,? Antiquity XIII (1939), pp. 425ff. [For a review of the extensive literature, cf. Hiller, ? Die Explosion des Vulkans von Thera,? Gymnasium 82 (1975), pp 32-74. L. Pomerance has suggested that the collapse of Thera and the resulting tsunami devastated not only Crete, but the entire East Mediterranean basin at the end of the Late Helladic IIIB ceramic phase The Final Collapse of Santorini (Thera), Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology vol. XXVI (Göteborg, 1970).Marinatos, ? The Volcanic Destruction of Minoan Crete,? p. 429. R. Sernander, ? Klimaverschlechterung, Postglaziale ? in Reallexikon der Vorgeschichte ed. Max Ebert, VII (1926). ? Postglaziale Klimaaenderungen und Erdkrustenbewegungen in Mittel-Europa,? Mitteilungen der geographischen Gesellschaft in Muenchen, vol. XVI, no.2 (1923), pp. 13-348. Man and Mammoth in Mexico (London, 1957). Brooks, Climate through ...
69. Bibliography [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... Archaeology of Crete (London, 1939) Picard, C., ? Installations cultuelles retrouvées au Tophet de Salambo,? Rivista degli Studi Orientali. 42 (1967) Pickard, G. C. and C., The Life and Death of Carthage (tr. by D. Collon) (London, 1968) Pierides, A., Jewelry in the Cyprus Museum (Nicosia, 1971) Plommer, H., ? Shadowy Megara,? JHS 97 (1977) Pomerance, L., The Final Collapse of Santorini (Thera) (Götteborg, 1971) Popham, M. R. and Sackett, L. H., Excavations at Lefkandi, Euboea 1964-66 (London, 1968) Pottier, E., ? Observations sur la ceramique mycenienne,? Revue Archeologique 28 (1896) Pottier, E., ? Documents ceramiques du Musee du Louvre,? Bulletin du correspondance hellenique (henceforth BCH), 31 (1907) Poulsen, F., Der Orient und die frühgriechische Kunst (Berlin, 1912) Pritchard, J. ...
70. The Design of the Palace [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... similarity of the earliest post-Mycenaean graves to their pre-Mycenaean counterparts, cf. above ? Dark Age Burials,? n. 2. E.g. Immaerwahr, (1971), pp. 154-155. Because Athens looms so large in every discussion of post-Mycenaean Greece, it has seemed appropriate to mention some of its problems not directly related to Mycenae ? s palace; we shall return to it when considering other sites at the end of this treatise. Cf. ns. 18-19, 21 above. L. Pomerance, The Final Collapse of Santorini (Thera) (Götteborg, 1971), p. 17. Ibid., pp. 16-17; Blegen, (1921), pp. 132-133; Mylonas, (1966), p. 49. Mylonas, ibid., pp. 51-52; H. Plommer, ? Shadowy Megara,? JHS 97 (1977), p. 82. Snodgrass, (1971), pp. 409-412, 422-424. Cf. above ? The Religious Center of Mycenae,? ns. 6-7. E.g., G ...
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