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Search results for: santorini in all categories
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51. The Lion Gate at Mycenae [Pensee]
... L. Jones, ed. (Baltimore, 1965), p. 24; Blegen, op. cit., 13-20; Mylonas, op. cit., 215-18; Vermeule, op. cit., 274ff. 88. See Mylonas, Ibid. 218-29; McDonald, Ibid.,406-17; Hall, op. cit., 41ff., 221ff,; R. Carpenter, Discontinuity in Greek Civilization (New York, 1966), pp. 34ff,; L. Palmerance, The Final Collapse of Santorini (Thera) 1400 B. C. Or 1200 B. C.? Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology, 26 (Goteborg 1970), pp. 26 and 28-32. 89. Taylour, op. cit., 178. 90. Schliemann, op. cit., 373 and 366ff. Mycenae may actually have been occupied without interruption until 468 B.C. if no "Dark Age" exists. See Mylonas, op. cit., 236-37 for the chronology and events of Mycenaean history as they now stand and Vermeule ...
52. The Greenland Ice Cores (Continued) [Kronos $]
... :"... the rough bed topography had disturbed the ice flow in the layers above it, producing gaps, and possibly also duplications and inversions, in each record." One is reminded of the condition in which Velikovsky found the Egyptian dynasties! THERA Hammer, Clausen, and Dansgaard, "Greenland Ice Sheet Evidence of Post-Glacial Volcanism and Its Climatic Impact", Nature, 20 November 1980, page 233, identify an acidity peak at 1390 50 B.C. "as being due to the large eruption of Thera (Santorini) in the Aegean Sea". A somewhat more detailed discussion is provided by Hammer, "Acidity of Polar Ice Cores in Relation to Absolute Dating, Past Volcanism, and Radio-Echoes", Journal of Glaciology 25 (1980), pages 369-370, where we are told that: "The Camp Century ice core is the only Greenland core available for a search for fall-out from Thera. Due to the small amount of ice available for these analyses, and to the generally poor quality of the Camp Century deep core, current ...
53. Monitor [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... etc. in the Venusian atmosphere, giving rise to a "greenhouse effect". The embarrassment this new discovery is causing can be judged from the official explanation that short wavelength heat is "struggling out to space from a lower level than was previously thought possible". It may be too early for us to postulate an "anti-greenhouse effect", but we should like to hear what readers think of the idea. Dating Thera Eruption sources: NATURE 307, p.l21; NEW SCIENTIST 26.1.84, p.24 The great eruption of Thera/Santorini in the second millenium BC has recently been dated by use of the bristlecone pine chronology. Examining the bristlecone pine record, LaMarche and Hirschboek have identified a "frost signature" which recurs in the bristlecone pine record at irregular intervals and which appears to be related to major volcanic eruptions. For instance, the Krakatoa eruption of 1883 provided a "typical" frost signature in the succeeding spring and autumn tree ring growth: in the BC record these workers have been able to identify a "frost signature" for 42 BC which ...
54. Catastrophism and the Mammoths - II (Vox Populi) [Kronos $]
... preclude the occurrence of cosmic catastrophes at the times and of the intensity that Velikovsky's scenario requires" (SIS WORKSHOP 5:4, p.12) and replied to him by letter on the issue. A great deal of time elapsed between then and the publication of my response (amended by then) in SIS WORKSHOP 6:1, pp. 14-16, but I must confess a sense of disappointment in not having been able to modify Ellenberger's position. Briefly, the ice cores probably do not accurately record the eruption of Thera/ Santorini in the 2nd millennium BC, whereas other methods (e.g., bristlecone pine "frost signature") seemingly do. Nor do the ice cores record the largest "frost signature" in the BC record in the Mount St. Helens eruption, whose ash is radiocarbon dated to c.2035 BC. Nor do they record acidity peaks or volcanic fallout at the time of the last ice age, when "volcanic activity was hardly negligible in this period" (C. U. Hammer, et al., NATURE 288 ( ...
55. Monitor [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... later. This new theory will not please the archaeologists, as all the Cretan sites are thought to have been destroyed at one time in the LMIB period, the Thera ash straddling LMIA. The September issue of NEW SCIENTIST carries a longer piece with the message that everything is solved, from Atlantis to Exodus, trotting out the familiar equations: however, in October a letter from P. M. S. Jones of the University of Surrey seriously questions the new work. Jones notes that (1) the geographical separation of Santorini and Crete make for differences in the declination and inclination of the geomagnetic field, so results will not be comparable and (2) that crustal movements over the last 3500 years will have disturbed the original inclination in this seismically active region. Demise of Nemesis? source: NATURE 311, p.635 We reported in WORKSHOP 6:1, pp.3-5 on the theoretical "death star" Nemesis, a postulated companion to our Sun, whose interaction with the Oort cloud of comets might cause periodic havoc in the Solar System. Now NATURE ...
56. The Cosmic Serpent by Victor Clube and Bill Napier [Kronos $]
... the Ur of Abraham, it is nowadays quite clear that Woolley's flood stratum was freshwater, caused by inundation of the great river, and that it was not particularly widespread, even within the Persian Gulf. 55. Ibid., p. 255. Cf. L. M. Greenberg, "Atlantis", Pensée IVR VI (1973-74), pp. 52-54, and the remarks by Isaacson in KRONOS I:2 (1975), pp. 93-96. 56. C. Doumas and L. Papazoglou, "Santorini tephra from Rhodes", Nature 287 (1980), pp. 322-324. 57. Ibid. 58. Serpent, pp. 254-255. 59. Velikovsky, "Volcanoes, Earthquakes, Comets". 60. H. Goedicke, Egypt and the Early History of Israel (Baltimore,1981). 61. This is a recurring complaint; see note 54. 62. Serpent, p. 237. Despite their reservations over some of the assumptions underlying 14C dating, they see fit to accept uncalibrated 14 C dates ...
57. Planet in Crisis: the Earth's Last 12,000 Years [SIS C&C Review $]
... not unreasonable to infer that peaks of acute outer Core compression and troughs of compensatory relaxation should alternately develop to differing subsurface intensities at different times in different hemispheres. Likely results, which could sometimes arise quite suddenly, would include events which have often been termed mid-Holocene catastrophes. Lithospheric adjustments such as the Scandinavian, Alpine and South American lake tilts, extensive regional subsidences such as the Indonesian/Australasian/Melanesian area highlighted earlier, large-scale water table changes as in the Arabian and Saharan regions and earthquakes and severe volcanism, such as the Santorini eruption and its widespread aftermath effects [122, are typical examples. There is also no doubt that large earthquakes such as at one time racked Roman Europe are closely associated with the Chandler Wobble [123, 124, itself intimately connected with viscosity activity at the Earth's core [125. Why does the inner Core rotate faster than the rest of the planet and why doesn't the inclination of its axis coincide with that of Earth as a whole (cf. the different locations of the geographical and magnetic poles)? It strains ...
58. A Conversation with Barry Fell [Horus $]
... of Lyell, the great hero who showed how the strata was slowly formed under the sea and slowly elevated. It wasn't all the result of one colossal flood in which everybody got killed. So because of that its been hard for me to treat catastrophism's ideas seriously- but, of course, one shouldn't throw away the baby with the bath water and, undoubtedly there have been catastrophes- great catastrophes which perhaps affected the course of civilization. Everybody talks about the one that apparently wiped out the Minoan civilization,- possibly in Santorini that may correspond to the story of Atlantis. That kind of idea is much more acceptable to me than the story of Atlantis as it's commonly presented in which some island in the mid-Atlantic is supposed to have gone down. I can't accept that. The seafloor of the Atlantic ocean is such as to make it quite impossible that anything like that could have happened within the course of human history. It's a much, much more protracted series of events that have been occurring in the Atlantic for the last two hundred million years ...
59. The Age of Moses [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... and allowed the Israelites to cross over while destroying the Egyptian army pursing them. Following this the Delta sank into turmoil which lasted through the reign of Sankhare, the last of the 1lth Dynasty kings. In Sumer and Akkad, the catastrophic storm engendered by Enlil wiped out the capital city of Naram Sin (Sargon's grandson), Agade, and salted the lowlands with high tides from the persian Gulf. The 3rd Dynasty of Ur foundered at about the same time while, in the eastern Mediterranean, Thera, the great volcano on Santorini, blew its top sending ash falls all the way to the Nile Delta. Some interdisciplinary studies (Velikovsky, Patton, etc.) have sought to establish an extra-terrestrial force such as near collisions with Venus, Mars or a comet as contributing causes for these catastrophes. Whatever the cause, when the episode had passed, Moses had led the Israelites on the Exodus, the Egyptian sages Ipuwer and Neferti were writing of the topsy turvey conditions in Lower Egypt and the laments of the Akkadian scribes over the desolation in Mesopotamia were ...
60. Minerals, Metals, Glazing and Man, by John Dayton, Reviewed by Geoffrey Gammon [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... from Upper Egypt and that the latter remained in the Delta (where there is a striking paucity of early XVIIIth Dynasty material) until they were expelled by Thutmose III some 70-80 years later. There is therefore an overlap between the second Intermediate Period and the early XVIIIth Dynasty, thereby reducing considerably the 200 year gap between the XIIth and XVIIIth Dynasties recognized in the accepted chronology of Egypt. He also believes that the end of Middle Minoan III in Crete was roughly contemporary with (but not attributable to) the destruction of Thera (Santorini), which was in its turn contemporary with the Exodus. He dates both events to the reign of either Thutmose III or Thutmose IV. Dayton also attributes the spread of advanced glazing technology from the Aegean to the Near East, to the effects of the destruction of Thera This is first evident in northern Syria, then controlled by the kingdom of Mitanni, at Alalakh, Nuzi (where the earliest examples of yellow glazes are found) and Rimah. From there it spread to Egypt, probably as a result of the ...
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