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Search results for: santorini in all categories

76 results found.

8 pages of results.
11. The Israelite Exodus and the Volcanic Eruption of Thera [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... 1883, and from Mount St. Helens, in the western United States, in 1980. Krakatoa's explosion was more violent than that of St. Helens, and since Thera's caldera is four times larger than that of Krakatoa's and more than 30 percent deeper, it is thought that Thera's eruption must have been even more devastating. Perhaps, the theory goes, it was violent enough to create havoc in the delta area of Egypt, more than 500 miles away, Originally, it was thought that the eruption of Thera (or Santorini, as it is also known) occurred about 1450 B.C., the approximate date of the exodus (according to 1 Kings 6:1), and the date for the end of the Late Minoan IB period, when almost all of the Minoan sites on the island of Crete were destroyed. Excavations at Akrotiri, the site of the Minoan town on Thera, however, as well as scientific study of the geological evidence on the island have indicated that the volcano exploded at the end of the Late Minoan IA period ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 16  -  05 Mar 2003  -  27k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/cat-anc/vol0902/069exod.htm
... 118 during LH IIIC (1040-978AC). The nadir was reached during the Sub-Mycenaean (977-954AC), when only 45 sites were recorded. The first evidence of recovery appears during the Proto-Geometric (953-881AC), when the number of sites had risen to 92, and a return to some semblance of normality began with the Geometric Period (880-701AC) although only 39 of the 195 sites showed evidence of architectural remains. Leading up to the onset of the 'Dark Ages', three catastrophic events took place. About 1250AC, the volcano Santorini on the island of Thera exploded in a tremendous eruption which blew 50 cubic miles of the island out of the water [2. Sea-shells and pumice were deposited at Tel el-Dab'a in Egypt, where they are found in an early 18th Dynasty context. The date-range given by Bietak is between the beginning of the 18th Dynasty (1345AC) and the end of the reign of Amenhotep II (1203AC) [3. A major part of the shipping and most of the sea-ports in the eastern Mediterranean must have been severely damaged or ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 16  -  05 Mar 2003  -  59k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/review/v1998n1/14time.htm
13. 1990 ISIS Fellowship Lecture Meeting [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... ; the ?Rabaul eruption at around AD 540 also showed as an acid spike in the ice core records and seemed to be attested in the Saxon Chronicle; another eruption c.207 BC was attested in Chinese records, was possibly referred to in the Irish traditional history, and again featured as an ice core spike; the Hekla (3) eruption, radiocarbon dated to c.1159 BC, seemed to be referred to in early Chinese records, showed prominently in the ice cores and resulted in 18 consecutive narrow tree rings; the Thera/Santorini eruption showed at 1645 +/- 20 BC in the ice cores and 1628 in the tree rings, again with narrow rings over several years. In the case of the Theran eruption, Dr Baillie's case was strengthened by recent calibrated radiocarbon estimations on materials from Akrotiri, indicating a 17th century BC date, with c.1619 BC being the currently favoured date. Although this was a meeting devoted to the chronology debate, it produced, almost accidentally, some spin-offs of relevance for interdisciplinary catastrophism. Indeed, Dr Baillie's published material will ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  05 Mar 2003  -  16k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/workshop/w1990no2/31fell.htm
14. Society News [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... 400 years Dark Ages at about 2300 BC'. However, rejection of bristlecone pine calibrated dates became more difficult after their confirmation by Irish oaks, showing that any radiocarbon variations were global and not just local. Dr. Newgrosh then turned to a consideration of the controversial Greenland Ice Cores. After correlating small peaks of acidity in the annual ice layers with known volcanic eruptions AD, analysis of the BC record revealed a peak at about 1390 BC. This peak was claimed to be the record of the massive eruption of Thera/Santorini in the eastern Mediterranean. The accepted archaeological dating of this eruption, based inevitably upon correlations of Minoan society with Egyptian, is between 1500 and 1550 BC and early radiocarbon dates of between 1400 and 1600 BC had been acceptable. Then calibrated radiocarbon gave dates of 1720 BC which, initially, were explained away in various ways. However, when a new core gave a date of 1646 BC for the Thera eruption the first ice core was discredited and disowned by its authors. A further point of evidence for this older date ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  05 Mar 2003  -  18k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/workshop/w1988no2/01news.htm
... including Boghazkoy, Tarsos, Mirsin, Beth Shan, Megiddo, Alalakh, Tel Hesi, Beth Shemesh, Lachich, Ashkelon, Late Ugarit II. Chagar Bazar and Tell Brak abandoned. 1076 B.C. Samuel catastrophe. Akhenaten stimulus. Cause of famine during El Amarna period. Cause of chaos after rule of Tiglathpileser 1. 1129 B.C. Aud/Gideon catastrophe. Ruth famine here or 1238 B.C. End of Late Bronze I. 1185 B.C. Deborah catastrophe. "New Moon" festival in twenty-thiid year of Thutmose III. Santorini/Thera eruption. End of Middle Bronze IIC, MMIII, and MH periods. Very widespread destruction, including Alaca Huyuk, Boghazkoy, Alishar, Lachich, Mirsin, Knossos, Hazor, Beitin, Tell Duweir, etc. 1238 B.C. Ehud era. Ruth famine here or 1129 B.C. (Elimech's sons married daughters of King Eglonv of Moab.) Earthquake at the time of Shalmaneser I. 1292 B.C. Othniel as Judge/time of Mitanni strength. End of Middle Bronze IIB. Founding of Mycenae by " ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  05 Mar 2003  -  11k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/cat-anc/vol0801/69new.htm
16. Monitor [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... ). The tsunami produced by the eruption would have been puny by the time it reached Egypt and most unlikely to destroy armies as in the Exodus account. Archaeology 41:2 carries a different message. "The effects of this catastrophic event would have been felt in the Nile Delta region about 35 centuries ago..." Some several hundred volcanic glass shards and ash grain were found embedded between layers of sediment from the Delta, and chemical analysis shows that the ash grains are identical to those found in the ruins of Santorini. It is surely of interest, however, that the age of the ash in the Delta sediments is given as 3500 BP (also reported in Workshop 1986:2, p.21), as derived from radiocarbon dating. This approximates to 1500 BC: one might have expected an earlier date, one more in line with recently published radiocarbon dates for the Thera eruption. The Habitable Zone? source: New Scientist 7.1.88, p.41 The old calculations which claimed that Earth's orbital position is vital to its habitability are now superseded. ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  05 Mar 2003  -  16k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/workshop/w1988no1/27monit.htm
... It would be expected that gases from such sources could contain CO 2 in which the 14C activity would be absent due to its geological source. This magmatic CO 2 would mix with atmospheric CO 2 to yield a depressed 14C activity in a highly localized area (< 100-m radius) surrounding a vent or series of vents... Other studies have reported apparent 14C ages on modern plant materials growing in the vicinity of volcanic gas vents ranging from about 1400 14C years, in the Eifel area of West Germany and near Thera (Santorini) in Greece, to over 4000 14C years near Monte Amiata in Italy...." Obviously, one cannot accept 2nd millennium BC radiocarbon dates for material associated with 'Mycenaean' Thera at face value. Indeed, Taylor's information would seem to make a placement of Thera as early as the 2nd millennium BC virtually impossible. 2. Likewise, I have always questioned the placement of the Anatolian site of Catal Huyuk as early as the 7th and 6th millennium BC placement that radiocarbon measurements suggest. Based on the description of ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  05 Mar 2003  -  10k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/workshop/w1992no1/40radio.htm
18. Biblical Plagues 'Caused by Volcano' [SIS Internet Digest $]
... Dec 2002) Home¦ Issue Contents Biblical Plagues 'Caused by Volcano' CCNet: 12 Nov 2002 From The Daily Telegraph, 11 Nov 2002, by Jonathan Petre, Religion Correspondent. Fresh evidence that the Biblical plagues and the parting of the Red Sea were natural events rather than myths or miracles is to be presented in a new BBC documentary. Moses, which will be broadcast next month, will suggest that much of the Bible story can be explained by a single natural disaster, a huge volcanic eruption on the Greek island of Santorini in the 16th century BC. [..Dr Daniel Stanley, an oceanographer has found volcanic shards in Egypt that he believes are linked to the explosion. [..Computer simulations by Mike Rampino, a climate modeller [and CCNet member from New York University, show that the resulting ash cloud could have plunged the area into darkness, as well as generating lightning and hail, two of the 10 plagues. ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  05 Mar 2003  -  1k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/i-digest/2002-2/19bibl.htm
19. Letters [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... I left the deposit in situ to be shown and would like to show it to you if you can come over there. I shall be in Cyprus again next November. I shall send you a copy of my book on Enkomi-Alasia in which these inundations layers are shown. But seeing them in position is much more convincing. These layers are contemporary with upheavals we know of in prehistoric Europe.- P. 102 submarine volcanoes: If you notice the very recent appearance of a new volcano near the recently badly shaken island of Santorini (= Thera), July 1956; you refer to former catastrophes of the same island on p. 201, or 191.- There, under our eyes, on a smaller scale, is happening what happened in earlier times on a gigantic scale. Go there and see the things by yourself, it would interest you certainly very much.- p. 104 Pettersson ? s research has also disclosed cyclic periods of disturbances with climatic changes which explain the difficulties and hard winters in Gothic times (XIIth-XIVth C. A.D ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  31 Aug 2000  -  16k  -  URL: http://www.varchive.org/cor/schaeffer/560723sv.htm
20. Book Reviews [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... details other theories for extinctions such as rapid mountain building eras, intensive volcanism affecting the atmosphere, level or salinity of seas and the spread of mammals. Whatever the cause, Rezanov reiterates that the dinosaurs died out over millions of years- which rather takes the impact out of any real catastrophic view of extinctions. After these two chapters, which are refreshingly rather less stereotyped than usual, discussions about Atlantis and the Great Flood come as an anti-climax. After producing counter-arguments to many Atlantean scenarios he eventually settles for the old chestnut of Santorini. There is certainly no hint here to back up the rumour of a Russian expedition supposedly finding evidence of ruins in the Atlantic. The Flood mythology is eventually dismissed as due to local phenomena, which is a lame finish to discussions and maps showing how widespread and similar are the flood myths from around the world. Strangely, Rezanov follows this immediately with an interesting description of the history of the Mediterranean basin, with its drying up and subsequent catastrophic reflooding about 10Myrs ago. He refers to this as a deluge, though ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  05 Mar 2003  -  13k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/workshop/vol0603/29books.htm
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