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51. Velikovsky: The Open Minded Approach [SIS C&C Review $]
... Sieff 'Worlds in Collision' by Immanuel Velikovsky was published in Britain and the United States in 1950. The thesis of the book was that the Earth had been ravaged by global catastrophes caused by planetary interactions within historical times; that these disasters provided the miracles and apocalyptic imagery of the Bible and the inspiration for the cosmologies of the ancient world. Velikovsky culled his reconstruction from 'the Japanese, Chinese, and Hindu civilisations, the Iranian, Sumerian, Assyrian, Hitto-Chaldean, Israelite, and Egyptian records; the Etruscan, Attic, and Roman theogonies and philosophies; Scandinavian and Icelandic epics, Mayan, Toltec, and Olmec art and legends.' (1) This picture he drew from them was that around 1500 BC the Earth came into disastrous conflict with the planet Venus- then on an elliptical orbit and with a tremendous cometary tail after originating by fission from Jupiter at a considerably earlier date. The phenomena caused by this catastrophe caused the Biblical miracles of the ten plagues, the crossing of the Red Sea and the years in the Wilderness and were recorded in ...
52. Let There be Darkness: The Reign of the Swastika by Lewis M. Greenberg [Aeon Journal $]
... invention of Schliemann's, it having been discussed as early as the Middle Ages. But it now took a decidedly dark turn "when the ancient Hindu doctrine of the race purity of the ruling class was rationalized by the Germans to demonstrate Aryan superiority over the Jews." The swastika thus became imbued with an enormously strong symbolic and religious status that made it the natural future choice as the primary icon of the Nazi party. The next portion of the book delves more deeply into the earliest ties between Germany and Troy. Right from Roman times up through the time of Clovis and Emperor Charlemagne (800 AD), into the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, all royal houses claimed Trojan ancestry. Thus the "Legacy of Troy" chapter explains why Troy, more than any other city the world has known, held such an enduring fascination for so many later peoples and national leaders. Greenberg states that, "whatever the reason-- be it cosmic, heroic, epic, sacred, atavistic, or intangible-- the idea of Troy acted as an ...
53. Society News [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... the time of Pope Gregory XIII in 1582. Prior to these dates the Julian calendar was in vogue and by this century was 13 days awry. The words Anno Domini were first used on a document in 1219, the 'Christian Era' in 748, and the use of the birth of Jesus as a starting point was introduced by Dionysius Exiguus in 532, being taken up by Rome then France and possibly brought to England by St Augustine in 596. Most dates before c.800 are a kind of retrograde calculation to line up with Roman dates which claim to start from Rome's foundation. It is now thought that Dionysius got it wrong by 4 years by confusing the commencing dates given for Augustus's reign -727 or 723 AUC. According to Clement of Alexandria (c.150-220 AD) Christ was born in the 28th year of Augustus, this now being the accepted beginning of the current era, thus making the foundation of Rome 753 BC (Varro 116-27 BC). The Calendar has never been a wholly secular regulation. There has always been a religious basis for at least ...
54. Volcanism And Catastrophic Mythology [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... From: SIS Workshop Vol 6 No 2 (Aug 1985) Home¦ Issue Contents Volcanism And Catastrophic Mythology Jill Abery Do the origins of catastrophic mythology lie in a core of local catastrophe embroidered and perpetuated over lengthy time periods? The universal myth of a world-wide flood is often considered in terms of occasional overflow of river systems or even the annual inundation of the Nile. Similarly the activities of the god of fire, the Greek Hephaistos or the Roman Vulcan, are associated with active volcanoes, the very word being derived from the Roman Vulcan. In his role as blacksmith to the gods the "smoking" volcano has been viewed as chimney to his forge. I aim here to investigate the effects of volcanic activity and to show that, however severe, local events were unlikely to have been catastrophic enough to engender the eruptive elements of ancient world-wide mythologies. The most outstanding recent attempt to explain a wide variety of mythological elements began in 1939 with Professor Marinatos. He postulated that the gigantic eruption of the Thera volcano, which involved a caldera collapse, ...
55. A FIRE NOT BLOWN: CHAPTER 22: SACRED BIRDS [Quantavolution Website]
... ... Investigations of Sacral Electrical Roots in Ancient Languages of the Mediterranean Region by Hugh Crosthwaite Chapter 22 SACRED BIRDS In the ancient world, birds were studied because they were thought to reveal, by their behaviour, the will, intentions and future activity of the gods. In modern terms, they gave warning of imminent electrical storms and earthquakes. They are still observed today for this purpose in some parts of the world. The specialist bird watcher, the augur, was an adviser of the monarch and executive magistrates. The Roman augur did not just stay at Rome and warn about likely future happenings elsewhere. Senior magistrates and commanders could take the auspices, and sacred chickens were taken on campaigns. There was an occasion when a Roman admiral was dissatisfied when told of the reluctance of the chickens to eat their proffered food, a sign that the moment was unfavourable for the planned attack on the enemy fleet. He said: If they will not eat, let them drink! and ordered them to be thrown overboard to drown. This rash and impious ...
56. Velikovsky's Mythology, Accepting the Premise... [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... also considered to be Ishtar/Inanna, and she definitely was symbolized by Venus:(5) yet in the same pantheon as Astarte was Anath- no love goddess but a simple warrior- and Velikovsky says that Anath was Venus.(6) Aphrodite/Venus also shares the attributes of Ishtar/Inanna: 7 she was the goddess of love, had a slightly violent nature and was associated with the familiar fertility myth (Venus/Adonis, the latter being associated with Tammuz(8)). In addition her Roman name associates the goddess with the planet Venus. Yet Velikovsky identifies Athene/Minerva, a goddess who is almost certainly correctly identified with Anath,(9) with the planet Venus.(10) A similar situation obtains in Egypt where Hathor, again a love goddess often shown with the head of a cow(11) (relating her to other fertility goddesses) and associated with the motif of the destruction of mankind,(12) is overlooked by Velikovsky in favour of Isis, a goddess who may well have ...
57. Why Did Jesus Wash His Disciples' Feet? [Aeon Journal $]
... a part of classical literature. Most gospel interpreters seek Jewish sources and a Palestinian background underneath its Greek surface and therefore tend to disregard its relationship to the rest of Greek literature. (1) However, no mention of foot washing in connection with meals can be found in Jewish sources, including ritual observances prescribed in the Old Testament or the voluminous Midrashic commentaries on them. Jews were required to wash their hands before meals, not their feet. But if we look at this episode from the point of view of Greek and Roman customs, we find that the washing of feet before a formal meal was a regular practice. The reason was a practical one-- on formal occasions the Greeks and the Romans did not sit at a table as we do, but lay prone on a cushion, leaning on their elbows and facing a low table. Accounts of such meals are abundant in ancient literature, ranging from the Symposium of Plato to the feast of Trimalchio in the Satyricon. Dinner guests, arriving from dusty or muddy streets and roads, had ...
58. Some Religious Themes in the Light of Velikovsky et alia [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... The star mounted on top of his cone from certain angles would certainly appear thus. Ginzberg tells how this tree's trunk was so thick that it would take a man 500 years to cover its width.(9) He also states that the tree of knowledge formed a hedge around it, and this surely must be symbolic of the halo that surrounded Saturn. The Cult of the Blessed Virgin A popular belief among many people today, whether they are supporters of Velikovsky or not, is that the place held by Mary in the Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox Churches is a continuation of the Venus cult.(10) As a Roman Catholic myself, I admit that the identification of Mary with Astarte is offensive, but feel that the Christian development of "Maryology" has rendered any former unsavoury planetary connotations innocuous. Astarte's cult was purely planetary and its rituals were degrading and barbaric, while the so-called cult of Mary is simply that of a saint whose intercession is asked for. She is not regarded as a goddess, nor having any power in her own ...
59. A FIRE NOT BLOWN: CHAPTER 23: BOLTS [Quantavolution Website]
... the Mediterranean Region by Hugh Crosthwaite Chapter 23 BOLTS The Greeks knew of two different kinds of thunderbolt, and Zeus is shown with each type. The ordinary one is shown in the hand of Zeus, with spikes projecting from either end. The design is similar to the pattern of iron filings on a piece of card when a bar magnet is put underneath. This makes it probable that it was copied from experiments with magnets and pieces of iron on Samothrace, a Greek island where mysteries were celebrated, which were described by the Roman poet Lucretius in his work on the nature of the universe, De Rerum Natura, VI: 1044ff.: "It also happens that iron sometimes moves away from this stone, and is accustomed to flee and to follow it by turns. I saw iron at Samothrace jumping, and fragments of iron moving inside the bronze basin, when the Magnesian stone had been put underneath. The iron always seemed to wish to escape from the stone." The first kind of bolt was used by Zeus for short range work from ...
60. A FIRE NOT BLOWN: CHAPTER 18: RITUALS [Quantavolution Website]
... mixed with milk, honey and wine. In the worship of Mithras, the devout were drenched with bull's blood. Imitation of the bull, by wearing tail, mask and horns. Grasping the bull's horns, being tossed up and doing a somersault, perhaps, like Europa, riding on the bull to illustrate a degree of control over a dangerous and powerful object. Tracking down the bull in a maze and killing it. The maze could symbolise the sky through which the celestial bull pursued a dangerous winding course. At a Roman sacrifice, the man who sacrificed the animal was the popa. It was his task to cut open the animal to inspect the liver, in order to find whether the future was favourable or not. The Greek opopa means 'I have seen'. An Etruscan mirror shows an official inspecting a liver. The inscription is "pavatarchies", which Mayani translates as "Tarchies has seen". [The Etruscans Begin to Speak, p. 25 Hair [comet's tail? was cut from a victim's head and thrown on the ...
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