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181. Return to the Tippe Top [Journals] [SIS Review]
... later than Senmut) which follows the same tradition. It is not a direct copy of Senmut's, however, as it seems certain that Senmut's tomb was blocked up by rubble even before completion and remained so until its discovery this century. There is also a decoration on the ceiling of the tomb of Seti I (dated between Senmut and Ramesses II) which follows a different tradition. It must be noted that the ceilings do not necessarily represent contemporary states of the sky. Both traditions seem to contain very old as well as recent' elements. According to Lowery: "the astronomical charts which appear as ceiling decor in Egypt are not "star maps" as we know ...
182. Letters [Journals] [SIS Review]
... . One of his arguments (pp.9 - 10, under the heading The Exodus) concerned Exodus 1: 11, the verse which states that the Israelites in Egypt built for pharaoh store-cities, Pithom and Raamses. Raamses is generally assumed to be the same as the city known from Egyptian sources as Pi-Ramesse, the Delta residence-city of Rameses II. Day therefore seized on the verse as support for the view which associates the Exodus with the reign of Rameses II as conventionally dated. The last issue of this Review included a letter by Dr Eva Danelius (15, pp.24-5), chiefly concerned with answering Day on this point. In her letter, Dr Danelius ...
183. The End of Mitanni and Some Related Problems [Journals] [Catastrophism & Ancient History]
... Suppiluliumas. But Mitanni posited in the valley of the upper Euphrates was mauled by Suppiluliumas- who then proceeded into northern Syria (Naharin). Others also point to northern Syria as the location of Naharin. Mercer states: ". . . the Kingdom of Mitanni extended southwest of the Euphrates and included Naharin."73 Cormack says of Ramses II that he "besieged Tunip in the land of Naharina."74 Woolley notes that Thutmose I raided "the land of Nahrina- the land between the two rivers Euphrates and Orontes."75 Related Problems** Most of these problems have already been aired, but they are of such vital concern they are worth restating. ...
184. Sethosis: the Seti II from the Kinglists? [Journals] [SIS Workshop]
... " or "queen". How then can Amenmesse be called brother of Seti II? Amenmesse was more likely a usurper whose authority was acknowledged in the areas of Thebes, Armant and Abu Simbel only. Let us now turn to the deeds of Sethosis and Armais, according to Manetho.(6 ) We are told that Sethosis and Ramesses had a naval force: ". .. [Sethosis] of whom had a naval force and in hostile manner destroyed those that met him upon the sea .. ." and ". .. he led an expedition against Cyprus .. ." It was Ramesses III who led his naval forces against the "peoples of ...
185. Egyptian Chronology - The Multiple Name Factor [Journals] [SIS Workshop]
... period. However it appears that the approach I took in C&C Workshop 1993:1 of combining records now assigned to several different New Kingdom' rulers will be a key factor in any correct rearrangement of New Kingdom' material within the Ptolemaic period. Thus it was shown that certain important New Kingdom' records of Thutmose III and Ramesses III describe the reign of Ptolemy I Soter and it was suggested that some material ascribed to Horemheb also belongs to the reign of Ptolemy I. It was argued that the Harris Papyrus discussing Ramesses III's reign and attributed to Ramesses IV was composed for Ptolemy II about Ptolemy I and also that records dated to years in the 60s during the ...
186. Chronological Questions and Question-Marks [Journals] [SIS Workshop]
... a list of three high priests of Amun in Karnak who bore the name of Bekenkhonsu. One of these, who for convenience may be designated Bekenkhonsu I, never had a separate existence - he is the same as Bekenkhonsu II - .. ." Why? Of the now remaining two Bekenkhonsus, the first lived during Seti I - Ramesses II, the second during Ramesses III. Of the first one statues have been found with a dating in the time of Seti I - Ramesses II. A tomb has been found of a Bekenkhonsu, who is not Bekenkhonsu II (during Ramesses III), in which his wife Meretseger is mentioned. No king is mentioned in the ...
187. Another Pot Plant Repl [Journals] [Catastrophism & Ancient History]
... From: Catastrophism and Ancient History III:2 (July 1981) Home | Issue Contents INTERACTION Another Pot Plant Reply Lester J. Mitcham My comments challenging Greenberg and the Velikovskian outline should not be interpreted as an endorsement of the so-called alternative Glasgow chronology. Messrs James, Bimson, and Gammon have all defined the first eighteen years of Ramses II as being the years 804-786, and they regard these dates as fitting into the known pattern of the wars between Syria and Israel, at a time when Ramses II would have been militarily active in this region. In a reply to a challenge by John Day (SIS Review IV: 2/3 , pp. 58-61) ...
188. Chapter XVIII: the Star-temples At Karnak [Books]
... cases that the wall was tuilt long after one temple, and the pillars were built long after the other. This result is satisfactory, inasmuch as it indicates that a natural objection to the orientation hypothesis is invalid. But can we strengthen it by supporting Mariette's statement as to the dates? Mariette states that the temple M was built by Rameses III., a king of the twentieth dynasty. With this datum, we consider the orientation of the temple. The problem is one of this kind: - - Taking the Egyptologist's date for Rameses III. at 1200 B.C ., and taking the amplitude of the temple as 63 ½ N. of E was there ...
189. On the Survival of Velikovsky's Thesis in 'Ages in Chaos' [Journals] [Catastrophism & Ancient History]
... for Late Dynasties Since the Glasgow Conference in 1978 and the recognition of a necessary rejection of Velikovsky's proposal for the reconstruction of the late dynasties, a number of alternate suggestions have been proposed for meeting the demand of Velikovsky's forward movement of historical dates by 500 years. The first of these was by the Glasgow group. By this alternate proposal Rameses II was left in the eighth century in sequence with the Amarna period, as conventionally held. With this correction dynasties XVIII to XXI could be retained in sequence within the period prior to the fall of Egypt. But Dynasty XXII must still be left in the Persian period. This arrangement retains the equivocal link[4 ] in the ...
190. The Still-Lost City of Avaris: The Capital and Stronghold of the Hebrew Pharaohs (Hyksos) [Journals] [Catastrophism & Ancient History]
... mounds without excavating first. Such is the importance now attached to old civilizations. Tanis In the early part of excavation history in Egypt a favorite site for Avaris was Tanis, associated with biblical Zoan and the Israelites.15 Later, many historians equated this city with Per-Ramesses because of the mass of material that was revealed from the reign of Ramesses II. Except for the efforts and far-sighted policy of the French Egyptologist, Auguste Edouard Mariette, Egypt would not have kept the bulk of its national collection. In 1850-54l6 Mariette visited Egypt to collect Coptic manuscripts for the Louvre as curator of the Egyptian Department of this famous museum. In 1858 Mariette returned to Egypt as Director of Excavations ...
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