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39 pages of results.
41. Society News [SIS C&C Review $]
... it ending with A-D I and his revision has it ending in A-D III. He thought the Amarna period lasted 50-60 years, with Akhetaten being used as an administrative centre at least until year 16 of Haremhab, since a text of that year had been found at Amarna. He thought many of the letters were addressed to Haremhab. The letters covered two periods: one of the major Assyrian kings and the other the period of the Canaanite kings. Did a minor catastrophe happen late in the reign of Akhenaten? 2. The Persian Period Strata. A discussion ensued about the absence of Persian Period strata. Emmett Sweeney said he agreed with Gunnar Heinsohn that without the Neo-Assyrians the Persian Period does not exist: they are the same people. The early art of the Neo-Assyrians is identical to early Achaemenid Persian art, both being highly stylised. The Assyrian feathered crown is also the symbol of the Persian crown and the winged bulls in Assyria and Persia are almost the same. Herodotus said Persian soldiers all wore the feathered crown on their heads as a symbol of ...
42. Support for Heinsohn's Chronology is Misplaced [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... ). Old Babylonians= Persians in Babylon 2). Amorites= Persians 3). Akkadians= Assyrians (neo-Assyrian period) 4). Sumerians= Chaldaeans Let us look at these in turn: 1. Old Babylonians as Persians in Babylon Excavation reports for Babylon indicate that tablets of the time of the Old Babylonian kings (i.e. Hammurabi dynasty) were found at one metre below zero. Compare this to the bricks with stamps of Nabonidus and Nebuchadnezzar II which were found at 5.5 metres above zero, and those of the Persian period at a height of 7 metres above zero [2. The stratigraphy here refutes the Heinsohn revision. Here one should bear in mind that Heinsohn's approach is identical to that of Velikovsky. Having assumed (but not proved) an identification, one may then uplift any records or references belonging to one alter-ego and then transfer them to the other half/part of the assumed alter-ego as "proof positive" of the identification. Such a methodology is basically absurd and it leads to all sorts of unwarranted conclusions. Consider the ...
43. Society News [SIS C&C Review $]
... were Minoan not Mycenaean. Emmett said they are very similar. Trevor Palmer said Rohl's current theory is that the Hyksos were the Mycenaeans- the pit graves in Mycenae were of the 15th dynasty Hyksos pharaohs expelled from Egypt. Emmett said that contradicts what was said of the Hyksos- that they came from the East. Manetho tells the story of Tuthmosis expelling the Shepherds who went towards Syria but stopped in Jerusalem for fear of the Assyrians. Tuthmosis III mentions Assyrians. Nineveh at the time of Akhenaten was controlled by Mitanni who spoke Persian and had Persian gods. They sent a statue of the goddess Ishtar to Akhenaten's father. Mitanni conquered Assyria. Shoshtatar took the gold from Nineveh. Bob said that the stratigraphy of a suburb of Babylon, where German excavators, Coldevai and Reuter found dateable tablets, has Parthians, Seleucid, Persian, neo-Babylonian, Babylonian/neo-Assyrian, two Kassite (Amarna correspondents) Hammurabi, then water. This doesn't fit Heinsohn. Emmett said there is usually no Persian layer- directly below the Hellenistic, Seleucid is neo-Assyrian. Bob said ...
44. The Israelite Conquest of Canaan [Aeon Journal $]
... with his hair in a Terebinth tree, stabbed there by his Loki-like brother Joab, then buried under a heap of stones to form a massebe; or of David and Goliath reenacting the typical celestial combat in which the newborn hero redeems the earth by vanquishing or pacifying a threatening giant-- such themes are too well known to require elaboration here. (Moses nailing the snake Nehustan on a pole represents basically the same story.) Old Testament scholars agree that the terminology used to describe the borders of David's and Solomon's empire is Persian, and that these in fact reflect the borders of Persia's satrapy "Transeuphrates." (5) Some authors, however, continue to maintain that though the terminology is Persian, i.e., -5th century, the existence of a 10th century empire is not thereby ruled out. They fail, however, to give a sufficient explanation for the transmission of this empire's history over 500 years. (6) As will become obvious below, any royal ruler in the land of Israel between -1050 and -930 who later appears in ...
45. No title [Aeon Journal $]
... . Numerous aspects of ancient near eastern history from Egypt to Mesopotamia to Europe are looked at very closely. Various anomalies are set forward and resolved by a simple downward shifting of two centuries or slightly more. Although much of the material has been presented before in one form or another-- especially in the History and Catastrophism Journals from England-- one area of research caught me by surprise: James' redating of the later stratigraphy of Lachish. By so doing he has shed new light on the archaeological problems attending the early Persian Period. Centuries of Darkness is divided into 13 major chapters each attempting to deal with a specific problem or area of the ancient Near East. Some of the more prominent chapters concern the Greek Dark Ages; "Redating the Hittite Empire;" "Biblical Archaeology Without Egypt;" "Empty Years in Nubian History" as well as two chapters on Mesopotamian chronology. James' book concludes with several appendices on "Radiocarbon and Dendrochronology," "Greek and Roman Theories on Ancient Chronology," "The Venus Tablets of Ammizaduga ...
46. Hazor and the anachronisms in the chronology of the Ancient Near East [SIS C&C Review $]
... . They bewildered the excavators for chronological reasons. They did not (as expected) belong to the 1st millennium BC but were written in Old-Babylonian Akkadian from the time of the enigmatic Martu/Amurru/Amorites who had ruled the Ancient Near East between 2000 and 1700 BC (two tablets) and in Late Bronze Mitanni/Amarna-period Akkadian dated between the 16th and 14th centuries BC (two more tablets) [4. How did tablets from the early second millennium end up in a stratum reaching its peak in the period of the Persian empire (550 to 330 BC)? Nobody could satisfactorily answer this question. The excavators resorted to the assumption of that they were heirlooms. Thus some strata 1,500 years earlier in Hazor's history would contain the mass of Old-Babylonian tablets from which the few found had mysteriously filtered to the tell's Persian period level. The excavators were not happy with this ad hoc hypothesis. It was fine- maybe miraculous- to have tablets from 2000 BC in a stratum of 800 or 400 BC. Yet where were the tablets which ...
47. More Problems with Sothic Dating [SIS C&C Review $]
... From: SIS Chronology& Catastrophism Review 2001:1 (Apr 2001) Home¦ Issue Contents More Problems with Sothic Dating Jesse E. Lasken Summary This paper is a follow-up to the paper in C&CR 1999:2 'Sothic Dating: the Shameless Enterprise'. Contrary to the assumptions of Sothic dating, as late as the Persian period the Egyptians were actually using a calendar that was 41 days ahead of the calendar Sothic dating posits. Geminus and P. Paris 1 have been misused, and, based on more detailed analysis of the documents. There is also a correction to the earlier explanation given for the matches achieved by Porten using the Sothic dating calendar and the Babylonian calendar for double-dated documents from Elephantine. Jess Lasken recently retired as an attorney at the US Government National Science Foundation. He has had articles about ancient history published in C&CR, C&CW, JACF, Epigraphic Society Occasional Papers, Discussions in Egyptology and elsewhere. My previous argument [1 that Theon's 'Petit Commentaire' supports the proposition that the Egyptian calendar used ...
48. Ancient Near Eastern Chronology Revised [The Velikovskian $]
... C, and D. Herodotus, in his Histories I:95, informs us about the historical sequence for the pre-Hellenist periods in Northern Mesopotamia: Assyrians precede Medes precede Persians. (15) Each of these periods are absent in our tells if the settlement gaps I and II are, as is done by modern Assyriologists, added to the actual in-situ evidence. They immediately surface, however, if the 1500 ghost years are eliminated. The pre-Hellenist stratum B, now called Middle Assyrian, turns into the stratum of the powerful Persian satrapy Assyria, which, in conventional chronology, always eluded archeologists. Stratum C, conventionally labeled Mitanni, which directly precedes stratum B, turns into the stratum for the Medish Empire, which, in conventional chronology, also eludes archeologists to this very day. The Medes, according to Herodotus I:95, were preceded by the Assyrians. The pre-Medish stratum D, now labeled Old Akkadian, thus turns into the up-to-now missing stratum of the Assyrian Empire. Since stratigraphy has Hyksos, Old Assyrians and Old Akkadians as contemporaries ...
... some cases, personal names of non-Egyptian origin were, at least in Hellenistic times, Egyptianised by the addition of a -t. An example is BRNKT for the Macedonian name Berenike.(5) But since all such names are those of females, the t-suffix here may not be onomastic, as it at first seems, but feminine. On the other hand, if we may interpret PRST as an ethnic slur, Velikovsky's reading can be buttressed. For it would not have been unreasonable for non-Iranians to deride the long skirts of Persian archers by labelling such warriors "Persian women." Yet the ambiguity of Egyptian spelling, when considered in conjunction with the acknowledged ethnic diversity of the incursive "Sea Peoples," leads me to feel that an either/or choice between Persians and Philistines constitutes a premature foreclosure of options. If the PRST originated in Perusia(6) (modern Perugia, in Italy), they could have been Etruscans; if in the valley of the Porsuk (or Pursak) river of Turkey(7), they could have ...
50. Sacred Science Institute [SIS Internet Digest $]
... Aries 200 BC; Aries, Leader Of Signs; Antediluvian Astronomy; "Knowing Good& Evil"; Aries Not Conspicuous& Widely Honored; Market A Season; Two Calendars In Egypt; Amen's Ram-Headed Symbols; Amen& Egyptian Year; Amen& Aries; Fixed& Vague Years; Temple Orientated To Aries; Zodiac Prehistoric. GU, Eleventh Constellation Of Zodiac: Uncertain Meaning; GU=GULA=BAU; Winter Solstice In Aquarius; Aries& Aquarius; Rival Calendars. Median Calendar& The Constellation Taurus: Equinox In Taurus Persian Nowroose; Mithras& Equinox; Mithras Slays Bull; Bull Lion, Scorpion, Eagle; Eagle For Water Man; Griffin& Solstices; Persepolitan Demi-Bulls; Median& Assyrian Art: Greek Vs. Indian Science; Solar Zodiac Grecian; Hindu Calendar 570 AD; Week-Days; Varahamihira; New Sources Of Knowledge; Zodiac In Asia In 3000 BC; Aries Leader In 3000 BC; Zodiac In VEDA Denied; Zodiac In VEDA Claimed; Indra And "Atmospheric God", God Of Summer Solstice; Vritra& Hydra; Hydra& ...
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