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... polar region is Meru ' " Meru the Garden of the Tree of Life " CHAPTER V. THE CRADLE OF THE RACE IN IRANIAN OR OLD-PERSIAN THOUGHT. The primitive pair and their abode Key to the Iranian cosmography The Chinvat Bridge . Current misinterpretations Twelve questions answered True nature of the bridge Its position Position of Kvantras The mythic geography of the Persians . Diagram of the Keshvares Polar position of " Iran the Ancient " CHAPTER VI. THE CRADLE OF THE RACE IN AKKADIAN, IRANIAN THOUGHT. The sacred mountain Chaldaean cosmology. Lenormant's exposition Three inconsistencies Location of the world-mountain Lenormant's difficulties The true solution Two Akkads The mount of the Underworld It determines the site of Kharsak And this the site ...
32. Wer Herrschte Im Industal? (Who Reigned in the Indus Valley?) by Gunnar Heinsohn (Book review) [Journals] [SIS Review]
... :2 (May 2004) Home | Issue Contents Wer Herrschte Im Industal? (Who Reigned in the Indus Valley?) by Gunnar Heinsohn Frankfurt, 1993, ISBN 3-92-928852-07-8. Reviewed by Emmet Sweeney This is an immensely important work by Gunnar Heinsohn. The province of India comprising the entire territory of the Indus Valley was counted as the Persian Empire's twentieth Satrapy, and celebrated as one of the wealthiest. Archaeologists therefore expected to find rich evidence of the Persians' rule over the region. They found nothing of the sort. Not a trace! In fact, in the very strata where they would have expected the Persians (the immediate pre-Buddhist levels), there was no ...
33. From Ramses III To Darius III. Part I Ch.5 (Peoples of the Sea) [Velikovsky]
... of Egypt, lost by his father, and early in his reign he was making preparations for a military expedition thereto. A year before Artaxerxes Ochus occupied the throne of Persia, Tachos (Ramses IV), having removed his elder brother from the succession, mounted the throne of Egypt. Alarmed by the prospect of a war with the Persian king, Tachos sent an invitation to the Spartan king Agesilaus to come to his assistance for pay. The old warrior was approaching his eightieth year. Agesilaus accepted the role of a mercenary and sailed towards Egypt. Plutarch, writing four centuries later, relates that in his opinion and probably in that of the contemporaries of Agesilaus, this ...
34. Support for Heinsohn's Chronology is Misplaced [Journals] [SIS Workshop]
... in particular. These must form the basis of any attempt to revise Mesopotamian chronology [1 ]. In fact one is inclined to suspect that Sweeney must be unaware of texts such as those compiled by Grayson and Brinkman. Major Alter-Egos Sweeney lists four "alter-ego" identifications on which Heinsohn's arguments are based: 1). Old Babylonians = Persians in Babylon 2). Amorites = Persians 3). Akkadians = Assyrians (neo-Assyrian period) 4). Sumerians = Chaldaeans Let us look at these in turn: 1. Old Babylonians as Persians in Babylon Excavation reports for Babylon indicate that tablets of the time of the Old Babylonian kings (i .e . Hammurabi dynasty) ...
35. Twelfth Or Fourth Century?. Part I Ch.1 (Peoples of the Sea) [Velikovsky]
... later.[1 ] The major event of his reign was the successful opposition to the armies coming from the north. In their sweep of conquest, the northern hordes came to the very gates of Egypt, the greatest and most glorious of kingdoms. In all ages conquerors have made Egypt their goal-Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal the Assyrians, Cambyses the Persian, Alexander the Macedonian, Pompey the Roman, Omar the Arab, Selim the Turk, and Napoleon; and some unidentified leader or group of leaders, before any of these, led armed troops to drink water from the Nile. But Ramses III rose to the occasion. He battled the invaders on land and sea and turned back ...
36. Letters [Journals] [SIS Review]
... of effort into his article Neo-Assyrians and Achaemenids – A Test of Beards' (C &C Review 2004:1 ) [incorporating C&C Workshop 2004:2 ]. Unfortunately, Palmer bases his attempted refutation of Gunnar Heinsohn's shorter chronology for Mesopotamia on a misunderstanding of Heinsohn's work. Dr. Heinsohn has never identified the Neo-Assyrians as Persian. He identifies the Neo-Assyrians as Assyrians of the Persian period, with their Persian overlords portrayed in Assyrian garb and using Assyrian throne names. Similarly, Heinsohn holds that Neo-Babylonians and Old Babylonians are Babylonians of the Persian period, with the Persian overlords portrayed in Babylonian garb and using Babylonian throne names. It is not surprising, therefore, ...
37. Si-Amon. Part 2 Ch.4 (Peoples of the Sea) [Velikovsky]
... , led to a confusion in which descendants changed roles and times with their ancestors. It is thus that the order of dynasties is thought to be established. Actually, on this sole link the Libyan Dynasty and the Ethiopian, which followed the Libyan, are made subsequent to the dynasty of priest-princes whom we recognized as having flourished under the Persians and even under the first Ptolemies. Since Peinuzem II officiated under Ptolemy I, a son of his could not be the father-in-law of a monarch who reigned more than six hundred years earlier. [1 ] E. Naville, Inscription historique de Pinodjem III (Paris, 1883). In more recent publications, this Peinuzem is referred ...
38. Bookshelf [Journals] [SIS Review]
... by historians would, ironically enough, result in the complete disappearance of the "Sea Peoples" from histories of the Ancient World. For according to Velikovsky, the records of Ramesses III do not describe the tail-end of a barbarian invasion that began in southern Europe - they describe the successful wars of Nectanebo I against the organised forces of the Persian Empire attempting to recover the lost province of Egypt. The Aegean elements of the "Sea Peoples" are understood, in Velikovsky's reconstruction, as a reflection of the heavy reliance at that time (early 4th century BC) of the Persians on Greek mercenaries and military know-how. The whole idea of a mass movement of "barbarian war ...
39. Chronological Placements of the Dynasties of Manetho [Journals] [SIS Review]
... civilisation and assessing the historicity of the Bible. Summary Based on Manetho, 31 mostly consecutive dynasties are thought to have ruled Egypt, many of these assumed to have ruled all of Egypt, even though his epitomes associate them with particular cities and do not specifically attribute consecutive or central rule to them. By erroneously assigning to earlier dynasties some Persian or Ptolemaic period epigraphic material written in the Egyptian language that manifests centralised Egyptian rule, Egyptologists have reinforced the idea that many of Manetho's dynasties ruled all of Egypt rather than more limited areas. An alternative interpretation is proposed in which Manetho's dynasties are treated as largely concurrent, regional kingdoms, the earliest of which may not date before the ...
40. The Art Of Warfare. Part I Ch.3 (Peoples of the Sea) [Velikovsky]
... Medinet Habu, with a group of prisoners clad in the attire of the Pereset, identifies them as Tjeker (Tjkr); another such group is identified by the accompanying hieroglyphics as Denien. A third and largest group in identical dress and headgear is designated as Pereset.[4 ] From this we learn that soldiers and marines from the Persian satrapies in the imperial army of Artaxerxes II were dressed in the same fashion as the Persian warriors. These were conscripts; the soldiers with horned helmets, however, were mercenaries. Since Herodotus visited Egypt in the middle of the fifth century, it looks as if the designation Teucrian was then current for the people of the western coast ...
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