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Search results for: megalith* in all categories
277 results found.
28 pages of results.
191. Homer in the Baltic [Aeon Journal $]
... Dendra, with the menhirs known from the Bronze Age of central Europe; (4) the northern-type skulls found in the necropolis of Kalkani; and the like. Moreover, Aegean art and Scandinavian remains dating back to the Bronze Age present a remarkable affinity, as for example the figures engraved on Kivik's tomb in Sweden, to the extent that a 19th century scholar suggested the monument was built by the Phoenicians. Another sign of the Achaean presence in the northern world in a very distant past is a Mycenaean graffito found in the megalithic complex of Stonehenge in southern England. Other remains revealing a Mycenaean influence were found in the same area (" Wessex culture"), which date back to a period preceding the Mycenaean civilization in Greece. A trace of contact is found in the Odyssey, which mentions a market for bronze placed overseas in a foreign country named "Temese," never found in the Mediterranean area. Since bronze is an alloy of copper and tin which, in the north, is only found in Cornwall, it is likely that the ...
192. Comments [Catastrophism Geology $]
... that my presidential address to our Geologists Association in March 1976, entitled "The Nature of the Fossil Record" will treat neocatastrophist themes in palaeontology. I prefer to use the term "neocatastrophism "-like "neodarwinism"'- to distinguish it from the ideas of the Noachian deluge people (who are still around). Derek Ager*** I am sorry about your 'hesitancy about publishing in such a journal'. I have read very little on Atlantis, but I can give at least one example. The discovery of subaquatic megalithic ruins off the Bahamas is given by Atlantologists as evidence for their theses. According to them, the ruins are more than ten thousand years old; the flooding thus could be due to sealevel adjustment during melting of ice-cap ice. But if it could be shown (for instance on geological grounds) that there has been a more recent subsidence in the area, these ruins possibly would fit into Thor Heyerdahl's theory of megalithic cultural contacts between the Mediterranean area and Central America. In the meantime, we would be learning something about ...
193. Anomalistics - a New Field of Interdisciplinary Studies [Catastrophism Geology $]
... sense. In its general sense, extinction is not explained by the prevalent Darwinian theory of environmental unfitness, since the only evidence for that unfitness is the extinction itself. In a specific sense, moreover (as applied to particular taxa), extinction is not merely unexplained but paradoxical, since some groups- of which the best known are the saurischia, or large dinosaurs- seem not merely to have survived but to have flourished immediately before their geologically sudden disappearance. 4 A good example of a social science anomaly is the archaic megalithic complex, of which the best known specimen is probably the great stone circle at Stonehenge in Wiltshire, England. In an apparent effort to contain (since they cannot eliminate) the strangeness of this complex, in which both the methods and the motives of construction remain obscure, archeologists have written about it as though it were confined to pre-Roman Europe. In fact, however, it is found on every continent but Australia and dates from any or all of the last seven millennia. Associated with it, furthermore, are some ...
194. Science Frontiers 1977-1978 [Catastrophism Geology $]
... discovery of fossil footprints made by prehuman ancestors more than 3.5 million years ago at Laetolil, 25 miles southwest of Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania. The hominoid apparently walked across slightly moist sand and the prints were soon filled with volcanic ash. The prints were made by feet shorter and wider than those of modern humans; but the big toe definitely points forward and is not splayed as in apes. (Anonymous; "Footprints in the Sands of Time", New Scientist, 77:483, 1978). STONE ALIGNMENTS IN AFRICA Megalithic sites are found everywhere; many were apparently used for calendar reckoning. Although numerous megalithic circles and other arrangements are known in Africa, particularly Ethiopia, astronomy does not seem to have been a primary objective of African sites. Now, however, a stone alignment in northwestern Kenya called Namoratunga has been found with unmistakable astronomical overtones. At Namoratunga, 19 large basalt pillars are arranged in rows forming a suggestive pattern. Since the site is dated at approximately 300 B.C., archeologists have taken sightings on seven prominent stars as they ...
195. Introducing Anomalistics: A New Field of Interdisciplinary Study [Kronos $]
... general sense, extinction is not explained by the prevalent Darwinian theory of environmental unfitness, since the only evidence for that unfitness is the extinction itself. In a specific sense, moreover (as applied to particular taxa), extinction is not merely unexplained but paradoxical, since some groups-- of which the best known are the saurischia, or large dinosaurs-- seem not merely to have survived but to have flourished immediately before their geologically sudden disappearance.(4) A good example of a social science anomaly is the archaic megalithic complex, of which the best known specimen is probably the great stone circle at Stonehenge in Wiltshire, England. In an apparent effort to contain (since they cannot eliminate) the strangeness of this complex, in which both the methods and the motives of construction remain obscure, archeologists have written about it as though it were confined to pre-Roman Europe. In fact, however, it is found on every continent but Australia and may date from any or all of the last seven millennia. Associated with it, furthermore, are ...
196. The Garden, the Fall, and the Restoration [Kronos $]
... natural events in their time that their descriptions must be interpreted as hyperbole, allegory or fantasy? [* A portion of Shamir was published in KRONOS VI: I, pp. 48-50, under that title.It is inappropriate here to offer a lengthy catalogue of the physical evidence of advanced human cultures in prehistory. Such evidence has been gathered and presented in detail by a number of researchers(1) and includes great walls and roads now submerged under oceans; copper and iron mines tens of thousands of years old; giant megalithic grids of menhirs and standing stones; other megalithic stones too heavy to move with modern cranes, yet somehow transported far from their quarries (such as the 1000 ton trilithon at Baalbek); imprints of sandal-clad human feet in sandstone conventionally dated in millions of years; and so on. Based on such fragmentary and enigmatic evidence, no definite conclusion can be drawn; yet the anomalies are so numerous and unaccountable that we may feel justified in setting to one side, for now, the conventional theories concerning man's consciousness and culture ...
197. A Calendric View Of Stonehenge [Kronos $]
... this 19-solar year- 235 lunar month-- co-ordinated cycle. The reader will come to realize that the claim of Hecateus was not merely an imaginative piece of ancient mythology, but a firm historical fact. II The Stonehenge monument, as I see it, was a device composed of stationary as well as interrelated movable components, and thus qualifies as a machine. The stationary elements consisted of the following (see Drawing #1): 1. The Aubrey Circle of 56 holes. 2. The Sarsen Circle of 30 upright megaliths and arches. 3. The 5 trilithons set symmetrically around the center of the monument. 4. The horseshoe of 19 bluestones within the trilithon formation. 5. The Heel Stone, which stands tangent to a line drawn from the center of the monument through the center of Sarsen Arch #30 to the horizon, and which marks the approximate point of summer-solstice sunrise as viewed from the center. Drawing No. 1. The Stationary Components of the Stonehenge 19-Year Luni-Solar Calendar (not to scale). The moving, or ...
198. Velikovsky And The Cosmic Serpent [Kronos $]
... was now to be obscured by the smoke and sparks emerging from this particular Stove. At the heart of the matter is the astronomy. Traditionally, the Earth science and historical communities have supposed that affairs on Earth take place on a detached and solitary ball. On this view the Solar System has wandered through the huge galactic wilderness undisturbed, while life has evolved and continents have drifted in isolation. At the other end of the scale it has been assumed that primitive religions with their attendant sky gods have arisen, and pyramids and megaliths have been built, under a neolithic sky no different from our own. The essence of our thesis is that new [sic* astronomical discoveries make these isolationist and uniformitarian viewpoints impossible to maintain. Almost without exception, these discoveries are the product of very sophisticated technology and have been made only within the past few years: radio telescopes have shown that there is a huge population of massive, dark nebulae which the Sun must run through from time to time as it orbits the Galaxy; wide angle telescopes have revealed that the ...
199. Metallurgy and Chronology [SIS C&C Review $]
... of the philosophical implications of Renfrew's views, see Euan MacKie's The Megalith Builders (Phaidon, 1977). pp. 133-145. Disagreeing with Renfrew, MacKie stresses the evidence for the diffusion of culture among the megalith building societies of Europe, ascribing the spread of skills (in architecture and astronomy) from Iberia to "a stable caste of professional priests and wise men who settled among, and came to dominate the Neolithic peasant populations of Atlantic Europe" (pp. 162-3). MacKie suggests tentatively that the original impetus for the megalithic phenomenon, possibly a religious revolution, may have arrived in Iberia with culture-bearers from the proto-urban (Ubaid) centres of Mesopotamia. However, Mesopotamia is a country with no mineral resources except for mud and bitumen, and is quite devoid of stone, which always has to be imported. The first use of stone in monumental architecture is the limestone floors from the Protoliterate Temples of the Eanna Precinct, Uruk. (A. L. Perkins: The Comparative Archaeology of Early Mesopotamia, Chicago. 1949, p. 120) ...
200. Focus [SIS C&C Review $]
... at Harappa (one of the main centres of the Indus civilisation) in the post-Harappa cemetery at that site, and in Spain and North Africa- the latter belonging to the descendants of the pastoral cultures of the 6th and 5th millennia BC when the Sahara was still green. Indian traditions and French folklore, among other things, indicate that the fire-bull rituals took place at certain periods of the year, namely the summer or winter solstices. This strongly suggests an astral significance for the fire-bull symbol, and possibly a connection with the megalithic monuments of prehistoric Europe. (Contrary to the anti-diffusionist views of Colin Renfrew, Dr Baity feels that the megalithic cultures of Europe had a common origin, and that they were not isolated from similar developments elsewhere in the Old World.) At the same time as this wide-ranging evidence for Neolithic and Bronze Age societies with an almost obsessive interest in astronomy, the nature and causes of their disappearance were discussed by Dr Baity. Particularly striking are the results of Claude Schaeffer's work. In his Stratigraphie comparée et chronologie de l'Asie occidentale ...
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