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Search results for: mammoth in all categories

151 results found.

16 pages of results.
81. Monitor [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... this is the nearest they could get to a mention of Velikovsky! A Catastrophe, 10,000 BC? sources: THE ECONOMIST 28.6.86, pp.98-99; NEW SCIENTIST 3.7.86, p.30 and 17.7.86, pp.29-32 There have been many mass extinctions in the history of Earth, but the most recent is unique in that only large, terrestrial mammals disappeared. 30,000 years ago many huge strange animals roamed the continents; but by 11,000 years ago the ground sloth, mastodon and sabre-tooth cat of America, the woolly rhinoceros, mammoth and giant deer of Eurasia, and the giant kangaroo and rhinoceros-sized "wombat" of Australia (among many others) had all been wiped out. Only the large mammals of Africa survived, such as the rhinoceros, elephant and hippopotamus. There are two main theories as to the cause of these extinctions, but both have drawbacks. There were rapid and profound changes in climate and vegetation about 13,000 years ago at the end of the Pleistocene era, so this is an obvious suggestion. However, there had been ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 8  -  05 Mar 2003  -  19k  -  URL:
... , and possibly a much shorter period than that. In South America at about the same time, 46 genera became extinct. These were all large mammals, including mastodons, edentates, rodents, ungulates, carnivores, horses, peccaries, camels and deer. The extinctions of large animals in the old world were more modest, but the long-horned buffalo, giant hartebeest, giant Cape horse, a warthog-like pig and two species of springbok disappeared completely from Africa at the end of the Pleistocene, and the European woolly rhinoceros, woolly mammoth and giant deer became extinct at this time. Nine other genera disappeared from Europe but survived on other continents. The record in Asia is less well documented, but mammoths disappeared rapidly, particularly from the tundra and taiga zones. All of this is generally agreed. The argument which pervades Quaternary Extinctions is about possible causes. In 1972, L. Zajdler proposed that Atlantis had been destroyed by the collision of the Earth with the nucleus of a comet [3; even earlier, Otto Muck had argued that an asteroid was ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 8  -  05 Mar 2003  -  23k  -  URL:
83. Monitor [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... far and wide through trading by sea and the consequent carrying of infected rodents from port to port (see also W. H. McNeill: Plagues and Peoples [1977). Our correspondent David Slade suggests a connection with Sea Peoples perhaps responsible for carrying the earlier outbreak from the Russian Steppes. Ice age mysteries source: Houston Chronicle 29.2.88, section 7, p. 3 Researchers at Michigan State University believe there is a link between the abundant salt deposits in the south of the state and the numerous bones of giant mastodon and mammoth discovered there. Almost every bog lake in southern Michigan contains mastodon remains, so plentiful are they. The animals would have lived from about 12,000 to 10,000 years ago, when the area would have had an Arctic climate following the melting of the regions glaciers. It is now suggested that the beasts were drawn to the area in search of 'life-giving salt', being like African elephants of today with a salt craving. This theory is all very well but it does not account for other large finds of ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 8  -  05 Mar 2003  -  42k  -  URL:
84. Reviews [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... these could not develop gradually, or survive for more than a short time Fossils and Mammoths A good case (similar to Velikovsky's) is made for a catastrophic explanation of fossils. Fossil wood specimens recovered from Pre-Cambrian deposits in an iron ore mine varied from bright, modern appearing wood, through darkened (some changed by heat) to typical fossilised wood, according to Cook, and showed radiocarbon ages of 4,000 years. There is a good account of the paradox of the frozen mammoths, and the discussion of the Beresovka mammoth summarises Cook's views: "Since this specimen was eating buttercups when it died and remained frozen (in a deep freeze condition) essentially at the surface for a period of around 10^4 years after death, it would appear that the conditions surrounding the living Beresovka for growing buttercups disappeared as suddenly as the animal itself, and they never returned, at least as far as this animal is concerned. Any region which would grow buttercups 10,000 years ago and exhibit a gradually rising (average) temperature thereafter would surely ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 8  -  05 Mar 2003  -  33k  -  URL:
... admit that "Bethell's criticism applies to much of the technical literature in evolutionary theory, especially in the abstract mathematical treatments that consider evolution only as an alteration in numbers, not as a change in quality". However, his defence rests on the idea that "certain morphological, physiological, and behavioral traits should be superior a priori as designs for living in new environments. These traits confer fitness by an engineer's criterion of good design, not by the empirical fact of their survival and spread. It got colder before the woolly mammoth evolved its shaggy coat." Gould hence redefines "fitness" as "the ability... to survive in new environments", and has not really got to the heart of this Darwinian paradox. The choice as an illustration of the mammoth, a very "fit" creature conspicuous for its non-survival, is a bad mistake. Gould puts on a brave face for his defence of natural selection as the mechanism that shaped life in all its diversity, but he does not really convince. He blunders again when he ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 8  -  05 Mar 2003  -  20k  -  URL:
86. Monitor [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... two scientists (male), and their conclusion is that 'scavenging has probably had a much more pervasive effect on human evolution than has hitherto been appreciated.' The early simple stone tools were all that were required to deal with scavenged meat and prior to 2.5 Myrs ago unprocessed stones were probably used to smash bones and obtain marrow, leaving no archaeological record.... of mammoths too Scientific American September 1992, pp. 130-131 Was man the cause of the extinction of the mammoths or not? (See last issue- Mammoth extinctions) Gary Haynes was not content to simply theorize or run computer programmes but has gathered together the evidence in a book. Analysis of the age structure of the remains of elephant kills and natural die offs in Africa, compared to similar analysis of the mammoths undoubtedly butchered by Clovis people in North America leads to the conclusion that these people were scavenging natural die offs. 'The rapid spread of the Clovis culture over the hemisphere was not the cause of mammoth extinction but rather more the effect of it.' More impact clues ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 8  -  05 Mar 2003  -  25k  -  URL:
87. Whirlpools and Whirlwinds [Migration of Symbols (Book)] [Books]
... in the heavenly bodies as measures of time of days and nights, of the months, the seasons and the year. In Palaeolithic times, ideas regarding life appear to have been connected chiefly with human beings and animals. Reptiles were rare m Western Europe and vegetation scarce and un-interesting, as may be gathered from the study of Palaeolithic art. It was known even to Cro-Magnon man that the heart was the seat and centre of life, as is indicated by the fact that he painted a great heart on the body of a mammoth, and incised on representations of other animals spears or darts directed towards the heart. FIG. 31. Mammoth Painting (after Breuil) It seemed natural to the early thinkers that the living universe had a heart a centre of life, and that all the manifestations of life were connected with it. We do (after Breuil) not know to what extent Cro-Magnon man indulged in speculation in this connexion. He appears, however, to have had a definite conception of natural energy, that is, of magic, for ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 8  -  29 Mar 2004  -  43k  -  URL:
... , like pouring a cup of sugared and creamed coffee into a tube and getting back pure cream, pure sugar and pure coffee would seem like nonsense to someone who didn't know anything of gas and liquid chromatography. I'm sure there are plausible-sounding arguments against the possibility of such things. Thermodynamic treatment of Hawaiian volcanoes- present, terrestrial and observable- is extremely difficult and controversial. If one had not stood in the presence of an erupting Mauna Loa, and yet tried by the plastic toys of debate, to convince someone of the mammoth proportions of the event, there is no doubt in my mind that impressive "counter equations" could be written to "debunk" what really occurs. These "counter equations" would be wrong, not intrinsically but in the sense of being inapplicable, irrelevant and trivial. Constructive uses of mathematical arguments are plentiful and impressive. Predictions of lunar and solar eclipses, deduction of the shift of the perihelion of Mercury from tensor applications in general relativity, deduction of Rydberg's constant in atomic spectroscopy, brachistochrone and catenary analysis in generalized ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 8  -  05 Mar 2003  -  56k  -  URL:
... - no matter how unpalatable they may seem. Regarding the mammoths, later evidence threw into question even this one reservation. In a letter to the journal, published in the issue dated 4th April 1974, Dr MacKie noted: The example I selected in "A Challenge to the Integrity of Science?" to show that some of Velikovsky's claims have been disproved has turned out since to be not suitable for that purpose. The subject was the time of the final extinction of the mammoths and I noted then that radiocarbon dates for mammoth remains had all turned out to be many thousand of years earlier than the 15th century BC, one of two eras selected by Velikovsky as a possible time for their extinction (the other being the 8th century BC). However in the journal Radiocarbon (vol 15, p 114, 1973) there are published three dates for the bones of a mammoth found in Bavaria which turn out to be 1620 70, 2080 80 and 2120 60 BC (KI 358), an average of about 1940 BC. Even if they ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 8  -  05 Mar 2003  -  29k  -  URL:
90. Geomagnetic Reversals? [SIS C&C Review $]
... newly formed equivalent to twenty times all the world's present mountain glacier ice, or a third more than all the ice in Greenland. On the other side of the pole, in Siberia, a number of mammoths have been found, some with undigested food in their stomachs, some even with grass still in their mouths, and some still standing (Cardona 1976a). The state of preservation of the flesh indicates that they were frozen very rapidly indeed, yet their diet is that of a temperate zone. The recently discovered baby mammoth, radiocarbon dated to 44 000 BP, was found near the Kolyma river in the Yakutsk region of Russia. Both the mammoth discoveries and the re-advance of the North American ice sheet are compatible with the concept of rapid shifts of the geographic pole and polar ice cap along the 60 W, 120 E preferred magnetic polar wander path. Cifelli's observations on the variation of ocean climate around the North Atlantic introduce a more subtle effect of geographic reversals. Figure 3 shows the world in its present state and in the orientation following a ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 8  -  05 Mar 2003  -  96k  -  URL:
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