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... and thus making the site of the cataract retreat slowly upstream. Many attempts have been made to determine the time the waters needed to cut out the gorge below the present Falls. From various determinations of the rate of the cutting back it has been calculated that the river needed for its work a time between 5 000 and 25 000(Lyell: 35 000) years, the average being about 15 000 years. This figure tallies remarkably well with the figure obtained, from mythological considerations, for the capture of Luna. It is the most important geological contribution to this subject. While the Niagara Falls are the best known falls in the world, the Victoria Falls of the ...
82. Book Review [Journals] [SIS Workshop]
... geological strata in which it is found. After all, how do we know Zinjanthropus - the grandly named "Homo Habilis" - strutted the African Rift Valley just three million years ago, and not two, or perhaps four? Leakey and Lewin reassure us by listing the scientific techniques now available which, of course, were unknown to Lyell, Darwin, and T. H. Huxley a century ago. For more recent remains (going back about 50,000 years) Carbon 14 dating, developed by W. B. Libby, is the widely-known tool. For earlier periods, other radiometric time-clocks' - Uranium-Lead, Rubidium-Strontium, and Potassium-Argon, (specifically relevant to ...
83. The AAAS Symposium on Velikovsky [Books]
... broad audience and it may have taken far longer for these scientific ideas to spread and grow. But, by the same token, Storer condemns Velikovsky's approach of seeking "vindication from the lay public through the popular press." Not only did Galileo pursue this method of first writing for the educated, non-establishment public, but so did Charles Lyell, the great uniformitarian, in his volumes, Principles of Geology, about which historian of science Claude C. Albritton, Jr. writes. "The Principles proved to be an eminently successful and influential work . . . . Lyell had . . . synthesized the geological knowledge of his day around a coherent theory . . . . ...
84. Perilous Planet Earth [Journals] [SIS Internet Digest]
... gives way to gradualism: 1. Mythology, religion and catastrophism; 2. Hutton: fact and fiction about the origins of modern gradualism; 3. Cuvier and Lamarck: choosing between extinction and evolution; 4. Natural theology and Noah's Flood: the high-water mark of catastrophism; 5. Catastrophism, uniformitarianism and idealist philosophy; 6. Lyell triumphant: gradualism dominates geology; 7. Darwin and evolution; 8. After the Origin: the triumph of evolutionary gradualism; Section B: From 1900 to 1979: Gradualism reigns supreme: 9. Neo-Darwinism: the Modern Synthesis; 10. Phyletic gradualism; 11. Gradualist perceptions of human evolution; 12. Heretical catastrophists; 13 ...
85. "Uniformitarianism in Linguistics" by Craig Christy [Journals] [Kronos]
... linguistic programs of Europe and North America. What it was that led to the writing of this book remains unclear. Overall, the volume seems to be little more than a sketch of the development of linguistic science from the early 1 9th to the late 20th century. Nonetheless, the author's frequent reference to paleontologists and geologists like Cuvier and Lyell strongly suggest that he wanted it to be more. If so, he seems to me to have fallen far short of his goal. In any case, there is regrettably little here in the way of new information or original insight, either for linguists or for catastrophists . REFERENCES 1. Gordon W. Hewes, "Language in ...
86. Plato. Ch.2 To Know And Not To Know (Mankind in Amnesia) [Velikovsky]
... his teacher said in so many words in his various works. The Aristotelian negation of the traumas of the past, built into a philosophical system that covers many fields of human knowledge, became the rock on which the Alexandrian schools of physics, geometry and astronomy of Archimedes, Euclid and Claudius Ptolemy were built. The teaching of uniformitarianism (Lyell, Darwin) is a nineteenth-century version of Aristotelianism. And as much as the Church Scientific (Thomas Huxley's expression) still follows in the steps of Darwin, it is still Aristotelian; and, in following Isaac Newton in the study of celestial space and the bodies populating it, the Church Scientific is again Aristotelian. And as much ...
87. Of "Pre-existing Ideas" In The Souls Of Peoples, Part 2 Mars Ch.6 (Worlds in Collision) [Velikovsky] [Velikovsky Worlds in Collision]
... of modern geology and of the theory of evolution. "Present continuity implies the improbability of past catastrophism and violence of change, either in the lifeless or in the living world; moreover, we seek to interpret the changes and laws of past time through those which we observe at the present time. This was Darwin's secret, learned from Lyell."2 It has been shown in this book, however, that forces which at present do not act on the earth, did so act in historical times, and that thes e forces are of a purely physical character. Scientific principles do not warrant maintaining that a force which does not act now, could not have acted ...
88. Bob Kobres' Research Menu [Journals] [SIS Internet Digest]
... 1882) discussion, by Ignatius Donnelly, of the possibility of Earth being hit by a comet. Plus links to discussions: Discussion Part A: The potential problem with any research paradigm is the radical premise upon which it builds. If this footing slips the foundation crumbles, and an edifice of thought construct comes tumbling down. Sir Charles Lyell, like his philosophical model James Hutton, simply could not... Discussion Part B: Franz Xavier Kugler (1862-1929), a Jesuit priest who devoted much of his life to the study of cuneiform astronomical texts, ultimately reached the conclusion that most of these ancient tablets reflected actual observations and were not, as many other philologists ...
89. Scientific Prehistory [Books]
... of the rupture of Pangaea and the sudden shift of the continents for over a decade. This was how I was able to put together quickly the type of paper that should have been published as Editor Flanagan indicated in his acknowledgment letter. Obviously it was blocked by an `authority" or `authorities' of the inner circle. Charles Lyell and those after him sharing his obviously incorrect uniformitarianism, and in control of publications in the field of the earth sciences, prevented papers by Snyder, Pepper, Wegener and others with the facts on P and CD from being published until 1959. That's also why duToit's ideas had to await publication until Eardley published them in 1962. Eardley ...
90. Quantavolutions [Books] [de Grazia books]
... and writings of the original inhabitants of the Americas; astronomers like William Whiston who perceived an exoterrestrial cause for the Noachian deluge; anthropologists like Nicholas-Antoine Boulanger who recognized the symptoms of catastrophic fear in the history of religion; paleontologists such as Cuvier who discovered the layerings of catastrophe; anthropological-biological explorers like Humboldt who accorded respect to aboriginal accounts. Charles Lyell and his supporters thereupon might have had less success in dominating natural history- even allowing that they were riding on the crest of English world power, political power always being consciously or unconsciously imperialistic in the dissemination of ideas. Admittedly there is a world history of science to be written from the standpoint of the sociology of knowledge as a ...
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