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Search results for: lyell in all categories

108 results found.

11 pages of results.
61. Monitor [SIS C&C Review $]
... task for writing that the impact theory of species extinction was invented in the 1980s by Alvarez. He brought their attention to the works of Velikovsky and the latter's acknowledgement of Cuvier, the French catastrophist, and pointed out that the history of cosmic collision theory showed that 'accepted' science was very much influenced by the political environment of its day. Cuvier lived at the time of the French revolution but revolutionary ideas were seen as a political threat by the British, whose constitution was based on ideas of gradualism, hence the acceptance of Lyell and then Darwin. With the collapse of communism, cosmic collision ideas have become more acceptable, being politically neutral, but the writer thinks gradualism is still a strong influence, 'adherence to which seems to be the equivalent of the McCarthy loyalty oath for scientists.' ASTRONOMY Pulsating problems New Scientist 7.2.98, Scientific American Dec. 97, p. 16 A new pulsar, thought to be only 4000 years old, appears to be rotating 62 times a second, more than twice the previous record for pulsars. It may even ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  52k  -  URL:
62. Pole-Shift [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... skin of both animals made their hair less resistant to cold and damp than that of the average mammal. In other words, the hair of the mammoth showed a negative adaptation to cold. Further, we know that along with millions of mammoths, the northern Siberian plains (today one of the coldest spots on earth) supported vast numbers of rhinoceros, antelope, horse, bison, sabertooth cat, and other animals. No doubt it was the knowledge of these conditions that caused the great founder of modern geology, Sir Charles Lyell, to remark that it would be impossible for herds of mammoth and rhinoceros to subsist throughout the year, even in the southern part of Siberia. Many of the mammoths that have been found frozen have had as much as fifty pounds of organic material, largely undigested and remarkably well preserved, in their teeth and stomach-- their last meal. The vegetation was found to be ripe fruits of sedges, grasses, and other plants, suggesting that the mammoths died during the second half of July or beginning of August. ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  48k  -  URL:
... . Nicolas Leonard Carnot (1796-1832) was educated in Paris and Metz, becoming an army engineer whose job was to inspect and report on fortifications. For a hobby he did pioneering mathematical work on heat engines and was effectively the founder of the discipline of thermodynamics. He determined that heat was essentially work, or rather work that has changed its form. Carnot calculated a conversion constant for heat and work and proposed that the total quantity of work in the universe is constant- thus coining the First Law of Thermodynamics. Sir Charles Lyell (1797-1875) was educated at Oxford University, studied law and was admitted to the Bar. He soon changed tack, devoting his life to science and in particular the study of geology. It should be noted that he published the first two volumes of his Principles of Geology without having done any fieldwork, so not only was he self- taught, he was what we would call an 'arm-chair scientist'. He developed the theory of uniformitarianism which supplanted the catastrophism then prevalent among scientists. He is considered one of the ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  52k  -  URL:
64. Catastrophes: the Diluvial Evidence [SIS C&C Review $]
... more than one occasion, just as Cuvier had concluded. All the geologists were impressed by the large 'erratic' boulders found scattered over much of Europe and North America and by the loam and gravel deposits which lay as a mantle in northern regions. In an attempt to explain the origin of these features, theories of tidal waves were developed from the 'cooling Earth' scenario of Élie de Beaumont [15, 18, 20. Nevertheless, only a few years later, catastrophic diluvialism was a spent force. This was because Charles Lyell (1797-1875) established what he termed the 'uniformitarian' view that the only significant processes changing the Earth's surface were ordinary, everyday ones, acting gently but persistently over very long periods of time. Also, it became accepted, largely because of the work of Louis Agassiz (1807-1873), a Swiss naturalist and catastrophist, who moved to the United States in 1846, that the erratic boulders and drift deposits had been carried by glaciers during an 'Ice Age', not by tidal waves [15, 18, 21. ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  62k  -  URL:
65. An Unexplained Arctic Catastrophe [SIS C&C Review $]
... p. 83. Fielden, H.W. 1878, 'Geology or the Coasts of the Arctic Islands', Quart. Jl. Geol. Soc. Lond., vol. 24, pp. 565-567. Hooker, J.D. 1881. 'Presidential Address', Proc. Roy. Geogr. Soc. Lond., vol. 3, pp. 601-603. Kropotkin, P. 1900, 'Baron von Toll on New Siberia and the Circumpolar Tertiary Flora', Geogr. Jl., vol. xvi, pp. 95-99. Lyell, C. 1870, Elements of Geology, London, p. 215. Scharff, R.F., 1899, The History of the European Fauna, London, vii+ 364pp.; see p. 163. Whiteley, D.G., 1910, 'The Ivory Islands of the Arctic Ocean', Jl. Trans. Vict. Inst. Lond., vol. xliii, pp. 35-37. Wrangell, F.B. von, 1844, Narrative of an Expedition to Siberia and the Polar Sea, 1820-1823, 2nd. ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  34k  -  URL:
66. Comments: on the First Issue [Catastrophism Geology $]
... Harold Tresman has asked me to reply to you on behalf of the SIS, as you invited comment on the correctness of your view of Velikovsky's work. Yes, we do believe you are wrong in saying that Velikovsky's theories provide us with another kind of reductionism. Your claim that he tries to explain everything with a unified theory that leaves only with the spiritual or the divine to contemplate is very much an exaggeration. Without looking any further than the pages of your journal, one can find in the circular distributed at the Charles Lyell Centenary Conference several areas-of discussion which Velikovsky's theories do not even attempt to solve- I refer to the question of UFO's, alien contacts with humanity in ancient times, telepathy, telekinesis, and the claims of water dowsers and ore diviners. One could think of numerous other problems which his work avoids. So, unless you class such topics as "within the divine or spiritual realm", and indeed, beyond the scope of your own Journal, you must admit that your broad generalisation about Velikovsky's work is incorrect. Velikovsky's ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  22k  -  URL:
... the living system itself. Man's role Man's strategy tends to be the opposite of nature's. He is 'preoccupied with harvesting as much as possible and leaving as little structure and diversity on the landscape as possible' (Odum, 1975). Moreover, with the urban-industrial development, the high-level organization of life is replaced by the crude organization of machines. The role of man in the extinction of fossil species is controversial: see for instance Jelinek's (1967) opposition, and Herter's (1967) support, of the earlier views of Lyell (1863) about the extinction of Late Pleistocene megafaunas. Regarding present-day extinctions, however, the role of man can be hardly questioned. "The principal destructive process at work now is modifcation or loss of species' habitats, which arises for the most part from economic development of natural environments" (Myers 1976). According to that author, the present extinction rate for animal species and subspecies would be about ton times that from 1600 to 1950, which already exceeded the average rates of the geological past. Of course ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  54k  -  URL:
... . The founders of the sciences of geology --Buckland, Sidgwick, and Murchinson (who gave the classification of formations used today); of vertebrate paleontology --Cuvier; and of ichthyology --Louis Agassiz --never doubted that what they observed was the result of repeated cataclysms in which the entire globe partook. Actually, Charles Darwin, observing the destruction of fauna in South America, was convinced that nothing less than the shaking of the entire frame of the Earth could account for what he saw. But the introduction of the principle of uniformitarianism by Charles Lyell, a lawyer who never had field experience, and the acceptance of it on faith by Charles Darwin, are a psychological phenomenon that I observed again and again. Exactly those who, like Darwin, witnessed the omnipresent shambles of an overwhelming fury of devastation on a continental scale, became the staunchest defenders of the principle of uniformitarianism, that became not just a law, but a principle that grew to a statute of faith in the natural sciences, as if the reasoning that what we do not observe in our time could ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  36k  -  URL:
... special issue of the American Behavioral Scientist (September 1963), then reprinted with updating material, as a book, in the summer of 1966. [Ultimately, the article "Venus- a Youthful Planet" was published in the April, 1967 issue of the Yale Scientific Magazine. It is reprinted here with a marked timeliness.- LMG The nebular hypothesis of the origin of the planetary family (Swedenborg, Kant, Laplace), also in its modern form (Weiszacker), complies with the uniformitarian principle of Hutton, Lyell, and Darwin. On the other hand, the tidal hypothesis in its original version (a tidal disruption of the sun by a passing star-- Moulton, Chamberlain, Jeans, Jeffreys) and in its variant (the collision of the passing star with one member of a binary star system of which the sun is a surviving member-- Lyttleton, H. N. Russell) is clearly catastrophic. Yet, its originators claimed that the catastrophe was an exception to the rule of the otherwise valid principle of uniformity ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  37k  -  URL:
... (13). Velikovsky is asserted (31-2) to be 'an almost perfect textbook example of the pseudo-scientist'" Then Macbeth proceeds to show, using Gardner's own words and Velikovsky's books, that "Velikovsky does not in the least tally with Mr. Gardner's description of the typical crank or pseudo-scientist". As to why Velikovsky "should arouse such hostility," Macbeth believes it is because "Velikovsky is a leading advocate of catastrophism. which is perhaps the most dangerous unorthodoxy of all since it strikes at the foundation on which Lyell, Darwin, and others have relied". 157. For the record, Gardner's mistakes will be corrected. The flood of Noah and the origin of Venus were not coincident and both occurred before 1500 B.C. The "collisions" were not grazing contacts, but close encounters. The crossing in Exodus occurred not at the Red Sea, but most probably a smaller inland body of water. Velikovsky did not identify the Sea of Passage. Velikovsky did not insist on extraterrestrial flies; he merely speculated about them, with the ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  41k  -  URL:
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