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Search results for: lyell in all categories

108 results found.

11 pages of results.
41. Bookshelf [SIS C&C Review $]
... general progress- increase in brain size does characterize the evolution of group after group of mammals. But big brains have their use in local environments; they do not mark intrinsic trends to higher states." What, one might ask, would mark "intrinsic trends to higher states", if increased brain size does not? Two sections will be of especial interest to readers of this Review. "Uniformity and Catastrophe" (No. 18) attempts to clear up some misunderstandings about 19th-century geology, particularly the idea that before LYELL shone the light of uniformitarianism into that science, it was dominated by the catastrophists who were "theological apologists who sought to compress the geologic record into the strictures of biblical chronology". Gould reminds us of the scientific catastrophists; precursors of Velikovsky, such as CUVIER, AGASSIZ, SEDGWICK and MURCHISON, none of whom resembled the caricatured fundamentalist "straw man" that Lyell set up to demolish and replace with "scientific" uniformitarianism. According to Gould' "the catastrophists were much more empirically minded than Lyell". It ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 12  -  05 Mar 2003  -  20k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/review/v0401/04books.htm
... general progress- increase in brain size does characterize the evolution of group after group of mammals. But big brains have their use in local environments; they do not mark intrinsic trends to higher states." What, one might ask, would mark "intrinsic trends to higher states", if increased brain size does not? Two sections will be of especial interest to readers of this journal. "Uniformity and Catastrophe" (No. 18) attempts to clear up some misunderstandings about 19th-century geology, particularly the idea that before Lyell shone the light of uniformitarianism into that science, it was dominated by the catastrophists who were "theological apologists who sought to compress the geologic record into the strictures of biblical chronology". Gould reminds us of the scientific catastrophists, precursors of Velikovsky, such as Cuvier, Agassiz, Sedgwick and Murchison, none of whom resembled the caricatured fundamentalist "straw man" that Lyell set up to demolish and replace with "scientific" uniformitarianism. According to Gould, "the catastrophists were much more empirically minded than Lyell". It ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 12  -  05 Mar 2003  -  20k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/kronos/vol0704/026ever.htm
43. Nemesis for Evolutionary Gradualism? [SIS C&C Review $]
... hypothesis, according to one's preconceived ideas, whereas the true situation is much more finely balanced [96, 97. Another determined not to accept unsubstantiated claims in favour of extraterrestrial catastrophism is Tony Hallam, Professor of Geology at the University of Birmingham. Hallam is not interested in defending outmoded gradualism. He agrees with Stephen Jay Gould [2, 4 that 'catastrophists such as Cuvier were the true empiricists of the day, interpreting the stratigraphic record as it appeared, for instance in the abruptly changing succession of fossil faunas, and that Lyell introduced confusion into the argument' [102. He further agrees that the actualistic principle of uniformitarianism, that 'the present is the key to the past', is accepted by catastrophists and substantive uniformitarians (gradualists) alike. However, he considers that 'serious doubts and difficulties persist about extraterrestrially-induced catastrophes, especially as a general explanation for mass extinctions. The issue is likely to remain unresolved for a considerable time yet, and much cooperative analysis is called for between teams of specialists working on the Phanerozoic [the Age of Life, ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 8  -  05 Mar 2003  -  60k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/review/v1988/57grad.htm
44. The Great Debate [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... century. In their attempt to find acceptance in the scientific community, most geologists sought to separate themselves from Bible literalists who taught that the world was created in six days. They tried at all costs to avoid the rare and mysterious; thus uniformity was encouraged and those who preferred catastrophic explanations drifted off into other fields, such as paleontology or glacial geology. The result was an almost unanimous agreement among geologists that uniformitarianism was valid. The beginning of the end of the doctrine of catastrophism came in 1830, when English attorney Charles Lyell published a theory which declared that all natural forces had been going on in the same basic manner throughout history. The theory became very popular, and uniformitarianism was elevated to the position of scientific law. As it happened, a close friend and disciple of Lyell's was responsible for carrying the doctrine of uniformity into the field of biology. The friend, who dedicated his Journal to Lyell, is more responsible for the widespread acceptance of the doctrine of uniformitarianism in the scientific community than any other person in history. His name was ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 8  -  05 Mar 2003  -  21k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/cat-anc/vol0302/102great.htm
... , AL: One does not have to be of the catastrophic persuasion to recognize that something is seriously amiss with a certain book review that appeared in the March issue of your magazine.... I shall resist a detailed discussion here except to say that if Davis were to be fined a modest 100 dollars for every inexcusable error committed in this relatively short piece of less than 450 words, then he would have to survive at least a solid month or two without income. Capitalizing on Davis' mentioning "the geologist Charles Lyell", who replaced catastrophism with his uniformitarian view of nature, William J. Douglas of Rockville, MD observed: Davis speaks of "the uncomfortable grain of truth" in Velikovsky's thinking. But surely he should not object to getting some facts straight. Charles Lyell was not a geologist, but a lawyer, and his Principles of Geology was a political, rather than scientific, treatise. Its effectiveness is attested to by the fact that Davis can today comment, with a straight face, that abrupt changes have become respectable ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 8  -  05 Mar 2003  -  46k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/kronos/vol0802/081vox.htm
... original Spanish. Editor: Do you find a significant number of catastrophist themes in ancient inscriptions and, if you do, how do you account for them? Dr. Fell: Well- give me time to think about this. There again its a question of my training- I was a student in the 19... (inaud.)... the student of a professor who had been a student of Huxley and dates back therefore- I have a sort of academic lineage leading back to the time of Lyell, the great British geologist. Our professors told us the whole story of the overthrow of catastrophism by uniformitarianism and of Lyell, the great hero who showed how the strata was slowly formed under the sea and slowly elevated. It wasn't all the result of one colossal flood in which everybody got killed. So because of that its been hard for me to treat catastrophism's ideas seriously- but, of course, one shouldn't throw away the baby with the bath water and, undoubtedly there have been catastrophes- great catastrophes which perhaps ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 8  -  05 Mar 2003  -  39k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/horus/v0201/horus03.htm
... the effects of factors arising from this evidence upon the composition and properties of coals. In particular, the effects of deposition by megalochthonous processes and of cover by marine sediments have been considered in all sections of the book and a relationship has been established between the development of coking properties and marine influences operating during deposition, decomposition and/or metamorphism. Coal: Its Formation and Composition, pp. 14-17. Velikovsky, in a comprehensive review of the geological literature of the last 170 years, throws doubt upon the validity of the Lyell geological law of uniformity for the earth and the Darwinian law of evolution, through continuity, for plants and animals. The theory of uniformity, or of gradual changes in the past measured by the extent and nature of changes observed in the present, implies the gradual crumbling of the earth's crust by wind, sun and rain, and its transport into the sea. This is followed by the gradual elevation of land masses from the sea, the events taking place in cycles, each requiring geological periods for completion. Although violations ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 8  -  05 Mar 2003  -  20k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/pensee/ivr02/19coal.htm
... study is the history of science. The strong reaction to Dr. Velikovsky is understandable to one who has done research in the history of science. Velikovsky has taken a look at the foundations of astronomy and geology, hitting at those very sensitive spots which were never empirically established. Uniformitarianism in geology was basically a political doctrine; it was never one that was verified empirically. Any suggestion that uniformitarianism is not scientific --Velikovsky does suggest that --is very embarrassing. Scientists cannot answer directly, they can only answer by attacking Velikovsky the way Lyell attacked the catastrophists of his day: by discrediting their person. The same thing is also true of astronomy, which likewise has some very weak points at its foundations. One of those weak points happens to be the gravitational constant, which was deduced as much for theological reasons as for empirical reasons... We can't say for sure that Velikovsky has made a "great contribution" to scholarship. But by pursuing a certain idea, he has opened up the possibility that the foundations of a number of sciences are not ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 8  -  05 Mar 2003  -  25k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/pensee/ivr01/43forum.htm
... depend on the wording of the King James Bible and are not supported by other versions. Above all, the fossil record shows clearly that life-forms have changed through time, contrary to the claims of creationism. On the other hand, Strickling does not find gradualistic evolution, as proposed by Charles Darwin and later by neo-Darwinians, any more convincing as an explanation of the history of life on Earth. He points out, correctly, that the fossil record shows evidence of abrupt transitions- but Darwin and his uniformitarian geologist mentor, Charles Lyell, argued that this was because the record was faulty, not because changes were sudden. The same dubious argument was repeated in the mid-20th century when the Modern Synthesis of neo-Darwinism was formulated. Strickling labels gradualistic Darwinism as 'The Great Lie' and creationism as 'The Great Mistake'. He then asks what is left and, with justification, answers that the alternative to the faulty doctrines of gradualistic Darwinism and creationism is catastrophism. So far, I am with him all (or at least most) of the way. However ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 8  -  05 Mar 2003  -  24k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/review/v1997n2/47origin.htm
... acceptable, amount even for the Century of Enlightenment. Possible Origins of the Telliamed The 18th century was characterised by the confrontation between the principles of science and religious dogmatism. De Maillet was one of those thinkers that would have to be attacked, according to Voltaire, since his transformist ideas, which dispensed with divine action, would end in materialism. These transformist ideas would germinate some years later in thinkers such as Buffon [37, Hutton [38, Lamarck [39 and Chambers [40, reaching the transformist drama's catastasis with Lyell [41 and Darwin [42. The Telliamed is a good example of the persistence of certain ideas about nature throughout the centuries. We can find both the Flood and the fall in sea level firstly in ancient cosmogonies and mythical-religious traditions [43. From Mesopotamian civilisation to Jewish-Christian culture, through the Egyptian world and the oldest Arab traditions, the idea of the fall in primordial water level has also been expressed. Several peoples of Black Africa, such as the Dogon, the Yorubas and the Swahili, as well as at ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 8  -  05 Mar 2003  -  26k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/review/v1999n2/14ben.htm
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