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Search results for: lyell in all categories

108 results found.

11 pages of results.
21. Catastrophist Geology [Catastrophism Geology $]
... Year 3, number 2 December 1978 In this issue: Letters B.P. Radhakrishna, Harold Aspden Earth's Gaseous Core (comments) F.D. Stacey, W.H. McCrea, Axel Firsoff, Clyde M.Stacey Late Paleozoic Tornadoes and Synsedimentary Brecciation of Chert Nodules Albert V.Carozzi, Murry S.Gerber Coldwater Carbonate Sedimentation C. Prasada Rao Cratonic Stability and Rapid Erosion Events Charles W.Finkl Jr Anomalistics- a New Field of Interdisciplinary Studies Roger W ..Wescott Science Frontiers 1977-1978 William R.Corliss Apophoreta 6 Haroun Tazieff The next issue will be a special volume on George Cuvier and Charles Lyell- a History of Misunderstandings and Distortions, with articles by Charles Deperet, Louis Delaunay, Pierre Termier, Henshaw Ward, Chr.B.Beringer and Johan B.Kloosterman. Also forthcoming: a special issue on The Alchemy of Rocks- the Transmutation of Elements in Geology, with contributions by George Choubert, P.A. Korolkov, Eugene A. Velitchko, C.Louis Kervran and Solomon Goldfein. and: a special issue on Psycho-Lamarckism Catastrophist Geology A magazine dedicated to the study of discontinuities in Earth history Publisher: Johan B.Kloosterman, Caixa Postal 41.003, Santa Teresa ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  01 Sep 2004  -  5k  -  URL:
22. Bob Kobres' Research Menu [SIS Internet Digest $]
... Views, A discussion of the historicity of the Mahabharata, edited by S.P. Gupta and K.S. Ramachandran (1976). Ragnarok: The Age of fire and Gravel, An early (1882) discussion, by Ignatius Donnelly, of the possibility of Earth being hit by a comet. Plus links to discussions: Discussion Part A: The potential problem with any research paradigm is the radical premise upon which it builds. If this footing slips the foundation crumbles, and an edifice of thought construct comes tumbling down. Sir Charles Lyell, like his philosophical model James Hutton, simply could not... Discussion Part B: Franz Xavier Kugler (1862-1929), a Jesuit priest who devoted much of his life to the study of cuneiform astronomical texts, ultimately reached the conclusion that most of these ancient tablets reflected actual observations and were not, as many other philologists had adduced, nonsensical. Discussion Part C: The Chinese Classics (1960 ed.), translated by James Legge, are an excellent source of astro-myth, particularly volumes III and IV ( ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  05 Mar 2003  -  3k  -  URL:
23. Perilous Planet Earth [SIS Internet Digest $]
... : Introduction; Part I. Catastrophism: The Story of its Decline and Fall... and Resurrection: Section A. From prehistory to 1899: Catastrophism dominates for centuries, but then gives way to gradualism: 1. Mythology, religion and catastrophism; 2. Hutton: fact and fiction about the origins of modern gradualism; 3. Cuvier and Lamarck: choosing between extinction and evolution; 4. Natural theology and Noah's Flood: the high-water mark of catastrophism; 5. Catastrophism, uniformitarianism and idealist philosophy; 6. Lyell triumphant: gradualism dominates geology; 7. Darwin and evolution; 8. After the Origin: the triumph of evolutionary gradualism; Section B: From 1900 to 1979: Gradualism reigns supreme: 9. Neo-Darwinism: the Modern Synthesis; 10. Phyletic gradualism; 11. Gradualist perceptions of human evolution; 12. Heretical catastrophists; 13. Atlantis: rational and irrational theories of a 'lost' civilisation; 14. Evolutionary mass extinctions and neocatastrophism; 15. Punctuated equilibrium: a new evolutionary perspective; 16. Human evolution: ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  05 Mar 2003  -  3k  -  URL:
24. Catastrophism and Uniformitarianism [Catastrophism Geology $]
... From: Catastrophist Geology Year 1 No. 2 (Dec 1976) Home¦ Issue Contents Catastrophism and Uniformitarianism Alistair F, Pitty Department of Geography, University of Hull, Great Britain The view of earth history proposed by the Catastrophists of the early nineteenth century was of a succession of abrupt upheavals culminating in a great Flood. These paroxysms were interpretated as the result of Divine intervention. In contrast. C. Lyell and J. Hutton favoured slow changes due to natural processes and considered that interpretations of earth history could be based on present-day evidence. Geology developed from their work. and A. Geike's maxim, 'the present is the key to the past', is often quoted. perhaps partly because the phrase is little longer than the word Uniformitarianism. However, work in geology and geomorphology is sometimes less consistent with Geike's maxim, now essentially of historical interest, than its frequent quotation may suggest.. For example, since endogenic processes are unobservable, for many geologists the present is not so much a key as one number in a combination lock, ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  05 Mar 2003  -  17k  -  URL:
25. Bookshelf [SIS C&C Review $]
... Darwinism, even though it does not involve the fine interaction between organism and environment that Darwin and many of his adherents believed to be essential. Stanley discusses in some detail the reasons for Darwin's commitment to gradualistic evolution: his belief in the Scala Naturae, which linked all forms of life in a graded series; his belief in the principle of plenitude, the idea that there were no gaps in the scale of life or, as we might say today, that all ecological niches must be filled; and the influence of Charles Lyell and his uniformitarian ideas. As with most biologists, from T. H. Huxley onwards, who have felt the need to criticise some aspects of evolutionary theory, Steven Stanley is conscious of the dangers of giving comfort to creationists; accordingly, The New Evolutionary Timetable includes the expected blast against creation science. Near the end of the book, Stanley summarises his main area of interest, and its context, thus: "My special concern has been with analysis at a still higher level than selection within a population or species ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  05 Mar 2003  -  10k  -  URL:
26. Showers of Glass [SIS C&C Review $]
... . This is perhaps surprising for it is good evidence. He comments that: "... the cometary impact hypothesis is no less exotic a mechanism for the production of tektites than is lunar volcanism. But somehow it does seem less so these days". He then remarks on the "remarkably cool" reception the scientific community gave the Alvarez et al. hypothesis of cometary impact to explain the Cretaceous-Tertiary extinctions, and that this suggests "... the rigid anti-catastrophism characteristic of geological thinking since the time of Hutton and Lyell is now dead". One final thought remains as a challenge. He notes that tektites are known only from the last 35 million years: however, cometary impacts are being used to explain the biological extinctions throughout the Phanerozoic.* This is perhaps evidence that should give Alvarez et al. food for thought. It probably means that the same sort of catastrophic agent, i.e. comet, cannot be used to explain all the hiatuses in the geological record, and that extinctions not associated with tektite falls may yet find another ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  05 Mar 2003  -  6k  -  URL:
... tools, unambiguously identifiable as weapons, [could be found. All three of these heterodox hypotheses about human evolution --Morgan's aquaticism, DeGrazia's catastrophism and Treviņo's grain collectionism --picture our forebears as having experienced drastic discontinuities in behavioural direction. In this, they collectively contrast with the orthodox view, which pictures our evolution as steady and continuous, moving us directly from an arboreal to a terrestrial habitat while gradually increasing our control of natural forces. My feeling is that, although none of these hypotheses can be reconciled with the uniformism of Hutton, Lyell and Darwin, they can be fitted into a larger, quantalist paradigm. This paradigm would depict our ancestors as quadrupedal and arboreal fruit-eaters during the Miocene Epoch, as semi-aquatic waders and beachcombers during the Pliocene, and as grassland plant-gatherers during the Lower Pleistocene. During the interglacials of the Middle Pleistocene, they could have begun specialising m the intensive seed gathering that Tevinio calls gram collection, only to have this emergent norm disrupted by renewed hunting and its coercive consequences. Like most other scholars, Treviņo is not only a data-collector ( ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  05 Mar 2003  -  13k  -  URL:
28. Book Review [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... human evolution rest on little more evidence (and much less human testimony) than Huygen's European leprechauns. The trunk of the evolutionary tree depends on the dating of the fossil evidence and of the geological strata in which it is found. After all, how do we know Zinjanthropus- the grandly named "Homo Habilis"- strutted the African Rift Valley just three million years ago, and not two, or perhaps four? Leakey and Lewin reassure us by listing the scientific techniques now available which, of course, were unknown to Lyell, Darwin, and T. H. Huxley a century ago. For more recent remains (going back about 50,000 years) Carbon 14 dating, developed by W. B. Libby, is the widely-known tool. For earlier periods, other radiometric 'time-clocks'- Uranium-Lead, Rubidium-Strontium, and Potassium-Argon, (specifically relevant to the time-span discussed by Leakey and Lewin) are used. However, Carbon 14 dates themselves were revised backwards in the 1960s when checked against the year-by-year reconstructed chronologies of the Southern California Bristlecone Pines ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  05 Mar 2003  -  6k  -  URL:
29. Some Interdisciplinary Speculations (?) [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... its guilt and aggressiveness and relax and enjoy the short period of stability in the solar system we seem to have had for some 2700 years. I am forced to wonder if the race would be better able to cope if it consciously understood that that system is probably quite unstable and could come unglued any day in ways which the race could not hope to survive. It occurs to me that our current manic behaviour might seem tame compared to what might ensue. Perhaps this is the fundamental reason that lies behind the desperate efforts of Lyell and Darwin, and their descendants, Shapley and Sagan, to assure the race that all is well with the physical world. Perhaps even, that is why Newton came down so hard on Whiston... OUR reviewer, Roy MacKinnon, notes that "wind and storm tracks are noted for affecting the physical and mental health of people. Some winds such as the Sirocco have been shown by recent research in medical science to have particularly low levels of primary atmospheric ions, particularly negative air ions. These conditions have been ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  05 Mar 2003  -  10k  -  URL:
30. Letters [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... as "rubbish" both religion and mythology, and who now find that "mythology" at least is based on fact and becomes daily more credible. Will those converts to catastrophism find that "religious beliefs" might likewise have a sound basis, deserve greater attention and lead back to God? The second: In view of the difficulties Velikovskians experience in convincing others of the validity of catastrophism, it is hardly surprising that the vast majority of people in the western world, brought up on the lotus plants cultivated by Darwin and Lyell, and fed a daily diet of the same soporific drug by establishment science, should find the necessity for an apparently disinterested but nonetheless uncomfortable and demanding Deity to be minimal or non-existent. However, it would be interesting to speculate on the mad "musical chairs" scramble for church pews if the long-playing record of the present "uniformitarian spell" in the Earth's history suddenly stopped, and a new Venus-type comet approached, bringing with it an up-to-date version of the Ten Plagues. Would the traditional structures of thought and the old ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 15  -  05 Mar 2003  -  15k  -  URL:
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