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Search results for: lyell in all categories

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... titles. On the one hand, a number of works on nineteenth century intellectual history and histories of science (such as H. T. Pledge's Science Since 1500, 1959) carry accounts of Uniformitarianism and Catastrophicism, Darwinism, Marxism, the struggle between science and religion and so on to other topics under treatment here. There exist some excellent more special studies as well, such as C. C. Gillispie's Genesis and Geology (1951) and John C. Green's The Death of Adam (1959). The works of Lyell, Darwin, Cuvier, and many another contributor are of course readily available. The complete works of Marx and Engels are published in German and beginning to be published in English (in 100 volumes); meanwhile much of the essential work, such as Engels' Dialectics of Nature, is available in English, too. The "Social Darwinists" who 'stole" Darwinism from Marx and Engels (and socialism) are also treated in a number of sources, both original and secondary. On the other hand, the subtlety ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  03 Apr 2004  -  25k  -  URL:
... to avoid being politically incorrect. As with the established Church in the past therefore, we may find that the proverbial NASA scientist will prefer not to be associated with the ornamental apocalyptics of any ancestral sage. Celestial Chaos From about the middle of the nineteenth century, the authority of the established Church gave way in official eyes to the authority of empirical Science. Thus, when the providential view of the universe could no longer be sustained by a purely theological argument, the uniformitarian view of geological and biological evolution (as introduced by Lyell and Darwin respectively) gained in ascendancy and the idea of cosmic catastrophes fell into scientific disrepute. Initially there was an undercurrent of 'political correctness' associated with the uniformitarian view as Science established its power (chiefly in the hands of Huxley and his acolytes) and the divine component of natural philosophy was ruthlessly expunged. Later, however, as the emphasis shifted to a more truly empirical basis for understanding the terrestrial record, the various ideas about the dynamics of geological and biological processes were developed without reference to cosmic inputs. The ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  47k  -  URL:
103. Catastrophism and Anthropology [SIS C&C Review $]
... Whiston, Cuvier) related the origins of ancient customs and rituals to these past cataclysms. Vico and Boulanger accepted the ancient belief that the Earth had undergone many natural disasters and that from these global upheavals all institutions and religious ceremonies were derived. Yet, with the emergence of 19th century evolutionary gradualism, all fields of science banned catastrophe theories completely from universities, research and scientific journals. Over and over again, historians and anthropologists rejected any historical reading of the ancient catastrophe legends and rituals by reference to the works of Darwin and Lyell [1. When Frazer published his comprehensive study on the worldwide story of the great flood, he stressed the paradigmatic importance of Darwin's theory of evolution, consequently rejecting every possibility that the tradition originated from historical events [2. According to Frazer's biographer, the implicit purpose of this rejection was 'to undermine the Bible and religion by insisting on its folkloric stratum, thereby associating it with savagery' [3. Since then, 20th century anthropology has tended to view the ancient flood traditions as mere reflections of 'mythical' thinking, ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  36k  -  URL:
... new remains, but, as Howorth makes clear, Every effort to find any still operating cause by which the bones could be so protected and covered in by clay, or gravel, or mud far away from the great rivers, and in the more or less raised mounds and hillocks on the tundra, has utterly failed.... The remains in Siberia do not generally occur along river-courses, nor do they occur chiefly in marshy or boggy land, nor in land that could ever have been boggy, but, as Lyell himself admits, they are chiefly found "where the banks of the rivers present lofty precipices of sand and clay"... (68) Yet another aspect of the mammoth situation is skirted by focusing on the isolated frozen individuals. With the dissipation of the notion that the mammoths were covered with river mud, according to Howorth, there disappears of course all the imaginative and sensational writing which would account for the vast hecatombs [containing many victims which are found in certain places like New Siberia, 150 miles from any ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 3  -  05 Mar 2003  -  117k  -  URL:
105. The Moon In Upheaval [The Velikovskian $]
... the evidence is fundamental. When taken all together, it indicates in undeniable terms that there is no history of meteoric random bombardment from space. If that were the case, the number of contradictory phenomena would not be so numerous, compelling nor basic. Yet, here we encounter a seeming enigma. Seismometers on the lunar surface have measured undeniable evidence of impacts occurring presently. It is on the basis of this present-day evidence that astronomers feel confident that the impact hypothesis must be correct. The reasoning is like that proposed by Charles Lyell 150 years ago, that "the present is the key to the past." Therefore, if impacts are happening today, then they must also have occurred throughout the entire period of lunar history. To support this uniformitarian belief, they must ignore all the varied evidence presented above or invent numerous ad hoc processes to explain the negative facts for this belief. For example, D. E. Gault and his associates developed a concept that allows cosmic missiles to strike the Moon and not disrupt the layering found in the regolith ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 3  -  05 Mar 2003  -  144k  -  URL:
... Adamisa linguistic ideology linguistics lion lion, rampant Lisbon earthquake listric fault literature litergy lithic wear analysis lithosphere Lithuania Little Salt spring Littlewood,-.-. loam local neutral Loch Ness loess logic Loham mountain Loma Prieta earthquake London Geologic Society Long, C. H. lost tribe Lot Lotan love low elevation meteor Lowel, Percival Lowery, Malcolm Lucerne, lake Lucifer luck Luckenbill, D. D. Luckerman, Marvin Lucretius,-. Lucy" Lukens luminosity lunagenesis lunar... lunar calendar lunar fission Luxor Lycia, tombs of Lycosoura Lyell, Charles Lyons, France lyre Lystrosaurus Lyttleton, Raymond A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z M Ma, E. M. Maadin Mabon Maccoby, Hyam MacCrea, W. H. MacDonnel Bay, Australia MacGowan,-. MacGregor, J. machine Mackenzie river Mackie, Evan W. MacMillan Book Co. MacNeish, Richard S. macro-evolution Macrobius Madura, Australia Magdalenian Mage, Shane Magi magic Magiddo magistrate Magna Grecia magnetic ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 3  -  03 Apr 2004  -  129k  -  URL:
... - and one which played an indeterrninable but probably significant role in their poor reception outside of France-- was the lack of a suitable translation of Lamarck's writings. (25) Lamarck's Philosophie zoologique, for example, was first translated into English in 1914. (26) Cuvierian propaganda and the language barrier aside, it is nevertheless a fact that in his published writings and letters Darwin typically referred to Lamarck and his theory in a derogatory manner, denying any Lamarckian influence upon his work. (27) In a letter to Lyell, for example, Darwin refers to Lamarck's Philosophie zoologique as "a wretched book, and one from which (I well remember my surprise) I gained nothing." (28) Darwin repeated this claim in another letter: "I got not a fact or idea from it." (29) Such statements, however, are demonstrably false. That Lamarck's writings had a profound influence upon the development of Darwin's views on evolution is obvious upon review of the formative period of Darwin's ideas. (30) It is ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 3  -  05 Mar 2003  -  127k  -  URL:
... the body, of which we see relics in Hysteria: in short, the 'omnipotence of thoughts.' Purpose and usefulness would then be explained psychoanalytically; it would be the completion of pychoanalysis. Two great principles of change or progress would emerge: one through one's own body, and a later (heteroplastic) one through transmuting the outer world [30. Even before it was realized how minute was the probability of successful genetic mutation, Freud, like many another thoughtful person, like the theologians, like even Alfred Wallace and Lyell (until his old age), could not accept the piecemeal elaboration of homo sapiens according to the uniformitarian Darwinian model. With scientific catastrophism in disrepute and obloquy, they could not imagine an appropriate environmental stimulus to change. The theory is not beyond discussion. Presumably the hominid bearer of sperms or eggs would be so drastically affected by environmental turbulence that it would will a chemical mutation upon them. Practically every tissue and organ of the body has been shown to be capable of physical change, usually deleterious, when an obsessed ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 3  -  03 Apr 2004  -  112k  -  URL:
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