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33 pages of results.
81. Troy and the Greek Dark Age [Kronos $]
... arguments to show that "Ilion" was in all respects unlikely to have been the site of the Homeric city.(1) Uncertainty about the identification of Troy continued into modern times, and even Schliemann's spectacular discoveries at Hissarlik did not end it. Several years after the publication of Troy and Its Remains, Professor R. C. Jebb, one of the foremost classicists of the age, proclaimed that Schliemann had not uncovered Homer's Troy at all and, further, that it was vain to expect that a city such as Homer sang of lay hidden beneath the soil of the Troad. Hissarlik, in any case, could not accommodate any fortress on the scale envisaged by the poet: "the spacious palaces, and wide streets of the Homeric Troy point to a city totally different, both in scale and in character, from anything of which traces exist at Hissarlik." Although, in Jebb's view, "no one site in the Troad satisfies all the Homeric data for the position of Troy", a nearby hill named Bali Dagh- overlooking ...
82. DEITIES OF DELPHI [Quantavolution Website]
... the infant Asclepius, from the mother's corpse on the funeral pyre, and gave him to the centaur Cheiron to be educated in medicine. One is reminded of Zeus snatching Dionysus from Semele. Later, as a punishment for killing the Cyclopes, Apollo was servant to a mortal, King Admetus, as was Herakles to Eurystheus and Omphale. As the deity at Delphi, he shines rather than speaks. Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus 80, describes him as lampros, shining. His sister Artemis, called Loxo, is referred to by Homer as eustephanos, with beautiful crown [1, and in line 207 of the Oedipus Tyrannus: "the firebearing rays of Artemis with which she rushes across the mountains of Lycia." In line 186: "paian de lampei", the shout rings out (literally 'shines' or 'flashes'). Cassandra, captive at Mycenae, begins to prophesy: "O Apollo of the roads, my destroyer, apollon [2, whither have you brought me?" There was an occasion when the oracle at Delphi refused ...
83. Troy [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... Troy The Trojan War was probably the single most significant event of the Mycenaean Age. The tale, immortalized in Homer ? s epics, is familiar to us moderns even millennia later. For the sake of the beautiful Helen, and to avenge her husband ? s indignation at her kidnapping, the Late Bronze Age Greeks mounted a massive campaign. Approximately 1200 troop-carrying vessels 1 were launched, and a war raged around the besieged city of Troy for 10 years, until the strategem of the wooden horse gave the Greeks access to the citadel. Once inside the city, they utterly destroyed it, slaughtering many inhabitants and enslaving all survivors who did not flee. This, at least, is the mythical account. When was that war fought? The canonical Greek calculation was 1193/2-1184/3 B.C. This number was arrived at by the 3rd-century B.C. chronographer, Eratosthenes of Alexandria, who apparently relied on the calculations of Ctesias and on Manetho ? s Egyptian king-lists. Ctesias, a late 5th-century author, is today viewed as ? an amusing liar ...
84. Velikovsky and Oedipus [Aeon Journal $]
... prison of Hades the warder of the gates. Her grief was too great for her, and she hanged herself from a lofty roof-beam; but she left him misery enough and to spare, which the avenging spirit of his mother brought to bear. (12) Like the Iliadic passage cited earlier, this passage also poses severe difficulties for Velikovsky's thesis. For as Edmunds points out, Homer's language implies that Oedipus murdered his father during military combat: "In the brief summary of Oedipus' life at Odyssey 11:271-280, Homer uses the term exenarizo of the parricide. This verb, which elsewhere refers to encounters on the battlefield, might indicate that Homer knew of a military parricide." (13) Needless to say, Homer's account of Oedipus' patricide cannot be made to apply to Akhnaton, who certainly did not murder Amenhotep III in battle. While it is debatable whether this passage from the Odyssey is older than that from the Iliad, Velikovsky himself concedes that the Odyssey, "was most probably put into writing early in the seventh century ...
85. Chapter II: The Events [The Age of Velikovsky] [The Age of Velikovsky] [Books]
... that the appearance of the sky has made some drastic changes. The constellation of the Great Bear was said to have once contained the polestar. It was said that this constellation started setting toward the ocean, which it had not done before the planetary encounters. Later interpreters said that there was no reason for the ancients to say this, since the Great Bear must have always set toward the ocean. 38 The Illiad also may contain descriptions of changes in the solar system. Velikovsky noted that there is a debate as to when Homer composed the stories about these changes. Velikovsky pointed out that the participants of the planetary encounters could give a clue as to the earliest time Homer could have lived. Some authorities place Homer as early as- 1159 and as late as -685. 39 Velikovsky suggested that since the Venus-Mars encounter is implied, Homer must have written his works sometime after the ninth century BC. Also, since the Earth and Moon have problems with Mars, the Illiad was probably composed after 747 BC. Homer then would be contemporary with Amos and ...
86. Aphrodite Urania [Aeon Journal $]
... the name Aphrodite evokes images of alluring beauty, sensuality, and passion. The goddess is best known, perhaps, as a divine matchmaker and agent provocateur of sensual desire and infatuation, whose magical charms were enough to entice even the gods into acts of lust and illicit love. In the Iliad, for example, Aphrodite's zone is said to arouse immediate desire in the eyes of its beholder. [7 As Burkert points out, verbs formed from the goddess' name denote the act of love, a tendency found already in Homer. [8 Aphrodite is also famous for her liaisons with various heroes and gods. Aphrodite's adulterous dalliance with Ares was the source of much amusement to the gods of Olympus, and was most likely a subject of ancient cult as as well. [9 Her torrid love affair with Adonis ended tragically. According to one version of the myth, the goddess is said to have leapt off the Leucadian rock in grief for the beautiful youth. [10 Her romance with Anchises, finally, is one of the most ancient traditions ...
87. Hittites and Phrygians [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... of Mycenaean temples, in exact detail, and yet Mycenae is separated in time from Urartu by some six hundred years. In recognizing the Velikovskian truth that the Greek dark age in reality did not exist, then these second millennium Mycenaean temples must belong to the first millenniurn (9th and 8th centuries). 35 At Carchemish, seat of the imperial Hittite viceroys of Syria, no strata associated with the Urartian hegemony have been discovered. However, Hittite connections are obvious. In Worlds in Collision Velikovsky 36 links the Trojan War, Homer, and the collapse of Mycenae with the Mars catastrophe he proposes occurred in the late 8th century age of Isaiah. Mycenae, in his scheme, was thus the contemporary of Urartu and we may suppose the latter was subject to similar dislocation by Velikovsky's series of earth shocks. Into Greece came the invading Dorians from, the northwest. Into the Transcaucasus and eastern Anatolia came the Cimmerians from the north. They later penetrated as far as Lydia. Where, though, is the archaeological evidence for these earth upheavals? Hittite strata ...
88. SKY LINKS [Quantavolution Website]
... ouranoi or heavens. We should bear in mind the earlier Greek version which tells us that Ouranos was a god in the sky. Ouranos and Gaia had numerous offspring, e. g. the Titans, six sons and six daughters, whose name implies straining and reaching. Their names were: Okeanos, Koios, Kreios, Hyperion, Iapetos, Kronos, Theia, Rheia, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoebe and Tethys. Of these, Kronos and Iapetos were the most important; at any rate, they are mentioned together by Homer [1. At first they all lived in the sky, later they were ejected from heaven. Gaia and Ouranos produced the Cyclopes, huge one-eyed creatures, and the hundred-handed monsters. Ouranos had imprisoned his children in Tartarus, the world far below the earth, and their mother Gaia instigated a revolt. Ouranos was displaced by his son Kronos, who castrated his father and ruled in his place. The Romans knew him as Saturnus. Kronos heard that he would be displaced by one of his sons, so he decided ...
89. THE DISASTROUS LOVE AFFAIR OF MOON AND MARS: PART THREE: THERAPY FOR GROUP FEAR, CHAPTER 15 [Quantavolution Website]
... Quantavolution.Org E-MAIL: email@example.com TABLE OF CONTENTS THE DISASTROUS LOVE AFFAIR OF MOON AND MARS by Alfred de Grazia PART THREE: THERAPY FOR GROUP FEAR CHAPTER FIFTEEN THE BIRTH AND DEATH OF MEMORY In Pieria, Memoria, ruler of the hills of Eleuther, gave birth to the Muses out of union with Zeus, son of Chronos, and thus of the forgetting of ills and a rest from sorrow. So writes Hesiod, a contemporary of Homer in his Genealogy of the Gods. The Theogony was composed after 730 B. C., that is, during or after the era of troubled skies; but it was a mythical work, "reporting" on events that had occurred hundreds and thousands of year before. "The ordered pantheon of Hesiod ended in supplanting the anarchic society of the Homeric Gods." [1 A functional psychology rests in the quoted passage. "Remembering" was no mere scratching of experience upon a tabula rasa of the mind. Memoria or Mnemosyne or "Recollector," is the mother of history (Clio). ...
90. The Day the Sun Stood still [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... and a "glittering spear" gave forth its light (3.11). Habakkuk trembled at the mere thought of such a cataclysm (3.16), as well he might! (The vivid imagery in this passage will be examined later, when we take up the question of what caused this catastrophe.) The Israelites were not the only people who recorded these singular events. The Greeks also kept alive their own tradition of "the day the Sun stood still" until it could be written down. It was the epic poet Homer (or one of his successors) who immortalized these remote memories for posterity: I begin to sing of Pallas Minerva, the glorious gleaming-eyed goddess, ever-ready, having a relentless heart, venerable virgin protecting the city, mighty Tritogeneia, whom wise Jupiter himself bore from his awful head, bearing warlike weapons of flashing gold; and wonder held all the onlooking Immortals; but she hastened vehemently from his immortal head, brandishing a pointed javelin before aegis-bearing Jupiter; and great Olympus quaked terribly before the strength of the gleaming-eyed one; ...
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