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33 pages of results.
41. More on Jonathan Swift abd the Moons of Mars (Vox Populi) [Kronos $]
... offspring of Mars" (" Salve, umbistineum geminatum Martia proles"). Of this, Arthur Koestler in The Sleepwalkers (1959) wrote (p. 377): "He [Kepler accordingly believed that Galileo had discovered two moons around Mars." But Galileo did not discover them and they remained undiscovered for more than two hundred fifty years. Strangely, Koestler passes over the incident without expressing wonder at Kepler's seeming prescience. As I have shown in Worlds in Collision (" The Steeds of Mars") the poets Homer and Virgil knew of the trabants of Mars, visualized as his steeds, named Deimos (Terror) and Phobos (Rout). Kepler referred to the satellites of Mars as being "burning" or "flaming", the same way the ancients had referred to the steeds of Mars. Ancient lore preserved traditions from the time when Mars, Ares of the Greeks, was followed and preceded by swiftly circling satellites with their blazing manes. "When Mars was very close to the earth, its two trabants were visible. ...
42. Troy in the Dark Ages [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... 1 This observation of Denys Page, Professor of Greek at the University of Cambridge, is in the nature of amazement: out of a mound covering a ruined place, an archaeologist expects to extract stray objects that accumulated there in the space of centuries. In Troy there is ? silence profound and prolonged ? as if time itself had stopped. But the same author stresses that ? the Iliad preserves facts about the Trojans which could not have been known to anybody after the fall of Troy VIIa.? 2 Thus not only did Homer know of the kingdom and people of Mycenae that were buried for centuries of the Dark Ages, but he knew also of the kingdom and people of Troy who, too, were dead, buried, and forgotten in the darkness of the Dark Ages. The site of Troy was reoccupied late in the seventh century; but from the fall of Troy, now put by archaeologists ca. -1260, until Homer ? s time, there was nothing on the surface of the mound that could disclose to the poet the many intricate ...
43. The Spring Of Ares [Kronos $]
... . Moreover, it was Kekrops who was credited with establishing the Areopagus.(5) And, like Kadmos, Kekrops was also closely associated with Ares: his daughter, Aglauros, was said to have been ravaged by the war god.(6) In order to understand the nature of the relationship between these primeval kings and Ares, it becomes necessary to review briefly the origins of his cult. THE CULT OF ARES The origins of the cult of Ares appear to have been lost in the hazy mists of antiquity. Homer and other ancient authors trace the cult to the Thracians, who were notorious for their warmongering. Herodotus, on the other hand, relates that Ares was prominent among the Scythians, who worshipped the god in the form of a sword. There, however, the trail appears to vanish.(7) The derivation of the god's name is equally obscure. Our oldest sources are nevertheless agreed upon the following: To the Greeks, Ares personified death and destruction, being fundamentally the god of war and pestilence.(8 ...
44. Perplexities of Orthodoxy. [Kronos $]
... of Palestine. The terrain in between is a barren, almost water less desert, consisting of rugged mountains near the coast, and a broken, sand- or rock-covered tableland to the east of the mountains. This enormous region is extremely difficult to cross unless one is well provided with camels and experienced guides." For possible resolution see: Ages in Chaos, Chapter III. KRONOS, I, 3, pp. 3-18. KRONOS, I, 4, pp. 9-22. L. M. Greenberg 600 Years before Homer? The second, revised edition (Bantam: 1967) of C. W. Ceram's Gods, Graves, and Scholars contained the following observations:"... in 1953... a clay tablet dug up by Blegen in Pylos came into the hands of an Englishman, Michael Ventris. It showed a grouping of symbols such as [the philologist Sittig had not yet seen, and which the brilliant Ventris, another outsider, could indisputably read as Greek. This invalidated part of Sittig's interpretations: only three of ...
45. Why no Literary Relics from Five Centuries? [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... Why no Literary Relics from Five Centuries? The Dark Ages left no literary remains, not even a single word on a sherd or a few characters on a clay tablet. M. Bowra in his book Homer and His Forerunners puts the problem in straight terms: There is no evidence whatsoever that the Mycenaean script continued anywhere in Greece after c. 1200. There is no trace of writing of any kind in the sub-Mycenaean and Protogeometric periods, or indeed before the middle of the eighth century, when the new and totally different Greek alphabet makes its first appearance. Now, this is surely not an accident. A single scratched letter from this period would be enough to show that writing survived; but not one has been found. This is undeniably a most remarkable phenomenon, for which it is hard to find either a parallel or an explanation. A society seems suddenly to have become illiterate, and to have remained so for centuries. How and why this happened we do not know... 1 Bowra expresses his wonder at ? this astounding ...
46. Competing for a Greater Antiquity [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... for the end of the Trojan War served that purpose. 11 The ? Dark Age ? inserted between the Mycenaean and Ionic ages originated in the old calculations performed by Eratosthenes as to the time of the Trojan War, and on the reliance of modern historians of Greece on Egyptian chronology and order of dynasties as offered by Manetho; both them lived in Egypt in the Ptolemaic age in the third century before the present era. It is not excluded that Eratosthenes based himself on Manetho. 12 However, neither Eratosthenes, nor before him Homer, nor any other Greek historian or philosopher ever referred to such a Dark Age; 13 it is a creation of modern historians. But they found support for its historical existence in the Egyptian chronology built on Manetho ? s list of dynasties the Mycenaean Age was dated by the archaeologically documented contacts of Mycenaean sites with Egypt. Thus Eratosthenes found support in Manetho and Manetho in Eratosthenes. 14 References Eusebius, Chronicle in Eusebius, Werke (Leipzig, 1913), vol. VII, p. 60. Cf. J. ...
47. Mycenaean City Names in the Iliad [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... Greece could sing of those Mycenaean cities, towns and hamlets so impoverished was the Greek region of Asia Minor during the Dark Ages, with the highland of Anatolia being quite empty of any human habitation. 7 The problem of the Mycenaean heritage in the Homeric poetry is staggering and remains unresolved through hundreds of volumes dealing with it; it is the despair of anyone endeavoring to solve it within the framework of the accepted chronological timetable. References See R. Hope Simpson and J. F. Lazenby, The Catalogue of the Ships in Homer ? s Iliad (Oxford University Press, 1970). [Several scholars claim the Catalogue to be a compilation of the late eighth or early seventh centuries. See Rhys Carpenter, Folk Tale, Fiction, and Saga in the Homeric Epics (Berkeley, 1946). J. Chadwick held a similar view. Here again is the five-hundred year controversy.Page, op. cit. [A. R. Burn, Minoans, Philistines and Greeks: B.C. 1400-900 (London, 1930), p. 10: ...
48. THE DISASTROUS LOVE AFFAIR OF MOON AND MARS: PART TWO: GODS, PLANETS, MADNESS, CHAPTER 8 [Quantavolution Website]
... OF LOVE The Aphrodite of the light Olympian-age character plays opposite her usual star in the Love Affair, Ares. Her husband, Hephaestus, earns little affection from her, and, though the story is not mentioned here, she is the mother of three children by Ares. She is one of the few ever to have expressed love for Ares, and in "The Battle of the Gods," in the Iliad, she goes to his aid in battle and is roundly smacked by the Goddess Athena. If we look into Homer for the precise astronomical referents of Ares, Aphrodite, Hephaestus and Athena, we are disappointed. Homer does not say that the three sky bodies- planet mars, Moon, and planet Venus are represented by them, not in the Iliad, nor the Odyssey, nor in the Love Affair. How then are we to assure ourselves that we are on the right track when we allocate among them several celestial bodies? We cannot be certain- not now, nor in ancient times, if we follow the record. Our ...
49. Letters [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... through the efforts of my own studies and extensive research, not on the authority, or through the influence, of third parties. Throughout my works, beyond the odd teaser, I have always strived for clarity. It therefore comes as something of a surprise when Shelley-Pearce asks: what does Cardona mean when he states that'Homer, after all, was merely a poet and his Iliad nothing but a poetic saga'? I did not think that statement needed further clarification. What I meant by it is precisely what I said. Homer simply weaved a poetic tale- a tremendous one at that- centred around the siege of Troy with divine intervention thrown in for good measure. But the Iliad is neither the history of a war, which it only partly covers (not even one year of a ten-year siege), nor a reportage of cosmic catastrophism. At bottom, it is the tale of a quarrel between Agamemnon and Achilles. Neither the beginning nor the end of the war is related in the Iliad. Why is it 'difficult to accept that the ...
50. Child of Saturn (Part I) [Kronos $]
... or Cronus) was the god of the planet Saturn. While, other than the Pelasgian myth, these sources may be said to be later than Hesiod, it must also be borne in mind that, from a Velikovskian point of view, the Greeks themselves were a very late people. By this is meant that the Greeks settled the land that was to become Hellas (Greece) well after the alleged ejection of Venus from Jupiter which supposedly took place prior to 1500 B.C. Their earliest extant works, those of Hesiod and Homer, appeared even later. If mythological themes are truly a documentation of cosmic catastrophes, it would be logical to assume that those documented closest to the event would contain the most correct record. Concerning the event in question, Greek sources cannot vie for this distinction. In this instance, Greek sources can only be upheld if, and only if, their content does not contradict that of earlier records. Velikovsky stated that "the consensus of ancient authors makes Athene-Venus the offspring of Jupiter".(12) By this is ...
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