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21. Velikovsky's "The Dark Age of Greece" [The Velikovskian $]
... the evidence of Greece itself, the other on relations with Egypt. Against this set-up, the Homeric Question grew to ever greater proportions. Thus, instead of any new discovery reducing the question to smaller confines, every new discovery enlarged the confines and decreased the chances of finding a solution. Velikovsky "sets the stage" with brief descriptions of the Mycenaean and Minoan cultures that produced cities, palaces and remarkable works of art in the age of Achilles, Agamemnon, Menelaus and the other great heroes that live in the pages of Homer. Homer was the source and inspiration of the great literary achievements of classical Greece, and was admired and emulated by the Romans. By the19th century, however, a number of scholars and historians believed his writings had no basis in fact and were little more than skillful flights of fancy. Enter Heinrich Schliemann. A wealthy German merchant, Schliemann took Homer seriously and set out in search of ancient Troy. His famous and infamous excavations at Hissarlik destroyed much of the evidence, but revealed enough to show that Homer knew his ...
22. Shaft Grave Art: Modern Problems [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... centuries which Jacobsthal and others, who reject the notion of survival, considered unbridgeable. We return to the vessels and daggers with inlaid designs and scenes of gold, silver and niello, which link the Shaft Graves to the early Eighteenth Dynasty. The inlay technique first appeared in Greece among the Shaft Grave artifacts, and continued through the early Mycenaean Age, and possibly until the destruction of the Late Helladic palaces towards the end of the LH period. 42 When describing the inlaid metal decoration of Achilles ? shield in the Iliad, Homer gives such extensive details of the design and of its manufacture that late nineteenth and early twentieth-century scholars like C. Tsountas and K Friis Johansen felt that the technique lasted until the poet ? s time. 43 Now that experts generally date Homer to the eighth century B.C., while excavators have found no inlaid metal after the LH III B period, which Egyptian chronology assigns to the thirteenth century, scholars are forced to ask ? how was it remembered?? during the intervening half millennium. 44 Some 45 postulate that individual ...
23. Khima and Kesil [SIS C&C Review $]
... thou I avow me to be, that thou matchest thy strength with mine." [6 These words explain also why Mars was called "fool": it clashed repeatedly with the planet-comet Venus, much more massive and stronger than itself. To the peoples of the world this prolonged combat must have appeared as a very valiant action of Mars, not resting, but coming up again and again to attack the stupendous Venus, or it must have appeared as a foolish action of going again and again against the stronger planet. HOMER described the celestial battles as actions of foolishness on the part of Mars. Thus Kesil, or "fool", among the planets named in the Old Testament is most probably Mars. "If not for the heat of Kesil the world would not fare well, because it counterbalances the cooling effect of Khima." This sentence is found, too, in the Tractate Brakhot of the Babylonian Talmud [7. In PLINY we find a sentence which reads "The star Mars has a fiery glow: owing to its excessive ...
24. In Defence of Higher Chronologies [SIS C&C Review $]
... not devouring the Moon' under Takelot II or Shoshenq III and the report of the severe and unseasonable flood under Osorkon (either II or III) are from the 8th century BC. From Judaea, there are reports of the 'ten degrees' of daylight that were taken away at the time of the funeral of Ahab and then returned 14 years later; the first event was in the late 8th century and the second was either in the late 8th century or early 7th century BC [33. The 7th century is about where Homer belongs, too. One of the few things I remember from college is how different the Greek of Homer is from the Greek of, say, Parmenides, Empedokles, Herodotus, Sophocles, Xenophon, or Plato. It is awkward, to say the least, to try to put Homer only decades before Herodotus: a few centuries would suit better. Homeric Greek is sharply different from 5th/4th century Greek, whether poetry or prose. Homer is from well before Herodotus- from another world, another age, the ...
25. THE DISASTROUS LOVE AFFAIR OF MOON AND MARS: PART THREE: THERAPY FOR GROUP FEAR, CHAPTER 17 [Quantavolution Website]
... an age of myth, it is not because of a new intelligence or style but because of the lack of terrible stimulus. Even so, the ages of myth-making have left a legacy of serious problems. One does relive the ancient terrors; they have left deep tracks in minds and glands, regularly revived by a horde of customs and rememorized. Furthermore, man is a myth-maker and he will always find sufficient personal and social crises to inspire individual and collective repressions of memory, though not on the original grand scale. WHAT HOMER REMEMBERED Earlier, we decided to place Homer's "publication" of the Odyssey around 630 B. C., two generations after the end of the Martian catastrophes. We mentioned in another place that amnesia can set in abruptly following a grave event and the sublimation of the troublesome subconscious memory could be accomplished quickly as well. We alluded to nursery rhymes based upon atrocious political acts for an example. Still, the question gnaws at us: "Did Homer really not known of the disasters of the century before him?" ...
26. Greek History Begins in the Sixth Century B.C. [Aeon Journal $]
... . From Herodotus (I 65) it is known that the oracle of Delphi accepted Lycurgos' identity as a god. Nevertheless, most later chronographs did not question the historical identity of the fabulous Spartan legislator and consequently tried to calculate a date for his true period of legislation. Accordingly, Callimachos placed him in 828 B.C.; Vallegos in 840 B.C.; Tatian in 876 B.C.; Eratosthenes and Cicero in 884 B.C.; Plutarch in around 900 B.C.; Clemens of Alexandria, who made him a contemporary of Homer, placed Lycurgos in 926 B.C.; Xenophon saw him in 1080 B.C. and Hellanicus, too, synchronized Lycurgos with a Dorian invasion of that date. (14) It is noteworthy that in antiquity a widespread tradition existed which claimed Lycurgos to have been a contemporary of Thales (Aristotle, Pol. II, 12,24/31; Plutarch, Lcy. 4). The most remarkable account of Lycurgos is given by Herodotus-- our oldest notice about the Spartan legislator. In his first book (I ...
27. The Trojans and their Allies [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... masonry of the Anatolian plateau in earlier times, nor the commonly prevalent contemporary construction of crude brick. The closest parallel is the masonry of the walls of Troy VI, admittedly very much earlier. If any links exist to fill this time-gap, they must lie in west Anatolia rather than on the plateau.? 16 The Trojan fortifications belong according to the revised chronology, in the eighth century, and thus were roughly contemporary with the Phrygian. A little light is thus shed on the alliance between Phrygians and Trojans, known to Homer; and the date of the Trojan War is delimited by the period when the Phrygians were a power in Asia Minor, between the years -750 and -676. Regarding the Cimmerians and the extent of Homer ? s knowledge of there, the question was already discussed by various ancient authors. Strabo, for one, was certain that Homer was acquainted with the historical Cimmerians, ? for surely if he knows the name of the Cimmerians [Odyssey he is not ignorant of the people themselves the Cimmerians who in Homer ? s own ...
28. Discussion [Aeon Journal $]
... , and Patten and Windsor as regards Mars, one is, perhaps, led to wonder whether Cardona's rejection of Velikovsky's Martian involvement is due to what might be described as his penchant for the Saturnian imperative. Elsewhere, Cardona has informed us of his preference for interpreting Homer's Iliad as a poetic saga rather than as an eye-witness account of what happened.(2) He has proposed that the mythological elements have been superimposed from the earlier Saturn Age. As a further affront to more thoroughgoing Velikovskians, Cardona seeks to persuade us that Homer lived some four hundred years later than the events he portrayed.(3) In spite of the detail contained in Homer's descriptions which convinced Velikovsky and doubtless others that Homer was contemporary with the events of the I1iad, Cardona believes that the "power of oral transmission" would have been sufficient to account for Homer's ability to recall events separated by such a vast expanse of time in such a vivid way. However, it seems doubtful whether the examples quoted by Cardona in support of his contention, such as the Gudrun epic ...
29. The Religious Center of Mycenae [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... and Greek archaeologists resumed excavations at and around a large structure southeast of Circle A( Fig. 1, K) which Tsountas and Wace had partly cleared long before, In the process they discovered an LH III B religious complex of altars and sanctuaries unlike any previously known in the Mycenaean world. 1 Until quite recently, scholars felt that the Mycenaean Greeks practiced their religion only at rustic shrines, or else in parts of the urban palaces where their kings served as priests. Those seeking to date the various institutions and objects which Homer described, decided that his references to an independent priesthood and to stone-built, roofed, freestanding urban temples, which he ascribed to the Mycenaean Age, were, in fact, anachronisms 500 years out of place. 2 The recent discoveries of Late Bronze Age temples inside the cult center of Mycenae, at Kition on Cyprus, Ayia Irini on the island of Kea (which began in the Middle Bronze Age), and most recently in the lower citadel at Tiryns, now vindicate Homer. 3 Those discoveries also add urban temples ...
30. Menelaos in Egypt [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... the assistance of the Egyptians in their war against the Hyksos could not possibly be Psammetichus' Ionians. However, if the Trojan War occurred around 700 BC, as Velikovsky claimed, then Psammetichus' Ionians could well have been identical to Ah-hotep's Haunebu. There is in fact a vast body of evidence which would suggest a date of c.700 BC for the fall of Troy. Traditions surrounding the Olympic Games, for example, (founded in 776 BC) clearly show that the Games were in existence well before the Trojan campaign. Thus Homer, who must have lived within a century of the first Olympiad, describes how both Nestor and his father Neleus won prizes at the festival [9. Another tradition held that it was Pelops, the grandfather of Agamemnon, who founded the Games [10. Traditions about the alphabet tell a similar tale. Kadmos, who brought the Phoenician script to Greece, was said to have lived at least four or five generations before the Trojan campaign. Yet few scholars would date the introduction of the alphabet to Greece before c.775 BC ...
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