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... Index | The Formation of The Mediterranean As we have seen, the Mediterranean in its present form did not exist at the time when Atlantis flourished and Luna was still an independent planet. There are a number of references to this state of things in Plato's Atlantis myth, including some which are very distinct in spite of Plato's general hesitation in geophysical matters. Greek mythology and ancient geography (whose `historical' information was largely dependent on traditional lore) seem to assume that the Mediterranean was only formed within human memory, so to speak, while the Ocean had existed longer than even the gods knew. A very significant reference occurs in the passage (23b) where the Egyptian ...
72. The Capture Of Luna (The Atlantis Myth) [Books]
... an increased activity. Plato's myth mentions all these types of disturbance, and stresses that they occurred periodically `after certain long intervals' (22c-d, 23b). It should go without saying that these various happenings refer to the world in general, and not to Grecia or Atlantis alone. My readers will surely have noticed that all Plato's geophysical references are rather indeterminate. Geophysical science in the modern sense was practically non-existent in Antiquity. But Plato's references do not conform to those speculations of his time which have become known to us; and they are certainly not new conjectures put forward by the philosopher himself. I believe I am correct in asserting that the various geophysical descriptions must ...
73. Faulting and Vulcanism [Books]
... the displacement relative to one another(vertical or horizontal) of the parts of the crust on each side of the line of fracture. They are generally seen as steep escarpments (when the relative movement was vertical) or deep-cut valleys or rifts' (when the relative movement was horizontal). Though it is relatively easy for geologists and geophysicists to determine which kind of force must have been effective in a particular case, they are generally unable to specify what caused the forces, which in some cases are still acting today. The Theory of Impact gives a simple and logical explanation for faults: (a ) Faulting may a be consequence of the slip' of the Earth's ...
74. The Theory Of Continental Drift [Books]
... they must at one time have been in actual contact and have since drifted apart. The idea of drift of the continents was taken up again, in 1875, by of drift of the continents was taken up again, in 1875, by Habenicht.2 The hypothesis of these two authors was ignored till, in 1915, the German geophysicist Alfred Wegener3 again brought it to the fore. Wegener completed his work in 1924 by a further publication in collaboration with W. Koppen.4 Wegener developed his shattering ideas on the origin and evolution of our planet in great wealth of detail. They had a great impact on the scientific world. His work was translated into English in ...
75. Prehistory and Earth Models [Books]
... 1961; Cook, 1963]. These developments are presented in a somewhat expanded form in Chapters V and VI, Chapters VII and VIII presenting the qualitative and some quantitative aspects of this model of continental drift. A paper entitled Analysis of Crustal Stresses and Continental Drift in an Ice Cap Model' was presented at a National meeting of American Geophysical Union 171963]. It is reproduced in expanded form in Chapter VII. One (written) comment on this paper by Dr J. C. Jaeger was as follows: The author has produced a very interesting idea, which this referee has not met before, namely that the stresses caused by the load and flow of a large ...
76. The 'Plastic Layer' of The Earth [Books]
... lower in liquids than in solids. The study of the phenomena of reflection and of the changes in the velocity of the waves, when earthquakes occur, has resulted in the discovery of `discontinuities' (or boundaries in the Earth at which such phenomena, take place) and the determination of their approximate depths. In 1909 the Yugoslav geophysicist Andrija Mohorovicic, using the data obtained in seismic measurements, concluded that, at a short distance beneath the surface, there exists a discontinuity, where the velocity of propagation of both P and S-waves increases suddenly by one metre per second. Further and more precise measurements situate the `Mohorovici discontinuity' (or Moho) at about 5 ...
77. A Maya Record of Two Thousand Years? [Journals] [Catastrophism & Ancient History]
... of the proto comet Encke (Whipple), magnetic discontinuity (Smith), climatic deterioration (Lamb), ice core anomaly (Hammer), building of the pyramids (Hawkes), two calendars beginning with catastrophe- Indian (Parker) and Maya (Thompson), and the start of the Kish dynasty (Mellart). The geophysical evidence pointing to -1561 is sensational, and generally self-consistent. Daley (1926, 177) and Kuenen (1950,538) arrive at this approximate date for a geologically rapid drop in sea level of 16 to 20 feet, but it is not implied that this drop was rapid in terms of human time scale. If the water ...
78. Of the Moon and Mars, Part 1 [Journals] [Pensee]
... breakdown strengths of various lunar rocks and to investigate the possibilities of duplicating the green glass by subjecting a few Apollo 15 rock samples to dielectric breakdown. Distribution of sinuous rilles based on Lunar Orbiter 4 high-resolution photographs. (After Schubert, Lingenfelter and Peale, "The Morphology, Distribution, and Origin of Lunar Sinuous Rilles", Reviews of Geophysics and Space Physics, vol. 8, no. 1, February 1970, p. 207 Aristarchus Schubert, Lingenfelter, and Peale have prepared a map showing the distribution of lunar sinuous rilles (47). They remark: "The nonrandom distribution of the sinuous rilles is immediately obvious. The rilles are clearly associated with the mare ...
79. A new synthesis: Prolegomena (The Atlantis Myth) [Books]
... mythological system which is based upon Hoerbiger's Cosmological Theory. To strengthen Plato's case I propose that a number of parallel myths which evidently refer to the loss of Atlantis be taken into consideration, and evaluated in a like manner. And I submit that the loss of Atlantis be regarded as only one local occurrence in a world-wide cataclysm which caused contemporaneous geophysical changes of a similar nature in similar latitudes elsewhere. Readers of my previous books will be well acquainted with the tenets of the school of mythology which uses Hoerbiger's teachings regarding the satellites of the Earth to explain those myths which tell of terrestrial dramas enacted against an unmistakable cosmic background. For those to whom these principles are unfamiliar I must ...
80. Bookshelf [Journals] [SIS Review]
... the rules. - WILLIAM JAMES: THE WILL TO BELIEVE The above quotation summarises the motivation behind Mr Corliss' Sourcebook Project which is basically a classified collection of articles recounting curious observations and anomalous data. This material has been gathered from the conventional and not-so-conventional scientific literature of the past two hundred years, ranging from NATURE and the Journal of Geophysical Research to the Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal and PENSEE. Two earlier volumes in the series, "Strange Planet" and "Strange Artifacts", have already been reviewed in this column (see "Fort for Today" in SISR I:1 ), and these two new volumes can be just as strongly recommended. The astronomical volume ...
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