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169 pages of results.
41. After 200 Years It's Time to Get Serious About Dynasty XVIII and Tuthmose III [Aeon Journal $]
... and this paper will demonstrate beyond reasonable doubt that there is-- it surely developed in the early days of the discipline through unintentionally subjective interpretations by scholars who, somewhat naively, measured and cut ancient fabrics according to eighteenth and nineteenth century sociological patterns. Thus, for example, Tuthmose's military experiences were understood in the context of our wars. But then, one might ask, how much different can any war be regardless of its time-frame? We'll come to that below. Reflections Long settled on a rigid chronological frame for the Egyptian kingdoms as the essential backbone of all ancient history, the equanimity of mainstream historians was pricked in 1950 by the impertinent sting of Velikovsky who alleged that the highly touted Egyptian chronology was inflated by some six centuries. Several of Velikovsky's prime synchronisms pivot on his claim that the recovery phase of Dynasty XVIII paralleled much of the 120 years of Israel's United Monarchy. This was, in effect, a call for a later starting date for the Egyptian New Kingdom, a concept which scandalised every Egyptologist who deigned to listen. Now, ...
42. More Problems with Sothic Dating [SIS C&C Review $]
... based on more detailed analysis of the documents. There is also a correction to the earlier explanation given for the matches achieved by Porten using the Sothic dating calendar and the Babylonian calendar for double-dated documents from Elephantine. Jess Lasken recently retired as an attorney at the US Government National Science Foundation. He has had articles about ancient history published in C&CR, C&CW, JACF, Epigraphic Society Occasional Papers, Discussions in Egyptology and elsewhere. My previous argument [1 that Theon's 'Petit Commentaire' supports the proposition that the Egyptian calendar used during the Persian period was 41 days ahead of the calendar used by Sothic dating advocates is obviously, by itself, speculative. However critical examination of two other sources-Geminus and P. Paris 1 provides less speculative evidence. When this evidence is combined with the empirical evidence provided by double-dated material from Elephantine, it should be clear that Sothic dating, as now practised, yields invalid results since the Egyptians did not continuously employ the calendar described by Censorinus from the early 3rd millennium BC until Roman times. Indeed, it ...
43. GODS FIRE: CHAPTER SIX: THE CHARISMA OF MOSES [Quantavolution Website]
... Quantavolution.Org E-MAIL: firstname.lastname@example.org TABLE OF CONTENTS GODS FIRE Moses and the Management of Exodus by Alfred de Grazia CHAPTER SIX THE CHARISMA OF MOSES "To deny a people the man whom it praises as the greatest of its sons is not a deed to be undertaken lightheartedly- especially by one belonging to that people." So goes the first sentence of Sigmund Freud's book on Moses and Monotheism, that views Moses as an Egyptian disciple of Pharaoh Akhnaton, and he continues: "No consideration, however, will move me to set aside truth in favour of supposed national interests." [1 If Freud had published his first line in 1980 rather than in 1937, he might perhaps have taken advantage of the reconciliation achieved by the leaders of Egypt and Israel to advertise his works as an historical gift to the reconciliation. For the first time in 3400 years, some people were speaking well of the Egyptians. (It matters little in the rhetoric of religion or ethnicism that neither the Egyptians nor the Israeli of today are much like their namesakes of ...
44. Pharaoh Seti the Great and His Foreign Connections [Kronos $]
... paper lays the foundation for my method of analysis of Seti's Cenotaph* at Abydos. The thesis to be established in subsequent sections is firmly stated here, namely that Seti is proximate to the Assyria of Assurbanipal (668-627 B. C.) and only about two centuries anterior to Plato. I have been able to connect the cosmogony of Seti's cenotaph unambiguously with The Seven Tablets of Creation** of Assurbanipal. This is demonstrated in detail in Part II; in Part III the Timaeus of Plato is proven to be a thoroughly Egyptian document, and the indebtedness of Plato to Pythagoras is shown not to be the sole nexus between Plato and Egypt. Indeed, a connection is traced between Seti's sarcophagus inscription-- The Book of Gates***-- and Plato. The substance of Part II contains many translations of Egyptian hieroglyphics with appropriate questions; Part III requires some pages of geometrical figures while demonstrating that the relationship between Plato and Egypt is exact and exquisite.* A structure in the form of a royal tomb where religious ceremonies were allegedly carried ...
45. A REVISED CHRONOLOGY FOR THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST [SIS C&C Review $]
... were the subject of discussion at the Duquesne History Forum on October 30th 1974. "AGES IN CHAOS" is concerned with the chronology of the ancient Near East. Velikovsky took as his starting point the disconcerting absence of definite synchronisms between the history of the Hebrews and the history of Egypt, as it is generally accepted. From the time of Abraham (usually dated in the first centuries of the second millenium BC) down to the time of Hezekiah and the Ethiopian Dynasty of Egypt (end of the eighth century BC), Egyptian and Hebrew histories are devoid of reliable synchronism. Of all the hypothetical synchronisms put forward only the identification of Sheshonk I, founder of the Libyan (Twenty Second) Dynasty of Egypt, with the Shishak who sacked Solomon's Temple is generally accepted- and this too is challenged by Velikovsky. It is difficult for scholars who have worked within the accepted framework for so long even to consider the possibility that all is not well with the history of the ancient Near East- yet, viewed objectively, the histories of Egypt and Palestine ...
... II, and Merneptah. Still another name is preserved, that of Haremhab. He belonged neither to the Eighteenth nor to the Nineteenth Dynasty; he was not a descendant of Akhnaton, nor was he an ancestor of the Ramessides. He is supposed to have ruled over Egypt during the interregnum. It is not apparent why he was "chosen to be the king" and to administer Egypt. Nothing is known of his end. The transition of power from the Eighteenth to the Nineteenth Dynasty is regarded as an obscure period in Egyptian history. With the close of the el-Amarna period we have reached, according to our revised scheme, the latter part of the ninth century. The eighth century and the beginning of the seventh were the periods of the Libyan and, Ethiopian Dynasties in Egypt. The conventional scheme assigns the el-Amarna period to the latter part of the fifteenth and the earlier part of the fourteenth centuries and has the Nineteenth Dynasty (that of Seti and Ramses II), the Twentieth Dynasty (that of Ramses III the last great pharaoh of Egypt ...
47. The el-Amarna Letters [SIS Internet Digest $]
... located at Akhetaten. The New Chronology claim is that this corresponds to the United Monarchy period, which in Biblical terms is described predominantly in the books of Samuel. If the correspondence can be established, this would have major consequences for Biblical and other ancient studies. Some of the material was familiar to readers of JACF or David Rohl's book A Test of Time, but it was succinctly presented with new content scattered through the presentation. What happened in Palestine while Akhenaten was ruling? This is primarily revealed to us (on the Egyptian side) by the tablet correspondence found at Tell el-Amarna, which gives good insight into the social and political condition of this area. On the Biblical side, the two books of Samuel give considerable amounts of equivalent information for the time of Samuel, Saul and David. The similarity between the two sets of conditions has been noted before by scholars, but with the conventional chronology the two eras are separated by approximately 350 years. It has, therefore, been difficult to perceive the relevance. The Amarna correspondence consists of over ...
48. The Genesis of Israel and Egypt [SIS C&C Review $]
... : an enquiry into the pre-Christian History of the Gaels, (Grianan Press, Derry, 1992). Summary David Rohl's book and TV series 'A Test of Time', have publicised the New Chronology, which subtracts 2-300 years from pharaonic history to synchronise it with Israel's history. This is in contrast to Gunnar Heinsohn's reconstruction which subtracts at least a 1,000 years. The author does not agree with all details of Heinsohn's reconstruction but he demonstrates that Heinsohn is on the right track. A look at the very beginnings of Egyptian and Hebrew history reveals contemporary characters and events unnaturally separated in textbooks by 1,000 years. According to biblical tradition, the Hebrews were a tribe of Mesopotamian nomads who, under the leadership of Abraham, or Abram, had made their way to the 'promised land' of Canaan. Their wanderings did not stop there however, for we are told that during a time of famine Abraham led his followers into Egypt. The Scriptures tell us very little of Abraham's sojourn in the land of the Nile, save that after an ...
49. The Answer to Clapham's Question: Revise! [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... Issue Contents The Answer to Clapham's Question: Revise! Jesse E. Lasken Phillip Clapham may be correct that Biblical chronologies are imperfect (C&AH 14, 1), but his reliance on conventional Near Eastern chronologies to support his proposed corrections is misguided. Clapham asserts the basic accuracy of the conventional chronologies based on nothing more than an undocumented assertion concerning the radiocarbon evidence. While many conventional chronologists claim the radiocarbon evidence confirms the conventional chronologies, objective analysis suggests the opposite. Typically, those who use radiocarbon results to defend the Egyptian chronology ignore the "old wood" problem, misuse statistics, and rely upon dubious methodologies to make the data fit. 49 If they studied the data more carefully they would find that comparisons of radiocarbon dates from associated Egyptian materials indicate that the Egyptians regularly used quite old wood. 50 Such comparisons indicate that the typical wood radiocarbon date from Egypt is probably some 300 or 400 years earlier than the true historical date, and in some cases the discrepancy is probably over 1000 years. An old wood problem probably affects many radiocarbon ...
50. Recent Developments in Near Eastern Archaeology [SIS C&C Review $]
... bichrome pottery are preceded in Philistia by strata with a type of monochrome pottery known as Mycenaean IIIC1b (or LH IIIC1b, or LH IIIC middle) and this is now thought to mark the arrival of the Philistines. Finkelstein is pushing this process further and suggesting that the Philistine settlement proper (with IIIC1b pottery) is actually a later wave c.1130 BC, i.e. about 50 years after Ramesses III's defeat of the Sea Peoples. His main reasoning for proposing this unlikely sounding theory is that the archaeological evidence suggests that IIIC1b pottery succeeds Egyptian administration and does not coexist with it, and that Egyptian control lasts until at least Ramesses VI, c.1140 BC. In reality it is debatable whether Egyptian control really lasted that late. Others [e.g. Bryant Wood, BAR 17:6 p. 51 have accepted that IIIC1b pottery follows Egyptian control at some sites but assume continuing Egyptian presence in neighbouring areas and a rigid boundary around Philistia across which IIIC1b did not cross. This may continue to be feasible if the IIIC1b period was fairly brief, or if the Egyptian ...
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