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... reveals none of the painful steps from primeval beginnings passing through the Palaeolithic, Neolithic, and Bronze Ages to that of Iron. It apparently burst upon the scene in exotic radiance, its perfected civilization accordingly having been described as a miracle. Science cannot admit any such miracle and another explanation must be forthcoming. Observe how strange was this ancient Egyptian civilization. It consisted usually of isolated settlements along the banks of the Nile, principally in theDelta, and spread over considerable and largely separated distances, mainly inhabited by religious communities. Strange in that while these mysterious pioneers settled in the Nile Valley, bordering on Asia and Africa yet partaking of neither, they showed no desire to radiate ...
112. Timna and Egyptian Dates [Journals] [Aeon]
... From: Aeon II:5 (1991) Home | Issue Contents Timna and Egyptian Dates Gunnar Heinsohn I. Timna's stratigraphy and its inconsistencies In a recent study published together with Heribert Illig (1 ) the claim was put forward that the enigmatic absence of iron findings in Egypt during the period from 1200 to 600 BCE, and the no less enigmatic premature use of iron in the Chalcolithic (Copper Stone Age) and the Bronze Age (3700 to 1200 BCE) is due to unscholarly- pseudo-astronomical and Bible Fundamentalist- chronological constructs rather than to stratigraphic evidence . The same study suggested that the first stage of Egyptian High culture (Pre-and Early Dynastic, 3100 to 2890 BCE ...
113. Chapter X: the Solar Temple of Amen-ra At Karnak [Books]
... Chapter X The Solar Temple of Amen-ra At Karnak So much having been premised concerning the early temple- worship of the sun in Egypt and the adjacent countries, and the survival of some of the ideas connected with it down to our own day, I next propose to describe the finest Egyptian solar temple which remains open to our examination- that of Amen-Ra at Karnak. Of the chief solar temples referred to in- a previous chapter, two have passed away; even the orientation of the one at Heliopolis I was only able to determine by the mounds, assuming them to bear the same relation to the temple as other mounds do, and the remaining obelisk. The ...
114. Sothis and the Morning Star in the Pyramid Texts [Journals] [Aeon]
... involved and, in any case, there are grave problems with virtually every one of the identifications proposed thus far. In this essay we will examine the passages which have been advanced as referring to Sirius and the Morning Star. The correct identification of these two bodies is a matter of paramount importance not only for a correct understanding of ancient Egyptian religion, but- because of the heavy reliance upon astronomically-oriented methods of retrocalculating history (via the Sothic cycle)- of an adequate foundation for ancient chronology as well. (2 ) On Spd.t And Sirius The Pyramid Texts are thought to have been compiled in the third millennium BCE, although many of the passages may reflect ...
115. Astral Kingship [Journals] [Aeon]
... , all health, all gladness, appearing as king of Upper and Lower Egypt, forever. (8 ) Cambyses also visited Sas where he worshipped before the great goddess Neith and offered appropriate sacrifices as those before him had done. (9 ) Encouraged by the success of his Babylonian enterprises, Cambyses was careful to adopt the titles of Egyptian royal protocol and to put himself in proper filial relationship to the Egyptian gods....By the standards of the ancient world, Egypt now belonged to Persia by right of conquest, but Cambyses himself appears to have legitimized his rule by other claims. His adoption of the Egyptian royal title Offspring of Ra', as well ...
116. My Kingdom for a Horse ... [Journals] [Catastrophism & Ancient History]
... pharaoh named Timaois literally gave up his throne for a horse! Numerous archaeological excavations over the years have brought to light, through monuments, sculptures, and scarabs, other evidence regarding Semites on horseback descending upon Egypt when that country was in a weakened state. The evidence shows that they rode in on the first horses and chariots the ancient Egyptians had ever seen. [1 ] Using war chariots pulled by magnificent large horses was the first occasion at which horses had ever been seen in Egypt; and the way the people worshiped animals as gods makes it easy to understand why they must have thought the horse too was a divinity. And for a god to be pulling these ...
117. Flavius Josephus Against Apion Book 2 [Books]
... Flavius Josephus Against Apion BOOK II 1. IN the former book, most honored Epaphroditus, I have demonstrated our antiquity, and confirmed the truth of what I have said, from the writings of the Phoenicians, and Chaldeans, and Egyptians. I have, moreover, produced many of the Grecian writers as witnesses thereto. I have also made a refutation of Manetho and Cheremon, and of certain others of our enemies. I shall now (1 ) therefore begin a confutation of the remaining authors who have written any thing against us; although I confess I have had a doubt upon me about Apion (2 ) the grammarian, whether I ought to take the trouble ...
118. In the Days of Seti I and Ramses II [Journals] [Velikovskian]
... were two main reasons for this. First and foremost the amount of material available relating to the period meant that it could not receive just treatment simply as part of a wider chronological reconstruction. Secondly, the type of investigation involved in the reconstruction of events in this epoch (e .g . the identification of characters from Greek myth with Egyptian historical figures) is not quite in keeping with the central thesis of Ramessides, Medes, and Persians, which is essentially a chronological revision. Including the story of Horemheb would perchance therefore have added an unhelpful, even confusing, distraction. Nevertheless, some aspects of Horemheb's story are of relevance to the present work. Thus, for ...
119. Sirius. Supplement: Astronomy And Chronology Ch.2 (Peoples of the Sea) [Velikovsky]
... From "Peoples of the Sea" © 1977 by Immanuel Velikovsky | FULL TEXT NOT AVAILABLE Contents Sirius THE DYNASTIES OF Manetho were made the framework of Egyptian history; only his mathematical figures are not respected because they are considered "absurdly high".[1 ] Historians, however, believe they have astronomical evidence to determine the numerical values for the basic plan. No records of solar and lunar eclipses were found in Egypt, as they were in Babylonia.[2 ] The Sothic period, a computation based on the rising of the star Sothis (Spdt in Egyptian), or Sirius, became the alpha and omega for the numerical construction of Egyptian chronology. The ...
120. The Polar Sun [Books]
... acts of devotion, bidding him raise an altar and kindle sacrificial flames. "Before the Sun's all-glorious shrine the first men knelt and raised their voices in praise and supplication, fully confirmed in the belief that their prayers were heard and answered." (1 ) Not without reason do scholars identify the Greek Helios, Assyrian Shamash, or Egyptian Re with the solar orb. Can it be doubted that Helios, radiating light from his brow and mounted on a fiery chariot, is our sun? That helios became the Greek word for the solar orb is beyond dispute. In Egypt countless hymns to the god Re extol him as the divine power opening the "day." ...
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