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Search results for: cuvier in all categories
106 results found.
11 pages of results.
21. Palaeontology and Evolution [Books]
... that the theories can be divided into four successive schools of thought: the theory of successive creations, that of natural selection, that of mutationism, and the theory of synthetism. They may be summarized as follows: (a ) The theory of successive creations was propounded by the French palaeontologist L. C. F. (Georges) Cuvier (1769 -1832). Cuvier believed that species remained static; therefore his theory is sometimes called that of fixity of species'. He postulated that successive catastrophes destroyed all life and that new species were then created. This theory was in great favour till about the middle of the nineteenth century, when Darwin produced his work on ` ...
22. Ocean Sediments, Circumpolar Muck, Erratics, Buried Forests, and Loess as Evidence of Global Floods [Journals] [Velikovskian]
... may have been William Whiston in New Theory of the Earth, where he claimed in 1696 that a great comet nearing the Earth in ancient times caused the Biblical flood. His book had a profound influence on later scholars who, in various ways, supported the idea that there had, indeed, been a recent global flood. G. Cuvier also conceived of immense floods as a reality, based on Whiston's work.4 Stephen Jay Gould claims that Cuvier . . . does argue for a worldwide flood some five thousand years ago, and he does cite the Bible as support. But his thirty-page discussion is a literary and ethnographic compendium of all traditions [of the flood] ...
23. Stephen Jay Gould and Immanuel Velikovsky [Books]
... caricature of objectivity and fidelity to nature, should be saddled with a charge that they abandoned the real world for their Bibles." (20) (Emphasis added) Not only does Gould decry Lyell's caricature of catastrophists who followed a caricature of objectivity and fidelity to nature, but he roundly castigates such behavior. ". . . Georges Cuvier is Lyell's catastrophist enemy, [h ]e accepts the biblical chronology (or at least an earth of very short duration) . . . he works probably consciously for the church against science. WHAT A VULGAR MISREPRESENTATION!" (21) (Emphasis and capitals added) The question, quite naturally, arises: Does Gould play ...
24. Catastrophism and Evolution [Journals] [SIS Review]
... Eras, from the Cambrian Period to the present day, with approximate dates obtained using the potassium-argon method and uniformitarian assumptions. Subdivisions (epochs) of the Tertiary Period are: Pliocene 2-7; Miocene 7-25; Oligocene 25-38; Eocene 38-55; and Palaeocene 55-65 million years ago respectively. Evolution and the fossil record Ever since the time of Georges Cuvier , it has been apparent that the evidence of the Earth's rocks is not in accord with a smooth, gradual and even-paced development of organisms of increasing complexity; rather it speaks of abrupt changes of environment, of extinctions and of repopulations with new species . The history of the Earth has been divided into ...
25. The Dawnseekers: the First History of American Paleontology by Robert West Howard [Journals] [Kronos]
... history and called for a new explanation for the origin and history of life. As a result of continued investigations, two major theories emerged to account for the appearance of new species throughout natural history: special creations and biological evolution. To be sure, theories in geology and biology are interrelated. In contrast to Hutton's scientific speculations, Georges Cuvier advocated the theory of geological catastrophism. He taught that world-wide catastrophes throughout planetary history account for the sudden disappearance of most plant and animal species from one rock layer to the next- it was an attempt to explain the existence of different rock strata and the unique fossil forms from layer to layer within a religious framework.(7 ) ...
26. 'Worlds in Collision' After Heinsohn [Journals] [SIS Review]
... key sources used by Velikovsky, with major effects on his conclusions. Introduction Immanuel Velikovsky had many predecessors in the effort to assign scientific causes to the cosmic catastrophes mankind has experienced. At different points in his writings he acknowledged his debts in different ways; names that recur most often are Plato, Lucretius, Seneca, Whiston, Boulanger, Cuvier, Donnelly [1 ]. What assumptions were unique to his approach and how fruitful they have been? In my view, it is the interconnection of three assumptions that distinguishes him from his predecessors: synchronisation of catastrophic accounts can be used to revise the chronology of ancient civilisations; once its chronology is correctly established, the ancient record ...
27. James Hutton: A Non-inductive, Theological Catastrophist [Journals] [Velikovskian]
... , our system could certainly generate Velikovskian-type scenarios. To reject Velikovskian catastrophes, one must isolate the solar system from interacting with the bodies in the galactic environment. A school of geological thought based on catastrophism had existed prior to and during the time in which Charles Lyell lived. This school was represented by such eminent figures in science as Georges Cuvier, the father of paleontology, and Louis Agassiz, the discoverer of the Ice Ages. Other notables of this school were Adam Sedgewick, William Buckland and Roderick Murchison, whose contributions explained the stratigraphical column. Like his predecessors, one of the most outspoken of the catastrophists, Henry H. Horworth, maintained that, in the age ...
28. Catastrophism and Evolution [Articles]
... of the probability that the Earth has been struck several times by large asteroids or comets since the first appearance of life, and since such impacts would have had profound and long-lasting effects on the environment, it seems reasonable to look for evidence of such impacts in the evolutionary record. Evolution and the Fossil Record Ever since the time of Georges Cuvier (15), it has been apparent that the evidence of the Earth's rocks is not in accord with a smooth, gradual and even-paced development of organisms of increasing complexity; rather it speaks of abrupt changes of environment, of extinctions and/or repopulations with new species (16). The history of the Earth has been divided ...
29. Viva Lamarck: Renewed Discussion on the Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics [Journals] [Aeon]
... which survives in the modern view of the evolutionary process, commonly termed the Neo-Darwinian synthesis.(15) Indeed the modern view represents a total inversion of Lamarck's system in that it holds that only accidental changes are conservable-these changes being conceived as arising in the genome alone-with those changes arising during the life of the individual having no conservability whatsoever. Cuvier, Darwin, and the Reception of Lamarck's Theory of Evolution It is well-known that Lamarck's theory of evolution did not gain favor with his contemporaries. Burkhardt has noted that, "with the exception of a few brief and scattered comments Lamarck's evolutionary ideas were publicly received in silence."(16) Geoffroy St. Hilaire, himself an ...
30. The Age Of Man In America [Journals] [Velikovskian]
... , whose fossil remains had been found almost everywhere, was a vanished species [which died out before man].... Nevertheless, John Frere had shown in 1797 that man was contemporary with large extinct animals when he found in Sussex worked flint weapons mixed with their bones. In 1823 the French geologist, Ami Boue, sent Cuvier a human skeleton excavated from ancient deposits which also contained the remains of extinct animals. Cuvier hushed up the awkward discovery. Similar discoveries soon became even more frequent throughout the nineteenth century. Yet in 1863, Elie de Beaumont, Permanent Secretary of the Acadamie des Sciences, was still able to state categorically: I do not think the ...
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