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Search results for: chlorine in all categories

43 results found.

2 pages of results.
... MANAGER: Brian Stewart CONTENTS PARADIGMS AND IDEOLOGIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . by Mel Acheson BY JOVE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . by Dave Talbott ASTROBIOLOGY . . . . . Ev Cochrane, Dwardu Cardona, Dave Talbott CHLORINE DISCOVERY NEAR IO . . . . . . . . . . . by Wal Thornhill- PARADIGMS AND IDEOLOGIES By Mel Acheson I get newsletters from several think tanks. A recent one contained an article analyzing the effects of "ignorant masses" and "expert elites" on public policy. One paragraph described a political dynamic which, ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 126  -  19 Mar 2004  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/thoth/thoth3-12.htm
... Na+ Mass 1.035 K+ 0.037 Mgr 0.125 Cams 0.039 Sri 0.0008 Of the anions here listed only CI need be considered because all others except Na+ are too low in concentration or have reached saturation, e.g ., Ca++ and S04=. But the primary occurrence of chlorine is the ocean itself. The abundance of chlorine in the lithosphere averages only about 330 ppm for a total of about 1.21022 g. The ocean contains 2.61022 g chlorine. Only 7#1020 g of chlorine should have entered the ocean from sedimentation processes in `geological time'. This is only 2.6 ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 90  -  19 Jun 2005  -  URL: /online/pubs/books/cook/scientific.htm
... But Salt Lake has a SO2 /C1 weight ratio, according to Clarke of about 6.5 /56.5or 0.12. Ocean salt has a SO2/Cl weight ratio of about 7.5 /55.5or 0.135. Table LXXXIII, p. 592 of Goldschmidt [1954]shows the measured annual chlorine in the precipitation at various parts of the world to vary from 0.165 mg/cm2/y in England to 3.40 mg/cm2/y in Perth, W. Australia. The average chlorine precipitation in the nine examples there listed is 0.7 mg/cm2/y . This area should be above ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 85  -  19 Jun 2005  -  URL: /online/pubs/books/cook/prehistory.htm
... California lies Owens Lake. It is supplied by the Owens River and it has no outlet. At some time in the past the surface level of the lake, because of a greater water supply, was so much higher that it overflowed its basin. H. S. Gale analyzed the water of the lake and of the river for chlorine and sodium and came to the conclusion that the river required 4 200 years to supply the chlorine present in the lake and 3 500 years to supply its sodium. Ellsworth Huntington of Yale found these figures too high, because no allowance was made for greater rainfall and "freshening of the lake" in the past, and consequently he ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 74  -  03 Jul 2007  -  URL: /online/no-text/velikovsky/earth/10g-lakes.htm
... or of hydrogen gas, ejected from Saturn, which precipitated as the Flood. "The volume of water on the Earth was vastly increased...the Atlantic Ocean...came to be only after the Deluge." [2 ] This newly acquired water was said to be warm. It "may have been rich in chlorine...Chlorine may thus be of extraneous origin..." [3 ] In this catastrophe, as in later ones, "all volcanoes erupted." [4 ] All this is supposed to have happened quite recently, "in times preceding the Middle Kingdom in Egypt..." [5 ] "I ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 70  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/aeon/vol0502/38satrn.htm
6. Kervran and transmutation [Journals] [SIS Internet Digest]
... Contents Kervran and transmutation From: Wal Thornhill, walt@netinfo.com.au Date: Sun, 5 Apr 1998 08:52:04 + 1000 You will no doubt be interested to know that, according to Louis Kervran's nuclear cookery book, salt (sodium chloride) has as its main ingredient - nitrogen! Both sodium and chlorine are formed in the correct one to one ratio by a series of low energy nuclear transformations, beginning with N2. So, the ingredients for sulfur and salt deposits are present in our own atmosphere! Velikovsky believed that Saturn was a source of chlorine, presumably because there is not enough chlorine in terrestrial rocks to account for the enormous ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 53  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/i-digest/1998-1/18kerv.htm
7. The Planet Earth, Prologue Ch.2 (Worlds in Collision) [Velikovsky] [Velikovsky Worlds in Collision]
... become oxidized and combined with all available oxygen. But for some unknown reason this did not take place; thus the presence of oxygen in the terrestrial atmosphere is unexplained. The water of the oceans contains a large amount of soluble sodium chloride, common salt. Sodium might have come from rocks eroded by rain; but rocks are poor in chlorine and the proportion of sodium and chlorine in sea water calls for fifty times more chlorine in the igneous rock than it actually contains. The deep strata of igneous rock contain no signs of fossil life. Incased in sedimentary rock are skeletons of marine and land animals, often in many layers one upon the other. Not infrequently igneous rock ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 39  -  03 Jul 2007  -  URL: /online/no-text/velikovsky/worlds/0021-planet.htm
8. Thoth Vol VIII, No 1: Mar 15, 2004 [Journals] [Thoth]
... a fulgurite (sand loosely fused by lightning). Electric discharges are sometimes used to immaculately clean a surface. The dark paths left by the Martian dust devils should show microscopic signs of having been cleaned by a corona discharge. I would urge the Spirit team, if possible, to include one of the dark trails in their traverse. Chlorine and Sulfur The news item continues "Information from another instrument on the arm, an alpha particle X-ray spectrometer, may point to an answer. This instrument "measures X-ray radiation emitted by Mars samples, and from this data we can derive the elemental composition of martian soils and rocks," said Dr. Johannes Brueckner, rover science ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 38  -  19 Mar 2004  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/thoth/thoth8-01.htm
9. Ice Cores and Common Sense Part 1 [Journals] [Catastrophism & Ancient History]
... hydrogen gas ejected from Saturn, which precipitated the Flood. "The volume of water on the earth was vastly increased. . . . [T ]he Atlantic Ocean . . . came to be only after the Deluge."[32] This newly acquired water was said to be warm. It "may have been rich in chlorine. . . . Chlorine may thus be of extraneous origin."[33] In this catastrophe, as in later ones, "all volcanoes erupted."[34] All this is supposed to have happened quite recently, "in times preceding the Middle Kingdom in Egypt:"[35] I am not in a ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 24  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/cat-anc/vol1201/05ice.htm
10. The Primordial Light? [Journals] [SIS Review]
... suggest a process whereby Venus could be born of Jupiter. There are other hints offered by the deductions Dr Velikovsky has made from his theories, some of which are confirmed, none refuted. The correct prediction of the radio noises of Jupiter is but one example. He claims that Saturn will be found to contain water and to possess molecular chlorine (17). Consider those predictions in the light of the following: - "The water of the oceans contains a large amount of soluble sodium chloride, common salt, Sodium might have come from rocks eroded by rain; but rocks are poor in chlorine and the proportion of sodium and chlorine in sea water calls for fifty times ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 23  -  06 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/review/v0202/35light.htm
11. The Ocean [Journals] [Kronos]
... , when cosmic water descended on Earth following the disruption of Saturn. If this unsupported statement sounds unbelievable, the reader may rest assured that I shall underpin this thesis with as much essential documentation as I did my thesis of the youthful Venus, a newcomer to the planetary family. The provenance of the water will also explain the origin of chlorine in sea water- a problem that plagues marine geologists. For, while the land could provide sodium through erosion by rain, terrestrial rocks do not contain the requisite quantity of chlorine and are quite poor in that element. Some chlorine could have been added from volcanic eruptions but not as much as is needed to form the salt content ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 20  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/kronos/vol0504/019ocean.htm
12. Venus' Atmosphere [Journals] [Pensee]
... . In July, 1955, I wrote to Professor Walter S. Adams, by then retired from the directorship of Mount Palomar and Mount Wilson observatories, but heading the solar observatory in Pasadena affiliated with the Mount Wilson observatory. The pertinent passage in my letter is this: "I assume on the basis of my theory that Saturn has chlorine, or possibly sodium chloride, and also water. Is anything known in this matter? I would also like to know whether the spectral analysis gives reason to assume that Jupiter and Venus, alike, have iron and sulfur in ionized state?" Adams answered my questions in a hand-written letter dated July 25, 1955. After discussing ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 16  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/pensee/ivr06/31venus.htm
13. The Origin And Evolution Of Stars [Journals] [Velikovskian]
... . . . Many Non-standard Solar Models [such as the WIMPS theory] have been put forward to provide a means of reducing the [Sun's] core temperature. However, these have proven to be ad hoc solutions, which encounter problems in trying to reproduce other measured quantities of the Sun."268 They go on to say the chlorine (Homestake) results remain "an enigma for almost 20 years and no clear conclusion to the solar neutrino problem ever proved possible from the chlorine data alone,"269 and add "Recent analyses . . . of the consistency of the combined chlorine, Kamiokande, and gallium results concludes that the results are highly inconsistent with any astrophysical ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 16  -  27 May 2007  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/velikov/vol0403/03origin.htm
... , based on the concentration and area, the composition of the influent waters, and the rate of evaporation, is 4,000 years."61 Owen Lake, east of Mount Whitney in California also has no outlet. Velikovsky reports that, "H .S . Gale analyzed the water of the lake and of the river for chlorine and sodium and came to the conclusion that the [Owens] river required 4,200 years to supply the chlorine present in the lake and 3,500 years to supply its sodium. Ellsworth Huntington of Yale found these figures too high, because no allowance was made for greater rainfall and freshening of the lake' in the past ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 16  -  26 Mar 2007  -  URL: /online/pubs/books/ginenthal/sagan/s04-fourth.htm
15. On Saturn And The Flood [Journals] [Kronos]
... of a drastic drop in the atmospheric oxygen at the time of the Deluge - for instance, the survivors of the catastrophe are said in many sources to have been unable to light fires. The Midrashim and other ancient sources describe the waters of the Flood as being warm;(13) in addition the waters may have been rich in chlorine, an element which in combination with sodium forms common salt. Marine geologists are unable to trace the origin of the huge amounts of chlorine locked in the salt of the Earth's oceans, the Earth's own rocks being rather poor in this element and incapable of supplying it in the needed quantities. Chlorine may thus be of extraneous origin; ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 16  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/kronos/vol0501/003flood.htm
16. The Parting of the Waters of the Red Sea [Journals] [SIS Workshop]
... heat of volcanic origin. But as I see it, the observation of heat is a support for the opinion that the event really took place. How else could anyone have known that the mire and the water could be expected to be hot? It is worth noting that electric currents in sea water may produce gas bubbles (hydrogen or chlorine) by electrolysis. So if bubbles were observed, this does not necessarily mean that the mire was heated to boiling-point. Plausibility of the Model A telluric current of 3.2 billion amperes is certainly something extraordinary. We cannot expect to encounter such a phenomenon today. Are there circumstances that could explain why such a phenomenon should occur ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 14  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/workshop/w1987no1/18red.htm
... would not detect deposits of petroleum in the first few hours, either. I have claimed an extra-terrestrial origin for some of the deposits of petroleum on earth; the moon did not escape the same shower. Only in a subsequent melting of the ground, such deposits would most probably convert into carbides or carbonates. It is quite probable that chlorine, sulphur and iron in various compounds, possibly [oxidized, will be found richly presented in lunar formations. In my understanding, less than 10,000 years ago, together with the Earth, the moon went through a cosmic cloud of water] (the Deluge) and subsequently was covered for several centuries by water, which ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 13  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/pensee/ivr01/14moonsc.htm
18. The Flood [Journals] [Velikovskian]
... emphasis.) Had the flood originated at the lake, flowing northward, it could only polish the south-facing side of the vertical rock in its path within the Pass. Since the north facing rock surface was the only one polished, this proves conclusively that the flood flowed southward, into the lake. Also, according to Hunt, the chlorine content in the salt beds indicates that the water was of oceanic origin: Concerning salinity, Broecker, Walton and Eardley et al. attempt to show that the chlorine content could have arrived by wind from the ocean. Their rationale is most erudite and intriguing, but the explanation is superfluous. Fete gives the sodium-to-chlorine ratio as .92 ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 13  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/velikov/vol0204/theflood.htm
... sulfur. In July 1955, I wrote to Professor Walter S. Adams, by then retired from the directorship of Mount Palomar and Mount Wilson observatories, but heading the solar observatory in Pasadena affiliated with the Mount Wilson observatory. The pertinent passage in my letter is this: " I assume on the basis of my theory that Saturn has chlorine, or possibly sodium chloride, and also water. Is anything known in this matter? I would also like to know whether the spectral analysis gives reason to assume that Jupiter and Venus, alike, have iron and sulfur in ionized state?! "Adams answered my questions in a hand-written letter [reproduced below] dated July 25 ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 11  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/kronos/vol0404/001venus.htm
... Unless some additional substances are present, such solutions are transparent in this region. One possibility that is considered attractive (34) is iron(II) sulfate monohydrate, since its short-wavelength reflection spectrum is similar to that of Venus (38). Iron(III) chloride, along with photo-dissociation of HCl in the upper atmosphere to produce chlorine and HOCl (by reaction of chlorine with water), has also been proposed to account for the yellowish color resulting from the increased absorption at shorter wavelengths (35, 39). The nature of the high, optically thin "clouds" or haze above the visible cloud deck is still obscure (34). Although it is ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 11  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/pensee/ivr06/24nature.htm
21. H. H. Hess and My Memoranda [Journals] [Pensee]
... should be devised for detection of low energy cosmic rays emanating from Saturn, especially during the weeks before and after a conjunction of Earth-Jupiter-Saturn. B. with Doppler effect data at hand, the velocity of revolution of the Saturnian rings, possibly in excess of the velocity of the axial rotation of the planet, should be plotted. C. chlorine should be looked for in the Saturnian spectrum of absorption. VII. Uranus A. the polar magnetic intensity of Uranus, at the time when its axis points towards the earth, should be measured (Zeeman effect). VIII. Pluto A. the charge of this planet in relation to its mass is presumably very high, which ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 11  -  05 Mar 2003  -  URL: /online/pubs/journals/pensee/ivr02/22hess.htm
... and through Reik, he acquired the support of Bronson Feldman. Nevertheless, although almost fifty-nine years old and nearing retirement age, Velikovsky declared his willingness to resume his former profession to help Walter financially. (32) Frustrated at recent developments, Velikovsky switched to another front. He asked Walter S. Adams whether there was any water, chlorine, or sodium chloride on Saturn, and whether Jupiter and Venus had any ionized iron and sulfur. Adams replied on July 25 that Saturnian chlorine was improbable but that, although there was no way to tell, there might be frozen water in the atmosphere; however, it was impossible for ionized iron and sulfur to exist where Velikovsky ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 11  -  19 Jun 2005  -  URL: /online/pubs/books/vorhees/11einst.htm
23. ALL Honorable Men [Books]
... Clouds are seen extending from 30km to 60km [19 miles to 38 miles] above the surface. But what are the various clouds made of? Are they all sulfuric acid as are the visible [topmost] layers [which disappear]? Only the Soviet probes have attempted compositional measurements and their results have been contradictory. Sulfur or possibly chlorine compounds of some sort are indicated, but their exact identities are unknown. (209) (Emphasis added) Perhaps Morrison should have a good talk with this fellow Morrison who has the temerity to suggest the exact identities" of Venus' clouds "are unknown" when "we know" otherwise. These "facts" are certainly ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 8  -  26 Mar 2007  -  URL: /online/pubs/books/ginenthal/gould/06all.htm
... Venus; a precise calculation of the effect of the solar magnetic field on Jovian motion; a comparison of the electric charges possessed by the retrograde Jovian moons with the planet's regular-rotation satellites; a determination of the presence of iron and sulphur vapor at the "Red Spot" of Jupiter during the planet's conjunction with Saturn; a search for Saturnian chlorine and low-energy cosmic rays and an analysis of the velocity of the rings to discover whether they exceeded the planet's axial rotation; an analysis of Uranian polar magnetic intensity when its axis pointed toward the Earth; a search for a high Plutonian charge; a measurement of the solar net charge; the development of a model to demonstrate the behavior ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 6  -  19 Jun 2005  -  URL: /online/pubs/books/vorhees/13graz.htm
... challenge was a new memo to the Space Board on July 2. In addition to his earlier claims (which he reiterated), he also predicted a mounting sub-surface temperature gradient. And, because the moon was caught in the watery explosion of Saturn some 9,000 years ago, "the rocks will be found rich in oxygen, chlorine, sulfur, and iron," even though most of the hydrogen had probably escaped from the lunar atmosphere by now. To underscore his earlier memo, he also told Hess that his suggestion "that the rocks on the moon may be magnetic though the moon possesses hardly any magnetic field of its own" was not a phenomenon that ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 6  -  19 Jun 2005  -  URL: /online/pubs/books/vorhees/14fivey.htm
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