Catastrophism.com
Man, Myth & Mayhem in Ancient History and the Sciences
Archaeology astronomy biology catastrophism chemistry cosmology geology geophysics
history linguistics mythology palaeontology physics psychology religion Uniformitarianism
Home  | Browse | Sign-up


Search All | FAQ

Where:
  
Suggested Subjects
archaeologyastronomybiologycatastrophismgeologychemistrycosmologygeophysicshistoryphysicslinguisticsmythologypalaeontologypsychologyreligionuniformitarianismetymology

Suggested Cultures
EgyptianGreekSyriansRomanAboriginalBabylonianOlmecAssyrianPersianChineseJapaneseNear East

Suggested keywords
datingspiralramesesdragonpyramidbizarreplasmaanomalybig bangStonehengekronosevolutionbiblecuvierpetroglyphsscarEinsteinred shiftstrangeearthquaketraumaMosesdestructionHapgoodSaturnDelugesacredsevenBirkelandAmarnafolkloreshakespeareGenesisglassoriginslightthunderboltswastikaMayancalendarelectrickorandendrochronologydinosaursgravitychronologystratigraphicalcolumnssuntanissantorinimammothsmoonmale/femaletutankhamunankhmappolarmegalithicsundialHomertraditionSothiccometwritingextinctioncelestialprehistoricVenushornsradiocarbonrock artindianmeteorauroracirclecrossVelikovskyDarwinLyell

Other Good Web Sites

Society for Interdisciplinary Studies
The Velikovsky Encyclopedia
The Electric Universe
Thunderbolts
Plasma Universe
Plasma Cosmology
Science Frontiers
Indexed Web sites
Lobster magazine

© 2001-2004 Catastrophism.com
ISBN 0-9539862-1-7
v1.2


Sign-up | Log-in


Introduction | Publications | More

Search results for: chlorine in all categories

41 results found.

2 pages of results.
... copyright 1973 by Academic Press.Only the short-wavelength absorption of Venus in the near-ultraviolet, which produces the light yellowish color, is not accounted for by strong solutions of sulfuric acid in water. Unless some additional substances are present, such solutions are transparent in this region. One possibility that is considered attractive (34) is iron(II) sulfate monohydrate, since its short-wavelength reflection spectrum is similar to that of Venus (38). Iron(III) chloride, along with photo-dissociation of HCl in the upper atmosphere to produce chlorine and HOCl (by reaction of chlorine with water), has also been proposed to account for the yellowish color resulting from the increased absorption at shorter wavelengths (35, 39). The nature of the high, optically thin "clouds" or haze above the visible cloud deck is still obscure (34). Although it is argued (34) that there is no overriding chemical incompatibility between sulfuric acid and the other known constituents of the Cytherean atmosphere, the co-existence of free ammonia with an excess of sulfuric acid, ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 8  -  05 Mar 2003  -  47k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/pensee/ivr06/24nature.htm
... C. spectroscopic analysis of the red spot should be performed as to the presence of iron and sulphur vapors, especially over the periods of conjunction with Saturn. VI. Saturn A. tests should be devised for detection of low energy cosmic rays emanating from Saturn, especially during the weeks before and after a conjunction of Earth-Jupiter-Saturn. B. with Doppler effect data at hand, the velocity of revolution of the Saturnian rings, possibly in excess of the velocity of the axial rotation of the planet, should be plotted. C. chlorine should be looked for in the Saturnian spectrum of absorption. VII. Uranus A. the polar magnetic intensity of Uranus, at the time when its axis points towards the earth, should be measured (Zeeman effect). VIII. Pluto A. the charge of this planet in relation to its mass is presumably very high, which would explain its perturbing power. Calculations should be made of the potential difference needed to account for the unaccounted perturbations of Uranus and Neptune. IX. Sun A. solar net charge should be ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 8  -  05 Mar 2003  -  52k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/pensee/ivr02/22hess.htm
... 2002 EXCERPTS: The past twenty years has witnessed a revolution in geology-the discovery that microorganisms or microbes play a major role in many geological processes in the crust of the earth. The evidence goes back over 200 years... [forcing Geologists to take a new look at old problems in which microbes appear to play a prominent part. [Among these are the formation of limestone, petrified wood and bone; the formation of elements such as hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, magnesium, calcium, silica, aluminum, phosphorus, chlorine, and sulphur; the formation of heavy metals such as iron, manganese, silver, and gold, the origin of geodes, and the formation of natural gas and other hydrocarbons. In recognition of these discoveries university departments are popping up with new names such as geomicrobiology. Some of these startling findings challenge our understanding of certain laws of physics and thermodynamics as applied to biology, because it appears that the nuclei of elements may be altered and recombined so as to produce other elements. Henry Ehrlich, author of the textbook ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  21 Mar 2007  -  46k  -  URL: http://www.kronia.com/thoth/thoVI-05.txt
... wondrous tree which Sigu cut down. From its stump, water gushed out in such quantity as to cause a deluge [127. This tale is also found among the traditions of the Cuna, who tell of their mischief-maker, the Tapir, chopping down the Saltwater Tree from which salt water gushed out to form the oceans of the world [128. Thus, Velikovsky was correct when he surmised that the water of the Deluge would have been salty but not, as he believed, because the salt, or at least its chlorine content, originated from Saturn [129. The water was salty because it came from the same oceanic water the vortex had sucked up in the first place. Nor is this idea solely met among so-called primitive tribes. For instance, a mysterious plant was supposed to grow in the Mesopotamian apsu which was connected to the watery abyss by what is termed a ratu- a word that de Santillana and von Dechend conjecturally translated as a 'water pipe' [130. According to William Albright, a flood rose out of this ratu ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  90k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/review/v2000n1/066dem.htm
30. Thoth Newsletter [Thoth Website]
... . NASA: Comments by Wal Thornhill CIRCULAR ORBITS........ by Donald Scott and Wal Thornhill DEFINING PLASMA........ .By Mel Acheson and Wal Thornhill THOTH V3-12 PARADIGMS AND IDEOLOGIES............. by Mel Acheson BY JOVE..................... by Dave Talbott ASTROBIOLOGY..... Ev Cochrane, Dwardu Cardona, Dave Talbott CHLORINE DISCOVERY NEAR IO........... by Wal Thornhill THOTH V3-13 QUOTE OF THE DAY............... by Trevor Palmer GRAVITY VS. PLASMA............... by Mel Acheson STAR WORDS............. .by Ted Bond, Roger Wescott, Ev Cochrane, Dave Talbott STATE OF THE UNIVERSE..... ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  29 Nov 2005  -  55k  -  URL: http://www.kronia.com/thoth.html
... ) was born in Surrey, apprenticed to a book-binder and was largely self-educated. A prolific experimenter, his work in the fields of physics and chemistry led him to a host of important discoveries. Faraday began his researches into electricity in 1812 when he made his first electric cell. The next year he became a laboratory assistant to Humphry Davy at the Royal Institution, succeeding him 20 years later as professor of chemistry. In 1818 he experimented with high-quality steel alloys. Two years later he prepared the chlorides of carbon, then liquid chlorine, later liquid carbon dioxide, using this gas to liquefy others, and he also isolated benzene. His laws of electrolysis established the link between electrical and chemical affinity; he gave us the terms 'anode', 'cathode', 'anion', 'cation', 'electrode' and 'electrolyte'; in 1821 he began experiments with electromagnetism and devised an apparatus to convert electrical energy into motive force: the electric motor; he made the first dynamo; he invented the electrical transformer; he showed that electrostatic charge gives rise to the ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  52k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/review/v2000n1/045imp.htm
... boron nucleus (8 B); this nucleus then breaks up into Beryllium (8 Be) plus a positron and neutrino. Only 2 of these reactions are produced out of 10,000 completions of the p-p reaction, so these neutrinos are rarer. To detect these higher energy electron neutrinos, a large vessel (400 cubic metres) filled with dry-cleaning solvent (perchloroethylene) was placed 1.5 km underground in a gold mine in South Dakota-- away from all other cosmic radiation. Left for 3 months a few of the chlorine atoms( 37 Cl) are expected to react with the neutrinos to form 37 Ar and an electron, which then reverts to 37 Cl plus a neutrino. The 37 Ar atoms are purged with helium gas and the decay is counted. According to the standard model, the detector should measure about 8 x 10 ^-36 interactions per second per atom or 8 SNU (pronounced 'snoo') with an error rate of 33%. The neutrino detector has averaged only 2.2 SNU with a deviation of 0.3 SNU. The detection has ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  21 Mar 2007  -  33k  -  URL: http://www.kronia.com/thoth/thothv10.txt
... correctness of Velikovsky's advance claims; and if Sagan persists in. this pejorative attitude, he will have created an entirely new and even greater problem for the Committee. For, if Velikovsky is indefinitely denied scientific recognition, he must be acknowledged as the greatest sorcerer of all time. Otherwise, how else can one account for Velikovsky's correct anticipation of the Earth's magneto sphere, the Moon's remanent magnetism, the argon on Mars, Venus' high surface temperature, the electrical charge of the Sun, the radio noises from Jupiter, and chlorine in Saturn's atmosphere, etc., etc., etc.? E) And finally, regarding Sagan's "non-polemical tone"-- how does one classify a comment such as: "The only thing that does not seem to drop from the comet [Venus is cholesterol to harden Pharaoh's heart." Johnny Carson and his audience would surely know the answer to that one. Sincerely, (Signed) Lewis M. Greenberg Editor-in-Chief KRONOS Truzzi also wrote to Rose on October 11, thanking him for a copy of Rose's ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  66k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/kronos/vol0301/045camp.htm
... tell of a wondrous tree which Sigu cut down. From its stump, water gushed out in such quantity as to cause a deluge. This tale is also found among the traditions of the Cuna, who tell of their mischief-maker, the Tapir, chopping down the Saltwater Tree from which salt water gushed out to form the oceans of the world. Thus, Velikovsky was correct when he surmised that the water of the Deluge would have been salty, but not, as he believed, because the salt, or at least its chlorine content, originated from Saturn. The water was salty because it came from the same oceanic water the vortex had sucked up in the first place. THE FLOOD FROM THE NORTH AMY: Cardona moves on to the next demand of the Saturn Theory. If the Deluge was the result of the collapse of a colossal tornado situated in the north, then the mytho-historical record must also contain this information. And it does. Among others, three American Indian tribes, the Wintus, the Wichita, and the Pawnee, tell different ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  21 Mar 2007  -  40k  -  URL: http://www.kronia.com/thoth/ThotIV01.txt
35. A Record of Success [Pensee]
... . Iron, sulfur, and molecular oxygen (bound in the lunar rocks) exist on the moon. JUPITER Jupiter is an electrically charged planet. Jupiter possesses sulfur, iron and gold. Jupiter's red spot is a tornado (Taylor column) over a hole which was the place of Venus' birth. Jupiter's core has a high temperature. Jupiter possesses organic molecules. Jupiter's electrical charge explains why its equator rotates more swiftly than the rest of the planet. SATURN Saturn contains (or consists of) water. Saturn possesses molecular chlorine. Saturn emits X-rays and/or cosmic rays. The Saturnian rings consist of ice. The Saturnian rings rotate more swiftly than the planet. PLUTO Pluto's mass is insufficient to produce the observed perturbations in Neptune's and Uranus' orbits. Pluto is highly charged. EARTH Sudden changes in ocean levels have occurred, including one change 3500 years ago. Cause of pluvial Crises and ice formation was the evaporation of oceans. The salt in the oceans originated extra-terrestrially. The area covered by the oceans increased after the Deluge. Tektites ( ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  37k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/pensee/ivr01/11record.htm
... be seeking a more stable equilibrium from this chaotic condition. We do not yet know if intrasystem electrical discharges are exchanged between Io and Jupiter, but from all indications these events might be thought possible if not probable. Regarding the high-energy transmutation by fusion of oxygen into sulfur, or other light elements such as carbon and nitrogen into heavier products, the problems can be complex because of varying distributions of stable elements and radionuclides as well as peculiar isotopic distributions. Nevertheless, it might be imagined that such elements as silicon, aluminum, chlorine, and phosphorus could also be formed by interplanetary discharges. However, we should not be misled into thinking that all the silicon, phosphorus, and sulfur that exists on the globe was so formed. Much, if not most, of our elemental distribution is a residuum of a primordial Earth; and what we have superficially excavated, mined, and quarried is really a mineral version of the Rosetta Stone waiting to be deciphered. Frederic B. Jueneman SELECTED REFERENCES C. Michael Lederer, Jack M. Hollander, Isadore Perlman ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  05 Mar 2003  -  47k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/kronos/vol0604/040sodom.htm
... in the pages of Pensée and subsequent media of the heretics. The high heat of Venus was the central topic of the debate, but V. kept extending his list of claims to other planets and the Moon. For instance, in a letter to H. H. Hess, July 2, 1969, he wrote: Some nine thousand years ago water was showered on Earth and Moon alike (deluge). But on the Moon all of it dissociated, hydrogen escaping; the rocks will be found rich in oxygen, chlorine, sulfur and iron. Velikovsky had not then or later a fixed idea of when the Noachian Flood, which he is talking about, occurred. Here it was 9000 B. P. Sometimes he said 4000 B. P., at other times 6000 B. P., and it was this last date that Deg also chose when the time came to postulate a catastrophic calendar. Unlike V. and other heretics, Deg accepted the theory of "continental drift" that triumphed in geology during the postwar generation. ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  03 Apr 2004  -  88k  -  URL: http://www.quantavolution.org/vol_02/cosmicheretics_3_09.htm
... best for evolution and quantavolution of species; thick atmospheric soup might be even better, at least in the beginning. Even now, life seems to reject the oceanic abyss. This is a sign of youth, for the abyss is not without nutrients, and forms of life exist that require little or no sunlight. The oceans do not carry all the uranium that they should possess after long eons of riverine deposits. Their salt is excessive and its sources are not organic. One calculation emerges with only 2.6% of the present chlorine of the oceans as conceivably of continental origins. The sea bottoms seem never to have been compressed and folded, so this indirect evidence of the age of the water is lacking. Sediments are thin, and mostly accorded under 80 million years of existence. That is only one-fiftieth of the conventional age of the world oceans. Have there been fifty world-girdling oceans? If the ocean basins were filled late in time, deluges from the skies have to be assumed. There is no other source, nor any more apt source, ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 4  -  03 Apr 2004  -  25k  -  URL: http://www.quantavolution.org/vol_04/lately_tortured_earth_12.htm
39. The Nature of Venus' Heat [The Velikovskian $]
... " (55) What do Morrison and Owen say regarding the makeup of the Venusian clouds? Space probes that have passed through the clouds have given us a picture...of discrete cloud layers. Clouds are seen extending from 30 kilometers to 60 kilometers [19 miles to 38 miles above the surface. But what are the various clouds made of? Are they all sulfuric acid, as are the visible [topmost layers? Only the Soviet probes have attempted compositional measurements and their results have been contradictory. Sulfur or, possibly, chlorine compounds of some sort are indicated, but their exact identities are unknown. (56) (Emphasis added.) Thus, Sagan's sulfuric acid clouds are nothing of the sort. Sagan has disqualified himself from any meaningful discussion of Velikovsky's work. Furthermore, with respect to the greenhouse effect, one cannot assume anything about the opacity of the clouds because their chemical makeup is simply not known. With the ability of the hazes, clouds and sulfur dioxide to block 20% of the greenhouse windows in question because the hazes and ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 3  -  05 Mar 2003  -  118k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/velikov/vol0103/nature.htm
... residues [7. Clouds occupy several discrete layers, at heights typically 46, 47-49, 50-55, and 56-62 kilometres above the surface (clouds on Earth rarely top 15km altitude), with the uppermost, yellowish, cirrus-like haze made from droplets of concentrated sulphuric acid. Since sulphuric acid does not account for the yellowish colour of the clouds, this deduction is suspect. It is this uppermost layer that is responsible for the markings visible in UV images. It has also been found that a major constituent of large cloud particles is chlorine. The highly reflective upper haze effectively hides lower levels rather like a veil in bright sunlight hides a bride's face. The clouds below are not as opaque as earthly clouds but are more akin to photochemical smog. Investigators had expected that only 2% of the total incident sunlight would reach the surface and that the atmosphere would be super-refractive. Neither is the case: it is surprisingly bright at the surface and pictures by Veneras 9 and 10 showed the horizon 200-300m distant. Cloud movements show a 4 day rotation period of the ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 3  -  05 Mar 2003  -  110k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/review/v1993cam/074venus.htm
... tree which Sigu cut down. From its stump, water gushed out in such quantity as to cause a deluge. [119 This tale is also found among the traditions of the Cuna, who tell of their mischief-maker, the Tapir, chopping down the Saltwater Tree from which salt water gushed out to form the oceans of the world. [120 Thus, Velikovsky was correct when he surmised that the water of the Deluge would have been salty, but not, as he believed, because the salt, or at least its chlorine content, originated from Saturn. [121 The water was salty because it came from the same oceanic water the vortex had sucked up in the first place. Nor is this idea solely met with among so-called primitive tribes. Thus, for instance, a mysterious plant was supposed to grow in the Mesopotamian apsu which was connected to the watery abyss by what is termed a ratu-- a word that de Santillana and von Dechend conjecturally translated as a "water pipe." [122 According to William Albright, a flood ...
Terms matched: 1  -  Score: 3  -  03 Jan 2005  -  130k  -  URL: http://www.catastrophism.com/online/pubs/journals/aeon/vol0601/047dem.htm
Result Pages: << Previous 1 2


Search took 0.120 seconds

Search powered by Zoom Search Engine