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132 pages of results.
141. The Saturn Thesis [Aeon Journal $]
... first signs of interest in myth, including the possibility that ancient myths and pictographs might contain evidence of past natural events-- global catastrophes, cometary intruders, natural spectacles in the sky. Examples would include Victor Clube and William Napier, (3) Fred Hoyle, and the Australian astronomer Duncan Steele, all of whom have resorted to references in myth to substantiate the ancient experience of cosmic catastrophe. Even Carl Sagan and Nancy Dru-yan, (4) notice the prevalence of an ancient symbol, the swastika, and propose a celestial origin for the symbol. It was, according to them, a rotating comet spewing streams of gas into surrounding space. At our symposium in November of 1994, I asked the astronomer Tom Van Flandern if he agreed with this statement: that there is considerable evidence to suggest that ancient civilizations may have arisen in the shadow of celestial catastrophe-- and if so would he agree that ancient myths and symbols deserve careful study and cross-cultural comparison to see if they might point to the nature of the upheavals. I found it ...
142. Morning Star* [Aeon Journal $]
... in a mere 88 days. The result of this is that an observer catches only fleeting glimpses of it for a week or so during either of these two seasons. What is worse is that its period of visibility before or after the rising or setting of the Sun is a maximum two hours and fifteen minutes. Its appearance is thus restricted to the evening and morning twilight during which it shines low near the horizon. To this must be added the behavior of the atmosphere. While bad weather can impede the observation of any celestial object, Mercury's low elevation leaves it prone to obscuration by haze even in good weather. Even with the aid of a telescope, Mercury remains a very difficult object to observe. As a result, a number of famous astronomers lived their whole lives without ever seeing the planet. One of them was Nicolaus Koppernigk, the Polish astronomer popularly known as Copernicus, who, at the end of a long and industrious career, complained of never having had a chance to see Mercury through the misty skies of his native country. ...
143. The Ramesside Star Tables [SIS C&C Review $]
... sites. The ancients must also have discovered and can hardly have failed to make use of the circumstance that a star rises (and sets) on the same compass bearing throughout the year, whatever the time of its rising or setting (the sun, moon and planets are more variable in this respect); it even appears that some of the seeming mis-identifications in the present tables could have been due to usurpation of the regular point of rising of one star by another. The Constellations Observed The constellations of the ecliptic, with celestial longitude marked for 700 BC and 1980 AD, to take into account the precession. (0 is conventionally the vernal equinox or "first point of Aries".) The letters along the base of the figure were added by the Editor, and mark Brugsch's constellations, as designated in the article, according to the identifications suggested by Petrie (Wisdom of the Egyptians, London, 1940, pp. 12ff. and Plates 7& 8). Image by Rosemary Burnard The letter symbols for the individual stars have been devised ...
144. An Empirical Approach to Collective AmnesiaA [Kronos $]
... easy to imagine that some of them obliterated unconsolidated experience in all survivors.* If so, some details of cosmic natural history-- the half-hour or so before a sufficiently strong earth shock, are not retrievable from human memory. Combined with regional shocks during an ongoing cataclysm, details of many events were variously erased by trauma-induced storage failure. [* What must have been a common source of collective memory "loss" was the characteristic behavior of hiding in caves, under rock overhangs, or other protected areas-- the celestial events simply were not directly witnessed-- but here we are concerned with memory loss for observed events.The emergence of surviving cultures, where fragmented memories were collectively reconstructed, may be likened to the process of consolidation in individual memory. During this consolidation, experiences being transformed into long-term memory undergo further distortion. Only the most salient details are preserved as the engrams become finalized. In the process, surviving experiences are multiply stored, in a sense, by categories-- some purely symbolic and further distortion is introduced through ...
145. Before the Day Breaks(1) -- A Perspective [The Velikovskian $]
... From: The Velikovskian Vol 1 No 4 (1993) Home¦ Issue Contents Before the Day Breaks(1)-- A Perspective Charles Ginenthal "Before the Day Breaks" is a memoir of the relationship Velikovsky shared with Albert Einstein, of their debate over the history of the solar system and the Earth, and of the significant role played by electromagnetism in celestial motion. The two men had met in Europe in the 1920s, when Einstein was editing the mathematics and physics sections of the Writings of the University and the Library of Jerusalem- Scripta Universitatis atque Bibliothecae Hierosolymitanarum, edited by Velikovsky. Velikovsky likened the later years with Einstein, 1952 to 1955, to the wrestling struggle Jacob had one night with a man near the Jordan River. The man cried out, "Let me go, for the day breaketh."(2) Jacob, irrepressible, demanded, "I will not let thee go, except thou bless me."(3) In a deep sense, Velikovsky struggled and laboured with Einstein for three years, ...
146. The Cyclic Nature of Ancient Catastrophes [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... which could have crossed Earth's orbit-- regularly scheduled crossings and non-regular or occasional ones. In this essay we will present a model which claims that prehistoric catastrophes were periodic, and cyclic, arid had a kind of schedule, like the passenger train. One difference between the robot-driven cars and trains is that there was only one crossing; in the case of interlooping circles or ellipses (all orbits are ellipses) the number of planetary crossings is not one, but two. Figure 1 demonstrates the first set of facts about our celestial model. These are the ancient orbits of two planets, Earth and Mars, Earth's being the rounder one. These orbits were (as they are today) on the same ecliptic plane, and being so, they crossed. They crossed twice, and the two locations are described by the day of the month when the Earth, in its ancient orbit, was at either of the two critical, dangerous, ominous-- sometimes catastrophic-- locations. The two orbital occasions for the Earth were the Earth's location ( ...
147. Psychology and Ancient Astronomical Discovery [Kronos $]
... From: Kronos Vol. II No. 4 (Summer 1977) Home¦ Issue Contents Psychology and Ancient Astronomical Discovery David Griffard SYNOPSIS: Many disciplines agree that astronomy and astronomical concepts are of central importance in human cultures and have been so since the beginning of history. Ancient civilisations of both hemispheres measured time by astronomical cycles and worshipped celestial bodies as primary deities. Monarchs typically held both civil and religious authority in theocratic states which were controlled or significantly influenced by astronomer-priesthoods. Major religious ceremonies marked phases in astronomical cycles, celebrating the sequence of seasons and other ecologically important events. Others commemorated longer cycles associated with planets and stars. These formed the framework of complex calendric systems against which the basic patterns of religious and civil life were maintained. In the earliest records many of the standard constellations were recognised and used with others to chart the starfield and track the paths of sun, moon, and planets. The early complexity of astronomical lore suggests prehistoric recognition of astronomical cycles and the development of basic techniques of observation. Scholars generally attribute widespread distribution of astronomical ...
148. Astral Kingship [Aeon Journal $]
... well as the full spiritual power contained within the realm. The local gods were adored and embraced. To do otherwise would have been insensate. Divine power flowed from above, essential for the majesty of the new sovereign; and the source of that power was not arbitrary. It emanated from the greatest of the planetary deities, who showered their unqualified blessings only upon those terrestrial vicars deemed worthy. Who were these planetary deities and why were they considered the dispensers of divine authority? With a choice of gods and a multitude of celestial bodies to choose from, why were Saturn, Jupiter, and Venus-- with their respective representative divinities and festivals-- the prime font of astral kingship? The Persian King of Kings When Cyrus the Great triumphantly entered Babylon in October 539 BC, he was welcomed with open arms and hailed as legitimate ruler by the populace within. This political achievement was due, in no small part, to the fact that Cyrus quickly paid thoughtful homage to the great god of Babylon-- Marduk. "Not as a conqueror ...
149. The Astronomical Basis of Egyptian Chronology [SIS C&C Review $]
... rising of an object. We can then go on to consider the distinction between the two calendars that are of value in a discussion of the Great Year. One of these calendars is the Egyptian calendar of 360+ 5 days, adding up, of course, to 365 days. The second calendar is what one might call the seasonal calendar the "real" calendar if you like, which goes from Winter through Spring, through Summer and through Autumn. And so we start with a little basic astronomy, starting with the celestial sphere. Figure: 1. Celestial sphere for an observer in north latitude f. ATB is the path of a star from rising (a), to transit (T) and setting (B) Figure 2. Celestial sphere showing the ecliptic, the yearly path of the Sun against the stellar background with dates when the Sun reaches Aries (), Cancer (), Libra () and Capricornus () It seems to us, when we go out at night in a climate which enables us to see the ...
150. The Day the Sun Stood still [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... were more which died with hailstones than they whom the children of Israel slew with the sword" (Joshua 10.11). These were no ordinary "hailstones," for they fell from a clear blue sky. Then "the Sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day" (Joshua 10.13). The Moon also appeared to stop its motion. It is no coincidence that stones fell from the sky at the same time that Earth's rotation was halted: clearly, a celestial bodyof some sort was responsible for the simultaneity of these phenomena. 1 There are other accounts of this lengthened day in the Old Testament. The prophet Isaiah was actively prophesying just before the catastrophe of 701 BC, which might well be termed "the day the Sun went backward." The rulers of Jerusalem thought that if they made a covenant with Death (the Canaanite god Mot) and Sheol (the Greek Hades), then the "overflowing scourge" would not harm them when it "passed through" the land ...
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