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515 results found.
52 pages of results.
51. Precession and the Hebrew Calendar [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... From: Catastrophism and Ancient History XI:2 (July 1989) Home¦ Issue Contents INTERACTION Precession and the Hebrew Calendar Daniel Trifiletti Were the ancient Hebrews aware of the precession? Stecchini described the problem: [1 In their book Hamlet's Mill de Santillana and Dechend have used mythological and iconographic evidence in order to prove that all ancient cultures of the world were deeply preoccupied with the phenomenon of the precession of the equinoxes. They intended to prove that the movement by which the celestial pole in about 25,920 years (Platonic year) makes a full circle around a point called the pole of the ecliptic was conceived as the basic movement in the life of the universe. Giorgio de Santillana's preface to the MIT Press edition of Sir Norman Lockyer's The Dawn of Astronomy contains the supposition that "it is not reasonable to suppose the Egyptians unaware of the Precession of the Equinoxes, even if their mathematics was unable to predict it numerically." While no Egyptian astronomical mathematics have been positively identified with respect to the precession, there exist certain interesting numerological coincidences ...
52. Letters [Velikovsky Archive Website]
... p. 69: from the Greek-Roman period one comes immeidately directly to the XVII-XX Dynasties (without interfereing periods!). FIFAO XX, III p. 149: Le dieu Ched. B. thinkgs that a political event preceded this introduction of a new god!. John A. Wilson: The Burden of Egypt. Chicago 1951. Very good chapter on Echnathon! Raymond Weill: XIIe Dynastie, Royauté de Haute-Egypte et Domination Hyksos. IFAO, T. XXVI, Le Caire, 1953.speaks about a change of the calendar between the XII and XVII dyn. (p. 157) for unknown reasons. ? La th0orie sothiatique est ruiné pour les périodes anciennes ? remains only for Greek-Roman period. Interesting details about Sethi I (p. 161). Quotes: Sethe; Sethos I und die Erneuerung der Hundesternperiode. Aeg. Z. 66 (1931) pp. 1-7) change of calendar. W. mentions a still unpublished list of Assyrian kings from Khorsabad (eventually published, in the meantime? Partly published: Weidner Archiv f. ...
53. Sun, Moon and Sothis [advert] [Aeon Journal $]
... From: Aeon V:4 (July 1999) Home¦ Issue Contents Advertisement Sun, Moon and Sothis A Study of Calendar Reforms in Ancient Egypt Lynn E.Rose FRESH OFF THE PRESS The Osiris Series Sponsored by Cosmos& Chronos Series Editor-- Dwardu Cardona Volume II Hard cover: 339 pages Including: Appendices, Bibliography& Index The history of calendars is far from cut-and-dried. Almost every topic that this book addresses has long been the subject of heated controversy. Rose sees Hellenistic and Roman Egypt as of unparalleled importance in the history of calendar development. Even the Julian calendar had its origins in Hellenistic Egypt. Very likely, the Julian calendar itself was Sothic-- that is, designed to follow the movements of the star Sothis (Sirius),and not just the annual motion of the Sun. Since the traditional Egyptian calendar of 365 days fell about one-fourth of a day short of the natural year, the ancients assumed that the heliacal rising of Sirius would move through the Egyptian calendar in 365 x 4= 1460 Julian years (that is, ...
54. Venus: A Battle Star? [Horus $]
... From: Horus Vol. 1 No. 2 (Summer 1985) Home¦ Issue Contents Venus: A Battle Star? by C.E. Bowen Introduction Measurement of time by celestial cycles and concern with the calendar played a much more visible role in ancient civilizations than in our own. In ancient times, the calendar was not merely a device to mark the days, weeks, and months of the year. The calendar system was perceived religiously and the priests gave the astronomical gods, active, vital roles in daily affairs. As a result, each day was different, depending upon which astronomical gods were believed to control or influence a particular phase of the calendar cycle. These divine influences over things that were planned to take place on a certain day were taken into careful consideration by kings and farmers alike. Since only certain gods at certain times would be well-disposed toward specific human activities or seasonal conditions in nature it was important to plan and act accordingly if one desired a favorable outcome. Thus, the calendar was used not only to forecast appropriate planting ...
55. Ring Counters and Calendrical Cycles [Horus $]
... heavenly bodies, which return to a given starting point after a number of years, months, and days, a different kind of calculator was needed. Ring counters long have been used to keep track of repeating cycles, such as those that occur in astronomy and calendrics. A prime example is the Stonehenge, where marker stones in the Aubrey, X, and Y holes could be advanced each day to keep track of the days of the year and the month. [See "Setting and Using the Stonehenge Nineteen Year Sun-Moon Calendar" by Alban Wall in HORUS II:3.Much more ancient is the Mallia disk which was found in the Minoan remains on Crete. It has been dated as belonging to the Middle Minoan period, which corresponds to the Egyptian Middle Kingdom. Diagram of Mallia Disk The Mallia Disk. [From a photo by J. Carlson Made of limestone and set in a stone pavement, the disk had 34 cups around its perimeter, and a large bowl in its center. One of the cups was larger than the others ...
56. Stonehenge: What Was It? [Horus $]
... "The phases of the Moon exactly repeat themselves on the same days of the year every nineteen years, but not in any year in between." Since early times, and even in some cultures today, the waxing and waning of the Moon has been the astronomical basis of the month. The Moon circles the Earth once in a fraction over 29.5 days. During that time it completes one set of phases. It was quite obvious to ancient observers that coordination of lunar months with solar years could provide a natural, ready-made calendar cycle. There are many examples in ancient history of luni-solar calendar systems based on the fact that there are 235 lunar months in 19 solar years. I will state at the outset that this was the purpose, or at least the end result, of the mysterious megalithic structure called Stonehenge. Stonehenge Since the solar year contains 365 days, the lunar month 29 days, and the Sun-Moon cycle 19 years, we should expect these numbers to be prominently reflected in the design of the site. This is indeed the case! ...
57. Tiahuanaco and the Delug [Catastrophism & Ancient History Journal $]
... . Along with Noah's flood were the Babylonian Utnapischtim of the Gilgamesh epic, the Sumerian Ziusudra, the Persian Jima, the Indian Manu, the Maya Coxcox, the Colombian Bochica, the Algonkin'S Nanabozu, the Crows' Coyote, the Greek Deukabon and Pyrrha, the Chinese Noah Kuen, and the Polynesian Tangaloa. It is evident there was a world-wide deluge 12,000 years ago. Global doomsdays are conspicuous in the Hopi Indian legends, the Finnish Kalevala epic, the Mayan Chilam Balam and Popol Vuh, and in the Aztec calendar, the last of which predicts that our present civilization will be destroyed by "nahuatl olin" or "earth movement," that is, devastation by earthquake. Due to Aztec cyclic theory this will become the fifth doomsday after the "death of the Jaguars," "the death of the Tempests," "the death of the Great Fire" (vulcanism), and "the Great Deluge." If a flourishing advanced civilization existed on the Peruvian altiplano many thousands of years ago and was reached by the flood ...
58. Astronomical Dating and Calendrics [Aeon Journal $]
... new support for the accepted Abrahamic chronology of Egypt inspired by Eduard Meyer: a system of astronomical buttressing for a time scale which was, in any case, already considered to be extensive. Efforts in this direction were concerned with only six documents, of which the two most recent-- originating as late as early Christian times-- contained statements referring to a so-called "Sothic period" said to have been used by the ancient Egyptians in their reckoning of time. This period is calculated to cover 1460 years of the Julian calendar, and depends on the first heliacal rising of a fixed star which spends part of the year below the horizon. The following discussion of the six documents in question needs to be prefaced by the statement that the ancient Egyptians themselves left no references to a Sothic period or a Sothic calendar of any sort. Concrete support for such a calendric cycle has yet to come to light. Let us check the documents in detail: 1. Theon: This Alexandrian astronomer gives the year -26 as the end of a period called " ...
59. Sothic Dating: A "Surrealjoinder" (Forum) [Kronos $]
... Sothic dating in KRONOS VI:1 have brought forth further criticism from Prof. Lynn E. Rose and "speculative discussion" from Dr. Shane H. Mage. A few more comments seem in order in the hope, probably vain, that I can persuade them of the possible correctness of my position. Let us begin with Dr. Mage's remarks. He questions my use of the verb "shown" in reference to the Senmut and Ramesseum astronomical ceilings. Of course these ceilings were not for "show". The calendar was surely important in the after life or it would not appear on a tomb or temple ceiling but that variety in depiction meant a change in the celestial order is an unproved proposition. On these two ceilings see paragraphs secs. 220-225 in my Calendars where the great differences in composition are gone into. With regard to the introduction of the civil calendar Mage takes the line that it was "radically new" and its introduction "was obviously a major (literally epochal) event with crucial religious and social implications". Nothing ...
60. Society News [SIS C&C Workshop $]
... £6.70, surface £7.45 (US $14.30) and airmail £8.00 (US $16.00). Omission from the current price list: please add Workshop 2:4 to the Photocopying section. Costs for photocopied Workshop 2:4 are: UK £2.45, surface £2.80 (US $5.60) and airmail £3.40 (US $6.80). Ancient History Study Group Report on the meeting at the home of Clarice Morgan's on 8th September 1990. 7 members were present and I introduced a discussion of the Calendar as well as giving a short report on the Toronto Conference 'Reconsidering Velikovsky'. My approach to the Calendar is to begin with the 20th century and work backwards. This has been quite hard to do, as most books which give more than a cursory glance at how dates are established are only available in specialist libraries. However, I did make a start at the Science Museum Library. I pointed out that the present Gregorian calendar has only been gradually adopted throughout the world:- many eastern European countries in 1919, ...
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